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V-5626

The switch must be configured to use 802.1x authentication on host facing access switch ports.

Finding ID
NET-NAC-009
Rule ID
SV-42190r2_rule42190r5_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
NETET-NAC-009
CCI
(None)
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The IEEE 802.1x standard is a client-server based access control and authentication protocol that restricts unauthorized clients from connecting to a local area network through host facing switch ports. The authentication server authenticates each client connected to to a switch port before making any services available to the client from the LAN. Unless the client is successfully authenticated, 802.1x access control allows only Extensible Authentication Protocol over LAN (EAPOL) traffic through the port to which the client is connected. After authentication is successful, normal traffic can pass through the port. Without the use of 802.1x, a malicious user could use the switch port to connect an unauthorized piece of computer or other network device to inject or steal data from the network without detection.

Fix Text

Configure 802.1x1 x authentication on all hostaccess facingswitch accessports connecting to LAN outlets (i.e., RJ-45 wall plates) or devices not located in the telecom room, wiring closets, or equipment rooms. Configure MAB on those switch ports connected to devices that do not support an 802.1x supplicant.

Check Content

Verify if the switch configuration has 802.1x authentication implemented for all access switch ports connecting to LAN outlets (i.e.., RJ-45 wall plates) or devices not located in the telecom room, wiring closets, or equipment rooms. Ifusing 802.1x authentication is not configured on these host-facing access switch ports, this is a CAT 1 finding. If MAC address filtering is implemented in lieu of 802.1x authentication, this finding will be downgraded to a CAT 3. Verify 802.1x authentication is enabled on the switchfollowing and host facing switch portsprocedure: Step 1: Verify that an 802.1x authentication server has been configured similar to the following example: Switch(config)# radius-server host x.x.x.x auth-port 1813 key !R4d1u$K3y!xxxxxxxxxxxxx Switch(config)# aaa new-model Switch(config)# aaa authentication dot1x default group radius Step 2: Verify 802.1x authentication has been enabled globally on the network device similar to the following example: Switch(config)# dot1x system-auth-control Step 3: Verify that all host-facing access switchports are configured to use 802.1x similar to the examples below: Switch(config)# interface fastethernet0/2 Switch(config-if)# switchport mode access Switch(config-if)# switchport port-security Switch(config-if)# dot1x port-control auto ORNote: Switch(config)#The interface fastethernet0/2 Switch(config“force-if)#authorized” switchportattribute modemust accessnot Switch(config-if)#be switchportconfigured port-securityin Switch(config-if)#leu authenticationof port-control auto Ifon 802.1xthe is“dot1x not being used, determine if MAC filtering is used on each hostport-facingcontrol” accesscommand switch port as shownthis inwill thebypass followingauthentication example:and Switch(config)#enable interfacethe fastethernet0/3 Switch(config-if)# switchport modein accessan Switch(config-if)#authorized switchportstate. port-securityNote: Switch(config-if)#MAC switchportAuthentication port-securityBypass maximum 1 Switch(config-ifMAB)# switchport port-security mac-address 1000.2000.3000 NOTE: The section below is intended for classified networks. If it’s determined that 802.1x is not implemented on a classified network, the Traditional review team must be notifiedconfigured toon determinethose ifswitch theports physicalconnected requirements are implemented. For a site to bedevices downgradedthat todo a CAT III open finding, the physical security requirements must be implemented in addition to static MAC or sticky secure MAC port security. If both physical and logical downgrades are not implemented,support a CAT I open finding will be issued. If classified LAN drops are not authenticated by an 802.1x implementation,supplicant they must be located within spaces properly established as Secretshown vaults,in Secretthe Securefollowing Rooms (AKAexample: Collateralinterface Classifiedfastethernet0/2 Openswitchport Storagemode Areas),access TSdot1x securemac-auth-bypass room,If or SCIF802.1x Otherwise,authentication one of the following supplemental physical security controls must be implemented. 1. Wall jacks must be secured when unattended by persons with Secret or higherMAB clearanceis withnot aconfigured properlyon constructedall lockaccess boxswitch (Hoffmanports orconnecting similar commercial product or locally fabricated). The lock box must have no exposed or removable hinges. The hasp hardware must be riveted to theLAN boxoutlets or otherwisedevices installednot solocated thatin removal will require physical breaking of the box;telecom therebyroom, leavingwiring evidenceclosets, of actual or attemptedequipment entry.rooms, The lock box must be secured with a 3-position high security combination padlock (IAW the NSTISSI 7003). The S&G 8077 combination padlock is the only existing padlock meeting this standard. 2. If lock boxes are not used, the alternative is toa physically disconnect the SIPRNet link at the SIPRNet point of presence (PoP) after normal duty hoursfinding. The PoP must be located within a proper Secret or higher secure room.

Security Override Guidance

At this time, NET-NAC-009 can be downgraded to a CAT III finding if Static MAC filter is used in lieu of 802.1x authentication on host facing switch ports.

Responsibility

Information Assurance Officer