Management connections to a network device must be established using secure protocols with FIPS 140-2 validated cryptographic modules.
Administration and management connections performed across a network are inherently dangerous because anyone with a packet sniffer and access to the right LAN segment can acquire the network device account and password information. With this intercepted information they could gain access to the router and cause denial of service attacks, intercept sensitive information, or perform other destructive actions.
Configure the network device to use secure protocols with FIPS 140-2 validated cryptographic modules.
Review the network device configuration to verify only secure protocols using FIPS 140-2 validated cryptographic modules are used for any administrative access. Some of the secure protocols used for administrative and management access are listed below. This list is not all inclusive and represents a sample selection of secure protocols. -SSHv2 -SCP -HTTPS -SSL -TLS This is an example that enables SSHv2/SCP/HTTPS on an IOS Device: ! ip domain-name example.com ! crypto key generate rsa modulus 2048 ! ip ssh time-out 60 ip ssh authentication-retries 3 ip ssh source-interface GigabitEthernet 0/1 ip ssh version 2 ip ssh server algorithm mac hmac-sha1 hmac-sha1-96 ip ssh server algorithm encryption aes128-cbc aes192-cbc aes256-cbc ! line vty 0 15 transport input ssh ! ip scp server enable ! ip http secure-server If management connections are established using protocols without FIPS 140-2 validated cryptographic modules, this is a finding.