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F5 BIG-IP Device Management 11.x Security Technical Implementation Guide

Version 1 Release 4
2017-04-28
U_F5_BIG-IP_Device_Management_11-x_STIG_V1R4_Manual-xccdf.xml
This Security Technical Implementation Guide is published as a tool to improve the security of Department of Defense (DoD) information systems. The requirements are derived from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) 800-53 and related documents. Comments or proposed revisions to this document should be sent via email to the following address: disa.stig_spt@mail.mil.

Vulnerabilities (76)

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to limit the number of concurrent sessions to one (1) for each administrator account and/or administrator account type.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000003
Rule ID
SV-74521r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000001-NDM-000200
CCI
CCI-000054
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Device management includes the ability to control the number of administrators and management sessions that manage a device. Limiting the number of allowed administrators and sessions per administrator is helpful in limiting risks related to DoS attacks. This requirement addresses concurrent sessions for administrative accounts and does not address concurrent sessions by a single administrator via multiple administrative accounts. The maximum number of concurrent sessions should be defined based upon mission needs and the operational environment for each system.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance either to limit the number of concurrent sessions to one (1) for all administrator accounts and/or administrator account types.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to limit the number of concurrent sessions to one (1) for all administrator accounts and/or administrator account types. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Preferences. Set "System Settings:" to "Advanced". Verify "Maximum HTTP Connections To Configuration Utility" is set to the organization-defined number of concurrent sessions. If neither of these configurations is present, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to initiate a session lock after a 10-minute period of inactivity.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000007
Rule ID
SV-74523r2_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000003-NDM-000202
CCI
CCI-000057
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

A session lock is a temporary network device- or administrator-initiated action taken when the administrator stops work but does not log out of the network device. Rather than relying on the user to manually lock their management session prior to vacating the vicinity, network devices need to be able to identify when a management session has idled and take action to initiate the session lock. Once invoked, the session lock shall remain in place until the administrator re-authenticates. No other system activity aside from re-authentication shall unlock the management session. Note that CCI-001133 requires that administrative network sessions be disconnected after 10 minutes of idle time. So this requirement may only apply to local administrative sessions.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to initiate a session lock after a 10-minute period of inactivity.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to initiate a session lock after a 10-minute period of inactivity. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Preferences. Under "Security Settings", ensure that "Idle Time Before Automatic Logout" is less than or equal to 600 seconds. If a session lock is not initiated after a 10-minute period of inactivity, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must provide automated support for account management functions.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000013
Rule ID
SV-74525r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000023-NDM-000205
CCI
CCI-000015
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Account management functions include: assignment of group or role membership; identifying account type; specifying user access authorizations (i.e., privileges); account removal, update, or termination; and administrative alerts. The network device must be configured to automatically provide account management functions, and these functions must immediately enforce the organization's current account policy. All accounts used for access to the network device are privileged or system-level accounts. Therefore, if account management functions are not automatically enforced, an attacker could gain privileged access to a vital element of the network security architecture. This control does not include emergency administration accounts that provide access to the network device components in case of network failure. There must be only one such locally defined account. All other accounts must be defined. All other accounts must be created and managed on the site's authentication server (e.g., RADIUS, LDAP, or Active Directory). This requirement is applicable to account management functions provided by the network device application. If the function is provided by the underlying OS or an authentication server, it must be secured using the applicable security guide or STIG.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use an approved remote authentication server that provides automated support for account management.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a remote authentication server that provides automated account management. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured for an approved remote authentication server that provides automated support for account management functions. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use a remote authentication server to provide automated account management, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must automatically remove or disable temporary user accounts after 72 hours.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000015
Rule ID
SV-74527r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000024-NDM-000206
CCI
CCI-000016
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Temporary accounts are established as part of normal account activation procedures when there is a need for short-term accounts without the demand for immediacy in account activation. If temporary accounts remain active when no longer needed, they may be used to gain unauthorized access. The risk is greater for the network device since these accounts have elevated privileges. To mitigate this risk, automated termination of all temporary accounts must be set upon account creation.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use an approved remote authentication server that automatically removes or disables temporary user accounts after 72 hours.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a remote authentication server to automatically disable or remove temporary accounts after 72 hours. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured for an approved remote authentication server that automatically removes or disables temporary user accounts after 72 hours. If the use of temporary accounts is prohibited, this is not a finding. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use a remote authentication server that automatically disables or removes temporary accounts after 72 hours, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must automatically disable accounts after a 35-day period of account inactivity.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000017
Rule ID
SV-74529r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000025-NDM-000207
CCI
CCI-000017
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Since the accounts in the network device are privileged or system-level accounts, account management is vital to the security of the network device. Inactive accounts could be reactivated or compromised by unauthorized users, allowing exploitation of vulnerabilities and undetected access to the network device. This control does not include emergency administration accounts, which are meant for access to the network device components in case of network failure.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use an approved remote authentication server that automatically disables accounts after 35 days of inactivity.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a remote authentication server that automatically disables accounts after 35 days of inactivity. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured for an approved remote authentication server that automatically disables accounts after a 35-day period of account inactivity. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use a remote authentication server that automatically disables accounts after a 35-day period of account inactivity, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must automatically audit account creation.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000019
Rule ID
SV-74533r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000026-NDM-000208
CCI
CCI-000018
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Upon gaining access to a network device, an attacker will often first attempt to create a persistent method of reestablishing access. One way to accomplish this is to create a new account. Notification of account creation helps to mitigate this risk. Auditing account creation provides the necessary reconciliation that account management procedures are being followed. Without this audit trail, personnel without the proper authorization may gain access to critical network nodes.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use an approved remote authentication server that automatically audits the creation of accounts.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a remote authentication server that automatically audits account creation. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured for an approved remote authentication server that automatically audits account creation. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use a remote authentication server that automatically audits account creation, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must automatically audit account modification.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000021
Rule ID
SV-74535r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000027-NDM-000209
CCI
CCI-001403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Since the accounts in the network device are privileged or system-level accounts, account management is vital to the security of the network device. Account management by a designated authority ensures access to the network device is being controlled in a secure manner by granting access to only authorized personnel with the appropriate and necessary privileges. Auditing account modification along with an automatic notification to appropriate individuals will provide the necessary reconciliation that account management procedures are being followed. If modifications to management accounts are not audited, reconciliation of account management procedures cannot be tracked.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use an approved authentication server that automatically audits account modifications.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a remote authentication server that automatically audits account modifications. Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to utilize a properly configured authentication server. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured to use an approved remote authentication server that automatically audits account modification. If account modification is not automatically audited, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must automatically audit account-disabling actions.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000023
Rule ID
SV-74537r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000028-NDM-000210
CCI
CCI-001404
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Account management, as a whole, ensures access to the network device is being controlled in a secure manner by granting access to only authorized personnel. Auditing account disabling actions will support account management procedures. When device management accounts are disabled, user or service accessibility may be affected. Auditing also ensures authorized active accounts remain enabled and available for use when required.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use an approved authentication server that automatically audits account-disabling actions.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a remote authentication server that automatically audits account-disabling actions. Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured authentication server. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured to use an approved remote authentication server that automatically audits account-disabling actions. If account disabling is not automatically audited, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must automatically audit account removal actions.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000025
Rule ID
SV-74539r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000029-NDM-000211
CCI
CCI-001405
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Account management, as a whole, ensures access to the network device is being controlled in a secure manner by granting access to only authorized personnel. Auditing account removal actions will support account management procedures. When device management accounts are terminated, user or service accessibility may be affected. Auditing also ensures authorized active accounts remain enabled and available for use when required.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use an approved authentication server that automatically audits account removal actions.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a remote authentication server that automatically audits account removal actions. Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured authentication server. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured to use an approved remote authentication server that automatically audits account removal actions. If account removal is not automatically audited, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to enforce the assigned privilege level for each administrator and authorizations for access to all commands relative to the privilege level in accordance with applicable policy for the device.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000027
Rule ID
SV-74541r1_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000033-NDM-000212
CCI
CCI-000213
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

To mitigate the risk of unauthorized access to sensitive information by entities that have been issued certificates by DoD-approved PKIs, all DoD systems must be properly configured to incorporate access control methods that do not rely solely on the possession of a certificate for access. Successful authentication must not automatically give an entity access to an asset or security boundary. Authorization procedures and controls must be implemented to ensure each authenticated entity also has a validated and current authorization. Authorization is the process of determining whether an entity, once authenticated, is permitted to access a specific asset. Network devices use access control policies and enforcement mechanisms to implement this requirement. Access control policies include identity-based policies, role-based policies, and attribute-based policies. Access enforcement mechanisms include access control lists, access control matrices, and cryptography. These policies and mechanisms must be employed by the network device to control access between administrators (or processes acting on behalf of administrators) and objects (e.g., device commands, files, records, processes) in the network device.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to enforce the assigned privilege level for each administrator and authorizations for access to all commands relative to the privilege level in accordance with applicable policy for the device.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to enforce the assigned privilege level for each administrator and authorizations for access to all commands relative to the privilege level in accordance with applicable policy for the device. Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to utilize a properly configured authentication server. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured to use an approved remote authentication server that enforces the assigned privilege level for each administrator and authorizations for access to all commands relative to the privilege level. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to enforce the assigned privilege level for each administrator and authorizations for access to all commands relative to the privilege level, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to enforce the limit of three consecutive invalid logon attempts by a user during a 15-minute time period.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000031
Rule ID
SV-74543r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000065-NDM-000214
CCI
CCI-000044
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

By limiting the number of failed logon attempts, the risk of unauthorized system access via user password guessing, otherwise known as brute-forcing, is reduced.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use an approved remote authentication server to enforce the limit of three consecutive invalid logon attempts by a user during a 15-minute time period.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a remote authentication server to enforce the limit of three consecutive invalid logon attempts by a user during a 15-minute time period. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured for an approved remote authentication server to enforce the limit of three consecutive invalid logon attempts by a user during a 15-minute time period. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configure to use a remote authentication server to enforce the limit of three consecutive invalid logon attempts by a user during a 15-minute time period, this is a finding.

Upon successful logon, the BIG-IP appliance must be configured to notify the administrator of the date and time of the last logon.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000037
Rule ID
SV-74545r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000075-NDM-000217
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Administrators need to be aware of activity that occurs regarding their network device management account. Providing administrators with information regarding the date and time of their last successful logon allows them to determine if any unauthorized activity has occurred. This incorporates all methods of logon, including, but not limited to, SSH, HTTP, HTTPS, and physical connectivity.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use an approved remote authentication server to notify the administrator of the date and time of the last logon upon successful logon.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a remote authentication server to notify the administrator of the date and time of their last logon. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured for an approved remote authentication server to notify the administrator of the date and time of the last logon. If the administrator is not notified of the date and time of the last logon upon successful logon, this is a finding.

Upon successful logon, the BIG-IP appliance must be configured to notify the administrator of the number of unsuccessful logon attempts since the last successful logon.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000039
Rule ID
SV-74547r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000076-NDM-000218
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Administrators need to be aware of activity that occurs regarding their network device management account. Providing administrators with information regarding the number of unsuccessful attempts made to logon to their account allows them to determine if any unauthorized activity has occurred. Without this information, the administrator may not be aware that unauthorized activity has occurred. This incorporates all methods of logon, including, but not limited to, SSH, HTTP, HTTPS, and physical connectivity.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use an approved remote authentication server to notify the administrator of the number of unsuccessful logon attempts since the last successful logon, upon successful logon.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a remote authentication server to notify the administrator of the number of unsuccessful logon attempts since the last successful logon. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured for an approved remote authentication server to notify the administrator of the number of unsuccessful logon attempts since the last successful logon. If the administrator is not notified of the number of unsuccessful logon attempts since the last successful logon, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to protect against an individual (or process acting on behalf of an individual) falsely denying having performed system configuration changes.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000043
Rule ID
SV-74551r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000080-NDM-000220
CCI
CCI-000166
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

This requirement supports non-repudiation of actions taken by an administrator and is required in order to maintain the integrity of the configuration management process. All configuration changes to the network device are logged, and administrators authenticate with two-factor authentication before gaining administrative access. Together, these processes will ensure the administrators can be held accountable for the configuration changes they implement. To meet this requirement, the network device must log administrator access and activity.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured authentication server to protect against an individual (or process acting on behalf of an individual) falsely denying having performed system configuration changes.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured authentication server that protects against an individual (or process acting on behalf of an individual) falsely denying having performed system configuration changes. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured for an approved remote authentication server that protects against an individual falsely denying having performed system configuration changes. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to protect against an individual (or process acting on behalf of an individual) falsely denying having performed system configuration changes, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to alert the ISSO and SA (at a minimum) in the event of an audit processing failure.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000067
Rule ID
SV-74553r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000108-NDM-000232
CCI
CCI-000139
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

It is critical for the appropriate personnel to be aware if a system is at risk of failing to process audit logs as required. Without this notification, the security personnel may be unaware of an impending failure of the audit capability, and system operation may be adversely affected. Audit processing failures include software/hardware errors, failures in the audit capturing mechanisms, and audit storage capacity being reached or exceeded.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to alert the ISSO and SA (at a minimum) in the event of an audit processing failure.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to alert the ISSO and SA (at a minimum) in the event of an audit processing failure. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Logs >> Configuration >> Options. Verify "MCP" under the "Audit Logging" section is set to Debug. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to alert in the event of an audit processing failure, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to shut down by default upon audit failure (or restart when availability is an overriding concern).

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000069
Rule ID
SV-74555r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000109-NDM-000233
CCI
CCI-000140
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

It is critical that when the network device is at risk of failing to process audit logs as required, it take action to mitigate the failure. Audit processing failures include: software/hardware errors; failures in the audit capturing mechanisms; and audit storage capacity being reached or exceeded. Responses to audit failure depend upon the nature of the failure mode. When availability is an overriding concern, other approved actions in response to an audit failure are as follows: 1) If the failure was caused by the lack of audit record storage capacity, the network device must continue generating audit records if possible (automatically restarting the audit service if necessary), overwriting the oldest audit records in a first-in-first-out manner; or 2) If audit records are sent to a centralized collection server and communication with this server is lost or the server fails, the network device must queue audit records locally until communication is restored or until the audit records are retrieved manually. Upon restoration of the connection to the centralized collection server, action should be taken to synchronize the local audit data with the collection server.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to shut down or restart upon audit failure, based on the location of the device.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to shut down or restart upon audit failure. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> High Availability >> Fail-Safe >> System. Verify "Switch Board Failure" under the "System Trigger Properties" section is set to perform the appropriate action based on the location of the device. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to shut down or restart upon audit failure, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to protect audit information from any type of unauthorized read access.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000073
Rule ID
SV-74557r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000118-NDM-000235
CCI
CCI-000162
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Audit information includes all information (e.g., audit records, audit settings, and audit reports) needed to successfully audit information system activity. If audit data were to become compromised, then competent forensic analysis and discovery of the true source of potentially malicious system activity is difficult, if not impossible, to achieve. In addition, access to audit records provides information an attacker could use to his or her advantage. To ensure the veracity of audit data, the information system and/or the network device must protect audit information from any and all unauthorized read access. This requirement can be achieved through multiple methods that will depend upon system architecture and design. Commonly employed methods for protecting audit information include least privilege permissions as well as restricting the location and number of log file repositories. Additionally, network devices with user interfaces to audit records should not allow for the unfettered manipulation of or access to those records via the device interface. If the device provides access to the audit data, the device becomes accountable for ensuring audit information is protected from unauthorized access.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to protect audit information from any type of unauthorized read access.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to protect audit information from any type of unauthorized read access. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Logs >> Configuration >> Options. Verify authorized access is configured for each role under "Log Access". If the BIG-IP appliance does not protect audit information from any type of unauthorized read access, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to protect audit information from unauthorized modification.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000075
Rule ID
SV-74559r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000119-NDM-000236
CCI
CCI-000163
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Audit information includes all information (e.g., audit records, audit settings, and audit reports) needed to successfully audit network device activity. If audit data were to become compromised, then forensic analysis and discovery of the true source of potentially malicious system activity would be impossible to achieve. To ensure the veracity of audit data, the network device must protect audit information from unauthorized modification. This requirement can be achieved through multiple methods, which will depend upon system architecture and design. Some commonly employed methods include ensuring log files receive the proper file system permissions and limiting log data locations. Network devices providing a user interface to audit data will leverage user permissions and roles identifying the user accessing the data and the corresponding rights that the user enjoys in order to make access decisions regarding the modification of audit data.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to protect audit information from unauthorized modification.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance protects audit information from any type of unauthorized modification. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Logs >> Configuration >> Options. Verify authorized access is configured for each role under "Log Access". If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to protect audit information from unauthorized modification, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to protect audit information from unauthorized deletion.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000077
Rule ID
SV-74561r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000120-NDM-000237
CCI
CCI-000164
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Audit information includes all information (e.g., audit records, audit settings, and audit reports) needed to successfully audit information system activity. If audit data were to become compromised, then forensic analysis and discovery of the true source of potentially malicious system activity would be impossible to achieve. To ensure the veracity of audit data, the network device must protect audit information from unauthorized deletion. This requirement can be achieved through multiple methods, which will depend upon system architecture and design. Some commonly employed methods include: ensuring log files receive the proper file system permissions utilizing file system protections, restricting access, and backing up log data to ensure log data is retained. Network devices providing a user interface to audit data will leverage user permissions and roles identifying the user accessing the data and the corresponding rights the user enjoys in order to make access decisions regarding the deletion of audit data.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to protect audit information from unauthorized deletion.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance protects audit information from any type of unauthorized deletion. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Logs >> Configuration >> Options. Verify authorized access is configured for each role under "Log Access". If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to protect audit information from unauthorized deletion, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to protect audit tools from unauthorized access.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000079
Rule ID
SV-74563r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000121-NDM-000238
CCI
CCI-001493
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Protecting audit data also includes identifying and protecting the tools used to view and manipulate log data. Therefore, protecting audit tools is necessary to prevent unauthorized operation on audit data. Network devices providing tools to interface with audit data will leverage user permissions and roles identifying the user accessing the tools and the corresponding rights the user enjoys in order to make access decisions regarding the access to audit tools. Audit tools include, but are not limited to, vendor-provided and open source audit tools needed to successfully view and manipulate audit information system activity and records. Audit tools include custom queries and report generators.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to protect audit tools from unauthorized access.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance protects audit tools from unauthorized access. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Logs >> Configuration >> Options. Verify authorized access is configured for each role under "Log Access". If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to protect its audit tools from unauthorized access, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to back up audit records at least every seven (7) days onto a different system or system component than the system or component being audited.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000085
Rule ID
SV-74565r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000125-NDM-000241
CCI
CCI-001348
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Protection of log data includes assuring log data is not accidentally lost or deleted. Regularly backing up audit records to a different system or onto separate media than the system being audited helps to assure, in the event of a catastrophic system failure, the audit records will be retained. This helps to ensure a compromise of the information system being audited does not also result in a compromise of the audit records.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to off-load logs to a remote syslog server to back up audit records at least every seven days onto a different system or system component than the system or component being audited.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to off-load logs to a remote syslog server that backs up audit records at least every seven (7) days onto a different system or system component than the system or component being audited. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Logs >> Configuration >> Remote Logging. Verify a syslog destination is configured that backs up audit records at least every seven (7) days onto a different system or system component than the system or component being audited. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to off-load logs to a remote syslog server that backs up audit records at least every seven (7) days onto a different system or system component than the system or component being audited, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to use NIAP evaluated cryptographic mechanisms to protect the integrity of audit information at rest.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000087
Rule ID
SV-74567r2_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000126-NDM-000242
CCI
CCI-001350
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Audit records may be tampered with. If the integrity of audit data were to become compromised, then forensic analysis and discovery of the true source of potentially malicious system activity is impossible to achieve. Protection of audit records and audit data, including audit configuration settings, is of critical importance. Cryptographic mechanisms are the industry-established standard used to protect the integrity of audit data. An example of a cryptographic mechanism is the computation and application of a cryptographic-signed hash using asymmetric cryptography. This requirement is not intended to cause a new cryptographic hash to be generated every time a record is added to a log file.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to off-load audit information to a system that uses NIAP evaluated cryptographic mechanisms to protect the integrity of audit information at rest.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to off-load audit information to a logging system that uses NIAP evaluated cryptographic mechanisms to protect the integrity of audit information at rest. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Logs >> Configuration >> Remote Logging. Verify a syslog destination is configured that uses NIAP evaluated cryptographic mechanisms to protect the integrity of audit information at rest. If the BIG-IP appliance does not off-load audit information to a remote logging system that uses NIAP evaluated cryptographic mechanisms to protect the integrity of audit information at rest, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to prohibit the use of all unnecessary and/or nonsecure functions, ports, protocols, and/or services, as defined in the Ports, Protocols, and Services Management (PPSM) Category Assurance List (CAL) and vulnerability assessments.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000093
Rule ID
SV-74569r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000142-NDM-000245
CCI
CCI-000382
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

In order to prevent unauthorized connection of devices, unauthorized transfer of information, or unauthorized tunneling (i.e., embedding of data types within data types), organizations must disable unused or unnecessary physical and logical ports/protocols on information systems. Network devices are capable of providing a wide variety of functions and services. Some of the functions and services provided by default may not be necessary to support essential organizational operations. Additionally, it is sometimes convenient to provide multiple services from a single component (e.g., email and web services); however, doing so increases risk over limiting the services provided by any one component. To support the requirements and principles of least functionality, the network device must support the organizational requirements providing only essential capabilities and limiting the use of ports, protocols, and/or services to only those required, authorized, and approved to conduct official business or to address authorized quality of life issues.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to prohibit the use of all unnecessary and/or nonsecure functions, ports, protocols, and/or services, as defined in the PPSM CAL and vulnerability assessments.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance prohibits the use of all unnecessary and/or nonsecure functions, ports, protocols, and/or services, as defined in the PPSM CAL and vulnerability assessments. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Services. Verify no unauthorized services are configured or running. If any unnecessary or nonsecure functions are permitted, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to uniquely identify and authenticate organizational administrators (or processes acting on behalf of organizational administrators).

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000095
Rule ID
SV-74573r1_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000148-NDM-000246
CCI
CCI-000764
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

To assure accountability and prevent unauthenticated access, organizational administrators must be uniquely identified and authenticated for all network management accesses to prevent potential misuse and compromise of the system.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured authentication server that uniquely identifies and authenticates organizational administrators.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured authentication server that uniquely identifies and authenticates organizational administrators. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured for an approved remote authentication server that uniquely identifies and authenticates organizational administrators. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use a properly configured authentication server that uniquely identifies and authenticates organizational administrators, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to ensure administrators are authenticated with an individual authenticator prior to using a group authenticator.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000101
Rule ID
SV-74575r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000153-NDM-000249
CCI
CCI-000770
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

To assure individual accountability and prevent unauthorized access, administrators must be individually identified and authenticated. Individual accountability mandates that each administrator is uniquely identified. A group authenticator is a shared account or some other form of authentication that allows multiple unique individuals to access the network device using a single account. If a device allows or provides for group authenticators, it must first individually authenticate administrators prior to implementing group authenticator functionality. Some devices may not have the need to provide a group authenticator; this is considered a matter of device design. In those instances where the device design includes the use of a group authenticator, this requirement will apply. This requirement applies to accounts created and managed on or by the network device.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to authenticate administrators with an individual authenticator prior to using a group authenticator.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to authenticate administrators with an individual authenticator prior to using a group authenticator. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured for an approved remote authentication server that authenticates administrators to an administrators group. Navigate to System >> Users >> Remote Role Groups. Verify that administrators are assigned to the Administrator Role. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to authenticate administrators with an individual authenticator prior to using a group authenticator, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to enforce a minimum 15-character password length.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000107
Rule ID
SV-74577r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000164-NDM-000252
CCI
CCI-000205
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password length is one factor of several that helps to determine strength and how long it takes to crack a password. The shorter the password, the lower the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised. Use of more characters in a password helps to exponentially increase the time and/or resources required to compromise the password.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured authentication server to enforce a minimum 15-character password length.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured authentication server that enforces a minimum 15-character password length. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured for an approved remote authentication server that enforces a minimum of 15-character password length. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use a properly configured authentication server to enforce a minimum 15-character password length, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to prohibit password reuse for a minimum of five generations.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000109
Rule ID
SV-74579r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000165-NDM-000253
CCI
CCI-000200
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. To meet password policy requirements, passwords need to be changed at specific policy-based intervals. If the network device allows the user to consecutively reuse their password when that password has exceeded its defined lifetime, the end result is a password that is not changed as per policy requirements.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured authentication server to prohibit password reuse for a minimum of five generations.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured authentication server that prohibits password reuse for a minimum of five generations. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured for an approved remote authentication server that prohibits password reuse for a minimum of five generations. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use an associated authentication server that prohibits password reuse for a minimum of five generations, this is a finding.

If multifactor authentication is not supported and passwords must be used, the BIG-IP appliance must enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one lower-case character be used.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000113
Rule ID
SV-74581r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000167-NDM-000255
CCI
CCI-000193
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password complexity is one factor of several that determine how long it takes to crack a password. The more complex the password, the greater the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured authentication server to enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one lower-case character be used.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured authentication server that enforces password complexity by requiring that at least one lower-case character be used. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured for an approved remote authentication server that enforces password complexity by requiring that at least one lower-case character be used. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use a properly configured authentication server that enforces password complexity by requiring that at least one lower-case character be used, this is a finding.

If multifactor authentication is not supported and passwords must be used, the BIG-IP appliance must enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one special character be used.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000117
Rule ID
SV-74583r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000169-NDM-000257
CCI
CCI-001619
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password complexity is one factor of several that determine how long it takes to crack a password. The more complex the password, the greater the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured authentication server to enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one special character be used.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured authentication server that enforces password complexity by requiring that at least one special character be used. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured for an approved remote authentication server that enforces password complexity by requiring that at least one special character be used. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use a properly configured authentication server that enforces password complexity by requiring that at least one special character be used, this is a finding.

If multifactor authentication is not supported and passwords must be used, the BIG-IP appliance must require that when a password is changed, the characters are changed in at least eight (8) of the positions within the password.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000119
Rule ID
SV-74585r2_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000170-NDM-000329
CCI
CCI-000195
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

If the application allows the user to consecutively reuse extensive portions of passwords, this increases the chances of password compromise by increasing the window of opportunity for attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. The number of changed characters refers to the number of changes required with respect to the total number of positions in the current password. In other words, characters may be the same within the two passwords; however, the positions of the like characters must be different.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured authentication server to require when a password is changed, the characters are changed in at least eight (8) of the positions within the password.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured authentication server that requires when a password is changed, the characters are changed in at least eight (8) of the positions within the password. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured for an approved remote authentication server that requires when a password is changed, the characters are changed in at least eight (8) of the positions within the password. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use a properly configured authentication server that requires when a password is changed, the characters are changed in at least eight (8) of the positions within the password, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must only store encrypted representations of passwords.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000121
Rule ID
SV-74587r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000171-NDM-000258
CCI
CCI-000196
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Passwords need to be protected at all times, and encryption is the standard method for protecting passwords. If passwords are not encrypted, they can be plainly read (i.e., clear text) and easily compromised. Network devices must enforce password encryption using an approved cryptographic hash function, when storing passwords.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured authentication server that only stores encrypted representations of passwords.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured authentication server that enforces password encryption for storage. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured for an approved remote authentication server that only stores encrypted representations of passwords. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use a properly configured authentication server that stores encrypted representations of passwords, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must only transmit encrypted representations of passwords.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000123
Rule ID
SV-74589r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000172-NDM-000259
CCI
CCI-000197
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Passwords need to be protected at all times, and encryption is the standard method for protecting passwords. If passwords are not encrypted, they can be plainly read (i.e., clear text) and easily compromised. Network devices can accomplish this by making direct function calls to encryption modules or by leveraging operating system encryption capabilities.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance or its associated authentication server to transmit only encrypted representations of passwords.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured authentication server that transmits only encrypted representations of passwords. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured for an approved remote authentication server that only transmits encrypted representations of passwords. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use a properly configured authentication server that only transmits encrypted representations of passwords, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to enforce a 60-day maximum password lifetime restriction.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000127
Rule ID
SV-74591r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000174-NDM-000261
CCI
CCI-000199
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Any password, no matter how complex, can eventually be cracked. Therefore, passwords need to be changed at specific intervals. One method of minimizing this risk is to use complex passwords and periodically change them. If the network device does not limit the lifetime of passwords and force users to change their passwords, there is the risk that the passwords could be compromised. This requirement does not include emergency administration accounts that are meant for access to the network device in case of failure. These accounts are not required to have maximum password lifetime restrictions.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance or its associated authentication server to enforce a 60-day maximum password lifetime.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured authentication server that enforces a 60-day maximum password lifetime. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured for an approved remote authentication server that enforces a 60-day maximum password lifetime restriction. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use a properly configured authentication server that enforces a 60-day maximum password lifetime, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to obscure feedback of authentication information during the authentication process to protect the information from possible exploitation/use by unauthorized individuals.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000133
Rule ID
SV-74593r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000178-NDM-000264
CCI
CCI-000206
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

To prevent the compromise of authentication information such as passwords during the authentication process, the feedback from the network device must not provide any information that would allow an unauthorized user to compromise the authentication mechanism. Obfuscation of user-provided information when typed into the system is a method used in addressing this risk. For example, displaying asterisks when a user types in a password is an example of obscuring feedback of authentication information.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use SSL communications when connecting to a properly configured authentication server.

Check Content

Verify if the BIG-IP appliance is configured to obscure feedback of authentication information during the authentication process. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "SSL" is configured to use SSL for the authentication process with a properly configured authentication server. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to obscure feedback of authentication information during the authentication process, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to terminate all sessions and network connections when nonlocal device maintenance is completed.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000137
Rule ID
SV-74595r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000186-NDM-000266
CCI
CCI-000879
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

If a device management session or connection remains open after management is completed, it may be hijacked by an attacker and used to compromise or damage the network device. Nonlocal device management and diagnostic activities are those activities conducted by individuals communicating through a network, either an external network (e.g., the Internet) or an internal network. In the event the remote node has abnormally terminated or an upstream link from the managed device is down, the management session will be terminated, thereby freeing device resources and eliminating any possibility of an unauthorized user being orphaned to an open idle session of the managed device.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to terminate all sessions and network connections when nonlocal device maintenance is completed.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to terminate all sessions and network connections when nonlocal device maintenance is completed. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Preferences. Verify that "Idle Time Before Automatic Logout" is set to 10 minutes or less. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to terminate all sessions and network connections when nonlocal device maintenance is complete, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to terminate all network connections associated with a device management session at the end of the session, or the session must be configured to be terminated after 10 minutes of inactivity except to fulfill documented and validated mission requirements.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000139
Rule ID
SV-74597r1_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000190-NDM-000267
CCI
CCI-001133
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Terminating an idle session within a short time period reduces the window of opportunity for unauthorized personnel to take control of a management session enabled on the console or console port that has been left unattended. In addition, quickly terminating an idle session will also free up resources committed by the managed network element. Terminating network connections associated with communications sessions includes, for example, de-allocating associated TCP/IP address/port pairs at the operating system level or de-allocating networking assignments at the application level if multiple application sessions are using a single, operating system-level network connection. This does not mean that the device terminates all sessions or network access; it only ends the inactive session and releases the resources associated with that session.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to terminate the connection associated with a device management session at the end of the session or after 10 minutes of inactivity.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to terminate a connection associated with a device management session at the end of the session or after 10 minutes of inactivity. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Preferences. Verify that "Idle Time Before Automatic Logout" is set to 10 minutes or less. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to terminate the connection associated with a device management session at the end of the session or after 10 minutes of inactivity, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to automatically remove or disable emergency accounts after 72 hours.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000149
Rule ID
SV-74601r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000234-NDM-000272
CCI
CCI-001682
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Emergency accounts are administrator accounts that are established in response to crisis situations where the need for rapid account activation is required. Therefore, emergency account activation may bypass normal account authorization processes. If emergency accounts remain active when no longer needed, they may be used to gain unauthorized access. The risk is greater for the network device since these accounts have elevated privileges. To mitigate this risk, automated termination of all emergency accounts must be set upon account creation. Emergency accounts are different from infrequently used accounts (i.e., local logon accounts used by network administrators when network or normal logon/access is not available). Infrequently used accounts also remain available and are not subject to automatic termination dates. However, an emergency account is normally a different account that is created for use by vendors or system maintainers.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured remote authentication server to automatically disable or remove emergency accounts after 72 hours.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured remote authentication server to automatically disable or remove emergency accounts after 72 hours. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify that "User Directory" is set to an approved authentication server type that automatically removes or disables emergency accounts after 72 hours. If the use of emergency accounts is prohibited, this is not a finding. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use a properly configured authentication server to automatically disable or remove emergency accounts after 72 hours, this is a finding.

The application must be configured to reveal error messages only to authorized individuals (ISSO, ISSM, and SA).

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000151
Rule ID
SV-74603r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000267-NDM-000273
CCI
CCI-001314
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Only authorized personnel should be aware of errors and the details of the errors. Error messages are an indicator of an organization's operational state. Additionally, sensitive account information must not be revealed through error messages to unauthorized personnel or their designated representatives.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to reveal error messages only to authorized individuals (ISSO, ISSM, and SA).

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to reveal error messages only to authorized individuals (ISSO, ISSM, and SA). Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> Logs >> Configuration >> Options. Verify that "Log Access" is granted only to authorized individuals (ISSO, ISSM, and SA). If the BIG-IP appliance reveals error messages to any unauthorized individuals (ISSO, ISSM, and SA), this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to activate a system alert message, send an alarm, and/or automatically shut down when a component failure is detected.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000153
Rule ID
SV-74605r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000268-NDM-000274
CCI
CCI-001328
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Predictable failure prevention requires organizational planning to address device failure issues. If components key to maintaining the device's security fail to function, the device could continue operating in an unsecure state. If appropriate actions are not taken when a network device failure occurs, a denial of service condition may occur that could result in mission failure since the network would be operating without a critical security monitoring and prevention function. Upon detecting a failure of network device security components, the network device must activate a system alert message, send an alarm, or shut down.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to activate a system alert message, send an alarm, and/or automatically shut down when a component failure is detected.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to activate a system alert message, send an alarm, and/or automatically shut down when a component failure is detected. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> Logs >> Configuration >> Options. Verify that "MCP" under the "Audit Logging" section is set to Debug. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> High Availability >> Fail-Safe >> System. Verify "Switch Board Failure" under the "System Trigger Properties" section is set to perform the appropriate action based on the location of the device. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to activate a system alert message, send an alarm, or automatically shut down when a component failure is detected, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to generate alerts that can be forwarded to the administrators and Information System Security Officer (ISSO) when accounts are created.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000155
Rule ID
SV-74607r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000291-NDM-000275
CCI
CCI-001683
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Once an attacker establishes initial access to a system, the attacker often attempts to create a persistent method of reestablishing access. One way to accomplish this is for the attacker to simply create a new account. Notification of account creation is one method for mitigating this risk. A comprehensive account management process will ensure an audit trail that documents the creation of accounts and notifies administrators and the ISSO. Such a process greatly reduces the risk that accounts will be surreptitiously created and provides logging that can be used for forensic purposes.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured authentication server to send a notification message to the administrators and ISSO when accounts are created.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to generate alerts that can be forwarded to the administrators and ISSO when accounts are created. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify that "User Directory" is set to an approved authentication server type that generates alerts that can be forwarded to the administrators and ISSO when accounts are created. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use an authentication server that would perform this function, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to generate alerts that can be forwarded to the administrators and Information System Security Officer (ISSO) when accounts are modified.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000157
Rule ID
SV-74609r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000292-NDM-000276
CCI
CCI-001684
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Once an attacker establishes initial access to a system, the attacker often attempts to create a persistent method of reestablishing access. One way to accomplish this is for the attacker to simply modify an existing account. Notification of account modification is one method for mitigating this risk. A comprehensive account management process will ensure an audit trail that documents the modification of device administrator accounts and notifies administrators and the ISSO. Such a process greatly reduces the risk that accounts will be surreptitiously modified and provides logging that can be used for forensic purposes. The network device must generate the alert. Notification may be done by a management server.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured authentication server to send a notification message to the administrators and ISSO when accounts are modified.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured authentication server that generates alerts that can be forwarded to the administrators and ISSO when accounts are modified. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify that "User Directory" is set to an approved authentication server type that generates alerts that can be forwarded to the administrators and ISSO when accounts are modified. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use an authentication server that would perform this function, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to generate alerts that can be forwarded to the administrators and Information System Security Officer (ISSO) when accounts are disabled.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000159
Rule ID
SV-74611r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000293-NDM-000277
CCI
CCI-001685
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

When application accounts are disabled, administrator accessibility is affected. Accounts are utilized for identifying individual device administrators or for identifying the device processes themselves. In order to detect and respond to events that affect administrator accessibility and device processing, devices must audit account-disabling actions and, as required, notify the appropriate individuals so they can investigate the event. Such a capability greatly reduces the risk that device accessibility will be negatively affected for extended periods of time and also provides logging that can be used for forensic purposes.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured authentication server to send a notification message to the administrators and ISSO when accounts are disabled.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured authentication server that generates alerts that can be forwarded to the administrators and ISSO when accounts are disabled. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify that "User Directory" is set to an approved authentication server type that generates alerts that can be forwarded to the administrators and ISSO when accounts are disabled. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use an authentication server that would perform this function, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to generate alerts that can be forwarded to the administrators and Information System Security Officer (ISSO) when accounts are removed.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000161
Rule ID
SV-74613r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000294-NDM-000278
CCI
CCI-001686
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

When application accounts are removed, administrator accessibility is affected. Accounts are utilized for identifying individual device administrators or for identifying the device processes themselves. In order to detect and respond to events that affect administrator accessibility and device processing, devices must audit account removal actions and, as required, notify the appropriate individuals so they can investigate the event. Such a capability greatly reduces the risk that device accessibility will be negatively affected for extended periods of time and also provides logging that can be used for forensic purposes.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured authentication server to send a notification message to the administrators and ISSO when accounts are removed.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured authentication server that generates alerts that can be forwarded to the administrators and ISSO when accounts are removed. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify that "User Directory" is set to an approved authentication server type that generates alerts that can be forwarded to the administrators and ISSO when accounts are removed. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use an authentication server that would perform this function, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to automatically terminate a network administrator session after organization-defined conditions or trigger events requiring session disconnect.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000163
Rule ID
SV-74615r1_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000295-NDM-000279
CCI
CCI-002361
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Automatic session termination addresses the termination of administrator-initiated logical sessions in contrast to the termination of network connections that are associated with communications sessions (i.e., network disconnect). A logical session (for local, network, and remote access) is initiated whenever an administrator (or process acting on behalf of a user) accesses a network device. Such administrator sessions can be terminated (and thus terminate network administrator access) without terminating network sessions. Session termination terminates all processes associated with an administrator's logical session except those processes that are specifically created by the administrator (i.e., session owner) to continue after the session is terminated. Conditions or trigger events requiring automatic session termination can include, for example, organization-defined periods of user inactivity, targeted responses to certain types of incidents, and time-of-day restrictions on information system use. These conditions will vary across environments and network device types.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to automatically terminate an administrator session after organization-defined conditions or trigger events requiring session disconnect.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to automatically terminate an administrator session after organization-defined conditions or trigger events requiring session disconnect. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Preferences. Review the "Security Settings" section. Verify "Idle Time Before Automatic Logout" is set to 900 seconds or less. Verify "Restrict A Consistent Inbound IP For The Entire Session" is Enabled. Verify "Enforce Idle Timeout While View Dashboard" is Enabled. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to automatically terminate an administrator session under the designated conditions or trigger events, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to automatically audit account-enabling actions.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000171
Rule ID
SV-74617r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000319-NDM-000283
CCI
CCI-002130
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Once an attacker establishes initial access to a system, the attacker often attempts to create a persistent method of reestablishing access. One way to accomplish this is for the attacker to simply enable a new or disabled account. Notification of account enabling is one method for mitigating this risk. A comprehensive account management process will ensure an audit trail that documents the creation of application user accounts and notifies administrators and Information System Security Officers (ISSO). Such a process greatly reduces the risk that accounts will be surreptitiously created and provides logging that can be used for forensic purposes.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured remote authentication server to automatically audit account-enabling actions.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured remote authentication server that automatically audits account-enabling actions. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify that "User Directory" is set to an approved authentication server type that automatically audits account-enabling actions. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use a properly configured remote authentication server to automatically audit account-enabling actions, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to generate an immediate alert for account-enabling actions.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000173
Rule ID
SV-74619r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000320-NDM-000284
CCI
CCI-002132
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Once an attacker establishes initial access to a system, the attacker often attempts to create a persistent method of reestablishing access. One way to accomplish this is for the attacker to simply enable a new or disabled account. Notification of account enabling is one method for mitigating this risk. A comprehensive account management process will ensure an audit trail that documents the creation of application user accounts and notifies administrators and ISSOs. Such a process greatly reduces the risk that accounts will be surreptitiously enabled and provides logging that can be used for forensic purposes. In order to detect and respond to events that affect network administrator accessibility and device processing, network devices must audit account-enabling actions and, as required, notify the appropriate individuals so they can investigate the event.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured remote authentication server to generate an immediate alert for account-enabling actions.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured remote authentication server to generate an immediate alert for account-enabling actions. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify that "User Directory" is set to an approved authentication server type to generate an immediate alert for account-enabling actions. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use a properly configured remote authentication server to generate an immediate alert for account-enabling actions, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to transmit access authorization information using approved security safeguards to authorized information systems that enforce access control decisions.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000175
Rule ID
SV-74621r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000325-NDM-000285
CCI
CCI-002353
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Protecting access authorization information (i.e., access control decisions) ensures that authorization information cannot be altered, spoofed, or otherwise compromised during transmission. In distributed information systems, authorization processes and access control decisions may occur in separate parts of the systems. In such instances, authorization information is transmitted securely so timely access control decisions can be enforced at the appropriate locations. To support the access control decisions, it may be necessary to transmit, as part of the access authorization information, supporting security attributes. This is because, in distributed information systems, there are various access control decisions that need to be made, and different entities (e.g., services) make these decisions in a serial fashion, each requiring some security attributes to make the decisions.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured authentication server that transmits access authorization information using approved security safeguards to authorized information systems that enforce access control decisions.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured authentication server that transmits access authorization information using approved security safeguards to authorized information systems that enforce access control decisions. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify that "User Directory" is set to an approved authentication server and SSL is set to use TLS. If the BIG-IP appliance transmits access authorization information without using approved security safeguards to authorized information systems that enforce access control decisions, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to enforce organization-defined role-based access control policies over defined subjects and objects.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000179
Rule ID
SV-74623r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000329-NDM-000287
CCI
CCI-002169
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Organizations can create specific roles based on job functions and the authorizations (i.e., privileges) to perform needed operations on organizational information systems associated with the organization-defined roles. When administrators are assigned to the organizational roles, they inherit the authorizations or privileges defined for those roles. RBAC simplifies privilege administration for organizations because privileges are not assigned directly to every administrator (which can be a significant number of individuals for mid- to large-size organizations) but are instead acquired through role assignments. RBAC can be implemented either as a mandatory or discretionary form of access control. The RBAC policies and the subjects and objects are defined uniquely for each network device, so they cannot be specified in the requirement.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured authentication server to enforce organization-defined role-based access control policy over defined subjects and objects.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance enforces organization-defined role-based access control policy over defined subjects and objects. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify that "User Directory" is set to an approved authentication server that assigns authenticated users to an appropriate group. Navigate to System >> Users >> Remote Role Groups. Verify Remote Role Groups are assigned proper Role Access and Partition Access. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to enforce organization-defined role-based access control policies over defined subjects and objects, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to automatically lock the account until the locked account is released by an administrator when three unsuccessful logon attempts in 15 minutes are exceeded.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000185
Rule ID
SV-74625r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000345-NDM-000290
CCI
CCI-002238
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

By limiting the number of failed logon attempts, the risk of unauthorized system access via user password guessing, otherwise known as brute-forcing, is reduced. Limits are imposed by locking the account.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured remote authentication server to automatically lock the account until the locked account is released by an administrator when three unsuccessful logon attempts in 15 minutes are exceeded.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured remote authentication server to automatically lock an account until the locked account is released by an administrator when three unsuccessful logon attempts in 15 minutes are exceeded. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify that "User Directory" is set to an approved authentication server type that automatically locks the account until the locked account is released by an administrator when three unsuccessful logon attempts in 15 minutes are exceeded. If an account is not automatically locked out until the locked account is released by an administrator when three unsuccessful logon attempts in 15 minutes are exceeded, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to notify the administrator, upon successful logon (access), of the location of last logon (terminal or IP address) in addition to the date and time of the last logon (access).

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000187
Rule ID
SV-74627r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000346-NDM-000291
CCI
CCI-002250
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Administrators need to be aware of activity that occurs regarding their account. Providing them with information deemed important by the organization may aid in the discovery of unauthorized access or thwart a potential attacker. Organizations should consider the risks to the specific information system being accessed and the threats presented by the device to the environment when configuring this option. An excessive or unnecessary amount of information presented to the administrator at logon is not recommended.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured authentication server that is able to notify the administrator upon successful logon of the location of last logon (terminal or IP address) in addition to the date and time of the last logon.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured authentication server that is able to notify the administrator upon successful logon of the location of last logon (terminal or IP address) in addition to the date and time of the last logon. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify that "User Directory" is set to an approved authentication server type that is able to notify the administrator upon successful logon of the location of last logon (terminal or IP address) in addition to the date and time of the last logon. If the administrator is not notified of the location of last logon (terminal or IP address) upon successful logon (terminal or IP address) in addition to the date and time of the last logon, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to allow designated individuals or roles to change the auditing to be performed based on all selectable event criteria within near-real-time.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000189
Rule ID
SV-74629r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000353-NDM-000292
CCI
CCI-001914
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

If authorized individuals do not have the ability to modify auditing parameters in response to a changing threat environment, the organization may not be able to effectively respond, and important forensic information may be lost. This requirement enables organizations to extend or limit auditing as necessary to meet organizational requirements. Auditing that is limited to conserve information system resources may be extended to address certain threat situations. In addition, auditing may be limited to a specific set of events to facilitate audit reduction, analysis, and reporting. Organizations can establish time thresholds in which audit actions are changed, for example, near-real-time, within minutes, or within hours. The individuals or roles to change the auditing are dependent on the security configuration of the network device--for example, it may be configured to allow only some administrators to change the auditing, while other administrators can review audit logs but not reconfigure auditing. Because this capability is so powerful, organizations should be extremely cautious about only granting this capability to fully authorized security personnel.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured authentication server to provide the capability for organization-identified individuals or roles be assigned to change the auditing to be performed based on all selectable event criteria within near-real-time.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to only allow organization-identified individuals or roles to change the auditing to be performed based on all selectable event criteria within near-real-time. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify that "User Directory" is set to an approved authentication server that assigns authenticated users to an appropriate group. Navigate to System >> Users >> Remote Role Groups. Verify Remote Role Groups are assigned proper Role Access and Partition Access. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to provide the capability for organization-identified individuals or roles to change the auditing to be performed based on all selectable event criteria within near-real-time, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to allocate audit record storage capacity in accordance with organization-defined audit record storage requirements.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000191
Rule ID
SV-74631r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000357-NDM-000293
CCI
CCI-001849
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

In order to ensure network devices have a sufficient storage capacity in which to write the audit logs, they need to be able to allocate audit record storage capacity. The task of allocating audit record storage capacity is usually performed during initial device setup if it is modifiable. The value for the organization-defined audit record storage requirement will depend on the amount of storage available on the network device, the anticipated volume of logs, the frequency of transfer from the network device to centralized log servers, and other factors.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured syslog server to allocate audit record storage capacity in accordance with organization-defined audit record storage requirements.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to off-load audit records to a remote syslog server that allocates audit record storage capacity in accordance with organization-defined audit record storage requirements. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Logs >> Configuration >> Remote Logging. Verify a syslog destination is configured that allocates audit record storage capacity in accordance with organization-defined audit record storage requirements. If audit record store capacity is not allocated in accordance with organization-defined audit record storage requirements, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to generate an immediate alert when allocated audit record storage volume reaches 75% of repository maximum audit record storage capacity.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000193
Rule ID
SV-74633r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000359-NDM-000294
CCI
CCI-001855
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

If security personnel are not notified immediately upon storage volume utilization reaching 75%, they are unable to plan for storage capacity expansion. This could lead to the loss of audit information. Note that while the network device must generate the alert, notification may be done by a management server.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured syslog server to generate an immediate alert when allocated audit record storage volume reaches 75% of repository maximum audit record storage capacity.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured syslog server that generates an immediate alert when allocated audit record storage volume reaches 75% of repository maximum audit record storage capacity. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Logs >> Configuration >> Remote Logging. Verify a syslog destination is configured that generates an immediate alert when allocated audit record storage volume reaches 75% of repository maximum audit record storage capacity. If an immediate alert is not generated when allocated audit record storage volume reaches 75% of repository maximum audit record storage capacity, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to synchronize internal information system clocks with the primary and secondary time sources located in different geographic regions using redundant authoritative time sources.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000201
Rule ID
SV-74635r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000373-NDM-000298
CCI
CCI-001893
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The loss of connectivity to a particular authoritative time source will result in the loss of time synchronization (free-run mode) and increasingly inaccurate time stamps on audit events and other functions. Multiple time sources provide redundancy by including a secondary source. Time synchronization is usually a hierarchy; clients synchronize time to a local source while that source synchronizes its time to a more accurate source. The network device must utilize an authoritative time server and/or be configured to use redundant authoritative time sources. This requirement is related to the comparison done in CCI-001891. DoD-approved solutions consist of a combination of a primary and secondary time source using a combination or multiple instances of the following: a time server designated for the appropriate DoD network (NIPRNet/SIPRNet); United States Naval Observatory (USNO) time servers; and/or the Global Positioning System (GPS). The secondary time source must be located in a different geographic region from the primary time source.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to synchronize internal information system clocks with the primary and secondary time sources located in different geographic regions using redundant authoritative time sources.

Check Content

Determine if the BIG-IP appliance is configured to synchronize internal information system clocks with the primary and secondary time sources located in different geographic regions using redundant authoritative time sources. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> Configuration >> Device >> NTP. Verify there is a primary time source and a secondary time source configured that are in different geographic regions. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to synchronize internal information system clocks with the primary and secondary time sources located in different geographic regions using redundant authoritative time sources, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to implement automated security responses if baseline configurations are changed in an unauthorized manner.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000211
Rule ID
SV-74637r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000379-NDM-000303
CCI
CCI-001744
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Unauthorized changes to the baseline configuration could make the device vulnerable to various attacks or allow unauthorized access to the device. Changes to device configurations can have unintended side effects, some of which may be relevant to security. Detecting such changes and providing an automated response can help avoid unintended, negative consequences that could ultimately affect the security state of the device. Examples of security responses include, but are not limited to, the following: halting application processing; halting selected functions; or issuing alerts/notifications to organizational personnel when there is an unauthorized modification of a configuration item. The appropriate automated security response may vary depending on the nature of the baseline configuration change, the role of the network device, the availability of organizational personnel to respond to alerts, etc.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to implement automated security responses if baseline configurations are changed in an unauthorized manner.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to implement automated security responses if baseline configurations are changed in an unauthorized manner. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> Logs >> Configuration >> Options. Review configuration in the "Audit Logging" section. Verify that "MCP" is set to Debug. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to implement automated security responses if baseline configurations are changed in an unauthorized manner, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to enforce access restrictions associated with changes to device configuration.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000213
Rule ID
SV-74639r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000380-NDM-000304
CCI
CCI-001813
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Failure to provide logical access restrictions associated with changes to device configuration may have significant effects on the overall security of the system. When dealing with access restrictions pertaining to change control, it should be noted that any changes to the hardware, software, and/or firmware components of the device can potentially have significant effects on the overall security of the device. Accordingly, only qualified and authorized individuals should be allowed to obtain access to device components for the purposes of initiating changes, including upgrades and modifications. Logical access restrictions include, for example, controls that restrict access to workflow automation, media libraries, abstract layers (e.g., changes implemented into third-party interfaces rather than directly into information systems), and change windows (e.g., changes occur only during specified times, making unauthorized changes easy to discover).

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use role-based access to enforce access restrictions associated with changes to device configuration.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to enforce access restrictions associated with changes to device configuration. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify that "User Directory" is set to an approved authentication server that assigns authenticated users to an appropriate group. Navigate to System >> Users >> Remote Role Groups. Verify Remote Role Groups are assigned proper Role Access and Partition Access to enforce access restrictions associated with changes to device configuration. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to enforce such access restrictions, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to audit the enforcement actions used to restrict access associated with changes to the device.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000215
Rule ID
SV-74641r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000381-NDM-000305
CCI
CCI-001814
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Without auditing the enforcement of access restrictions against changes to the device configuration, it will be difficult to identify attempted attacks, and an audit trail will not be available for forensic investigation for after-the-fact actions. Enforcement actions are the methods or mechanisms used to prevent unauthorized changes to configuration settings. Enforcement action methods may be as simple as denying access to a file based on the application of file permissions (access restriction). Audit items may consist of lists of actions blocked by access restrictions or changes identified after the fact.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to audit the enforcement actions used to restrict access associated with changes to the device.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to audit the enforcement actions used to restrict access associated with changes to the device. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> Logs >> Configuration >> Options. Review configuration in the "Audit Logging" section. Verify that "MCP" is set to Debug. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to audit the enforcement actions used to restrict access associated with changes to the device, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to dynamically manage user accounts.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000227
Rule ID
SV-74643r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000396-NDM-000311
CCI
CCI-001976
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Dynamic user account management prevents disruption of operations by minimizing the need for system restarts. Dynamic establishment of new user accounts will occur while the system is operational. New user accounts or changes to existing user accounts must take effect without the need for a system or session restart. Pre-established trust relationships and mechanisms with appropriate authorities (e.g., Active Directory or authentication server) that validate each user account are essential to prevent unauthorized access by changed or revoked accounts.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured authentication server to dynamically manage user accounts.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured authentication server that dynamically manages user accounts. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify that "User Directory" is set to an approved authentication server type that is configured to dynamically manage user accounts. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use a properly configured authentication server to dynamically manage user accounts, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to allow the use of a temporary password for system logons with an immediate change to a permanent password.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000229
Rule ID
SV-74645r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000397-NDM-000312
CCI
CCI-002041
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Without providing this capability, an account may be created without a password. Non-repudiation cannot be guaranteed once an account is created if a user is not forced to change the temporary password upon initial logon. Temporary passwords are typically used to allow access to applications when new accounts are created or passwords are changed. It is common practice for administrators to create temporary passwords for user accounts that allow the users to log on yet force them to change the password once they have successfully authenticated.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use an authentication server that allows the use of a temporary password for system logons with an immediate change to a permanent password.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use an authentication server that allows the use of a temporary password for system logons with an immediate change to a permanent password. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify that "User Directory" is set to an approved authentication server type that allows the use of a temporary password for system logons with an immediate change to a permanent password. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to authenticate through an authentication server that allows the use of a temporary password for system logons with an immediate change to a permanent password, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to protect against or limit the effects of all known types of Denial of Service (DoS) attacks on the BIG-IP appliance management network by limiting the number of concurrent sessions.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000239
Rule ID
SV-74647r1_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000435-NDM-000315
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

DoS is a condition when a resource is not available for legitimate users. When this occurs, the organization either cannot accomplish its mission or must operate at degraded capacity. This requirement addresses the configuration of network devices to mitigate the impact of DoS attacks that have occurred or are ongoing on device availability. For each network device, known and potential DoS attacks must be identified and solutions for each type implemented. A variety of technologies exist to limit or, in some cases, eliminate the effects of DoS attacks (e.g., limiting processes or restricting the number of sessions the device opens at one time). Employing increased capacity and bandwidth, combined with service redundancy, may reduce the susceptibility to some DoS attacks. The security safeguards cannot be defined at the DoD level because they vary according to the capabilities of the individual network devices and the security controls applied on the adjacent networks (for example, firewalls performing packet filtering to block DoS attacks).

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to limit the effects of DoS attacks by employing security safeguards to limit the number of concurrent sessions to the configuration utility.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to protect against or to limit the effects of DoS attacks by limiting the number of concurrent sessions. Review organizational Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) to ensure there is an organizational-defined threshold for the number of allowed connections to the management console. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Preferences. Set "System Settings:" to "Advanced". Verify "Maximum HTTP Connections To Configuration Utility" is set to the number of allowed connections defined in the local SOP. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to protect against or limit the effects of DoS attacks by limiting the number of concurrent sessions, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to off-load audit records onto a different system or media than the system being audited.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000257
Rule ID
SV-74649r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000515-NDM-000325
CCI
CCI-001851
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Information stored in one location is vulnerable to accidental or incidental deletion or alteration. Off-loading is a common process in information systems with limited audit storage capacity.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to off-load audit records onto a different system or media than the system being audited.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to off-load audit records onto a different system or media than the system being audited. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Logs >> Configuration >> Remote Logging. Verify a syslog destination is configured that off-loads audit records from the BIG-IP appliance that is different from the system being audited. If BIG-IP appliance is not configured to off-load audit records onto a different system or media, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured in accordance with the security configuration settings based on DoD security configuration or implementation guidance, including STIGs, NSA configuration guides, CTOs, and DTMs.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000259
Rule ID
SV-74651r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000516-NDM-000317
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Configuring the network device to implement organization-wide security implementation guides and security checklists ensures compliance with federal standards and establishes a common security baseline across DoD that reflects the most restrictive security posture consistent with operational requirements. Configuration settings are the set of parameters that can be changed that affect the security posture and/or functionality of the network device. Security-related parameters are those parameters impacting the security state of the network device, including the parameters required to satisfy other security control requirements.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to be in compliance with the applicable security configuration settings based on DoD security configuration or implementation guidance, including STIGs, NSA configuration guides, CTOs, and DTMs.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured in accordance with the security configuration settings based on applicable DoD security configuration or implementation guidance, including STIGs, NSA configuration guides, CTOs, and DTMs. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured in accordance with the designated security configuration settings, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to notify the administrator of the number of successful logon attempts occurring during an organization-defined time period.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000261
Rule ID
SV-74653r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000516-NDM-000332
CCI
CCI-001391
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Administrators need to be aware of activity that occurs regarding their network device management account. Providing administrators with information regarding the date and time of their last successful logon allows the administrator to determine if any unauthorized activity has occurred. This incorporates all methods of logon, including, but not limited to, SSH, HTTP, HTTPS, and physical connectivity. The organization-defined time period is dependent on the frequency with which administrators typically log on to the network device.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured authentication server to notify the administrator of the number of successful logon attempts occurring during an organization-defined time period.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured authentication server that notifies the administrator of the number of successful logon attempts occurring during an organization-defined time period. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify that "User Directory" is set to an approved authentication server type that notifies the administrator of the number of successful logon attempts occurring during an organization-defined time period. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use a properly configured authentication server to notify the administrator of the number of successful logon attempts occurring during an organization-defined time period, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to use automated mechanisms to alert security personnel to threats identified by authoritative sources (e.g., CTOs) and IAW with CJCSM 6510.01B.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000263
Rule ID
SV-74655r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000516-NDM-000333
CCI
CCI-001274
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

By immediately displaying an alarm message, potential security violations can be identified more quickly even when administrators are not logged onto the network device. An example of a mechanism to facilitate this would be through the utilization of SNMP traps.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use automated mechanisms to alert security personnel to threats identified by authoritative sources (e.g., CTOs) and IAW with CJCSM 6510.01B.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use automated mechanisms to alert security personnel to threats identified by authoritative sources (e.g., CTOs) and IAW with CJCSM 6510.01B. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Logs >> Configuration >> Log Destinations. Verify a log destination is configured for a CNDSP or other mechanism that is monitored by security personnel. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use automated mechanisms to alert security personnel to threats identified by authoritative sources (e.g., CTOs) and IAW with CJCSM 6510.01B, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to employ automated mechanisms to centrally manage authentication settings.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000269
Rule ID
SV-74657r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000516-NDM-000336
CCI
CCI-000370
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The use of authentication servers or other centralized management servers for providing centralized authentication services is required for network device management. Maintaining local administrator accounts for daily usage on each network device without centralized management is not scalable or feasible. Without centralized management, it is likely that credentials for some network devices will be forgotten, leading to delays in administration, which itself leads to delays in remediating production problems and in addressing compromises in a timely fashion.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use an approved remote authentication server to employ automated mechanisms to centrally manage authentication settings.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a remote authentication server to centrally manage authentication settings. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify that "User Directory" is set to an approved authentication server type that employs automated mechanisms to centrally manage authentication settings. If authentication settings are not managed centrally using automated mechanisms, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to employ automated mechanisms to centrally apply authentication settings.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000271
Rule ID
SV-74659r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000516-NDM-000337
CCI
CCI-000371
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The use of authentication servers or other centralized management servers for providing centralized authentication services is required for network device management. Maintaining local administrator accounts for daily usage on each network device without centralized management is not scalable or feasible. Without centralized management, it is likely that credentials for some network devices will be forgotten, leading to delays in administration, which itself leads to delays in remediating production problems and in addressing compromises in a timely fashion.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use an approved remote authentication server to employ automated mechanisms to centrally apply authentication settings.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a remote authentication server to centrally apply authentication settings. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify that "User Directory" is set to an approved authentication server type that employs automated mechanisms to centrally apply authentication settings. If authentication settings are not applied centrally using automated mechanisms, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to employ automated mechanisms to centrally verify authentication settings.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000273
Rule ID
SV-74661r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000516-NDM-000338
CCI
CCI-000372
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The use of authentication servers or other centralized management servers for providing centralized authentication services is required for network device management. Maintaining local administrator accounts for daily usage on each network device without centralized management is not scalable or feasible. Without centralized management, it is likely that credentials for some network devices will be forgotten, leading to delays in administration, which itself leads to delays in remediating production problems and in addressing compromises in a timely fashion.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use an approved remote authentication server to employ automated mechanisms to centrally verify authentication settings.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a remote authentication server to centrally verify authentication settings. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify that "User Directory" is set to an approved authentication server type that employs automated mechanisms to centrally verify authentication settings. If authentication settings are not verified centrally using automated mechanisms, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must create backups of system-level information contained in the information system when changes occur or weekly, whichever is sooner.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000277
Rule ID
SV-74663r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000516-NDM-000340
CCI
CCI-000537
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

System-level information includes default and customized settings and security attributes, including ACLs that relate to the network device configuration, as well as software required for the execution and operation of the device. Information system backup is a critical step in ensuring system integrity and availability. If the system fails and there is no backup of the system-level information, a denial of service condition is possible for all who utilize this critical network component. This control requires the network device to support the organizational central backup process for system-level information associated with the network device. This function may be provided by the network device itself; however, the preferred best practice is a centralized backup rather than each network device performing discrete backups.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to create backups of system-level information contained in the information system when changes occur or weekly, whichever is sooner.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is capable of creating backups of system-level information contained in the information system when changes occur. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Archives. Review the list of archives to verify backups are conducted in accordance with the local backup policy. If the BIG-IP appliance does not support the creating backups of system-level information contained in the information system when changes occur or weekly, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to create backups of information system documentation, including security-related documentation, when changes occur or weekly, whichever is sooner.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000279
Rule ID
SV-74665r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000516-NDM-000341
CCI
CCI-000539
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Information system backup is a critical step in maintaining data assurance and availability. Information system and security-related documentation contains information pertaining to system configuration and security settings. If this information were not backed up and a system failure were to occur, the security settings would be difficult to reconfigure quickly and accurately. Maintaining a backup of information system and security-related documentation provides for a quicker recovery time when system outages occur. This control requires the network device to support the organizational central backup process for user account information associated with the network device. This function may be provided by the network device itself; however, the preferred best practice is a centralized backup rather than each network device performing discrete backups.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to create backups of information system documentation, including security-related documentation, when changes occur.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to off-load logs to a remote log server when changes occur. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Logs >> Configuration >> Remote Logging. Verify a log destination is configured to allow for backups of information system documentation when changes occur. If the BIG-IP appliance does not backup the information system documentation, including security-related documentation, when changes occur, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to employ automated mechanisms to assist in the tracking of security incidents.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000281
Rule ID
SV-74667r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000516-NDM-000342
CCI
CCI-000833
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Despite the investment in perimeter defense technologies, enclaves are still faced with detecting, analyzing, and remediating network breaches and exploits that have made it past the network device. An automated incident response infrastructure allows network operations to immediately react to incidents by identifying, analyzing, and mitigating any network device compromise. Incident response teams can perform root cause analysis, determine how the exploit proliferated, and identify all affected nodes, as well as contain and eliminate the threat. The network device assists in the tracking of security incidents by logging detected security events. The audit log and network device application logs capture different types of events. The audit log tracks audit events occurring on the components of the network device. The application log tracks the results of the network device content filtering function. These logs must be aggregated into a centralized server and can be used as part of the organization's security incident tracking and analysis.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to direct logs to a system that employs automated mechanisms to assist in the tracking of security incidents.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to employ automated mechanisms to assist in the tracking of security incidents. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Logs >> Configuration >> Log Destinations. Verify a log destination is configured for a system that employs automated mechanisms to assist in the tracking of security incidents. If such automated mechanisms are not employed, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to obtain its public key certificates from an appropriate certificate policy through a DoD-approved service provider.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000283
Rule ID
SV-74669r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000516-NDM-000344
CCI
CCI-001159
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

For user certificates, each organization obtains certificates from an approved, shared service provider, as required by OMB policy. For federal agencies operating a legacy public key infrastructure cross-certified with the Federal Bridge Certification Authority at medium assurance or higher, this Certification Authority will suffice.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to obtain its public key certificates from an appropriate certificate policy through a DoD-approved service provider.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to obtain public key certificates from an appropriate certificate policy through a DoD-approved service provider. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Device Certificates >> Device Certificate. Verify the device certificate has been obtained from an approved service provider. If the BIG-IP appliance does not obtain its public key certificates from an appropriate certificate policy through a DoD-approved service provider, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to display the Standard Mandatory DoD Notice and Consent Banner before granting access to the device.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000033
Rule ID
SV-74671r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000068-NDM-000215
CCI
CCI-000048
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Display of the DoD-approved use notification before granting access to the network device ensures privacy and security notification verbiage used is consistent with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, regulations, standards, and guidance. System use notifications are required only for access via logon interfaces with human users.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to display the Standard Mandatory DoD Notice and Consent Banner before granting access to the device.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to present a DoD-approved banner formatted in accordance with DTM-08-060. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Preferences. Verify "Show The Security Banner On The Login Screen" is Enabled. Review the "Security Banner Text To Show On The Login Screen" under the "Security Settings" section for the following verbiage: "You are accessing a U.S. Government (USG) Information System (IS) that is provided for USG-authorized use only. By using this IS (which includes any device attached to this IS), you consent to the following conditions: -The USG routinely intercepts and monitors communications on this IS for purposes including, but not limited to, penetration testing, COMSEC monitoring, network operations and defense, personnel misconduct (PM), law enforcement (LE), and counterintelligence (CI) investigations. -At any time, the USG may inspect and seize data stored on this IS. -Communications using, or data stored on, this IS are not private, are subject to routine monitoring, interception, and search, and may be disclosed or used for any USG-authorized purpose. -This IS includes security measures (e.g., authentication and access controls) to protect USG interests--not for your personal benefit or privacy. -Notwithstanding the above, using this IS does not constitute consent to PM, LE or CI investigative searching or monitoring of the content of privileged communications, or work product, related to personal representation or services by attorneys, psychotherapists, or clergy, and their assistants. Such communications and work product are private and confidential. See User Agreement for details." Use the following verbiage for operating systems that have severe limitations on the number of characters that can be displayed in the banner: "I've read & consent to terms in IS user agreem't." If such a banner is not presented, this is a finding.

If multifactor authentication is not supported and passwords must be used, the BIG-IP appliance must enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one upper-case character be used.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000111
Rule ID
SV-74679r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000166-NDM-000254
CCI
CCI-000192
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Use of a complex passwords helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password complexity is one factor of several that determine how long it takes to crack a password. The more complex the password is, the greater the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured authentication server to enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one upper-case character be used.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured authentication server that enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one upper-case character be used. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured for an approved remote authentication server that enforces password complexity by requiring that at least one upper-case character be used. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use a properly configured authentication server that enforces password complexity by requiring that at least one upper-case character be used, this is a finding.

If multifactor authentication is not supported and passwords must be used, the BIG-IP appliance must enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one numeric character be used.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000115
Rule ID
SV-74681r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000168-NDM-000256
CCI
CCI-000194
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password complexity is one factor of several that determine how long it takes to crack a password. The more complex the password, the greater the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured authentication server to enforce password complexity by requiring that at least one numeric character be used.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured authentication server that enforces password complexity by requiring that at least one numeric character be used. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured for an approved remote authentication server that enforces password complexity by requiring that at least one numeric character be used. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use a properly configured authentication server that enforces password complexity by requiring that at least one numeric character be used, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to enforce 24 hours/1 day as the minimum password lifetime.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000125
Rule ID
SV-74683r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000173-NDM-000260
CCI
CCI-000198
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Enforcing a minimum password lifetime helps prevent repeated password changes to defeat the password reuse or history enforcement requirement. Restricting this setting limits the user's ability to change their password. Passwords need to be changed at specific policy-based intervals; however, if the network device allows the user to immediately and continually change their password, then the password could be repeatedly changed in a short period of time to defeat the organization's policy regarding password reuse.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured authentication server that enforces 24 hours/1 day as the minimum password lifetime.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured authentication server that enforces 24 hours/1 day as the minimum password lifetime. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured for an approved remote authentication server that enforces 24 hours/1 day as the minimum password lifetime. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use a properly configured authentication server that enforces 24 hours/1 day as the minimum password lifetime, this is a finding.

The BIG-IP appliance must be configured to use mechanisms meeting the requirements of applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, regulations, standards, and guidance for authentication to a cryptographic module.

Finding ID
F5BI-DM-000135
Rule ID
SV-74685r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-APP-000179-NDM-000265
CCI
CCI-000803
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Unapproved mechanisms that are used for authentication to the cryptographic module are not verified and therefore cannot be relied upon to provide confidentiality or integrity, and DoD data may be compromised. Network devices utilizing encryption are required to use FIPS-compliant mechanisms for authenticating to cryptographic modules. FIPS 140-2 is the current standard for validating that mechanisms used to access cryptographic modules utilize authentication that meets DoD requirements.

Fix Text

Configure the BIG-IP appliance to use a properly configured authentication server that uses mechanisms meeting the requirements of applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, regulations, standards, and guidance for authentication to a cryptographic module.

Check Content

Verify the BIG-IP appliance is configured to use a properly configured authentication server that uses mechanisms meeting the requirements of applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, regulations, standards, and guidance for authentication to a cryptographic module. Navigate to the BIG-IP System manager >> System >> Users >> Authentication. Verify "Authentication: User Directory" is configured for an approved remote authentication server that uses mechanisms meeting the requirements of applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, regulations, standards, and guidance for authentication to a cryptographic module. If the BIG-IP appliance is not configured to use a properly configured authentication server that uses mechanisms that meet the requirements for authentication to a cryptographic module, this is a finding.