Non-administrators must not be allowed access to the directory tree, the shell, or other operating system functions and utilities.
As a rule, accounts on a web server are to be kept to a minimum. Only administrators, web managers, developers, auditors, and web authors require accounts on the machine hosting the web server. This is in addition to the anonymous web user account. The resources to which these accounts have access must also be closely monitored and controlled. Only the SA needs access to all the system’s capabilities, while the web administrator and associated staff require access and control of the web content and web server configuration files. The anonymous web user account must not have access to system resources as that account could then control the server.
Ensure non-administrators are not allowed access to the directory tree, the shell, or other operating system functions and utilities.
Search all of the system’s hard drives for the command.com and cmd.exe files. The allowed permissions on these files are: System Full Control Administrators Full Control Examine account access and any group membership access to these files. If any non-administrator account, group membership, or service ID has any access to any command.com or cmd.exe files and the access is documented as mission critical, this is not a finding. Examine access to operating system configuration files, scripts, utilities, privileges, and functions. If any non-administrator account, group membership, or service ID has any access to any of these operating system components and the access is documented as mission critical, this is not a finding. If any non-administrator account, group membership, or service ID has undocumented access to any listed file or operating system component, this is a finding. NOTE: Examine the list of user accounts and determine the group affiliations for the user account in question. Verify with the SA, Web Manager or ISSO that the non-administrator accounts are mission essential. If they are mission essential, and this is documented locally, this would not be a finding. NOTE: CREATOR OWNER would not be a finding if the CREATOR OWNER is an administrative account. If it is not, this is a finding.