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Cisco IOS XR Router RTR Security Technical Implementation Guide

Version 21 Release 13
2020-10-232020-04-24
U_Cisco_IOS-XR_Router_RTR_STIG_V21R13_Manual-xccdf.xml
This Security Technical Implementation Guide is published as a tool to improve the security of Department of Defense (DoD) information systems. The requirements are derived from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) 800-53 and related documents. Comments or proposed revisions to this document should be sent via email to the following address: disa.stig_spt@mail.mil.

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Vulnerabilities (189)

Added

V-96677

The Cisco router must be configured to enforce approved authorizations for controlling the flow of information within the network based on organization-defined information flow control policies.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000010
Rule ID
SV-105815r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000018-RTR-000001
CCI
CCI-001368
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Information flow control regulates where information is allowed to travel within a network and between interconnected networks. The flow of all network traffic must be monitored and controlled so it does not introduce any unacceptable risk to the network infrastructure or data. Information flow control policies and enforcement mechanisms are commonly employed by organizations to control the flow of information between designated sources and destinations (e.g., networks, individuals, and devices) within information systems. Enforcement occurs, for example, in boundary protection devices (e.g., gateways, routers, guards, encrypted tunnels, and firewalls) that employ rule sets or establish configuration settings that restrict information system services, provide a packet filtering capability based on header information, or provide a message filtering capability based on message content (e.g., implementing key word searches or using document characteristics).

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure ACLs to allow or deny traffic for specific source and destination addresses as well as ports and protocols between various subnets as required. The commands used below were used to create the configuration as shown in the check content. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list FILTER_SERVER_TRAFFIC RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any 10.1.23.0 0.0.0.255 eq lpd RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any 10.1.23.0 0.0.0.255 eq 631 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any 10.1.23.0 0.0.0.255 eq 9100 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any 10.1.24.0 0.0.0.255 eq 1433 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any 10.1.24.0 0.0.0.255 eq 1434 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any 10.1.24.0 0.0.0.255 eq 4022 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp any any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ospf any any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)# RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#int g0/0/0/0 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#ipv4 access-group FILTER_SERVER_TRAFFIC

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to verify that ACLs are configured to allow or deny traffic for specific source and destination addresses as well as ports and protocols. For example, the configuration below will allow only printer traffic into subnet 10.1.23.0/24 and SQL traffic into subnet 10.1.24.0/24. ICMP is allowed for troubleshooting and OSPF is the routing protocol used within the network. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/0 description link to core ipv4 address 10.1.12.2 255.255.255.0 ipv4 access-group FILTER_SERVER_TRAFFIC ingress … … … ipv4 access-list FILTER_SERVER_TRAFFIC 10 permit tcp any 10.1.23.0 0.0.0.255 eq lpd 20 permit tcp any 10.1.23.0 0.0.0.255 eq 631 30 permit tcp any 10.1.23.0 0.0.0.255 eq 9100 40 permit tcp any 10.1.24.0 0.0.0.255 eq 1433 50 permit tcp any 10.1.24.0 0.0.0.255 eq 1434 60 permit tcp any 10.1.24.0 0.0.0.255 eq 4022 70 permit icmp any any 80 permit ospf any any 90 deny ipv4 any any If the router is not configured to enforce approved authorizations for controlling the flow of information within the network based on organization-defined information flow control policies, this is a finding.

Added

V-96679

The Cisco router must be configured to implement message authentication for all control plane protocols.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000020
Rule ID
SV-105817r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000025-RTR-000020
CCI
CCI-002205
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

A rogue router could send a fictitious routing update to convince a site's perimeter router to send traffic to an incorrect or even a rogue destination. This diverted traffic could be analyzed to learn confidential information about the site's network or used to disrupt the network's ability to communicate with other networks. This is known as a "traffic attraction attack", and is prevented by configuring neighbor router authentication for routing updates. This requirement applies to all IPv4 and IPv6 protocols that are used to exchange routing or packet forwarding information; this includes all Interior Gateway Protocols (such as OSPF, EIGRP, and IS-IS) and Exterior Gateway Protocols (such as BGP), MPLS-related protocols (such as LDP), and multicast-related protocols.

Fix Text

Configure authentication to be enabled for every protocol that affects the routing or forwarding tables. The example configuration commands below enables OSPF, EIGRP, IS-IS, and BGP authentication. BGP Example RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp nn RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.1.23.3 keychain BGP_KEY_CHAIN EIGRP Example RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#router eigrp 1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-eigrp)#address-family ipv4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-eigrp-af)#int g0/0/0/0 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-eigrp-af-if)#authentication keychain EIGRP_KEY_CHAIN RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-eigrp-af-if)#end IS-IS Example RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router isis 1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-isis)#lsp-password keychain ISIS_KEY_CHAIN RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-isis)#int GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-isis-if)#hello-password keychain ISIS_KEY_CHAIN RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-isis-if)#end OSPF Example RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#router ospf 1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ospf)#area 0 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ospf-ar)#authentication message-digest keychain OSPF_KEY_CHAIN RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ospf-ar)#end RIP Example RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router rip RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rip)#int g0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rip-if)#authentication keychain XXX_KEY_CHAIN mode md5 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rip-if)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration. Verify that the neighbor router authentication is enabled for all routing protocols. The configuration examples below depicts OSPF, EIGRP, IS-IS and BGP authentication. BGP Example router bgp nn address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor x.1.23.2 remote-as nn keychain BGP_KEY_CHAIN address-family ipv4 unicaast EIGRP Example router eigrp 1 address-family ipv4 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 authentication keychain EIGRP_KEY_CHAIN IS-IS Example router isis 1 net 49.0001.0001.0001.0002.00 lsp-password keychain ISIS_KEY_CHAIN interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 hello-password keychain ISIS_KEY_CHAIN OSPF Example router ospf 1 area 0 authentication message-digest keychain OSPF_KEY_CHAIN RIP Example router rip interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 authentication keychain RIP_KEY_CHAIN mode md5 If authentication is not enabled on all routing protocols, this is a finding.

Added

V-96681

The Cisco router must be configured to use keys with a duration not exceeding 180 days for authenticating routing protocol messages.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000030
Rule ID
SV-105819r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000025-RTR-000085
CCI
CCI-002205
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

If the keys used for routing protocol authentication are guessed, the malicious user could create havoc within the network by advertising incorrect routes and redirecting traffic. Some routing protocols allow the use of key chains for authentication. A key chain is a set of keys that is used in succession, with each having a lifetime of no more than 180 days. Changing the keys frequently reduces the risk of them eventually being guessed. Keys cannot be used during time periods for which they are not activated. If a time period occurs during which no key is activated, neighbor authentication cannot occur, and therefore routing updates will fail. Therefore, ensure that for a given key chain, key activation times overlap to avoid any period of time during which no key is activated.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure each key used for routing protocol authentication to have a lifetime of no more than 180 days as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#key chain OSPF_KEY_CHAIN RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN)#key 1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#accept-lifetime 01:00:00 jan 01 2019 01:00:00 april 01 2019 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#key-string password xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#send-lifetime 01:00:00 jan 01 2019 01:00:00 april 01 2019 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#cryptographic-algorithm hmac-md5 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#key 2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#accept-lifetime 01:00:00 april 01 2019 01:00:00 july 01 2019 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#key-string password xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#send-lifetime 01:00:00 april 01 2019 01:00:00 july 01 2019 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#cryptographic-algorithm hmac-md5 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the start times for each key within the configured key chains used for routing protocol authentication as shown in the example below. key chain BGP_KEY_CHAIN key 1 accept-lifetime 01:00:00 january 01 2019 01:00:00 april 01 2019 key-string password 104300150004 send-lifetime 01:00:00 january 01 2019 01:00:00 april 01 2019 cryptographic-algorithm HMAC-SHA1-12 ! key 2 accept-lifetime 01:00:00 april 01 2019 01:00:00 july 01 2019 key-string password 030654090416 send-lifetime 01:00:00 april 01 2019 01:00:00 july 01 2019 cryptographic-algorithm HMAC-SHA1-12 Note: Key chains must be configured to authenticate routing protocol messages as it is the only way to set an expiration. If any key has a lifetime of more than 180 days, this is a finding.

Added

V-96683

The Cisco router must be configured to use encryption for routing protocol authentication.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000040
Rule ID
SV-105821r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000168-RTR-000077
CCI
CCI-000803
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

A rogue router could send a fictitious routing update to convince a site's perimeter router to send traffic to an incorrect or even a rogue destination. This diverted traffic could be analyzed to learn confidential information about the site's network or used to disrupt the network's ability to communicate with other networks. This is known as a "traffic attraction attack" and is prevented by configuring neighbor router authentication for routing updates. However, using clear-text authentication provides little benefit since an attacker can intercept traffic and view the authentication key. This would allow the attacker to use the authentication key in an attack. This requirement applies to all IPv4 and IPv6 protocols that are used to exchange routing or packet forwarding information; this includes all Interior Gateway Protocols (such as OSPF, EIGRP, and IS-IS) and Exterior Gateway Protocols (such as BGP), MPLS-related protocols (such as LDP), and multicast-related protocols.

Fix Text

Configure the key chains used by the routing protocols to have the keys encrypted as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#key chain OSPF_KEY_CHAIN RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN)#key 1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#accept-lifetime 01:00:00 jan 01 2019 01:00:00 april 01 2019 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#key-string password xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#send-lifetime 01:00:00 jan 01 2019 01:00:00 april 01 2019 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#cryptographic-algorithm hmac-md5 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#key 2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#accept-lifetime 01:00:00 april 01 2019 01:00:00 july 01 2019 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#key-string password xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#send-lifetime 01:00:00 april 01 2019 01:00:00 july 01 2019 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#cryptographic-algorithm hmac-md5 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration. For every routing protocol that affects the routing or forwarding tables, verify that neighbor router authentication is encrypting the authentication key as shown in the examples below. Step 1: Verify that the routing protocols are configured to use a key chain for authentication as shown in the examples below. BGP Example router bgp nn address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor x.1.23.2 remote-as nn keychain BGP_KEY_CHAIN address-family ipv4 unicaast EIGRP Example router eigrp 1 address-family ipv4 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 authentication keychain EIGRP_KEY_CHAIN IS-IS Example router isis 1 net 49.0001.0001.0001.0002.00 lsp-password keychain ISIS_KEY_CHAIN interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 hello-password keychain ISIS_KEY_CHAIN OSPF Example router ospf 1 area 0 authentication message-digest keychain OSPF_KEY_CHAIN RIP Example router rip interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 authentication keychain RIP_KEY_CHAIN mode md5 Step 2: Verify that the keys use an encryption algorithm as shown in the example below. key chain OSPF_KEY_CHAIN key 1 accept-lifetime 01:00:00 january 01 2019 01:00:00 april 01 2019 key-string password 104300150004 send-lifetime 01:00:00 january 01 2019 01:00:00 april 01 2019 cryptographic-algorithm HMAC-MD5 ! key 2 accept-lifetime 01:00:00 april 01 2019 01:00:00 july 01 2019 key-string password 030654090416 send-lifetime 01:00:00 april 01 2019 01:00:00 july 01 2019 cryptographic-algorithm HMAC-MD5 If the routing protocol is not encrypting the authentication key, this is a finding.

Added

V-96685

The Cisco router must be configured to authenticate all routing protocol messages using NIST-validated FIPS 198-1 message authentication code algorithm.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000050
Rule ID
SV-105823r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000168-RTR-000078
CCI
CCI-000803
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

A rogue router could send a fictitious routing update to convince a site's perimeter router to send traffic to an incorrect or even a rogue destination. This diverted traffic could be analyzed to learn confidential information about the site's network or used to disrupt the network's ability to communicate with other networks. This is known as a "traffic attraction attack" and is prevented by configuring neighbor router authentication for routing updates. However, using clear-text authentication provides little benefit since an attacker can intercept traffic and view the authentication key. This would allow the attacker to use the authentication key in an attack. Since MD5 is vulnerable to "birthday" attacks and may be compromised, routing protocol authentication must use FIPS 140-2 validated algorithms and modules to encrypt the authentication key. This requirement applies to all IPv4 and IPv6 protocols that are used to exchange routing or packet forwarding information; this includes all Interior Gateway Protocols (such as OSPF, EIGRP, and IS-IS) and Exterior Gateway Protocols (such as BGP), MPLS-related protocols (such as LDP), and multicast-related protocols.

Fix Text

Configure routing protocol authentication to use a NIST-validated FIPS 198-1 message authentication code algorithm as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#key chain BGP_KEY_CHAIN RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN)#key 1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#accept-lifetime 01:00:00 jan 01 2019 01:00:00 april 01 2019 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#key-string password xxxxxxxxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#send-lifetime 01:00:00 jan 01 2019 01:00:00 april 01 2019 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#cryptographic-algorithm hmac-sha1-12 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#key 2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#accept-lifetime 01:00:00 april 01 2019 01:00:00 july 01 2019 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#key-string password xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#send-lifetime 01:00:00 april 01 2019 01:00:00 july 01 2019 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#cryptographic-algorithm hmac-sha1-12 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify it is using a NIST-validated FIPS 198-1 message authentication code algorithm to authenticate routing protocol messages. key chain BGP_KEY_CHAIN key 1 accept-lifetime 01:00:00 january 01 2019 01:00:00 april 01 2019 key-string password xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx send-lifetime 01:00:00 january 01 2019 01:00:00 april 01 2019 cryptographic-algorithm HMAC-SHA1-12 ! key 2 accept-lifetime 01:00:00 april 01 2019 01:00:00 july 01 2019 key-string password xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx send-lifetime 01:00:00 april 01 2019 01:00:00 july 01 2019 cryptographic-algorithm HMAC-SHA1-12 ! Note: OSPF, RIP, EIGRP, and IS-IS only support MD5. If a NIST-validated FIPS 198-1 message authentication code algorithm is not being used to authenticate routing protocol messages, this is a finding.

Added

V-96687

The Cisco router must be configured to have all inactive interfaces disabled.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000060
Rule ID
SV-105825r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000019-RTR-000007
CCI
CCI-001414
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

An inactive interface is rarely monitored or controlled and may expose a network to an undetected attack on that interface. Unauthorized personnel with access to the communication facility could gain access to a router by connecting to a configured interface that is not in use. If an interface is no longer used, the configuration must be deleted and the interface disabled. For sub-interfaces, delete sub-interfaces that are on inactive interfaces and delete sub-interfaces that are themselves inactive. If the sub-interface is no longer necessary for authorized communications, it must be deleted.

Fix Text

Disable all inactive interfaces as shown below. R4(config)#interface GigabitEthernet3 R4(config-if)#shutdown R4(config)#interface GigabitEthernet4 R4(config-if)#shutdown

Check Content

Review the router configuration and verify that inactive interfaces have been disabled as shown below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1/0 shutdown ! interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1/1 shutdown If an interface is not being used but is configured or enabled, this is a finding.

Added

V-96689

The Cisco router must be configured to have all non-essential capabilities disabled.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000070
Rule ID
SV-105827r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000131-RTR-000035
CCI
CCI-000381
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

A compromised router introduces risk to the entire network infrastructure, as well as data resources that are accessible via the network. The perimeter defense has no oversight or control of attacks by malicious users within the network. Preventing network breaches from within is dependent on implementing a comprehensive defense-in-depth strategy, including securing each device connected to the network. This is accomplished by following and implementing all security guidance applicable for each node type. A fundamental step in securing each router is to enable only the capabilities required for operation.

Fix Text

Disable the following services if enabled as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#no service ipv4 tcp-small-servers RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#no service ipv4 udp-small-servers RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#no http client vrf xxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#no telnet ipv4 server

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify that the router does not have any unnecessary or non-secure services enabled. For example, the following commands should not be in the configuration: service ipv4 tcp-small-servers max-servers 10 service ipv4 udp-small-servers max-servers 10 http client vrf xxxxx telnet vrf default ipv4 server max-servers 1 If any unnecessary services are enabled, this is a finding.

Added

V-96691

The Cisco router must not be configured to have any feature enabled that calls home to the vendor.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000080
Rule ID
SV-105829r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000195-RTR-000083
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Call home services will routinely send data such as configuration and diagnostic information to the vendor for routine or emergency analysis and troubleshooting. There is a risk that transmission of sensitive data sent to unauthorized persons could result in data loss or downtime due to an attack.

Fix Text

Disable the call home feature as shown below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#no call-home

Check Content

Review the router configuration to determine if the call home feature is enabled as shown in the example below. call-home contract-id Company1234 customer-id Customer1234 phone-number +1-800-555-4567 contact-email-addr username@example.com If the call home feature is enabled, this is a finding.

Added

V-96693

The Cisco router must be configured to restrict traffic destined to itself.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000130
Rule ID
SV-105831r1_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000001
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The route processor handles traffic destined to the router—the key component used to build forwarding paths and is instrumental with all network management functions. Hence, any disruption or DoS attack to the route processor can result in mission critical network outages.

Fix Text

Configure the ACL for any external interfaces as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.11.1.1 eq bgp host x.11.1.2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 eq bgp RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo-reply RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any host x.11.1.1 log RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any any established … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#exit Configure the ACL for any external interfaces as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list INTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp any any RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ospf host 10.1.12.1 host 10.1.12.2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp 10.2.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.12.2eq 22 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp 10.2.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.12.2eq tacacs RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit udp 10.2.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.12.2 eq snmp RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit udp 10.2.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.12.2 eq ntp RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any host 10.1.12.2 log RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip any any RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#exit Note: best practice is to configure the ACL statements relative to traffic destined to the router first followed by ACL statements for transit traffic. Step 2: Apply the ACLs to the appropriate interface as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND in RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 access-group INTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND in

Check Content

Review the external and internal ACLs to verify that the router is configured to only allow specific management and control plane traffic from specific sources destined to itself. Step 1: Verify ACLs has been configured as shown in the example below that matches expected control plane and management plane traffic. With the exception of ICMP, all other traffic destined to the router should be dropped. ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 10 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 eq bgp host x.11.1.2 20 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 eq bgp 30 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo 40 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo-reply 50 deny ipv4 any host x.11.1.1 log 60 permit tcp any any established … … … 140 deny ipv4 any any log ! ipv4 access-list INTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 10 permit icmp any any 20 permit ospf host 10.1.12.1 host 10.1.12.2 30 permit tcp 10.2.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.12.2 eq ssh 40 permit tcp 10.2.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.12.2 eq tacacs 50 permit udp 10.2.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.12.2 eq snmp 60 permit udp 10.2.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.12.2 eq ntp 70 deny ipv4 any host 10.1.12.2 log 80 permit ipv4 any any Note: For the internal ACL example, all routers within the hypothetical network (10.1.0.0/16) have been configured to use the loopback address to source all management traffic (not shown); hence, the loopbacks are the only allowable destination address for management traffic. In addition, all management traffic destined to the router must originate from the management network (10.2.1.0/24). With the exception of link-local control plane traffic and ICMP, all other traffic destined to any physical interface address will be dropped. Step 2: Verify that the ACL has been applied to the appropriate interface as shown in the example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.11.1.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND ingress ! interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 ipv4 address 10.1.12.2 255.255.255.0 ipv4 access-group INTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND ingress If the router is not configured to restrict traffic destined to itself, this is a finding.

Added

V-96695

The Cisco router must be configured to drop all fragmented Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) packets destined to itself.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000140
Rule ID
SV-105833r2_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000002
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Fragmented ICMP packets can be generated by hackers for DoS attacks such as Ping O' Death and Teardrop. It is imperative that all fragmented ICMP packets are dropped.

Fix Text

Configure the external and internal ACLs to drop all fragmented ICMP packets destined to itself as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#25 deny icmp any host x.11.1.2 fragments log RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list INTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#5 deny icmp any host 10.1.12.2 fragments log Note: Ensure the above statement is before any permit statements for ICMP.

Check Content

Review the external and internal ACLs to verify that the router is configured to drop all fragmented ICMP packets destined to itself. ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 10 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 eq bgp host x.11.1.2 20 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 eq bgp 25 deny icmp any host x.11.1.2 fragments log 30 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo 40 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo-reply 50 deny ipv4 any host x.11.1.1 log 60 permit tcp any any established … … … 140 deny ipv4 any any log ! ipv4 access-list INTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 5 deny icmp any any fragments 10 permit icmp any host 10.1.12.2 fragments 20 permit ospf host 10.1.12.1 host 10.1.12.2 30 permit tcp 10.2.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.12.2 eq ssh 40 permit tcp 10.2.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.12.2 eq tacacs 50 permit udp 10.2.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.12.2 eq snmp 60 permit udp 10.2.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.12.2 eq ntp 70 deny ipv4 any host 10.1.12.2 log … … … 110 permit ip any any Note: Ensure the statement to deny ICMP fragments is before any permit statements for ICMP. If the router is not configured to drop all fragmented ICMP packets destined to itself, this is a finding.

Added

V-96697

The Cisco router must be configured to have IP directed broadcast disabled on all interfaces.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000160
Rule ID
SV-105835r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000362-RTR-000112
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

An IP directed broadcast is a datagram sent to the broadcast address of a subnet that is not directly attached to the sending machine. The directed broadcast is routed through the network as a unicast packet until it arrives at the target subnet, where it is converted into a link-layer broadcast. Because of the nature of the IP addressing architecture, only the last router in the chain, which is connected directly to the target subnet, can conclusively identify a directed broadcast. IP directed broadcasts are used in the extremely common and popular smurf, or denial-of-service (DoS), attacks. In a smurf attack, the attacker sends Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) echo requests from a falsified source address to a directed broadcast address, causing all the hosts on the target subnet to send replies to the falsified source. By sending a continuous stream of such requests, the attacker can create a much larger stream of replies, which can completely inundate the host whose address is being falsified. This service should be disabled on all interfaces when not needed to prevent smurf and DoS attacks. Directed broadcast can be enabled on internal facing interfaces to support services such as Wake-On-LAN. Case scenario may also include support for legacy applications where the content server and the clients do not support multicast. The content servers send streaming data using UDP broadcast. Used in conjunction with the IP multicast helper-map feature, broadcast data can be sent across a multicast topology. The broadcast streams are converted to multicast and vice versa at the first-hop routers and last-hop routers before entering and leaving the multicast transit area respectively. The last-hop router must convert the multicast to broadcast. Hence, this interface must be configured to forward a broadcast packet (i.e., a directed broadcast address is converted to the all nodes broadcast address).

Fix Text

Disable IP directed broadcast on all interfaces as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#no ipv4 directed-broadcast

Check Content

Review the router configuration to determine if it is compliant with this requirement. IP directed broadcast command must not be found on any interface as shown in the example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.11.1.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 directed-broadcast If IP directed broadcast is not disabled on all interfaces, this is a finding.

Added

V-96699

The Cisco router must be configured to have Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) unreachable messages disabled on all external interfaces.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000170
Rule ID
SV-105837r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000362-RTR-000113
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The ICMP supports IP traffic by relaying information about paths, routes, and network conditions. Routers automatically send ICMP messages under a wide variety of conditions. Host unreachable ICMP messages are commonly used by attackers for network mapping and diagnosis.

Fix Text

Disable ip unreachables on all external interfaces as shown below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 unreachables disable Alternative – DODIN Backbone Configure the PE router to rate limit ICMP unreachable messages as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#icmp ipv4 rate-limit unreachable df 1000 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#icmp ipv4 rate-limit unreachable 60000 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#end

Check Content

Review the configuration to verify the ipv4 unreachables disable command has been configured on all external interfaces as shown in the configuration example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.11.1.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 unreachables disable Note: ICMP unreachables must also be configured. On the Null0 interface if it is used to black hole traffic. If ICMP unreachable notifications are sent from any external or Null0 interface, this is a finding. Alternative – DODIN Backbone Verify that the PE router is configured to rate limit ICMP unreachable messages as shown in the example below. ip icmp ipv4 rate-limit unreachable 60000 ip icmp ipv4 rate-limit unreachable DF 1000 Note: In the example above, packet-too-big message (ICMP Type 3 Code 4) can be sent once every second, while all other destination unreachable messages can be sent once every minute. This will avoid disrupting Path MTU Discovery for traffic traversing the backbone while mitigating the risk of an ICMP unreachable denial of service attack. IF the PE router is not configured to rate limit ICMP unreachable messages, this is a finding.

Added

V-96701

The Cisco router must be configured to have Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) mask reply messages disabled on all external interfaces.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000180
Rule ID
SV-105839r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000362-RTR-000114
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The ICMP supports IP traffic by relaying information about paths, routes, and network conditions. Routers automatically send ICMP messages under a wide variety of conditions. Mask Reply ICMP messages are commonly used by attackers for network mapping and diagnosis.

Fix Text

Disable ipv4 mask-reply on all external interfaces as shown below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#no ipv4 mask-reply

Check Content

Review the router configuration and verify that ipv4 mask-reply command is not enabled on any external interfaces as shown in the example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.11.1.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 mask-reply If the router configuration has the ipv4 mask-reply command is enabled on any external interfaces, this is a finding.

Added

V-96703

The Cisco router must be configured to have Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) redirect messages disabled on all external interfaces.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000190
Rule ID
SV-105841r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000362-RTR-000115
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The ICMP supports IP traffic by relaying information about paths, routes, and network conditions. Routers automatically send ICMP messages under a wide variety of conditions. Redirect ICMP messages are commonly used by attackers for network mapping and diagnosis.

Fix Text

Disable ICMP redirects on all external interfaces as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#no ipv4 redirects

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify that ipv4 redirects command has not been configured on any external interface as shown in the example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.11.1.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 redirects If ICMP Redirect messages are enabled on any external interfaces, this is a finding.

Added

V-96705

The Cisco router must be configured to log all packets that have been dropped at interfaces via ACL.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000200
Rule ID
SV-105843r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000078-RTR-000001
CCI
CCI-000134
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Auditing and logging are key components of any security architecture. It is essential for security personnel to know what is being done or attempted to be done, and by whom, to compile an accurate risk assessment. Auditing the actions on network devices provides a means to recreate an attack or identify a configuration mistake on the device.

Fix Text

Configure ACLs to log packets that are dropped as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log

Check Content

Review all ACLs used to filter traffic and verify that packets being dropped are logged as shown in the configuration below. ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 10 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 eq bgp host x.11.1.2 20 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 eq bgp 25 deny icmp any host x.11.1.2 fragments log 30 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo 40 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo-reply 50 deny ipv4 any host x.11.1.1 log 60 permit tcp any any established … … … 140 deny ipv4 any any log If packets being dropped at interfaces are not logged, this is a finding.

Added

V-96707

The Cisco router must be configured to produce audit records containing information to establish where the events occurred.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000210
Rule ID
SV-105845r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000076-RTR-000001
CCI
CCI-000132
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Without establishing where events occurred, it is impossible to establish, correlate, and investigate the events leading up to an outage or attack. In order to compile an accurate risk assessment and provide forensic analysis, it is essential for security personnel to know where events occurred such as router components, modules, device identifiers, node names, and functionality. Associating information about where the event occurred within the network provides a means of investigating an attack, recognizing resource utilization or capacity thresholds, or identifying an improperly configured router.

Fix Text

Configure the router to log events containing information to establish where the events occurred as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify that events are logged containing information to establish where the events occurred as shown in the example below. ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 10 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 eq bgp host x.11.1.2 20 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 eq bgp 25 deny icmp any host x.11.1.2 fragments log-input 30 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo 40 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo-reply 50 deny ipv4 any host x.11.1.1 log-input 60 permit tcp any any established … … … 140 deny ipv4 any any log-input Note: When the log-input parameter is configured on deny statements, the log record will contain the interface where ingress packet has been dropped. If the router is not configured to produce audit records containing information to establish to establish where the events occurred, this is a finding.

Added

V-96709

The Cisco router must be configured to produce audit records containing information to establish the source of the events.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000220
Rule ID
SV-105847r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000077-RTR-000001
CCI
CCI-000133
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Without establishing the source of the event, it is impossible to establish, correlate, and investigate the events leading up to an outage or attack. In order to compile an accurate risk assessment and provide forensic analysis, security personnel need to know the source of the event. In addition to logging where events occur within the network, the audit records must also identify sources of events such as IP addresses, processes, and node or device names.

Fix Text

Configure the router to log events containing information to establish where the events occurred as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify that events are logged containing information to establish the source of the events as shown in the example below. ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 10 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 eq bgp host x.11.1.2 20 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 eq bgp 25 deny icmp any host x.11.1.2 fragments log 30 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo 40 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo-reply 50 deny ipv4 any host x.11.1.1 log-input 60 permit tcp any any established … … … 140 deny ipv4 any any log-input Note: When the log-input parameter is configured on deny statements, the log record will contain the layer 2 address of the forwarding device for any packet being dropped. If the router is not configured to produce audit records containing information to establish the source of the events, this is a finding.

Added

V-96711

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to deny network traffic by default and allow network traffic by exception.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000240
Rule ID
SV-105849r1_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000202-RTR-000001
CCI
CCI-001109
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

A deny-all, permit-by-exception network communications traffic policy ensures that only connections that are essential and approved are allowed. This requirement applies to both inbound and outbound network communications traffic. All inbound and outbound traffic must be denied by default. Firewalls and perimeter routers should only allow traffic through that is explicitly permitted. The initial defense for the internal network is to block any traffic at the perimeter that is attempting to make a connection to a host residing on the internal network. In addition, allowing unknown or undesirable outbound traffic by the firewall or router will establish a state that will permit the return of this undesirable traffic inbound.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Step 1: Configure an inbound ACL to deny all other traffic by default as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.11.1.1 eq bgp host x.11.1.2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 eq bgp RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo-reply RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any host x.11.1.1 log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any any established … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#exit Step 2: Apply the ingress filter to all external interfaces RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND in RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to verify that the inbound ACL applied to all external interfaces is configured to allow specific ports and protocols and deny all other traffic. Step 1: Verify that an inbound ACL is applied to all external interfaces as shown in the example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.11.1.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND ingress Step 2: Review inbound ACL to verify that it is configured to deny all other traffic that is not explicitly allowed. ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 10 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 eq bgp host x.11.1.2 20 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 eq bgp 30 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo 40 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo-reply 50 deny ipv4 any host x.11.1.1 log-input 60 permit tcp any any established … … … 140 deny ipv4 any any log-input If the ACL is not configured to allow specific ports and protocols and deny all other traffic, this is a finding. If the ACL is not configured inbound on all external interfaces, this is a finding.

Added

V-96713

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to enforce approved authorizations for controlling the flow of information between interconnected networks in accordance with applicable policy.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000250
Rule ID
SV-105851r2_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000019-RTR-000002
CCI
CCI-001414
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Information flow control regulates authorized information to travel within a network and between interconnected networks. Controlling the flow of network traffic is critical so it does not introduce any unacceptable risk to the network infrastructure or data. An example of a flow control restriction is blocking outside traffic claiming to be from within the organization. For most routers, internal information flow control is a product of system design.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Step 1: Configure an ACL to allow or deny traffic as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.11.1.1 eq bgp host x.11.1.2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 eq bgp RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo-reply RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any host x.11.1.1 log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any host x.12.1.22 eq www RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any any established RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#exit Step 2: Apply the ACL inbound on all external interfaces. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND in RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify that ACLs are configured to allow or deny traffic for specific source and destination addresses as well as ports and protocols. In the example below, the router is peering BGP with DISN. ICMP echo and echo-reply packets are allowed for troubleshooting connectivity. WWW traffic is permitted inbound to the NIPRNet host-facing web server (x.12.1.22). ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 10 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 eq bgp host x.11.1.2 20 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 eq bgp 30 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo 40 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo-reply 50 deny ipv4 any host x.11.1.1 log 60 permit tcp any host x.12.1.22 eq www 70 permit tcp any any established 80 deny ipv4 any any log-input … … … interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.11.1.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND ingress If the router is not configured to enforce approved authorizations for controlling the flow of information between interconnected networks, this is a finding.

Added

V-96715

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to only allow incoming communications from authorized sources to be routed to authorized destinations.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000260
Rule ID
SV-105853r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000109
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Unrestricted traffic may contain malicious traffic that poses a threat to an enclave or to other connected networks. Additionally, unrestricted traffic may transit a network, which uses bandwidth and other resources. Traffic can be restricted directly by an access control list (ACL), which is a firewall function, or by Policy Routing. Policy Routing is a technique used to make routing decisions based on a number of different criteria other than just the destination network, including source or destination network, source or destination address, source or destination port, protocol, packet size, and packet classification. This overrides the router's normal routing procedures used to control the specific paths of network traffic. It is normally used for traffic engineering but can also be used to meet security requirements; for example, traffic that is not allowed can be routed to the Null0 or discard interface. Policy Routing can also be used to control which prefixes appear in the routing table. This requirement is intended to allow network administrators the flexibility to use whatever technique is most effective.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure the router to allow only incoming communications from authorized sources to be routed to authorized destinations. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit udp host x.12.1.9 host x.12.1.21 eq ntp RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any any established RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#exit

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to determine if the router allows only incoming communications from authorized sources to be routed to authorized destinations. The hypothetical example below allows inbound NTP from server x.1.12.9 only to host x.12.1.21. ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND … … … 60 permit udp host x.12.1.9 host x.12.1.21 eq ntp 70 permit tcp any any established 80 deny ipv4 any any log-input If the router does not restrict incoming communications to allow only authorized sources and destinations, this is a finding.

Added

V-96717

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to block inbound packets with source Bogon IP address prefixes.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000270
Rule ID
SV-105855r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000110
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Packets with Bogon IP source addresses should never be allowed to traverse the IP core. Bogon IP networks are RFC1918 addresses or address blocks that have never been assigned by the IANA or have been reserved.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure the perimeter to block inbound packets with Bogon source addresses. Step 1: Configure an ACL containing the current Bogon prefixes as shown below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 0.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 100.64.0.0 0.63.255.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 127.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 169.254.0.0 0.0.255.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 172.16.0.0 0.15.255.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 192.0.0.0 0.0.0.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 192.0.2.0 0.0.0.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 192.168.0.0 0.0.255.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 198.18.0.0 0.1.255.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 198.51.100.0 0.0.0.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 203.0.113.0 0.0.0.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 224.0.0.0 31.255.255.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any any established RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.12.1.9 host x.12.1.10 eq bgp RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.12.1.9 eq bgp host x.12.1.10 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp host x.12.1.9 host x.12.1.10 echo RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp host x.12.1.9 host x.12.1.10 echo-reply … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#end Step 2: Apply the ACL inbound on all external interfaces. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND in RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to verify that an ingress ACL applied to all external interfaces is blocking packets with Bogon source addresses. Step 1: Verify an ACL has been configured containing the current Bogon prefixes as shown in the example below. ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 10 deny ipv4 0.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any log-input 20 deny ipv4 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any log-input 30 deny ipv4 100.64.0.0 0.63.255.255 any log-input 40 deny ipv4 127.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any log-input 50 deny ipv4 169.254.0.0 0.0.255.255 any log-input 60 deny ipv4 172.16.0.0 0.15.255.255 any log-input 70 deny ipv4 192.0.0.0 0.0.0.255 any log-input 80 deny ipv4 192.0.2.0 0.0.0.255 any log-input 90 deny ipv4 192.168.0.0 0.0.255.255 any log-input 100 deny ipv4 198.18.0.0 0.1.255.255 any log-input 110 deny ipv4 198.51.100.0 0.0.0.255 any log-input 120 deny ipv4 203.0.113.0 0.0.0.255 any log-input 130 deny ipv4 224.0.0.0 31.255.255.255 any log-input 140 permit tcp any any established 150 permit tcp host x.12.1.9 host x.12.1.10 eq bgp 160 permit tcp host x.12.1.9 eq bgp host x.12.1.10 170 permit icmp host x.12.1.9 host x.12.1.10 echo 180 permit icmp host x.12.1.9 host x.12.1.10 echo-reply … … … 260 deny ipv4 any any log-input External Interfaces connected to the NIPRNet or SIPRNet Review the inbound ACLs on external facing interfaces attached to the NIPRNet or SIPRNet to validate access control lists are configured to block inbound packets with IP sources addresses as documented in RFC5735 and RFC6598. External Interfaces connected to a commercial ISP or other non-DoD network Review the inbound ACLs on external facing interfaces validate access control lists are configured to block inbound packets with IP sources addresses as documented in RFC5735 and RFC6598 as well as address space that has been allocated to the RIRs but not assigned by the RIR to an ISP or other enterprise network. The full list of bogons can be found at the following link: www.team-cymru.org/Services/Bogons/fullbogons-ipv4.txt Step 2: Verify that the inbound ACL applied to all external interfaces will block all traffic from Bogon source addresses. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.12.1.10 255.255.255.2 ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND ingress If the router is not configured to block inbound packets with source Bogon IP addresses, this is a finding.

Added

V-96719

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to protect an enclave connected to an alternate gateway by using an inbound filter that only permits packets with destination addresses within the sites address space.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000280
Rule ID
SV-105857r2_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000019-RTR-000008
CCI
CCI-001414
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Enclaves with alternate gateway connections must take additional steps to ensure there is no compromise on the enclave network or NIPRNet. Without verifying the destination address of traffic coming from the site's alternate gateway, the perimeter router could be routing transit data from the Internet into the NIPRNet. This could also make the perimeter router vulnerable to a denial-of-service (DoS) attack as well as provide a back door into the NIPRNet. The DoD enclave must ensure the ingress filter applied to external interfaces on a perimeter router connecting to an Approved Gateway is secure through filters permitting packets with a destination address belonging to the DoD enclave's address block.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Step 1: Configure the ingress ACL of the perimeter router connected to an alternate gateway to only permit packets with destination addresses of the site's NIPRNet address space or a destination address belonging to the address block assigned by the alternate gateway network service provider as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ip access-list ISP_ACL_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any any established RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp host x.12.1.16 host x.12.1.17 echo RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp host x.12.1.16 host x.12.1.17 echo-reply RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any host x.12.1.22 eq www RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any host x.12.1.23 eq www RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit 50 any host x.12.1.24 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit 51 any host x.12.1.24 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#end Step 2: Apply the ACL inbound on the ISP-facing interface. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 access-group ISP_ACL_INBOUND in RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Step 1: Verify the interface connecting to ISP has an inbound ACL as shown in the example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 description Link to ISP ipv4 address x.22.1.15 255.255.255.252 ipv4 access-group ISP_ACL_INBOUND ingress Step 2: Verify that the ACL only allows traffic to specific destination addresses (i.e. enclave’s NIPRNet address space) as shown in the example below. ipv4 access-list ISP_ACL_INBOUND 10 permit tcp any any established 20 permit icmp host x.12.1.16 host x.12.1.17 echo 30 permit icmp host x.12.1.16 host x.12.1.17 echo-reply 40 permit tcp any host x.12.1.22 eq www 50 permit tcp any host x.12.1.23 eq www 60 permit esp any host x.12.1.24 70 permit ahp any host x.12.1.24 80 deny ipv4 any any log-input Note: An Approved Gateway (AG) is any external connection from a DoD NIPRNet enclave to an Internet Service Provider, or network owned by a contractor, or non-DoD federal agency that has been approved by either the DoD CIO or the DoD Component CIO. This AG requirement does not apply to commercial cloud connections when the Cloud Service Provider (CSP) network is connected via the NIPRNet Boundary Cloud Access Point (BCAP). If the ingress ACL bound to the interface connecting to an alternate gateway permits packets with addresses other than those specified, such as destination addresses of the site's NIPRNet address space or a destination address belonging to the address block assigned by the alternate gateway network service provider, this is a finding.

Added

V-96721

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to not be a Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) peer to an alternate gateway service provider.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000290
Rule ID
SV-105859r2_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000019-RTR-000009
CCI
CCI-001414
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

ISPs use BGP to share route information with other autonomous systems (i.e. other ISPs and corporate networks). If the perimeter router was configured to BGP peer with an ISP, NIPRnet routes could be advertised to the ISP, thereby creating a backdoor connection from the Internet to the NIPRnet.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Remove any BGP neighbors belonging to the alternate gateway service provider and configure a static route to forward Internet bound traffic to the alternate gateway as shown in the example below. R5(config)#ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 x.22.1.14

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Step 1: Configure the ingress ACL of the perimeter router connected to an alternate gateway to only permit packets with destination addresses of the site's NIPRNet address space or a destination address belonging to the address block assigned by the alternate gateway network service provider as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ip access-list ISP_ACL_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)# permit tcp any any established RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)# permit icmp host x.12.1.16 host x.12.1.17 echo RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)# permit icmp host x.12.1.16 host x.12.1.17 echo-reply RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)# permit tcp any host x.12.1.22 eq www RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)# permit tcp any host x.12.1.23 eq www RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)# permit 50 any host x.12.1.24 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)# permit 51 any host x.12.1.24 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)# deny ip any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#end Step 2: Apply the ACL inbound on the ISP-facing interface. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 access-group ISP_ACL_INBOUND in RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#end If any BGP neighbors belonging to the alternate gateway service provider exist, this is a finding.

Added

V-96723

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to not redistribute static routes to an alternate gateway service provider into BGP or an IGP peering with the NIPRNet or to other autonomous systems.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000300
Rule ID
SV-105861r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000019-RTR-000010
CCI
CCI-001414
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

If the static routes to the alternate gateway are being redistributed into an Exterior Gateway Protocol or Interior Gateway Protocol to a NIPRNet gateway, this could make traffic on NIPRNet flow to that particular router and not to the Internet Access Point routers. This could not only wreak havoc with traffic flows on NIPRNet, but it could overwhelm the connection from the router to the NIPRNet gateway(s) and also cause traffic destined for outside of NIPRNet to bypass the defenses of the Internet Access Points.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure the router so that static routes are not redistributed to an alternate gateway into either a BGP or any IGP peering with the NIPRNet or to any other autonomous systems. This can be done by excluding that route in the route policy as shown in the example below. Step 1: Configure a prefix list for any static routes with the alternate gateway as the next-hop address RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#prefix-set ISP_PREFIX RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-pfx)#x.x.0.0/24 ge 8 le 32 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-pfx)#end-set Step 2: Configure a route policy RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#route-policy FILTER_ISP_ROUTES RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-rpl)#if destination in ISP_PREFIX then RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-rpl-if)#drop RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-rpl-if)#else RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-rpl-else)#pass RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-rpl-else)#endif RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-rpl)#end-pol Step 3: Apply the route policy to the IGP and BGP redistribute static commands as shown in the OSPF example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ospf)#redistribute static route-policy FILTER_ISP_ROUTES

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Step 1: Review the IGP and BGP configurations. If there are redistribute static statements configured as shown in examples below proceed to step 2. OSPF Example router ospf 1 redistribute static EIGRP example router eigrp 1 address-family ipv4 redistribute static RIP example router rip version 2 redistribute static BGP example router bgp n address-family ipv4 unicast redistribute static Step 2: Review the static routes that have been configured to determine if any contain the next hop address of the alternate gateway. If the static routes to the alternate gateway are being redistributed into BGP or any IGP peering to a NIPRNet gateway or any other autonomous system, this is a finding.

Added

V-96725

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to restrict it from accepting outbound IP packets that contain an illegitimate address in the source address field via egress filter or by enabling Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding (uRPF).

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000310
Rule ID
SV-105863r1_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000026-RTR-000031
CCI
CCI-001094
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

A compromised host in an enclave can be used by a malicious platform to launch cyberattacks on third parties. This is a common practice in "botnets", which are a collection of compromised computers using malware to attack other computers or networks. DDoS attacks frequently leverage IP source address spoofing to send packets to multiple hosts that in turn will then send return traffic to the hosts with the IP addresses that were forged. This can generate significant amounts of traffic. Therefore, protection measures to counteract IP source address spoofing must be taken. When uRPF is enabled in strict mode, the packet must be received on the interface that the device would use to forward the return packet; thereby mitigating IP source address spoofing.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure the router to ensure that an egress ACL or uRPF is configured on internal interfaces to restrict the router from accepting any outbound IP packet that contains an illegitimate address in the source field. The example below enables uRPF. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 verify unicast source reachable-via rx

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to verify uRPF or an egress ACL has been configured on all internal interfaces to restrict the router from accepting outbound IP packets that contain an illegitimate address in the source address field. uRPF example interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 description downstream link to LAN ipv4 address 10.1.34.3 255.255.255.0 ipv4 verify unicast source reachable-via rx Egress ACL example ipv4 access-list EGRESS_FILTER 10 permit udp 10.1.15.0 0.0.0.255 any eq domain 20 permit tcp 10.1.15.0 0.0.0.255 any eq ftp 30 permit tcp 10.1.15.0 0.0.0.255 any eq ftp-data 40 permit tcp 10.1.15.0 0.0.0.255 any eq www 50 permit icmp 10.1.15.0 0.0.0.255 any 60 permit icmp 10.1.15.0 0.0.0.255 any echo 70 deny ipv4 any any … … … interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 description downstream link to LAN ipv4 address 10.1.34.3 255.255.255.0 ipv4 access-group EGRESS_FILTER ingress If uRPF or an egress ACL to restrict the router from accepting outbound IP packets that contain an illegitimate address in the source address field has not been configured on all internal interfaces in an enclave, this is a finding.

Added

V-96727

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to filter traffic destined to the enclave in accordance with the guidelines contained in DoD Instruction 8551.1.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000320
Rule ID
SV-105865r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000003
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Vulnerability assessments must be reviewed by the System Administrator, and protocols must be approved by the Information Assurance (IA) staff before entering the enclave. Access control lists (ACLs) are the first line of defense in a layered security approach. They permit authorized packets and deny unauthorized packets based on port or service type. They enhance the posture of the network by not allowing packets to reach a potential target within the security domain. The lists provided are highly susceptible ports and services that should be blocked or limited as much as possible without adversely affecting customer requirements. Auditing packets attempting to penetrate the network but that are stopped by an ACL will allow network administrators to broaden their protective ring and more tightly define the scope of operation. If the perimeter is in a Deny-by-Default posture and what is allowed through the filter is in accordance with DoD Instruction 8551.1, and if the permit rule is explicitly defined with explicit ports and protocols allowed, then all requirements related to PPS being blocked would be satisfied.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure the router to use an inbound ACL on all external interfaces as shown in the example below to restrict traffic in accordance with the guidelines contained in DOD Instruction 8551.1. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.11.1.1 eq bgp host x.11.1.2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 eq bgp RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo-reply RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any host x.11.1.1 log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any host x.12.1.22 eq www RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any any established … … < must be in accordance with DoD Instruction 8551.1> … RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#exit Step 2: Apply the ACL inbound on all applicable interfaces. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND in RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to verify that the ingress ACL is in accordance with DoD 8551.1. Step 1: Verify that an inbound ACL is configured on all external interfaces. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.11.1.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND ingress Step 2. Review the inbound ACL to verify that it is filtering traffic in accordance with DoD 8551.1. ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 10 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 eq bgp host x.11.1.2 20 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 eq bgp 30 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo 40 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo-reply 50 deny ipv4 any host x.11.1.1 log 60 permit tcp any host x.12.1.22 eq www 70 permit tcp any any established … … < must be in accordance with DoD Instruction 8551.1> … 160 deny ipv4 any any log-input If the router does not filter traffic in accordance with the guidelines contained in DoD 8551.1, this is a finding.

Added

V-96729

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to filter ingress traffic at the external interface on an inbound direction.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000330
Rule ID
SV-105867r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000004
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Access lists are used to separate data traffic into that which it will route (permitted packets) and that which it will not route (denied packets). Secure configuration of routers makes use of access lists for restricting access to services on the router itself as well as for filtering traffic passing through the router. Inbound versus outbound: It should be noted that some operating systems default access lists are applied to the outbound queue. The more secure solution is to apply the access list to the inbound queue for three reasons: - The router can protect itself before damage is inflicted. - The input port is still known and can be filtered upon. - It is more efficient to filter packets before routing them.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure the router to use an inbound ACL on all external interfaces as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND in RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to verify that an inbound ACL is configured on all external interfaces as shown in the example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.11.1.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND ingress If the router is not configured to filter traffic entering the network at all external interfaces in an inbound direction, this is a finding.

Added

V-96731

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to filter egress traffic at the internal interface on an inbound direction.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000340
Rule ID
SV-105869r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000005
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Access lists are used to separate data traffic into that which it will route (permitted packets) and that which it will not route (denied packets). Secure configuration of routers makes use of access lists for restricting access to services on the router itself as well as for filtering traffic passing through the router. Inbound versus Outbound: It should be noted that some operating systems default access lists are applied to the outbound queue. The more secure solution is to apply the access list to the inbound queue for three reasons: - The router can protect itself before damage is inflicted. - The input port is still known and can be filtered upon. - It is more efficient to filter packets before routing them.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure the router to use an inbound ACL on all internal interfaces as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 access-group EGRESS_FILTER in RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to verify that the egress ACL is bound to the internal interface in an inbound direction. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 description downstream link to LAN ipv4 address 10.1.34.3 255.255.255.0 ipv4 access-group EGRESS_FILTER ingress If the router is not configured to filter traffic leaving the network at the internal interface in an inbound direction, this is a finding.

Added

V-96733

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to block all packets with any IP options.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000350
Rule ID
SV-105871r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000195-RTR-000084
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Packets with IP options are not fast switched and henceforth must be punted to the router processor. Hackers who initiate denial-of-service (DoS) attacks on routers commonly send large streams of packets with IP options. Dropping the packets with IP options reduces the load of IP options packets on the router. The end result is a reduction in the effects of the DoS attack on the router and on downstream routers.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure the router to drop all packets with IP option source routing. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#no ipv4 source-route

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. In Cisco IOS XR, all IPv4 packets with any header option other than the "source-route" header options are dropped. By default, ipv4 source routing is disabled. Verify that the following command is not configured: ipv4 source-route If the router is not configured to drop all packets with IP option source routing, this is a finding.

Added

V-96735

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to have Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) disabled on all external interfaces.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000360
Rule ID
SV-105873r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000111
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

LLDP is a neighbor discovery protocol used to advertise device capabilities, configuration information, and device identity. LLDP is media- and protocol-independent as it runs over layer 2; therefore, two network nodes that support different layer 3 protocols can still learn about each other. Allowing LLDP messages to reach external network nodes provides an attacker a method to obtain information of the network infrastructure that can be useful to plan an attack.

Fix Text

Disable LLDP transmit on all external interfaces as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#interface g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#lldp transmit disable

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Step 1: Verify LLDP is not enabled globally via the command lldp By default LLDP is not enabled globally. If LLDP is enabled, proceed to step 2. Step 2: Verify LLDP transmit is disabled on any external interface as shown in the example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.1.34.3 255.255.255.252 lldp transmit disable Note: LLDP is enabled by default on all interfaces once it is enabled globally; hence the commands lldp transmit and lldp receive will not be visible on the interface configuration. If LLDP transmit is enabled on any external interface, this is a finding.

Added

V-96737

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to have Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) disabled on all external interfaces.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000370
Rule ID
SV-105875r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000111
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

CDP is a Cisco proprietary neighbor discovery protocol used to advertise device capabilities, configuration information, and device identity. CDP is media- and protocol-independent as it runs over layer 2; therefore, two network nodes that support different layer 3 protocols can still learn about each other. Allowing CDP messages to reach external network nodes provides an attacker a method to obtain information of the network infrastructure that can be useful to plan an attack.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Disable CDP on all external interfaces via no cdp command or disable CDP globally via no cdp command.

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Step 1: Verify if CDP is enabled globally via the cdp command as shown below. hostname R3 cdp By default CDP is disabled globally; hence, the command cdp run will not be shown in the configuration. If CDP is enabled, proceed to step 2. Step 2: Verify CDP is not enabled on any external interface as shown in the example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 cdp ipv4 address x.1.34.3 255.255.255.252 If CDP is enabled on any external interface, this is a finding.

Added

V-96739

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to have Proxy ARP disabled on all external interfaces.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000380
Rule ID
SV-105877r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000112
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

When Proxy ARP is enabled on a router, it allows that router to extend the network (at Layer 2) across multiple interfaces (LAN segments). Because proxy ARP allows hosts from different LAN segments to look like they are on the same segment, proxy ARP is only safe when used between trusted LAN segments. Attackers can leverage the trusting nature of proxy ARP by spoofing a trusted host and then intercepting packets. Proxy ARP should always be disabled on router interfaces that do not require it, unless the router is being used as a LAN bridge.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Disable Proxy ARP on all external interfaces as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#interface g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#no proxy-arp

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to determine if IP Proxy ARP is enabled on any external interfaces as shown in the example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 description link to DISN ipv4 address x.1.12.2 255.255.255.252 proxy-arp If IP Proxy ARP is enabled on any external interface, this is a finding.

Added

V-96741

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to block all outbound management traffic.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000390
Rule ID
SV-105879r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000113
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

For in-band management, the management network must have its own subnet in order to enforce control and access boundaries provided by Layer 3 network nodes, such as routers and firewalls. Management traffic between the managed network elements and the management network is routed via the same links and nodes as that used for production or operational traffic. Safeguards must be implemented to ensure that the management traffic does not leak past the perimeter of the managed network.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure the perimeter router of the managed network with an outbound ACL on the egress interface to block all management traffic. Step 1: Configure an ACL to block egress management traffic. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#Ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_OUTBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny tcp any any eq tacacs log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny tcp any any eq 22 log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny udp any any eq snmp log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny udp any any eq snmptrap log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny udp any any eq syslog log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any any eq www log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#end Note: Permit commands would be configured to allow applicable outbound traffic. The example above is allowing web traffic. Step 2: Configure the external interfaces with the outbound ACL. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_OUTBOUND egress

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. The perimeter router of the managed network must be configured with an outbound ACL on the egress interface to block all management traffic as shown in the example below. Step 1: Verify that all external interfaces has been configured with an outbound ACL as shown in the example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 ipv4 address 10.1.35.3 255.255.255.0 ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_OUTBOUND egress Step 2: Verify that the outbound ACL discards management traffic as shown in the example below. ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_OUTBOUND 10 deny tcp any any eq tacacs log-input 20 deny tcp any any eq ssh log-input 30 deny udp any any eq snmp log-input 40 deny udp any any eq snmptrap log-input 50 deny udp any any eq syslog log-input 60 permit tcp any any eq www log-input 70 deny ipv4 any any log-input If management traffic is not blocked at the perimeter, this is a finding.

Added

V-96743

The Cisco out-of-band management (OOBM) gateway router must be configured to transport management traffic to the Network Operations Center (NOC) via dedicated circuit, MPLS/VPN service, or IPsec tunnel.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000400
Rule ID
SV-105881r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000009
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Using dedicated paths, the OOBM backbone connects the OOBM gateway routers located at the edge of the managed network and at the NOC. Dedicated links can be deployed using provisioned circuits or MPLS Layer 2 and Layer 3 VPN services or implementing a secured path with gateway-to-gateway IPsec tunnels. The tunnel mode ensures that the management traffic will be logically separated from any other traffic traversing the same path.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Ensure that a dedicated circuit, MPLS/VPN service, or IPsec tunnel is deployed to transport management traffic between the managed network and the NOC. If an IPsec tunnel is to be used, the steps below can be used as a guideline. Step 1: Configure the ACL for the management network as the destination. This ACL will be defined in the crypto as the interesting traffic to be forwarded into the IPsec tunnel. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#Ipv4 access-list MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 Step 2: Create an ISAKMP policy for Phase 1 negotiations. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#crypto isakmp policy 10 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-isakmp-policy)#authentication pre-share RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-isakmp-policy)#hash sha256 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-isakmp-policy)#encryption aes 256 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-isakmp-policy)#exit Step 3: Configure the keyring to be used for ISAKMP to authenticate the remote side during IKE negotiation. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#crypto isakmp keyring ISAKMP_KEYRING RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-crypto-keyring)#pre-shared-key address 255.255.255.255 key xxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-crypto-keyring)#exit Step 4: Configure the IPsec transform set. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#crypto ipsec transform-set IPSEC_TRANS esp-aes 256 esp-sha256-hmac RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-transform-set IPSEC_TRANS)#mode tunnel Step 5: Configure the IPsec profile. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#crypto ipsec profile IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config- IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE)#set pfs group 16 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config- IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE)#match MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL transform-set IPSEC_TRANS RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config- IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE)#exit Step 6: Configure the IPsec virtual interface. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#interface tunnel-ipsec 22 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#profile IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#tunnel source GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#tunnel destination x.1.22.2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the network topology diagram to determine connectivity between the managed network and the NOC. Review the OOBM gateway router configuration to validate the path and interface that the management traffic traverses. If an IPsec tunnel is used to transport the management traffic between the NOC and the managed network, review the configuration following the steps below. Step 1: Note the profile referenced for the IPsec tunnel to the NOC interface tunnel-ipsec 30 profile IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE tunnel source GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 tunnel destination x.1.22.2 Step 2: Note the crypto ACL that was specified in the IPsec profile crypto isakmp keyring ISAKMP_KEYRING pre-shared-key address x.1.22.2 255.255.255.255 key encrypted 150A13141C32 ! crypto isakmp policy 10 hash sha256 encryption aes 256 authentication pre-share ! crypto ipsec transform-set IPSEC_TRANS esp-aes 256 esp-sha256-hmac mode tunnel ! crypto ipsec profile IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE set pfs group16 match address MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL Step 3: Review the ACL defined in the crypto map and verify that the destination is the management network. ! ipv4 access-list MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL 10 permit ipv4 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 ! Note: The management network is this example is 10.22.2.0/24 If management traffic is not transported between the managed network and the NOC via dedicated circuit, MPLS/VPN service, or IPsec tunnel, this is a finding.

Added

V-96745

The Cisco out-of-band management (OOBM) gateway router must be configured to forward only authorized management traffic to the Network Operations Center (NOC).

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000410
Rule ID
SV-105883r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000010
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The OOBM network is an IP network used exclusively for the transport of OAM&P data from the network being managed to the OSS components located at the NOC. Its design provides connectivity to each managed network device, enabling network management traffic to flow between the managed network elements and the NOC. This allows the use of paths separate from those used by the managed network.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure ACLs to permit only authorized management traffic into IPsec tunnels or the OOBM interface used for forwarding management data as shown in the examples below. OOBM Link RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq tacacs RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq ssh RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit udp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq snmp RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit udp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq snmptrap RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit udp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq syslog RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.22.0 0.0.0.255 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#exit IPsec Tunnel RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq tacacs RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq ssh RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit udp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq snmp RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit udp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq snmptrap RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit udp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq syslog RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.22.0 0.0.0.255 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#exit

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the network topology diagram to determine connectivity between the managed network and the NOC. Review the OOBM gateway router configuration to validate the path that the management traffic traverses. Verify that only management traffic is forwarded through the OOBM interface or IPsec tunnel. If an OOBM link is used, verify that the only authorized management traffic is transported to the NOC by reviewing the outbound ACL applied to the OOBM interface as shown in the example below. Step 1: Note the outbound ACL applied to the OOBM interface. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 description OOB link to NOC ipv4 address 10.11.1.8 255.255.255.0 ipv4 access-group MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL egress Step 2: Review the outbound ACL and verify only management traffic is forwarded to the NOC. ipv4 access-list MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL 10 permit tcp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq tacacs 20 permit tcp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq ssh 30 permit udp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq snmp 40 permit udp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq snmptrap 50 permit udp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq syslog 60 permit icmp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.22.0 0.0.0.255 echo 70 permit icmp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.22.0 0.0.0.255 echo-reply 80 deny ipv4 any any log-input If an IPSec tunnel is used, verify that the only authorized management traffic is transported to the NOC. Step 1: Note the profile referenced for the IPSec tunnel to the NOC. interface tunnel-ipsec 30 profile IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE tunnel source GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 tunnel destination x.1.22.2 Step 2: Note the crypto ACL that was specified in the IPSec profile. crypto isakmp keyring ISAKMP_KEYRING pre-shared-key address x.1.22.2 255.255.255.255 key encrypted 150A13141C32 ! crypto isakmp policy 10 hash sha256 encryption aes 256 authentication pre-share ! crypto ipsec transform-set IPSEC_TRANS esp-aes 256 esp-sha256-hmac mode tunnel ! crypto ipsec profile IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE set pfs group16 match address MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL Step 3: Review the crypto ACL defined in the IPSec profile and verify only management traffic is forwarded to the NOC. ipv4 access-list MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL 10 permit tcp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq tacacs 20 permit tcp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq ssh 30 permit udp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq snmp 40 permit udp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq snmptrap 50 permit udp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq syslog 60 permit icmp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.22.0 0.0.0.255 Note: ICMP is permitted for troubleshooting purposes. The IPSec SA can only identify interesting traffic via address, protocol, and port; hence, the ICMP traffic cannot be qualified via type attribute. If traffic other than authorized management traffic is permitted through the OOBM interface or IPsec tunnel, this is a finding.

Added

V-96747

The Cisco out-of-band management (OOBM) gateway router must be configured to have separate IGP instances for the managed network and management network.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000420
Rule ID
SV-105885r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000019-RTR-000011
CCI
CCI-001414
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

If the gateway router is not a dedicated device for the OOBM network, implementation of several safeguards for containment of management and production traffic boundaries must occur. Since the managed and management network are separate routing domains, configuration of separate Interior Gateway Protocol routing instances is critical on the router to segregate traffic from each network.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure the router to have a separate IGP instance for the management network as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router ospf 2 vrf MGMT RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ospf-vrf)#area 0 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ospf-vrf-ar)#interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/0.2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ospf-vrf-ar-if)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ospf-vrf-ar)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ospf-vrf)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ospf)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router ospf 3 vrf PROD RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ospf-vrf)#area 0 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ospf-vrf-ar)#interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/0.3 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ospf-vrf-ar-if)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Verify that the OOBM interface is an adjacency in the IGP domain for the management network via separate VRF as shown in the example below. router ospf 2 vrf MGMT area 0 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/0.2 ! ! ! ! router ospf 3 vrf PROD area 0 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/0.3 ! ! ! ! If the router is not configured to have separate IGP instances for the managed network and management network, this is a finding.

Added

V-96749

The Cisco out-of-band management (OOBM) gateway router must be configured to not redistribute routes between the management network routing domain and the managed network routing domain.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000430
Rule ID
SV-105887r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000019-RTR-000012
CCI
CCI-001414
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

If the gateway router is not a dedicated device for the OOBM network, several safeguards must be implemented for containment of management and production traffic boundaries; otherwise, it is possible that management traffic will not be separated from production traffic. Since the managed network and the management network are separate routing domains, separate Interior Gateway Protocol routing instances must be configured on the router, one for the managed network and one for the OOBM network. In addition, the routes from the two domains must not be redistributed to each other.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Remove the configuration that imports routes from the managed network into the management network or vice versa as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#vrf MGMT RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-vrf)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-vrf-af)#no import route-target 8:8 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-vrf-af)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Verify the Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP) instance used for the managed network does not redistribute routes into the IGP instance used for the management network, and vice versa. The example below imports OSPF routes from the production route table (VRF PROD) into the management route table (VRF MGMT) using BGP. vrf MGMT address-family ipv4 unicast import route-target 4:4 8:8 ! export route-target 4:4 ! ! ! vrf PROD address-family ipv4 unicast import route-target 8:8 ! export route-target 8:8 ! ! ! … … … router ospf 2 vrf MGMT redistribute bgp 64512 area 0 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/0.2 ! ! ! ! router ospf 3 vrf PROD area 0 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/0.3 ! ! ! ! router bgp 64512 address-family ipv4 unicast ! address-family vpnv4 unicast ! vrf MGMT rd 4:4 address-family ipv4 unicast redistribute ospf 2 ! ! vrf PROD rd 8:8 address-family ipv4 unicast redistribute ospf 3 ! ! ! If the IGP instance used for the managed network redistributes routes into the IGP instance used for the management network, or vice versa, this is a finding.

Added

V-96751

The Cisco out-of-band management (OOBM) gateway router must be configured to block any traffic destined to itself that is not sourced from the OOBM network or the Network Operations Center (NOC).

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000440
Rule ID
SV-105889r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000011
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

If the gateway router is not a dedicated device for the OOBM network, several safeguards must be implemented for containment of management and production traffic boundaries. It is imperative that hosts from the managed network are not able to access the OOBM gateway router.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. It is only applicable if the OOBM gateway router is not a dedicated device to the OOBM backbone. Step 1: Configure the ACL to only allow traffic to the route processor from the OOBM backbone and the NOC. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list TRAFFIC_FROM_NOC RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip 10.11.1.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.11.$ RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip 10.12.1.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.11.$ RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip 10.11.1.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.13.$ RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip 10.12.1.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.13.$ RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any host 10.11.1.8 log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any host 10.13.1.1 log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip 10.11.1.0 0.0.0.255 10.13.1.0 0.0.0$ RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip 10.12.1.0 0.0.0.255 10.13.1.0 0.0.0$ RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#exit Step 2: Configure the ACL to only allow traffic to the route processor from the OOBM LAN. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list TRAFFIC_TO_NOC RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip 10.13.1.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.13.$ RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip 10.13.1.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.11.$ RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any host 10.13.1.1 log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any host 10.11.1.8 log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip 10.13.1.0 0.255.255.255 10.11.1.0 0$ RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip 10.13.1.0 0.255.255.255 10.12.1.0 0$ RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#exit Step 3: Apply the ACLs configured above to the appropriate OOBM interfaces as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#int g0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#ipv4 access-group TRAFFIC_FROM_NOC in RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#int g0/0/0/3 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#access-group TRAFFIC_TO_NOC in RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. It is only applicable if the OOBM gateway router is not a dedicated device to the OOBM backbone. Verify that traffic destined to itself is only sourced by the OOBM or the NOC. In the example below, the OOBM backbone network is 10.11.1.0/24, the NOC address spaces is 10.12.1.0/24, and the OOBM LAN address space at remote site connecting to the managed network is 10.13.1.0/24. Step 1: Note the inbound ACL applied to the OOBM interfaces. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 description OOB link to NOC ip address 10.11.1.8 255.255.255.0 ipv4 access-group TRAFFIC_FROM_NOC ingress ! interface Giga GigabitEthernet0/0/0/3 description link to OOBM LAN access switch ip address 10.13.1.1 255.255.255.0 ipv4 access-group TRAFFIC_TO_NOC ingress Step 2: Review the inbound ACL bound to any OOB interface connecting to the OOBM backbone and verify traffic destined to itself is only from the OOBM or NOC address space. ipv4 access-list TRAFFIC_FROM_NOC 10 permit ipv4 10.11.1.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.11.1.8 20 permit ipv4 10.12.1.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.11.1.8 30 permit ipv4 10.11.1.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.13.1.1 40 permit ipv4 10.12.1.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.13.1.1 50 deny ipv4 any host 10.11.1.8 log-input 60 deny ipv4 any host 10.13.1.1 log-input 70 permit ipv4 10.11.1.0 0.0.0.255 10.13.1.0 0.0.0.255 80 permit ipv4 10.12.1.0 0.0.0.255 10.13.1.0 0.0.0.255 90 deny ipv4 any any log-input Step 3: Review the inbound ACL bound to any OOBM LAN interfaces and verify traffic destined to itself is from the OOBM LAN address space. ipv4 access-list TRAFFIC_TO_NOC 10 permit ipv4 10.13.1.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.13.1.1 20 permit ipv4 10.13.1.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.11.1.8 30 deny ipv4 any host 10.13.1.1 log-input 40 deny ipv4 any host 10.11.1.8 log-input 50 permit ipv4 10.13.1.0 0.255.255.255 10.11.1.0 0.0.0.255 60 permit ipv4 10.13.1.0 0.255.255.255 10.12.1.0 0.0.0.255 70 deny ipv4 any any log-input If the router does not block any traffic destined to itself that is not sourced from the OOBM network or the NOC, this is a finding.

Added

V-96753

The Cisco router must be configured to only permit management traffic that ingresses and egresses the out-of-band management (OOBM) interface.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000450
Rule ID
SV-105891r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000012
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The OOBM access switch will connect to the management interface of the managed network elements. The management interface can be a true OOBM interface or a standard interface functioning as the management interface. In either case, the management interface of the managed network element will be directly connected to the OOBM network. An OOBM interface does not forward transit traffic, thereby providing complete separation of production and management traffic. Since all management traffic is immediately forwarded into the management network, it is not exposed to possible tampering. The separation also ensures that congestion or failures in the managed network do not affect the management of the device. If the device does not have an OOBM port, the interface functioning as the management interface must be configured so that management traffic does not leak into the managed network and that production traffic does not leak into the management network.

Fix Text

If the management interface is not a dedicated OOBM interface, it must be configured with both an ingress and egress ACL. Step 1: Configure an ingress ACL a shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#Ipv4 access-list INGRESS_MANAGEMENT_ACL RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any host 10.11.1.22 eq tacacs RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any host 10.11.1.22 eq 22 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit udp any host 10.11.1.22 eq snmp RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit udp any host 10.11.1.22 eq snmptrap RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit udp any host 10.11.1.22 eq ntp RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp any host 10.11.1.22 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#exit Step 2: Configure an egress ACL a shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#Ipv4 access-list EGRESS_MANAGEMENT_ACL RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#exit Step 3: Apply the ACLs to the OOBM interfaces. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#int MgmtEth0/0/CPU0/0 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#ipv4 access-group INGRESS_MANAGEMENT_ACL ingress RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#ipv4 access-group EGRESS_MANAGEMENT_ACL egress

Check Content

This requirement is only applicable where management access to the router is via an OOBM interface which is not a true OOBM interface. Step 1: Verify that the managed interface has an inbound and outbound ACL configured. interface MgmtEth0/0/CPU0/0 ipv4 address 10.1.13.4 255.255.255.0 ipv4 access-group INGRESS_MANAGEMENT_ACL ingress ipv4 access-group EGRESS_MANAGEMENT_ACL egress Step 2: Verify that the ingress ACL only allows management and ICMP traffic. ipv4 access-list INGRESS_MANAGEMENT_ACL 10 permit tcp any host 10.11.1.22 eq tacacs 20 permit tcp any host 10.11.1.22 eq ssh 30 permit udp any host 10.11.1.22 eq snmp 40 permit udp any host 10.11.1.22 eq snmptrap 50 permit udp any host 10.11.1.22 eq ntp 60 permit icmp any host 10.11.1.22 70 deny ipv4 any any log-input Step 3: Verify that the egress ACL blocks any transit traffic. ipv4 access-list EGRESS_MANAGEMENT_ACL 10 deny ipv4 any any log-input Note: On Cisco routers, local generated packets are not inspected by outgoing interface access-lists. Hence, the above configuration would simply drop any packets not generated by the router; hence, blocking any transit traffic. If the router does not restrict traffic that ingresses and egresses the management interface, this is a finding.

Added

V-96755

The Cisco router providing connectivity to the Network Operations Center (NOC) must be configured to forward all in-band management traffic via an IPsec tunnel.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000460
Rule ID
SV-105893r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000013
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

When the production network is managed in-band, the management network could be housed at a NOC that is located remotely at single or multiple interconnected sites. NOC interconnectivity, as well as connectivity between the NOC and the managed network, must be enabled using IPsec tunnels to provide the separation and integrity of the managed traffic.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Ensure that all traffic from the managed network to the management network is secured via IPsec tunnel as shown in the configuration examples below. Step 1: Configure the ACL for the management network as the destination. This ACL will be defined in the crypto as the interesting traffic to be forwarded into the IPsec tunnel. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#Ipv4 access-list MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 Step 2: Create an ISAKMP policy for Phase 1 negotiations. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#crypto isakmp policy 10 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-isakmp-policy)#authentication pre-share RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-isakmp-policy)#hash sha256 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-isakmp-policy)#encryption aes 256 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-isakmp-policy)#exit Step 3: Configure the keyring to be used for ISAKMP to authenticate the remote side during IKE negotiation. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#crypto isakmp keyring ISAKMP_KEYRING RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-crypto-keyring)#pre-shared-key address 255.255.255.255 key xxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-crypto-keyring)#exit Step 4: Configure the IPSec transform set. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#crypto ipsec transform-set IPSEC_TRANS esp-aes 256 esp-sha256-hmac RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-transform-set IPSEC_TRANS)#mode tunnel Step 5: Configure the IPSec profile. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#crypto ipsec profile IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config- IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE)#set pfs group 16 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config- IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE)#match MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL transform-set IPSEC_TRANS RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config- IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE)#exit Step 6: Configure the IPSec virtual interface. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#interface tunnel-ipsec 22 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#profile IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#tunnel source GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#tunnel destination x.1.22.2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Verify that all traffic from the managed network to the management network or NOC and vice-versa is secured via IPsec tunnel. Step 1: Note the profile referenced for the IPSec tunnel to the NOC. interface tunnel-ipsec 30 profile IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE tunnel source GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 tunnel destination x.1.22.2 Step 2: Note the crypto ACL that was specified in the IPSec profile. crypto isakmp keyring ISAKMP_KEYRING pre-shared-key address x.1.22.2 255.255.255.255 key encrypted 150A13141C32 ! crypto isakmp policy 10 hash sha256 encryption aes 256 authentication pre-share ! crypto ipsec transform-set IPSEC_TRANS esp-aes 256 esp-sha256-hmac mode tunnel ! crypto ipsec profile IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE set pfs group16 match address MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL Step 3: Review the ACL defined in the crypto map and verify that the destination is the management network. ! ipv4 access-list MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL 10 permit ipv4 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 ! Note: The management network is this example is 10.22.2.0/24. If the management traffic is not secured via IPsec tunnel, this is a finding.

Added

V-96757

The Cisco BGP router must be configured to enable the Generalized TTL Security Mechanism (GTSM).

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000470
Rule ID
SV-105895r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000191-RTR-000081
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

As described in RFC 3682, GTSM is designed to protect a router's IP-based control plane from DoS attacks. Many attacks focused on CPU load and line-card overload can be prevented by implementing GTSM on all Exterior Border Gateway Protocol speaking routers. GTSM is based on the fact that the vast majority of control plane peering is established between adjacent routers; that is, the Exterior Border Gateway Protocol peers are either between connecting interfaces or between loopback interfaces. Since TTL spoofing is considered nearly impossible, a mechanism based on an expected TTL value provides a simple and reasonably robust defense from infrastructure attacks based on forged control plane traffic.

Fix Text

Configure TTL security on all external BGP neighbors as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp n RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.1.23.3 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#ttl-security

Check Content

Review the BGP configuration to verify that TTL security has been configured for each external neighbor as shown in the example below. router bgp n address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor x.1.23.3 remote-as n ttl-security address-family ipv4 unicast ! ! ! If the router is not configured to use GTSM for all Exterior Border Gateway Protocol peering sessions, this is a finding.

Added

V-96759

The Cisco BGP router must be configured to use a unique key for each autonomous system (AS) that it peers with.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000480
Rule ID
SV-105897r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000025-RTR-000021
CCI
CCI-002205
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

If the same keys are used between eBGP neighbors, the chance of a hacker compromising any of the BGP sessions increases. It is possible that a malicious user exists in one autonomous system who would know the key used for the eBGP session. This user would then be able to hijack BGP sessions with other trusted neighbors.

Fix Text

Configure the router to use unique keys for each AS that it peers with as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp n RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.1.23.3 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#keychain YYY_KEY_CHAIN RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#neighbor x.1.24.4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#keychain ZZZ_KEY_CHAIN RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#end

Check Content

Review the BGP configuration to determine if it is peering with multiple autonomous systems. Interview the ISSM and router administrator to determine if unique keys are being used. router bgp n address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor x.1.23.3 remote-as y keychain YYY_KEY_CHAIN ttl-security address-family ipv4 unicast ! ! neighbor x.1.24.4 remote-as z keychain ZZZ_KEY_CHAIN ttl-security address-family ipv4 unicast ! ! If unique keys are not being used, this is a finding.

Added

V-96761

The Cisco BGP router must be configured to reject inbound route advertisements for any Bogon prefixes.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000490
Rule ID
SV-105899r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000018-RTR-000002
CCI
CCI-001368
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Accepting route advertisements for Bogon prefixes can result in the local autonomous system (AS) becoming a transit for malicious traffic as it will in turn advertise these prefixes to neighbor autonomous systems.

Fix Text

Configure the router to reject inbound route advertisements for any Bogon prefixes. Step 1: Configure a prefix set containing the current Bogon prefixes as shown below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#prefix-set BOGON_PREFIXES RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#0.0.0.0/8 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#10.0.0.0/8 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#100.64.0.0/10 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#127.0.0.0/8 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#169.254.0.0/16 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#172.16.0.0/12 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#192.0.2.0/24 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#192.88.99.0/24 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#192.168.0.0/16 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#198.18.0.0/15 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#198.51.100.0/24 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#203.0.113.0/24 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#240.0.0.0/4 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#224.0.0.0/4 le 32 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#end-set Step 2: Configure the route policy to drop routes with BOGON prefixes as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#route-policy BGP_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#if destination in BOGON_PREFIXES then RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#drop RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#else pass endif RRP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#end-policy RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#exit Step 3: Apply the route policy to each external BGP neighbor as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp xx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.1.23.3 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy BGP_FILTER in RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.1.24.4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy BGP_FILTER in

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify that it will reject BGP routes for any Bogon prefixes. Step 1: verify that an inbound route policy has been configured for each external neighbor as shown in the example below. router bgp n address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor x.1.23.3 remote-as y keychain YYY_KEY_CHAIN ttl-security address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy BGP_FILTER in ! ! neighbor x.1.24.4 remote-as z keychain ZZZ_KEY_CHAIN ttl-security address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy BGP_FILTER in ! ! Step 2: Review the route policy to determine if it is filtering at a minimum BOGON prefixes as shown in the example below. route-policy BGP_FILTER if destination in BOGON_PREFIXES then drop else pass endif end-policy Step 3: Review the prefix set referenced in the route policy above has been configured containing the current Bogon prefixes as shown in the example below. prefix-set BOGON_PREFIXES 0.0.0.0/8 le 32, 10.0.0.0/8 le 32, 100.64.0.0/10 le 32, 127.0.0.0/8 le 32, 169.254.0.0/16 le 32, 172.16.0.0/12 le 32, 192.0.2.0/24 le 32, 192.88.99.0/24 le 32, 192.168.0.0/16 le 32, 198.18.0.0/15 le 32, 198.51.100.0/24 le 32, 203.0.113.0/24 le 32, 240.0.0.0/4 le 32, 224.0.0.0/4 le 32 end-set If the router is not configured to reject inbound route advertisements for any Bogon prefixes, this is a finding.

Added

V-96763

The Cisco BGP router must be configured to reject inbound route advertisements for any prefixes belonging to the local autonomous system (AS).

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000500
Rule ID
SV-105901r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000018-RTR-000003
CCI
CCI-001368
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Accepting route advertisements belonging to the local AS can result in traffic looping or being black holed, or at a minimum using a non-optimized path.

Fix Text

Step 1: Configure a prefix set containing the current Bogon prefixes as shown below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#prefix-set Step 1: Configure a prefix set containing the current Bogon prefixes as shown below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#prefix-set LOCAL_PREFIX RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#x.13.1.0/24 le 32 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#end-set Step 2: Configure the route policy to drop routes with BOGON prefixes as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#route-policy BGP_FILTER_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#if destination in LOCAL_PREFIX then RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#drop RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#else pass endif RRP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#end-policy RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#exit Step 3: Apply the route policy to each external BGP neighbor as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp xx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.1.23.3 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy BGP_FILTER_INBOUND in RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.1.24.4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy BGP_FILTER_INBOUND in

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify that it will reject routes belonging to the local AS. Step 1: verify that an inbound route policy has been configured for each external neighbor as shown in the example below. router bgp xx address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor x.1.23.3 remote-as yy keychain YYY_KEY_CHAIN ttl-security address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy BGP_FILTER_INBOUND in ! ! neighbor x.1.24.4 remote-as zz keychain ZZZ_KEY_CHAIN ttl-security address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy BGP_FILTER_INBOUND in ! ! Step 2: Review the route policy to determine if it is filtering at a minimum local prefixes as shown in the example below. route-policy BGP_FILTER_INBOUND if destination in LOCAL_PREFIX then drop else pass endif end-policy Note: If bogons are also filtered per previous requirement, the route policy would look similar to the following example: route-policy BGP_FILTER_INBOUND if destination in BOGON_PREFIXES then drop elseif destination in LOCAL_PREFIX then drop else pass endif end-policy Step 3: Review the prefix set referenced in the route policy above to determine if it includes the local global prefix as shown in the example below. prefix-set LOCAL_PREFIX x.13.1.0/24 le 32 end-set If the router is not configured to reject inbound route advertisements belonging to the local AS, this is a finding.

Added

V-96765

The Cisco BGP router must be configured to reject inbound route advertisements from a customer edge (CE) router for prefixes that are not allocated to that customer.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000510
Rule ID
SV-105903r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000018-RTR-000004
CCI
CCI-001368
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

As a best practice, a service provider should only accept customer prefixes that have been assigned to that customer and any peering autonomous systems. A multi-homed customer with BGP speaking routers connected to the Internet or other external networks could be breached and used to launch a prefix de-aggregation attack. Without ingress route filtering of customers, the effectiveness of such an attack could impact the entire IP core and its customers.

Fix Text

Configure the router to reject inbound route advertisements from each CE router for prefixes that are not allocated to that customer. Step 1: Configure a prefix set for each customer containing prefixes belonging to each as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#prefix-set CUST1_PREFIX RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#x.1.1.0/24 le 32 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#end-set RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#prefix-set CUST2_PREFIX RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#x.2.1.0/24 le 32 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#end-set Step 2: Configure a route policy filter for each customer as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#route-policy CUST1_PREFIX_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#if destination in CUST1_PREFIX then RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#pass RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#else RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#drop RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#endif RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#end-policy RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#route-policy CUST2_PREFIX_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#if destination in CUST2_PREFIX then RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#pass RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#else RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#drop RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#endif RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#end-policy Step 3: Apply the route policy to each customer neighbor as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp xx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.12.4.14 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy CUST1_PREFIX_FILTER in RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.12.4.16 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy CUST2_PREFIX_FILTER in

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify that there are ACLs defined to only accept routes for prefixes that belong to specific customers. Step 1: Verify that an inbound route policy has been configured for each customer neighbor as shown in the example below. router bgp xx address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor x.12.4.14 remote-as 64514 address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy CUST1_PREFIX_FILTER in ! ! neighbor x.12.4.16 remote-as 64516 address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy CUST2_PREFIX_FILTER in ! ! Step 2: Review the route policies to determine if it is accepting only prefixes belonging to each customer as shown in the example below. route-policy CUST1_PREFIX_FILTER if destination in CUST1_PREFIX then pass else drop endif end-policy ! route-policy CUST2_PREFIX_FILTER if destination in CUST2_PREFIX then pass else drop endif end-policy Step 3: Review the prefix sets referenced in the route policies above to determine if they include only prefixes belonging to each customer. prefix-set CUST1_PREFIX x.1.1.0/24 le 32 end-set ! prefix-set CUST2_PREFIX x.2.1.0/24 le 32 end-set Note: Routes to PE-CE links within a VPN are needed for troubleshooting end-to-end connectivity across the MPLS/IP backbone. Hence, these prefixes are an exception to this requirement. If the router is not configured to reject inbound route advertisements from each CE router for prefixes that are not allocated to that customer, this is a finding.

Added

V-96767

The Cisco BGP router must be configured to reject outbound route advertisements for any prefixes that do not belong to any customers or the local autonomous system (AS).

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000520
Rule ID
SV-105905r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000018-RTR-000005
CCI
CCI-001368
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Advertisement of routes by an autonomous system for networks that do not belong to any of its customers pulls traffic away from the authorized network. This causes a denial of service (DoS) on the network that allocated the block of addresses and may cause a DoS on the network that is inadvertently advertising it as the originator. It is also possible that a misconfigured or compromised router within the GIG IP core could redistribute IGP routes into BGP, thereby leaking internal routes.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Step 1: Configure a prefix set for customer and local autonomous system prefixes as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#prefix-set CE_PREFIX_ADVERTISEMENTS RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#x.13.1.0/24 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#x.13.2.0/24 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#x.13.3.0/24 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#x.13.4.0/24 le 32 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#end-set Step 2: Configure a route policy filter for allow customer and local autonomous system prefixes as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#route-policy CE_ADVERTISEMENTS RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#if destination in CE_PREFIX_ADVERTISEMENTS then RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#pass RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#else RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#drop RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#endif RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#end-policy Step 3: Apply the route policy to each customer neighbor as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp xx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.12.4.14 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy route-policy CE_ADVERTISEMENTS out RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.12.4.16 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy CE_ADVERTISEMENTS out RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Step 1: verify that an outbound route policy has been configured for each customer neighbor as shown in the example below. router bgp xx address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor x.12.4.14 remote-as 64514 address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy CE_ADVERTISEMENTS out ! ! neighbor x.12.4.16 remote-as 64516 address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy CE_ADVERTISEMENTS out ! ! Step 2: Review the route policy to determine if it is accepting only prefixes belonging to customers or the local autonomous system as shown in the example below. route-policy CE_ADVERTISEMENTS if destination in CE_PREFIX_ADVERTISEMENTS then pass else drop endif end-policy Step 3: Review the prefix sets referenced in the route policy above to determine if they include only prefixes belonging to customers or the local autonomous system as shown in the example below. prefix-set CE_PREFIX_ADVERTISEMENTS x.13.1.0/24 le 32, x.13.2.0/24 le 32, x.13.3.0/24 le 32, x.13.4.0/24 le 32 end-set If the router is not configured to reject outbound route advertisements that do not belong to any customers or the local AS, this is a finding.

Added

V-96769

The Cisco BGP router must be configured to reject outbound route advertisements for any prefixes belonging to the IP core.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000530
Rule ID
SV-105907r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000006
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Outbound route advertisements belonging to the core can result in traffic either looping or being black holed, or at a minimum, using a non-optimized path.

Fix Text

Step 1: Configure a prefix set containing the IP core prefix as shown below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#prefix-set Step 2: Configure a prefix set containing the current Bogon prefixes as shown below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#prefix-set CORE_PREFIX RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#10.1.1.0/24 le 32 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#end-set Step 3: Configure the route policy to drop route advertisements for IP core prefixes as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#route-policy BGP_FILTER_OUTBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#if destination in CORE_PREFIX then RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#drop RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#else RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#pass RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#endif RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#end-policy Step 4: Apply the route policy to each external BGP neighbor as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp xx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.1.23.3 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy BGP_FILTER_OUTBOUND out RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.1.24.4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy BGP_FILTER_ OUTBOUND out

Check Content

Step 1: verify that an outbound route policy has been configured for each external neighbor as shown in the example below. router bgp xx address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor x.1.23.3 remote-as yy address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy BGP_FILTER_OUTBOUND out ! ! neighbor x.1.24.4 remote-as zz address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy BGP_FILTER_OUTBOUND out ! ! Step 2: Review the route policy to determine if it is filtering at a minimum IP core prefixes as shown in the example below. route-policy BGP_FILTER_OUTBOUND if destination in CORE_PREFIX then drop else pass endif end-policy Step 3: Review the prefix set referenced in the route policy above to determine if it includes the IP core prefix as shown in the example below. prefix-set CORE_PREFIX 10.1.1.0/24 le 32 end-set If the router is not configured to reject outbound route advertisements for prefixes belonging to the IP core, this is a finding.

Added

V-96771

The Cisco BGP router must be configured to reject route advertisements from BGP peers that do not list their autonomous system (AS) number as the first AS in the AS_PATH attribute.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000540
Rule ID
SV-105909r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000018-RTR-000006
CCI
CCI-000032
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Verifying the path a route has traversed will ensure the IP core is not used as a transit network for unauthorized or possibly even Internet traffic. All autonomous system boundary routers (ASBRs) must ensure updates received from eBGP peers list their AS number as the first AS in the AS_PATH attribute.

Fix Text

Configure the router to deny updates received from eBGP peers that do not list their AS number as the first AS in the AS_PATH attribute. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp 2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#no bgp enforce-first-as disable

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify the router is configured to deny updates received from eBGP peers that do not list their AS number as the first AS in the AS_PATH attribute. By default Cisco IOS enforces the first AS in the AS_PATH attribute for all route advertisements. Review the router configuration to verify that the command bgp enforce-first-as disable is not configured as shown in the example below. router bgp nn bgp enforce-first-as disable If the router is not configured to reject updates from peers that do not list their AS number as the first AS in the AS_PATH attribute, this is a finding.

Added

V-96773

The Cisco BGP router must be configured to reject route advertisements from CE routers with an originating AS in the AS_PATH attribute that does not belong to that customer.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000550
Rule ID
SV-105911r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000018-RTR-000010
CCI
CCI-000032
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Verifying the path a route has traversed will ensure that the local AS is not used as a transit network for unauthorized traffic. To ensure that the local AS does not carry any prefixes that do not belong to any customers, all PE routers must be configured to reject routes with an originating AS other than that belonging to the customer.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure the router to reject updates from CE routers with an originating AS in the AS_PATH attribute that does not belong to that customer. Step 1: Configure an inbound route policy for each customer to only accept routes with an originating AS that belongs to that customer as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#route-policy FILTER_64514_ROUTES RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#if as-path originates-from '64514' then RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#pass RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#else RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#drop RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#endif RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#end-policy RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#route-policy FILTER_64516_ROUTES RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#if as-path originates-from '64516' then RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#pass RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#else RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#drop RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#endif RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#end-policy Step 2: Apply the appropriate inbound route policy with each peering CE router as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp xx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.12.4.14 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy route-policy FILTER_64514_ROUTES in RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.12.4.16 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy FILTER_64516_ROUTES in RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to verify the router is configured to deny updates received from CE routers with an originating AS in the AS_PATH attribute that does not belong to that customer. Step 1: verify that an inbound route policy has been configured for each customer neighbor as shown in the example below. router bgp xx address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor x.12.4.14 remote-as 64514 address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy FILTER _64514_ROUTES in ! ! neighbor x.12.4.16 remote-as 64516 address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy FILTER_64516_ROUTES in ! Step 2: Verify that the route policy permits only routes from each CE router with an originating AS that does not belong to that customer. route-policy FILTER_64514_ROUTES if as-path originates-from 64514' then pass else drop endif end-policy ! route-policy FILTER_64516_ROUTES if as-path originates-from 64516' then pass else drop endif end-policy Note: The inbound route policy to filter customer prefixes can be nested with the above route policy as shown in the example below. route-policy CUST1_INBOUND_FILTER apply CUST1_FILTER apply FILTER_64514_ROUTES end-policy If the router is not configured to reject updates from CE routers with an originating AS in the AS_PATH attribute that does not belong to that customer, this is a finding.

Added

V-96775

The Cisco BGP router must be configured to use the maximum prefixes feature to protect against route table flooding and prefix de-aggregation attacks.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000560
Rule ID
SV-105913r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000362-RTR-000117
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The effects of prefix de-aggregation can degrade router performance due to the size of routing tables and also result in black-holing legitimate traffic. Initiated by an attacker or a misconfigured router, prefix de-aggregation occurs when the announcement of a large prefix is fragmented into a collection of smaller prefix announcements. In 1997, misconfigured routers in the Florida Internet Exchange network (AS7007) de-aggregated every prefix in their routing table and started advertising the first /24 block of each of these prefixes as their own. Faced with this additional burden, the internal routers became overloaded and crashed repeatedly. This caused prefixes advertised by these routers to disappear from routing tables and reappear when the routers came back online. As the routers came back after crashing, they were flooded with the routing table information by their neighbors. The flood of information would again overwhelm the routers and cause them to crash. This process of route flapping served to destabilize not only the surrounding network but also the entire Internet. Routers trying to reach those addresses would choose the smaller, more specific /24 blocks first. This caused backbone networks throughout North America and Europe to crash. Maximum prefix limits on peer connections combined with aggressive prefix-size filtering of customers' reachability advertisements will effectively mitigate the de-aggregation risk. BGP maximum prefix must be used on all eBGP routers to limit the number of prefixes that it should receive from a particular neighbor, whether customer or peering AS. Consider each neighbor and how many routes they should be advertising and set a threshold slightly higher than the number expected.

Fix Text

Configure the router to use the maximum prefixes feature to protect against route table flooding and prefix de-aggregation attacks as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp xx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x1.24.4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#maximum-prefix 444 discard-extra-paths RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify that the number of received prefixes from each eBGP neighbor is controlled. router bgp xx address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor x.1.23.3 remote-as yy ttl-security address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy BGP_FILTER in maximum-prefix nnnn 75 discard-extra-paths ! ! neighbor x.1.24.4 remote-as zz address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy BGP_FILTER in maximum-prefix nnnn 75 discard-extra-paths ! ! ! If the router is not configured to control the number of prefixes received from each peer to protect against route table flooding and prefix de-aggregation attacks, this is a finding.

Added

V-96777

The Cisco BGP router must be configured to limit the prefix size on any inbound route advertisement to /24 or the least significant prefixes issued to the customer.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000570
Rule ID
SV-105915r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000362-RTR-000118
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The effects of prefix de-aggregation can degrade router performance due to the size of routing tables and also result in black-holing legitimate traffic. Initiated by an attacker or a misconfigured router, prefix de-aggregation occurs when the announcement of a large prefix is fragmented into a collection of smaller prefix announcements.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure the router to limit the prefix size on any route advertisement to /24 or the least significant prefixes issued to the customer. Step 1: Configure a prefix set to not include prefixes are longer than /24. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#prefix-set PREFIX_LENGTH RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#0.0.0.0/0 ge 8 le 24 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#end-set Step 2: Configure a route policy to only accept prefixes that are /24 or shorter as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#route-policy FILTER_LONG_PREFIXES RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#if destination in PREFIX_LENGTH then RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#pass RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#else RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#drop RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#endif RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#end-policy Step 3: Apply the route policy above inbound with each peering CE router as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp xx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.12.4.14 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy route-policy FILTER_LONG_PREFIXES in RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.12.4.16 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy FILTER_LONG_PREFIXES in RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to determine if it is compliant with this requirement. Step 1: Verify that an inbound route policy has been configured for each CE router as shown in the example below. router bgp xx address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor x.12.4.14 remote-as 64514 address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy FILTER_LONG_PREFIXES in ! ! neighbor x.12.4.16 remote-as 64516 address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy FILTER_LONG_PREFIXES in ! Step 2: Verify that the route policy permits only routes from each CE router with a prefix length of 24 or shorter or the least significant prefixes issued to the customer as shown in the example below. route-policy FILTER_LONG_PREFIXES if destination in PREFIX_LENGTH then pass else drop endif end-policy Note: The inbound route policy to filter customer prefixes can be nested with the above route policy as shown in the example below. route-policy CUST1_INBOUND_FILTER apply CUST1_FILTER apply FILTER_64514_ROUTES apply FILTER_LONG_PREFIXES end-policy Step 3: Review the prefix set referenced in the route policy above to determine if it only allows a prefix length 24 or shorter. prefix-set PREFIX_LENGTH 0.0.0.0/0 ge 8 le 24 end-set If the router is not configured to limit the prefix size on any inbound route advertisement to /24 or the least significant prefixes issued to the customer, this is a finding.

Added

V-96779

The Cisco BGP router must be configured to use its loopback address as the source address for iBGP peering sessions.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000580
Rule ID
SV-105917r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000001
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Using a loopback address as the source address offers a multitude of uses for security, access, management, and scalability of the BGP routers. It is easier to construct appropriate ingress filters for router management plane traffic destined to the network management subnet since the source addresses will be from the range used for loopback interfaces instead of a larger range of addresses used for physical interfaces. Log information recorded by authentication and syslog servers will record the router’s loopback address instead of the numerous physical interface addresses. When the loopback address is used as the source for eBGP peering, the BGP session will be harder to hijack since the source address to be used is not known globally—making it more difficult for a hacker to spoof an eBGP neighbor. By using traceroute, a hacker can easily determine the addresses for an eBGP speaker when the IP address of an external interface is used as the source address. The routers within the iBGP domain should also use loopback addresses as the source address when establishing BGP sessions.

Fix Text

Configure the router to use its loopback address as the source address for all iBGP peering. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp 2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor 10.1.24.4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#update-source lo0 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#end

Check Content

Step 1: Review the router configuration to verify that a loopback address has been configured. interface Loopback0 ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.255 Step 2: Verify that the loopback interface is used as the source address for all iBGP sessions. router bgp xx address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor 10.1.23.3 remote-as xx update-source Loopback0 If the router does not use its loopback address as the source address for all iBGP sessions, this is a finding.

Added

V-96781

The Cisco MPLS router must be configured to use its loopback address as the source address for LDP peering sessions.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000590
Rule ID
SV-105919r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000002
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Using a loopback address as the source address offers a multitude of uses for security, access, management, and scalability of backbone routers. It is easier to construct appropriate ingress filters for router management plane traffic destined to the network management subnet since the source addresses will be from the range used for loopback interfaces instead of from a larger range of addresses used for physical interfaces. Log information recorded by authentication and syslog servers will record the router's loopback address instead of the numerous physical interface addresses.

Fix Text

Configure the router to use their loopback address as the source address for LDP peering sessions. As noted in the check content, the default behavior is to use its loopback address. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#mpls ldp router-id 10.1.1.1

Check Content

Review the router configuration to determine if it is compliant with this requirement. Verify that a loopback address has been configured as shown in the following example: interface Loopback0 ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.255 By default, routers will use its loopback address for LDP peering. If an address has not be configured on the loopback interface, it will use its physical interface connecting to the LDP peer. If the router-id command is specified that overrides this default behavior, verify that it is the IP address of the designated loopback interface as shown in the example below. mpls ldp router-id 10.1.1.1 If the router is not configured do use its loopback address for LDP peering, this is a finding.

Added

V-96783

The Cisco MPLS router must be configured to synchronize IGP and LDP to minimize packet loss when an IGP adjacency is established prior to LDP peers completing label exchange.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000600
Rule ID
SV-105921r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000003
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Packet loss can occur when an IGP adjacency is established and the router begins forwarding packets using the new adjacency before the LDP label exchange completes between the peers on that link. Packet loss can also occur if an LDP session closes and the router continues to forward traffic using the link associated with the LDP peer rather than an alternate pathway with a fully synchronized LDP session. The MPLS LDP-IGP Synchronization feature provides a means to synchronize LDP with OSPF or IS-IS to minimize MPLS packet loss. When an IGP adjacency is established on a link but LDP-IGP synchronization is not yet achieved or is lost, the IGP will advertise the max-metric on that link.

Fix Text

Configure the MPLS router to synchronize IGP and LDP, minimizing packet loss when an IGP adjacency is established prior to LDP peers completing label exchange. OSPF Example RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#router ospf 1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ospf)#mpls ldp sync RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ospf)#end IS-IS Example RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#router isis 1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-isis)#interface g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-isis-if)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-isis-if-af)#mpls ldp sync RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-isis-if-af)#end

Check Content

OSPF Example router ospf 1 mpls ldp sync IS-IS Example router isis 1 net 49.0001.1234.1600.5531.00 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 address-family ipv4 unicast mpls ldp sync If the router is not configured to synchronize IGP and LDP, this is a finding.

Added

V-96785

The MPLS router with RSVP-TE enabled must be configured with message pacing to adjust maximum burst and maximum number of RSVP messages to an output queue based on the link speed and input queue size of adjacent core routers.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000610
Rule ID
SV-105923r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000193-RTR-000001
CCI
CCI-001095
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

RSVP-TE can be used to perform constraint-based routing when building LSP tunnels within the network core that will support QoS and traffic engineering requirements. RSVP-TE is also used to enable MPLS Fast Reroute, a network restoration mechanism that will reroute traffic onto a backup LSP in case of a node or link failure along the primary path. When there is a disruption in the MPLS core, such as a link flap or router reboot, the result is a significant amount of RSVP signaling, such as "PathErr" and "ResvErr" messages that need to be sent for every LSP using that link. When RSVP messages are sent out, they are sent either hop by hop or with the router alert bit set in the IP header. This means that every router along the path must examine the packet to determine if additional processing is required for these RSVP messages. If there is enough signaling traffic in the network, it is possible for an interface to receive more packets for its input queue than it can hold, resulting in dropped RSVP messages and hence slower RSVP convergence. Increasing the size of the interface input queue can help prevent dropping packets; however, there is still the risk of having a burst of signaling traffic that can fill the queue. Solutions to mitigate this risk are RSVP message pacing or refresh reduction to control the rate at which RSVP messages are sent. RSVP refresh reduction includes the following features: RSVP message bundling, RSVP Message ID to reduce message processing overhead, reliable delivery of RSVP messages using Message ID, and summary refresh to reduce the amount of information transmitted every refresh interval.

Fix Text

Configure the router to rate limit RSVP messages as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#rsvp interface g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-rsvp-if)#signaling rate-limit rate 50 interval 500 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-rsvp-if)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration to determine RSVP messages are rate limited. Step 1: Determine if MPLS TE is enabled on any interface as shown in the example below. mpls traffic-eng interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 Step 2: If MPLS TE is enabled, verify that RSVP messages are rate limited on each interface. The example allows 50 messages per 500 milliseconds. rsvp interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 signaling rate-limit rate 50 interval 500 Note: The command rsvp msg-pacing has been deprecated by the command ip rsvp signaling rate-limit command. If the router with RSVP-TE enabled does not have message pacing configured based on the link speed and input queue size of adjacent core routers, this is a finding.

Added

V-96787

The Cisco MPLS router must be configured to have TTL Propagation disabled.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000620
Rule ID
SV-105925r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000004
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The head end of the label-switched path (LSP), the label edge router (LER) will decrement the IP packet's time-to-live (TTL) value by one and then copy the value to the MPLS TTL field. At each label-switched router (LSR) hop, the MPLS TTL value is decremented by one. The MPLS router that pops the label (either the penultimate LSR or the egress LER) will copy the packet's MPLS TTL value to the IP TTL field and decrement it by one. This TTL propagation is the default behavior. Because the MPLS TTL is propagated from the IP TTL, a traceroute will list every hop in the path, be it routed or label switched, thereby exposing core nodes. With TTL propagation disabled, LER decrements the IP packet's TTL value by one and then places a value of 255 in the packet's MPLS TTL field, which is then decremented by one as the packet passes through each LSR in the MPLS core. Because the MPLS TTL never drops to zero, none of the LSP hops triggers an ICMP TTL exceeded message and consequently, these hops are not recorded in a traceroute. Hence, nodes within the MPLS core cannot be discovered by an attacker.

Fix Text

Configure the MPLS router to disable TTL propagation as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#mpls ip-ttl-propagate disable

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify that TTL propagation is disabled as shown in the example below. mpls ip-ttl-propagate disable If the MPLS router is not configured to disable TTL propagation, this is a finding.

Added

V-96789

The Cisco PE router must be configured to have each Virtual Routing and Forwarding (VRF) instance bound to the appropriate physical or logical interfaces to maintain traffic separation between all MPLS L3VPNs.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000630
Rule ID
SV-105927r1_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000005
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The primary security model for an MPLS L3VPN infrastructure is traffic separation. The service provider must guarantee the customer that traffic from one VPN does not leak into another VPN or into the core, and that core traffic must not leak into any VPN. Hence, it is imperative that each CE-facing interface can only be associated to one VRF—that alone is the fundamental framework for traffic separation.

Fix Text

Configure the PE router to have each VRF bound to the appropriate physical or logical interfaces to maintain traffic separation between all MPLS L3VPNs.

Check Content

Step 1: Review the design plan for deploying L3VPN and VRF-lite. Step 2: Review the design plan for deploying L3VPN and VRF-lite. Review all CE-facing interfaces and verify that the proper VRF is defined via the ip vrf forwarding command. In the example below, COI1 is bound to interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1, while COI2 is bound to GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 description link to COI1 vrf COI1 ipv4 address x.1.34.12 255.255.255.252 ! interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 description link to COI2 vrf COI2 ipv4 address x.1.22.12 255.255.255.252 If any VRFs are not bound to the appropriate physical or logical interface, this is a finding.

Added

V-96791

The Cisco PE router must be configured to have each Virtual Routing and Forwarding (VRF) instance with the appropriate Route Target (RT).

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000640
Rule ID
SV-105929r1_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000006
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The primary security model for an MPLS L3VPN as well as a VRF-lite infrastructure is traffic separation. Each interface can only be associated to one VRF, which is the fundamental framework for traffic separation. Forwarding decisions are made based on the routing table belonging to the VRF. Control of what routes are imported into or exported from a VRF is based on the RT. It is critical that traffic does not leak from one COI tenant or L3VPN to another; hence, it is imperative that the correct RT is configured for each VRF.

Fix Text

Configure the router to have each VRF instance defined with the correct RT. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#vrf COI1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-vrf)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-vrf-af)#import route-target 13:13 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-vrf-af)#export route-target 13:13 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-vrf-af)#end

Check Content

Review the design plan for MPLS/L3VPN and VRF-lite to determine what RTs have been assigned for each VRF. Review the router configuration and verify that the correct RT is configured for each VRF. In the example below, route target 13:13 has been configured for COI1. vrf COI1 address-family ipv4 unicast import route-target 13:13 ! export route-target 13:13 ! ! ! If there are VRFs configured with the wrong RT, this is a finding.

Added

V-96793

The Cisco PE router must be configured to have each VRF with the appropriate Route Distinguisher (RD).

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000650
Rule ID
SV-105931r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000007
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

An RD provides uniqueness to the customer address spaces within the MPLS L3VPN infrastructure. The concept of the VPN-IPv4 and VPN-IPv6 address families consists of the RD prepended before the IP address. Hence, if the same IP prefix is used in several different L3VPNs, it is possible for BGP to carry several completely different routes for that prefix, one for each VPN. Since VPN-IPv4 addresses and IPv4 addresses are different address families, BGP never treats them as comparable addresses. The purpose of the RD is to create distinct routes for common IPv4 address prefixes. On any given PE router, a single RD can define a VRF in which the entire address space may be used independently, regardless of the makeup of other VPN address spaces. Hence, it is imperative that a unique RD is assigned to each L3VPN and that the proper RD is configured for each VRF.

Fix Text

Configure the correct RD for each VRF. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#router bgp nn RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-bgp)#vrf COI1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-bgp-vrf)#rd 13:13

Check Content

Review the design plan for MPLS/L3VPN to determine what RD have been assigned for each VRF. Review the router configuration and verify that the correct RD is configured for each VRF. In the example below, route distinguisher 13:13 has been configured for COI1. router bgp nn address-family ipv4 unicast ! address-family vpnv4 unicast ! … … … ! vrf COI1 rd 13:13 address-family ipv4 unicast redistribute ospf 1 ! ! ! Note: This requirement is only applicable for MPLS VPN implementations. If the wrong RD has been configured for any VRF, this is a finding.

Added

V-96795

The Cisco PE router providing MPLS Layer 2 Virtual Private Network (L2VPN) services must be configured to authenticate targeted Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) sessions used to exchange virtual circuit (VC) information using a FIPS-approved message authentication code algorithm.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000660
Rule ID
SV-105933r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000343-RTR-000001
CCI
CCI-001958
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

LDP provides the signaling required for setting up and tearing down pseudowires (virtual circuits used to transport Layer 2 frames) across an MPLS IP core network. Using a targeted LDP session, each PE router advertises a virtual circuit label mapping that is used as part of the label stack imposed on the frames by the ingress PE router during packet forwarding. Authentication provides protection against spoofed TCP segments that can be introduced into the LDP sessions.

Fix Text

The severity level can be downgraded to a category 3 if the router is configured to authenticate targeted LDP sessions using MD5 as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#mpls ldp RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ldp)#neighbor 10.1.1.1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ldp)#neighbor password clear xxxxxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ldp)#neighbor 10.1.2.1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ldp)#neighbor password clear xxxxxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ldp)#commit

Check Content

The Cisco router is not compliant with this requirement; hence, it is a finding. However, the severity level can be downgraded to a category 3 if the router is configured to authenticate targeted LDP sessions using MD5 as shown in the configuration example below. mpls ldp router-id 10.1.1.2 neighbor 10.1.1.1 password encrypted xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx neighbor 10.1.2.1 password encrypted xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx If the router is not configured to authenticate targeted LDP sessions using MD5, the finding will remain as a CAT II.

Added

V-96797

The Cisco PE router providing MPLS Virtual Private Wire Service (VPWS) must be configured to have the appropriate pseudowire ID for each attachment circuit.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000670
Rule ID
SV-105935r1_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000008
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

VPWS is an L2VPN technology that provides a virtual circuit (aka pseudowire) between two PE routers to forward Layer 2 frames between two customer-edge routers or switches through an MPLS-enabled IP core. The ingress PE router (virtual circuit head-end) encapsulates Ethernet frames inside MPLS packets using label stacking and forwards them across the MPLS network to the egress PE router (virtual circuit tail-end). During a virtual circuit setup, the PE routers exchange label bindings for the specified pseudowire ID. The pseudowire ID specifies a pseudowire associated with an ingress and egress PE router and the customer-facing attachment circuits. To guarantee that all frames are forwarded onto the correct pseudowire and to the correct customer and attachment circuits, it is imperative that the correct pseudowire ID is configured for each attachment circuit.

Fix Text

Assign globally unique pseudowire IDs for each virtual circuit and configure the attachment circuits with the appropriate pseudowire ID. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#l2vpn RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn)#xconnect group COI1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-xc)#p2p COI1-S1-S2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-xc-p2p)#interface g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-xc-p2p)#neighbor 10.1.12.4 pw-id 55

Check Content

Verify that the correct pseudowire ID has been configured for the appropriate attachment circuit. In the example below GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 is the CE-facing interface that is configured for VPWS. l2vpn pw-class ETHOM encapsulation mpls ! ! xconnect group COI1 p2p COI1-S1-S2 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 neighbor ipv4 10.1.12.4 pw-id 55 pw-class ETHOM ! ! ! ! If the correct pseudowire ID has not been configured on both routers, this is a finding.

Added

V-96799

The Cisco PE router providing Virtual Private LAN Services (VPLS) must be configured to have all attachment circuits defined to the virtual forwarding instance (VFI) with the globally unique VPN ID assigned for each customer VLAN.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000680
Rule ID
SV-105937r1_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000009
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

VPLS defines an architecture that delivers Ethernet multipoint services over an MPLS network. Customer Layer 2 frames are forwarded across the MPLS core via pseudowires using IEEE 802.1q Ethernet bridging principles. A pseudowire is a virtual bidirectional connection between two attachment circuits (virtual connections between PE and CE routers). A pseudowire contains two unidirectional label-switched paths (LSP) between two PE routers. Each MAC virtual forwarding table instance (VFI) is interconnected using pseudowires provisioned for the bridge domain, thereby maintaining privacy and logical separation between each VPLS bridge domain. The VFI specifies the pseudowires associated with connecting PE routers and the customer-facing attachment circuits belonging to a given VLAN. Resembling a Layer 2 switch, the VFI is responsible for learning MAC addresses and providing loop-free forwarding of customer traffic to the appropriate end nodes. Each VPLS domain is identified by a globally unique VPN ID; hence, VFIs of the same VPLS domain must be configured with the same VPN ID on all participating PE routers. To guarantee traffic separation for all customer VLANs and that all packets are forwarded to the correct destination, it is imperative that the correct attachment circuits are associated with the appropriate VFI and that each VFI is associated to the unique VPN ID assigned to the customer VLAN.

Fix Text

Assign globally unique VPN IDs for each customer using VPLS for carrier Ethernet services between multiple sites, and configure the attachment circuits to the appropriate VFI. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#l2vpn RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn)#bridge group L2GROUP RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg)#bridge-domain L2_BRIDGE_COI1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd)#interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd-ac)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd)#vfi VFI_COI1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd-vfi)#vpn-id 101

Check Content

Review the implementation plan and the VPN IDs assigned to customer VLANs for the VPLS deployment. Review the PE router configuration to verify that customer attachment circuits are associated to the appropriate VFI. In the example below, the attached circuit at interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 is associated to VPN ID 110. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 l2transport … … … l2vpn pw-class ETH_O_MPLS encapsulation mpls transport-mode ethernet ! ! bridge group L2GROUP bridge-domain L2_BRIDGE_COI1 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 ! vfi VFI_COI1 vpn-id 101 neighbor 10.1.1.1 pw-id 55 pw-class ETH_O_MPLS ! neighbor 10.2.2.2 pw-id 55 pw-class ETH_O_MPLS ! ! ! ! If the attachment circuits have not been bound to VFI configured with the assigned VPN ID for each VLAN, this is a finding.

Added

V-96801

The Cisco PE router must be configured to enforce the split-horizon rule for all pseudowires within a Virtual Private LAN Services (VPLS) bridge domain.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000690
Rule ID
SV-105939r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000010
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

A virtual forwarding instance (VFI) must be created on each participating PE router for each customer VLAN using VPLS for carrier Ethernet services. The VFI specifies the VPN ID of a VPLS domain, the addresses of other PE routers in the domain, and the type of tunnel signaling and encapsulation mechanism for each peer PE router. The set of VFIs formed by the interconnection of the emulated VCs is called a VPLS instance, which forms the logic bridge over the MPLS core network. The PE routers use the VFI with a unique VPN ID to establish a full mesh of emulated virtual circuits or pseudowires to all the other PE routers in the VPLS instance. The full-mesh configuration allows the PE router to maintain a single broadcast domain. With a full-mesh configuration, signaling and packet replication requirements for each provisioned virtual circuit on a PE can be high. To avoid the problem of a packet looping in the provider core, thereby adding more overhead, the PE devices must enforce a split-horizon principle for the emulated virtual circuits; that is, if a packet is received on an emulated virtual circuit, it is not forwarded on any other virtual circuit.

Fix Text

Enable split horizon on all PE routers deploying VPLS in a full-mesh configuration. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#l2vpn RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn)#bridge group L2GROUP RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg)#bridge-domain L2_BRIDGE_COI1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd)#interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd-ac)#split-horizon group RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd-ac)#end

Check Content

Review the PE router configuration to verify that split horizon is enabled at each attachment circuit within each bridge domain as shown in the example below. bridge group L2GROUP bridge-domain L2_BRIDGE_COI1 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 split-horizon group ! If split horizon is not enabled, this is a finding. Note: This requirement is only applicable to a mesh VPLS topology. VPLS solves the loop problem by using a split-horizon rule which states that member PE routers of a VPLS must forward VPLS traffic only to the local attachment circuits when they receive the traffic from the other PE routers. In a ring VPLS, split horizon must be disabled so that a PE router can forward a packet received from one pseudowire to another pseudowire. To prevent the consequential loop, at least one span in the ring would not have a pseudowire for any given VPLS instance.

Added

V-96803

The Cisco PE router providing Virtual Private LAN Services (VPLS) must be configured to have traffic storm control thresholds on CE-facing interfaces.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000700
Rule ID
SV-105941r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000193-RTR-000002
CCI
CCI-001095
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

A traffic storm occurs when packets flood a VPLS bridge, creating excessive traffic and degrading network performance. Traffic storm control prevents VPLS bridge disruption by suppressing traffic when the number of packets reaches configured threshold levels. Traffic storm control monitors incoming traffic levels on a port and drops traffic when the number of packets reaches the configured threshold level during any one-second interval.

Fix Text

Configure storm control for each CE-facing interface as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#l2vpn RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn)#bridge group L2GROUP RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg)# bridge-domain L2_BRIDGE_COI1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd)#interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd-ac)#storm-control broadcast kbps 1200 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd-ac)#storm-control multicast kbps 1200 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd-ac)#storm-control unknown-unicast kbps 1200 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd-ac)#end Note: The acceptable range is 10000000 -1000000000 for a gigabit ethernet interface, and 100000000-10000000000 for a ten gigabit interface. Storm control is not supported on most FastEthernet interfaces.

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify that storm control is enabled on CE-facing interfaces deploying VPLS as shown in the example below. bridge group L2GROUP bridge-domain L2_BRIDGE_COI1 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 storm-control unknown-unicast kbps 1200 storm-control multicast kbps 1200 storm-control broadcast kbps 1200 split-horizon group ! If storm control is not enabled at a minimum for broadcast traffic, this is a finding.

Added

V-96805

The Cisco PE router must be configured to implement Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) or Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) snooping for each Virtual Private LAN Services (VPLS) bridge domain.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000710
Rule ID
SV-105943r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000362-RTR-000119
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

IGMP snooping provides a way to constrain multicast traffic at Layer 2. By monitoring the IGMP membership reports sent by hosts within the bridge domain, the snooping application can set up Layer 2 multicast forwarding tables to deliver traffic only to ports with at least one interested member within the VPLS bridge, thereby significantly reducing the volume of multicast traffic that would otherwise flood an entire VPLS bridge domain. The IGMP snooping operation applies to both access circuits and pseudowires within a VPLS bridge domain.

Fix Text

Configure IGMP or MLD snooping for IPv4 and IPv6 multicast traffic respectively for each VPLS bridge domain. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#l2vpn RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn)#bridge group L2GROUP RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg)# bridge-domain L2_BRIDGE_COI1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd)#interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd-ac)#igmp snooping profile default RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd-ac)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify that IGMP or MLD snooping has been configured for IPv4 and IPv6 multicast traffic respectively for each VPLS bridge domain. l2vpn bridge group L2GROUP bridge-domain L2_BRIDGE_COI1 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 igmp snooping profile default If the router is not configured to implement IGMP or MLD snooping for each VPLS bridge domain, this is a finding.

Added

V-96807

The Cisco PE router must be configured to limit the number of MAC addresses it can learn for each Virtual Private LAN Services (VPLS) bridge domain.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000720
Rule ID
SV-105945r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000192-RTR-000002
CCI
CCI-001094
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

VPLS defines an architecture that delivers Ethernet multipoint services over an MPLS network. Customer Layer 2 frames are forwarded across the MPLS core via pseudowires using IEEE 802.1q Ethernet bridging principles. A pseudowire is a virtual bidirectional connection between two attachment circuits (virtual connections between PE and CE routers). A pseudowire contains two unidirectional label-switched paths (LSP). Each MAC forwarding table instance is interconnected using domain-specific LSPs, thereby maintaining privacy and logical separation between each VPLS domain. When a frame arrives on a bridge port (pseudowire or attachment circuit) and the source MAC address is unknown to the receiving PE router, the source MAC address is associated with the pseudowire or attachment circuit and the forwarding table is updated accordingly. Frames are forwarded to the appropriate pseudowire or attachment circuit according to the forwarding table entry for the destination MAC address. Ethernet frames sent to broadcast and unknown destination addresses must be flooded out to all interfaces for the bridge domain; hence, a PE router must replicate packets across both attachment circuits and pseudowires. A malicious attacker residing in a customer network could launch a source MAC address spoofing attack by flooding packets to a valid unicast destination, each with a different MAC source address. The PE router receiving this traffic would try to learn every new MAC address and would quickly run out of space for the VFI forwarding table. Older, valid MAC addresses would be removed from the table, and traffic sent to them would have to be flooded until the storm threshold limit is reached. Hence, it is essential that a limit is established to control the number of MAC addresses that will be learned and recorded into the forwarding table for each bridge domain.

Fix Text

Configure a MAC address learning limit for each VPLS bridge domain. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#l2vpn RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn)#bridge group L2GROUP RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg)#bridge-domain L2_BRIDGE_COI1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd)#interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd-ac)#mac limit maximum nnn RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd-ac)#end

Check Content

Review the PE router configuration to determine if a MAC address limit has been set for each VPLS bridge domain. bridge group L2GROUP bridge-domain L2_BRIDGE_COI1 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 mac limit maximum nnnn ! ! If a limit has not been configured, this is a finding.

Added

V-96809

The Cisco PE router must be configured to block any traffic that is destined to IP core infrastructure.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000730
Rule ID
SV-105947r1_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000007
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

IP/MPLS networks providing VPN and transit services must provide, at the least, the same level of protection against denial-of-service (DoS) attacks and intrusions as Layer 2 networks. Although the IP core network elements are hidden, security should never rely entirely on obscurity. IP addresses can be guessed. Core network elements must not be accessible from any external host. Protecting the core from any attack is vital for the integrity and privacy of customer traffic as well as the availability of transit services. A compromise of the IP core can result in an outage or, at a minimum, non-optimized forwarding of customer traffic. Protecting the core from an outside attack also prevents attackers from using the core to attack any customer. Hence, it is imperative that all routers at the edge deny traffic destined to any address belonging to the IP core infrastructure.

Fix Text

Configure protection for the IP core to be implemented at the edges by blocking any traffic with a destination address assigned to the IP core infrastructure. Step 1: Configure an ingress ACL to discard and log packets destined to the IP core address space. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#Ipv4 access-list BLOCK_TO_CORE RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny tcp any any eq tacacs log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any 10.1.x.0 0.0.255.255 log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#end Step 2: Apply the ACL inbound to all external or CE-facing interfaces. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g1/1/0/0 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 access-group BLOCK_TO_CORE in RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#end

Check Content

Step 1: Review the router configuration to verify that an ingress ACL is applied to all external or CE-facing interfaces. interface GigabitEthernet1/1/0/0 ipv4 address x.1.12.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 access-group BLOCK_TO_CORE ingress Step 2: Verify that the ingress ACL discards and logs packets destined to the IP core address space. Ipv4 access-list BLOCK_TO_CORE 10 deny ipv4 any 10.1.x.0 0.0.255.255 log-input 20 permit ipv4 any any ! If the PE router is not configured to block any traffic with a destination address assigned to the IP core infrastructure, this is a finding. Note: Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) echo requests and traceroutes will be allowed to the edge from external adjacent neighbors.

Added

V-96811

The Cisco PE router must be configured with Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding (uRPF) loose mode enabled on all CE-facing interfaces.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000740
Rule ID
SV-105949r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000008
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The uRPF feature is a defense against spoofing and denial-of-service (DoS) attacks by verifying if the source address of any ingress packet is reachable. To mitigate attacks that rely on forged source addresses, all provider edge routers must enable uRPF loose mode to guarantee that all packets received from a CE router contain source addresses that are in the route table.

Fix Text

Configure uRPF loose mode on all CE-facing interfaces as shown in the example RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g1/1/0/0 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 verify unicast source reachable-via any

Check Content

Review the router configuration to determine if uRPF loose mode is enabled on all CE-facing interfaces. interface GigabitEthernet1/1/0/0 ip address x.1.12.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 verify unicast source reachable-via any If uRPF loose mode is not enabled on all CE-facing interfaces, this is a finding.

Added

V-96813

The Cisco PE router must be configured to ignore or block all packets with any IP options.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000750
Rule ID
SV-105951r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000195-RTR-000085
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Packets with IP options are not fast switched and therefore must be punted to the router processor. Hackers who initiate denial-of-service (DoS) attacks on routers commonly send large streams of packets with IP options. Dropping the packets with IP options reduces the load of IP options packets on the router. The end result is a reduction in the effects of the DoS attack on the router and on downstream routers.

Fix Text

Configure the router to drop all packets with ipv4 source-route as shown below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#no ipv4 source-route

Check Content

In Cisco IOS XR, all IPv4 packets with any header option other than the "source-route" header options are dropped. By default, ipv4 source routing is disabled. Verify that the following command is not configured: ipv4 source-route If the router is not configured to drop all packets with IP options, this is a finding.

Added

V-96815

The Cisco PE router must be configured to implement a Quality-of-Service (QoS) policy in accordance with the QoS GIG Technical Profile.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000760
Rule ID
SV-105953r2_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000193-RTR-000113
CCI
CCI-001095
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Different applications have unique requirements and toleration levels for delay, jitter, bandwidth, packet loss, and availability. To manage the multitude of applications and services, a network requires a QoS framework to differentiate traffic and provide a method to manage network congestion. The Differentiated Services Model (DiffServ) is based on per-hop behavior by categorizing traffic into different classes and enabling each node to enforce a forwarding treatment to each packet as dictated by a policy. Packet markings such as IP Precedence and its successor, Differentiated Services Code Points (DSCP), were defined along with specific per-hop behaviors for key traffic types to enable a scalable QoS solution. DiffServ QoS categorizes network traffic, prioritizes it according to its relative importance, and provides priority treatment based on the classification. It is imperative that end-to-end QoS is implemented within the IP core network to provide preferred treatment for mission-critical applications.

Fix Text

Configure a QoS policy in accordance with the QoS GIG Technical Profile. Step 1: Configure class-maps to match on DSCP values as shown in the configuration example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#class-map match-all C2_VOICE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#match dscp 47 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#class-map match-all VOICE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#match dscp ef RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#class-map match-all VIDEO RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#match dscp af41 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#class-map match-all CONTROL_PLANE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#match dscp cs6 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#class-map match-all PREFERRED_DATA RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#match dscp af33 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#exit Step 2: Configure a policy map to be applied to the core-layer-facing interface that reserves the bandwidth for each traffic type as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap)#policy-map QOS_POLICY RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap)#class C2_VOICE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 10 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#class VOICE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 15 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#class VIDEO RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 25 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#class CONTROL_PLANE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 10 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#class PREFERRED_DATA RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 25 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#class class-default RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 15 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#exit Step 3: Apply the output service policy to the core-layer-facing interface as shown in the configuration example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#service-policy output QOS_POLICY RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#int g0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#service-policy output QOS_POLICY RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#end Note: The GTP QOS document can be downloaded via the following link: https://intellipedia.intelink.gov/wiki/Portal:GIG_Technical_Guidance/GTG_GTPs/GTP_Development_List

Check Content

Review the router configuration and verify that it has been configured to enforce a QoS policy in accordance with the QoS GIG Technical Profile (GTP-0009). Step 1: Verify that the class-maps are configured to match on DSCP values as shown in the configuration example below. class-map match-all VIDEO match dscp af41 end-class-map ! class-map match-all VOICE match dscp ef end-class-map ! class-map match-all C2_VOICE match dscp 47 end-class-map ! class-map match-all CONTROL_PLANE match dscp cs6 end-class-map ! class-map match-all PREFERRED_DATA match dscp af33 end-class-map ! Step 2: Verify that the policy map reserves the bandwidth for each traffic type as shown in the following example: policy-map QOS_POLICY class C2_VOICE bandwidth percent 10 ! class VOICE bandwidth percent 15 ! class VIDEO bandwidth percent 25 ! class CONTROL_PLANE bandwidth percent 10 ! class PREFERRED_DATA bandwidth percent 25 ! class class-default bandwidth percent 15 ! end-policy-map ! Step 3: Verify that an output service policy is bound to all interface as shown in the configuration example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 service-policy output QOS_POLICY ipv4 address x.1.24.2 255.255.255.252 ! interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 service-policy output QOS_POLICY ipv4 address x.1.24.5 255.255.255.252 Note: Enclaves must mark or re-mark their traffic to be consistent with the DODIN backbone admission criteria to gain the appropriate level of service. A general DiffServ principle is to mark or trust traffic as close to the source as administratively and technically possible. However, certain traffic types might need to be re-marked before handoff to the DODIN backbone to gain admission to the correct class. If such re-marking is required, it is recommended that the re-marking be performed at the CE egress edge. Note: The GTP QOS document can be downloaded via the following link: https://intellipedia.intelink.gov/wiki/Portal:GIG_Technical_Guidance/GTG_GTPs/GTP_Development_List If the router is not configured to enforce a QoS policy in accordance with the QoS GIG Technical Profile, this is a finding.

Added

V-96817

The Cisco P router must be configured to implement a Quality-of-Service (QoS) policy in accordance with the QoS GIG Technical Profile.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000770
Rule ID
SV-105955r2_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000193-RTR-000114
CCI
CCI-001095
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Different applications have unique requirements and toleration levels for delay, jitter, bandwidth, packet loss, and availability. To manage the multitude of applications and services, a network requires a QoS framework to differentiate traffic and provide a method to manage network congestion. The Differentiated Services Model (DiffServ) is based on per-hop behavior by categorizing traffic into different classes and enabling each node to enforce a forwarding treatment to each packet as dictated by a policy. Packet markings such as IP Precedence and its successor, Differentiated Services Code Points (DSCP), were defined along with specific per-hop behaviors for key traffic types to enable a scalable QoS solution. DiffServ QoS categorizes network traffic, prioritizes it according to its relative importance, and provides priority treatment based on the classification. It is imperative that end-to-end QoS is implemented within the IP core network to provide preferred treatment for mission-critical applications.

Fix Text

Configure a QoS policy in accordance with the QoS GIG Technical Profile. Step 1: Configure class-maps to match on DSCP values as shown in the configuration example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#class-map match-all C2_VOICE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#match dscp 47 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#class-map match-all VOICE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#match dscp ef RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#class-map match-all VIDEO RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#match dscp af41 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#class-map match-all CONTROL_PLANE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#match dscp cs6 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#class-map match-all PREFERRED_DATA RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#match dscp af33 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#exit Step 2: Configure a policy map to be applied to the core-layer-facing interface that reserves the bandwidth for each traffic type as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap)#policy-map QOS_POLICY RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap)#class C2_VOICE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 10 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#class VOICE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 15 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#class VIDEO RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 25 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#class CONTROL_PLANE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 10 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#class PREFERRED_DATA RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 25 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#class class-default RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 15 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#exit Step 3: Apply the output service policy to the core-layer-facing interface as shown in the configuration example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#service-policy output QOS_POLICY RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#int g0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#service-policy output QOS_POLICY RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#end Note: The GTP QOS document (GTP-0009) can be downloaded via the following link: https://intellipedia.intelink.gov/wiki/Portal:GIG_Technical_Guidance/GTG_GTPs/GTP_Development_List

Check Content

Review the router configuration and verify that it has been configured to enforce a QoS policy in accordance with the QoS GIG Technical Profile (GTP-0009). Step 1: Verify that the class-maps are configured to match on DSCP values as shown in the configuration example below. class-map match-all VIDEO match dscp af41 end-class-map ! class-map match-all VOICE match dscp ef end-class-map ! class-map match-all C2_VOICE match dscp 47 end-class-map ! class-map match-all CONTROL_PLANE match dscp cs6 end-class-map ! class-map match-all PREFERRED_DATA match dscp af33 end-class-map ! Step 2: Verify that the policy map reserves the bandwidth for each traffic type as shown in the following example: policy-map QOS_POLICY class C2_VOICE bandwidth percent 10 ! class VOICE bandwidth percent 15 ! class VIDEO bandwidth percent 25 ! class CONTROL_PLANE bandwidth percent 10 ! class PREFERRED_DATA bandwidth percent 25 ! class class-default bandwidth percent 15 ! end-policy-map ! Step 3: Verify that an output service policy is bound to all interfaces as shown in the configuration example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 service-policy output QOS_POLICY ipv4 address x.1.24.2 255.255.255.252 ! interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 service-policy output QOS_POLICY ipv4 address x.1.24.5 255.255.255.252 Note: Enclaves must mark or re-mark their traffic to be consistent with the DODIN backbone admission criteria to gain the appropriate level of service. A general DiffServ principle is to mark or trust traffic as close to the source as administratively and technically possible. However, certain traffic types might need to be re-marked before handoff to the DODIN backbone to gain admission to the correct class. If such re-marking is required, it is recommended that the re-marking be performed at the CE egress edge. Note: The GTP QOS document (GTP-0009) can be downloaded via the following link: https://intellipedia.intelink.gov/wiki/Portal:GIG_Technical_Guidance/GTG_GTPs/GTP_Development_List If the router is not configured to enforce a QoS policy in accordance with the QoS GIG Technical Profile, this is a finding.

Added

V-96819

The Cisco router must be configured to enforce a Quality-of-Service (QoS) policy to limit the effects of packet flooding denial-of-service (DoS) attacks.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000780
Rule ID
SV-105957r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000193-RTR-000112
CCI
CCI-001095
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

DoS is a condition when a resource is not available for legitimate users. Packet flooding distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks are referred to as volumetric attacks and have the objective of overloading a network or circuit to deny or seriously degrade performance, which denies access to the services that normally traverse the network or circuit. Volumetric attacks have become relatively easy to launch using readily available tools such as Low Orbit Ion Cannon or botnets. Measures to mitigate the effects of a successful volumetric attack must be taken to ensure that sufficient capacity is available for mission-critical traffic. Managing capacity may include, for example, establishing selected network usage priorities or quotas and enforcing them using rate limiting, Quality of Service (QoS), or other resource reservation control methods. These measures may also mitigate the effects of sudden decreases in network capacity that are the result of accidental or intentional physical damage to telecommunications facilities (such as cable cuts or weather-related outages).

Fix Text

Step 1: Configure a class map for the SCAVENGER class. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#class-map match-all SCAVENGER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#match dscp cs1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#exit Step 2: Add the SCAVENGER class to the policy map as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#policy-map QOS_POLICY RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap)#no class class-default RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap)#class SCAVENGER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 5 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#class class-default RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 10 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#end

Check Content

Step 1: Verify that a class map has been configured for the Scavenger class as shown in the example below. class-map match-all SCAVENGER match dscp cs1 end-class-map Step 2: Verify that the policy map includes the SCAVENGER class with low priority as shown in the following example below. policy-map QOS_POLICY class C2_VOICE bandwidth percent 10 ! class VOICE bandwidth percent 15 ! class VIDEO bandwidth percent 25 ! class CONTROL_PLANE bandwidth percent 10 ! class PREFERRED_DATA bandwidth percent 25 ! class SCAVENGER bandwidth percent 5 ! class class-default bandwidth percent 10 ! end-policy-map Note: Traffic out of profile must be marked at the customer access layer or CE egress edge. If the policy map does not include the SCAVENGER class with low priority, this is a finding.

Added

V-96821

The Cisco multicast router must be configured to disable Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) on all interfaces that are not required to support multicast routing.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000790
Rule ID
SV-105959r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000019-RTR-000003
CCI
CCI-001414
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

If multicast traffic is forwarded beyond the intended boundary, it is possible that it can be intercepted by unauthorized or unintended personnel. Limiting where, within the network, a given multicast group's data is permitted to flow is an important first step in improving multicast security. A scope zone is an instance of a connected region of a given scope. Zones of the same scope cannot overlap while zones of a smaller scope will fit completely within a zone of a larger scope. For example, Admin-local scope is smaller than Site-local scope, so the administratively configured boundary fits within the bounds of a site. According to RFC 4007 IPv6 Scoped Address Architecture (section 5), scope zones are also required to be "convex from a routing perspective"; that is, packets routed within a zone must not pass through any links that are outside of the zone. This requirement forces each zone to be one contiguous island rather than a series of separate islands. As stated in the DoD IPv6 IA Guidance for MO3, "One should be able to identify all interfaces of a zone by drawing a closed loop on their network diagram, engulfing some routers and passing through some routers to include only some of their interfaces". Therefore, it is imperative that the network engineers have documented their multicast topology and thereby knows which interfaces are enabled for multicast. Once this is done, the zones can be scoped as required.

Fix Text

Document all enabled interfaces for PIM in the network's multicast topology diagram. Disable support for PIM on interfaces that are not required to support it. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router pim RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim)#address-family ipv4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-ipv4-if)#disable RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-ipv4-if)#end

Check Content

Step 1: Review the network's multicast topology diagram. Step 2: Review the router configuration to verify that only the interfaces as shown in the multicast topology diagram are enabled as shown in the example below. ! router pim address-family ipv4 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/0 enable ! interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 enable ! ! If an interface is not required to support multicast routing and it is enabled, this is a finding.

Added

V-96823

The Cisco multicast router must be configured to bind a Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) neighbor filter to interfaces that have PIM enabled.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000800
Rule ID
SV-105961r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000019-RTR-000004
CCI
CCI-001414
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

PIM is a routing protocol used to build multicast distribution trees for forwarding multicast traffic across the network infrastructure. PIM traffic must be limited to only known PIM neighbors by configuring and binding a PIM neighbor filter to those interfaces that have PIM enabled. If a PIM neighbor filter is not applied to those interfaces that have PIM enabled, unauthorized routers can join the PIM domain, discover and use the rendezvous points, and also advertise their rendezvous points into the domain. This can result in a denial of service by traffic flooding or result in the unauthorized transfer of data.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure neighbor ACLs to only accept PIM control plane traffic from documented PIM neighbors. Bind neighbor ACLs to all PIM enabled interfaces. Step 1: Configure ACL for PIM neighbors. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list PIM_NEIGHBOR_1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ipv4 host 10.1.1.2 any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#exit Step 2: Apply the ACL to all interfaces enabled for PIM. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router pim RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim)#address-family ipv4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-ipv4-if)#neighbor-filter PIM_NEIGHBOR_1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-ipv4-if)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#int g0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-ipv4-if)#neighbor-filter PIM_NEIGHBOR_2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-ipv4-if)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Step 1: Verify all interfaces enabled for PIM have a neighbor ACL bound to the interface as shown in the example below. router pim address-family ipv4 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 enable neighbor-filter PIM_NEIGHBOR_1 ! interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 enable neighbor-filter PIM_NEIGHBOR_2 ! ! ! Step 2: Review the configured ACL for filtering PIM neighbors as shown in the example below. ipv4 access-list PIM_NEIGHBOR_1 10 permit ipv4 host 10.1.1.2 any ! ipv4 access-list PIM_NEIGHBOR_2 10 permit ipv4 host 10.1.2.8 any ! If PIM neighbor ACLs are not bound to all interfaces that have PIM enabled, this is a finding.

Added

V-96825

The Cisco multicast edge router must be configured to establish boundaries for administratively scoped multicast traffic.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000810
Rule ID
SV-105963r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000019-RTR-000005
CCI
CCI-001414
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

If multicast traffic is forwarded beyond the intended boundary, it is possible that it can be intercepted by unauthorized or unintended personnel. Administrative scoped multicast addresses are locally assigned and are to be used exclusively by the enterprise network or enclave. Administrative scoped multicast traffic must not cross the enclave perimeter in either direction. Restricting multicast traffic makes it more difficult for a malicious user to access sensitive traffic. Admin-Local scope is encouraged for any multicast traffic within a network intended for network management, as well as for control plane traffic that must reach beyond link-local destinations.

Fix Text

Step 1: Configure the ACL to deny packets with multicast administratively scoped destination addresses as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#Ipv4 access-list MULTICAST_SCOPE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny 239.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit any Step 2: Apply the multicast boundary at the appropriate interfaces as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#multicast-routing RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-mcast)#address-family ipv4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-mcast-default-ipv4)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-mcast-default-ipv4-if)#boundary MULTICAST_SCOPE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-mcast-default-ipv4-if)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration and verify that admin-scope multicast traffic is blocked at the external edge as shown in the example below. ipv4 access-list MULTICAST_SCOPE 10 deny ipv4 239.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any 20 permit ipv4 any any … … … multicast-routing address-family ipv4 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 enable boundary MULTICAST_SCOPE ! interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 enable ! ! ! If the router is not configured to establish boundaries for administratively scoped multicast traffic, this is a finding.

Added

V-96827

The Cisco multicast Rendezvous Point (RP) router must be configured to filter Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) Join messages received from the Designated Router (DR) for any undesirable multicast groups.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000820
Rule ID
SV-105965r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000362-RTR-000120
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

MSDP peering between networks enables sharing of multicast source information. Enclaves with an existing multicast topology using PIM-SM can configure their RP routers to peer with MSDP routers. As a first step of defense against a denial-of-service (DoS) attack, all RP routers must limit the multicast forwarding cache to ensure that router resources are not saturated managing an overwhelming number of PIM and MSDP source-active entries.

Fix Text

The risk associated with this requirement can be fully mitigated by configuring the router to filter PIM register messages, rate limiting the number of PIM register messages, and accept MSDP packets only from known MSDP peers. Step 1: Configure the router to filter PIM register messages received from a multicast DR for any undesirable multicast groups and sources. The example below will deny any multicast streams for groups 239.5.0.0/16 and allow from only sources 10.1.2.6 and 10.1.2.7. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list PIM_REGISTER_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any 239.5.0.0 0.0.255.255 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ipv4 host 10.1.2.6 any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ipv4 host 10.1.2.7 any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router pim RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim)#address-family ipv4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#accept-register PIM_REGISTER_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#end Step 2: Configure the RP to rate limit the number of multicast register messages. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router pim RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim)#address-family ipv4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#maximum register-states 250 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#end Step 3: Configure the receive path or interface ACLs to only accepts MSDP packets from known MSDP peers. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.1.28.2 host x.1.28.8 eq 639 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny tcp any host x.1.28.8 eq 639 log RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.1.28.2 host x.1.28.8 eq bgp RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.1.28.2 eq bgp host x.1.28.8 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit pim host x.1.28.2 host x.1.28.8 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any any established … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log

Check Content

The Cisco router does not have a mechanism to limit the multicast forwarding cache. However, the risk associated with this requirement can be fully mitigated by configuring the router to: 1. Filter PIM register messages. 2. Rate limiting the number of PIM register messages. 3. Accept MSDP packets only from known MSDP peers. Step 1: Verify that the RP router is configured to filter PIM register messages for any undesirable multicast groups and sources. The example below will deny any multicast streams for groups 239.5.0.0/16 and allow from only sources 10.1.2.6 and 10.1.2.7. ipv4 access-list PIM_REGISTER_FILTER 10 deny ipv4 any 239.5.0.0 0.0.255.255 20 permit ipv4 host 10.1.2.6 any 30 permit ipv4 host 10.1.2.7 any 40 deny ipv4 any any … … … router pim address-family ipv4 rp-address 2.2.2.2 accept-register PIM_REGISTER_FILTER Step 2: Verify that the router is configured to rate limiting the number of PIM register messages as shown in the example below. router pim address-family ipv4 allow-rp group-list FILTER_PIM_JOINS rp-address 10.2.2.2 accept-register PIM_REGISTER_FILTER maximum register-states 250 Note: The maximum register-states command is used to set an upper limit for PIM register states. When the limit is reached, PIM discontinues route creation from PIM register messages. If not configured, the default is 2000 which would be an overage for a small to average size multicast deployment. Step 3: Review the router configuration to determine if there is a receive path or interface filter to only accept MSDP packets from known MSDP peers as shown in the example below. Step 3a: Determine which interfaces would be peering MSDP with an external router by the configured peer addresses as shown in the example below. router msdp peer x.14.2.1 remote-as nn ! peer x.15.3.5 remote-as nn ! ! Step 3b: Verify that interfaces used for MSDP peering have an inbound ACL as shown in the example. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.14.2.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND ingress Step 3c: Verify that the ACL restricts MSDP peering to only known sources. ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 10 permit tcp host x.1.28.2 host x.1.28.8 eq 639 20 deny tcp any host x.1.28.8 eq 639 log 30 permit tcp host x.1.28.2 host x.1.28.8 eq bgp 40 permit tcp host x.1.28.2 eq bgp host x.1.28.8 50 permit pim host x.1.28.2 host x.1.28.8 60 permit tcp any any established … … … 140 deny ipv4 any any log Note: MSDP connections is via TCP port 639 If the RP router is not configured to filter PIM register messages, rate limiting the number of PIM register messages, and accept MSDP packets only from known MSDP peers, this is a finding.

Added

V-96829

The Cisco multicast Rendezvous Point (RP) router must be configured to filter Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) Register messages received from the Designated Router (DR) for any undesirable multicast groups and sources.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000830
Rule ID
SV-105967r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000019-RTR-000013
CCI
CCI-001414
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Real-time multicast traffic can entail multiple large flows of data. An attacker can flood a network segment with multicast packets, over-using the available bandwidth and thereby creating a denial-of-service (DoS) condition. Hence, it is imperative that register messages are accepted only for authorized multicast groups and sources.

Fix Text

Configure the router to filter PIM register messages received from a multicast DR for any undesirable multicast groups and sources. The example below will deny any multicast streams for groups 239.5.0.0/16 and allow from only sources 10.1.2.6 and 10.1.2.7. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list PIM_REGISTER_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any 239.5.0.0 0.0.255.255 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ipv4 host 10.1.2.6 any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ipv4 host 10.1.2.7 any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router pim RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim)#address-family ipv4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#accept-register PIM_REGISTER_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#end

Check Content

Verify that the RP router is configured to filter PIM register messages. The example below will deny any multicast streams for groups 239.5.0.0/16 and allow from only sources 10.1.2.6 and 10.1.2.7. ipv4 access-list PIM_REGISTER_FILTER 10 deny ipv4 any 239.5.0.0 0.0.255.255 20 permit ipv4 host 10.1.2.6 any 30 permit ipv4 host 10.1.2.7 any 40 deny ipv4 any any … … … router pim address-family ipv4 rp-address 2.2.2.2 accept-register PIM_REGISTER_FILTER If the RP router peering with PIM-SM routers is not configured with a policy to block registration messages for any undesirable multicast groups and sources, this is a finding.

Added

V-96831

The Cisco multicast Rendezvous Point (RP) router must be configured to filter Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) Join messages received from the Designated Router (DR) for any undesirable multicast groups.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000840
Rule ID
SV-105969r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000019-RTR-000014
CCI
CCI-001414
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Real-time multicast traffic can entail multiple large flows of data. An attacker can flood a network segment with multicast packets, over-using the available bandwidth and thereby creating a denial-of-service (DoS) condition. Hence, it is imperative that join messages are only accepted for authorized multicast groups.

Fix Text

Configure the RP to filter PIM join messages for any undesirable multicast groups as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list FILTER_PIM_JOINS RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny 239.8.0.0 0.0.255.255 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router pim RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim)#address-family ipv4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#allow-rp group-list FILTER_PIM_JOINS RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#end

Check Content

Verify that the RP router is configured to filter PIM join messages for any undesirable multicast groups. In the example below, groups from 239.8.0.0/16 are no allowed. ipv4 access-list FILTER_PIM_JOINS 10 deny ipv4 239.8.0.0 0.0.255.255 any 20 permit ipv4 any any … … … router pim address-family ipv4 allow-rp group-list FILTER_PIM_JOINS If the RP is not configured to filter join messages received from the DR for any undesirable multicast groups, this is a finding.

Added

V-96833

The Cisco multicast Rendezvous Point (RP) must be configured to rate limit the number of Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) Register messages.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000850
Rule ID
SV-105971r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000362-RTR-000121
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

When a new source starts transmitting in a PIM Sparse Mode network, the Designated Router (DR) will encapsulate the multicast packets into register messages and forward them to the RP using unicast. This process can be taxing on the CPU for both the DR and the RP if the source is running at a high data rate and there are many new sources starting at the same time. This scenario can potentially occur immediately after a network failover. The rate limit for the number of register messages should be set to a relatively low value based on the known number of multicast sources within the multicast domain.

Fix Text

Configure the RP to rate limit the number of multicast register states. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router pim RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim)#address-family ipv4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#maximum register-states 250 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#end

Check Content

Review the configuration of the RP to verify that it is limiting the number of PIM register states as shown in the example. router pim address-family ipv4 allow-rp group-list FILTER_PIM_JOINS rp-address 10.2.2.2 accept-register PIM_REGISTER_FILTER maximum register-states 250 Note: The maximum register-states command is used to set an upper limit for PIM register states. When the limit is reached, PIM discontinues route creation from PIM register messages. If not configured, the default is 2000 which would be an overage for a small to average size multicast deployment. If the RP is not limiting PIM register states, this is a finding.

Added

V-96835

The Cisco multicast Designated Router (DR) must be configured to filter the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) and Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) Report messages to allow hosts to join only multicast groups that have been approved by the organization.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000860
Rule ID
SV-105973r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000114
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Real-time multicast traffic can entail multiple large flows of data. Large unicast flows tend to be fairly isolated (i.e., someone doing a file download here or there), whereas multicast can have broader impact on bandwidth consumption, resulting in extreme network congestion. Hence, it is imperative that there is multicast admission control to restrict which multicast groups hosts are allowed to join via IGMP or MLD.

Fix Text

Configure the DR to filter the IGMP or MLD Membership Report messages to allow hosts to join only those multicast groups that have been approved. Step 1: Configure the ACL to filter IGMP Membership Report messages as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config)#ipv4 access-list IGMP_JOIN_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-ipv4-acl)#deny 239.8.0.0 0.0.255.255 RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-ipv4-acl)#exit Step 2: Apply the filter to all host facing interfaces. RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config)#router igmp RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-igmp)#interface g0/0/1/0 RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-igmp-default-if)#access-group IGMP_JOIN_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-igmp-default-if)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-igmp)#interface g0/0/1/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-igmp-default-if)#end

Check Content

Review the configuration of the DR to verify that it is filtering IGMP or MLD Membership Report messages, allowing hosts to join only those groups that have been approved. Step 1: Verify that all host facing interfaces are configured to filter IGMP Membership Report messages (IGMP joins) as shown in the example below. router igmp interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1/0 access-group IGMP_JOIN_FILTER ! interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1/1 access-group IGMP_JOIN_FILTER ! Step 2: Verify that the ACL denies unauthorized groups or permits only authorized groups. The example below denies all groups from 239.8.0.0/16 range. ipv4 access-list IGMP_JOIN_FILTER 10 deny ipv4 239.8.0.0 0.0.255.255 any 20 permit ipv4 any any ! Note: This requirement is only applicable to Source Specific Multicast (SSM) implementation. This requirement is not applicable to Any Source Multicast (ASM) since the filtering is being performed by the Rendezvous Point router. If the DR is not filtering IGMP or MLD Membership Report messages, this is a finding.

Added

V-96837

The Cisco multicast Designated Router (DR) must be configured to filter the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) and Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) Report messages to allow hosts to join a multicast group only from sources that have been approved by the organization.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000870
Rule ID
SV-105975r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000115
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Real-time multicast traffic can entail multiple large flows of data. Large unicast flows tend to be fairly isolated (i.e., someone doing a file download here or there), whereas multicast can have broader impact on bandwidth consumption, resulting in extreme network congestion. Hence, it is imperative that there is multicast admission control to restrict which multicast groups hosts are allowed to join via IGMP or MLD.

Fix Text

Configure the DR to filter the IGMP and MLD report messages to allow hosts to join only those multicast groups from sources that have been approved as shown in the example. Step 1: Configure the access list to filter multicast joins as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list IGMP_JOIN_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any 232.8.0.0 0.0.255.255 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip x.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any Step 2: Apply the filter to all host facing interfaces. RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config)#router igmp RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-igmp)#interface g0/0/1/0 RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-igmp-default-if)#access-group IGMP_JOIN_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-igmp-default-if)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-igmp)#interface g0/0/1/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-igmp-default-if)#end

Check Content

Review the configuration of the DR to verify that it is filtering IGMP or MLD report messages, allowing hosts to only join multicast groups from sources that have been approved. Step 1: Verify that all host facing interfaces are configured to filter IGMP Membership Report messages (IGMP joins) as shown in the example below. router igmp interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1/0 access-group IGMP_JOIN_FILTER ! interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1/1 access-group IGMP_JOIN_FILTER ! Step 2: Verify that the ACL denies unauthorized sources or allows only authorized sources. The example below denies all groups from 232.8.0.0/16 range and permits sources only from the x.0.0.0/8 network. ipv4 access-list IGMP_JOIN_FILTER 10 deny ipv4 any 232.8.0.0 0.0.255.255 20 permit ipv4 x.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any 30 deny ipv4 any any ! Note: This requirement is only applicable to Source Specific Multicast (SSM) implementation. If the DR is not filtering IGMP or MLD report messages, this is a finding.

Added

V-96839

The Cisco multicast Designated Router (DR) must be configured to limit the number of mroute states resulting from Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) and Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) Host Membership Reports.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000880
Rule ID
SV-105977r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000362-RTR-000122
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The current multicast paradigm can let any host join any multicast group at any time by sending an IGMP or MLD membership report to the DR. In a Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) Sparse Mode network, the DR will send a PIM Join message for the group to the RP. Without any form of admission control, this can pose a security risk to the entire multicast domain - specifically the multicast routers along the shared tree from the DR to the RP that must maintain the mroute state information for each group join request. Hence, it is imperative that the DR is configured to limit the number of mroute state information that must be maintained to mitigate the risk of IGMP or MLD flooding.

Fix Text

Configure the DR on a global or interface basis to limit the number of mroute states resulting from IGMP or MLD membership reports. RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config)#router igmp RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-igmp)#maximum groups 200 RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-igmp)#end

Check Content

Review the DR configuration to verify that it is limiting the number of mroute states via IGMP or MLD. Verify IGMP limits have been configured globally or on each host-facing interface via the ip igmp limit command as shown in the example. router igmp interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/0 access-group IGMP_JOIN_FILTER ! interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 access-group IGMP_JOIN_FILTER ! maximum groups 200 !Note: After the maximum groups value is met, all additional memberships learned are ignored. If not configured, the default is 5000 which would be an overage for a small to average size multicast deployment. If the DR is not limiting multicast join requests via IGMP or MLD on a global or interfaces basis, this is a finding.

Added

V-96841

The Cisco multicast Designated Router (DR) must be configured to set the shortest-path tree (SPT) threshold to infinity to minimalize source-group (S, G) state within the multicast topology where Any Source Multicast (ASM) is deployed.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000890
Rule ID
SV-105979r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000362-RTR-000123
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

ASM can have many sources for the same groups (many-to-many). For many receivers, the path via the RP may not be ideal compared with the shortest path from the source to the receiver. By default, the last-hop router will initiate a switch from the shared tree to a source-specific SPT to obtain lower latencies. This is accomplished by the last-hop router sending an (S, G) Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) Join toward S (the source). When the last-hop router begins to receive traffic for the group from the source via the SPT, it will send a PIM Prune message to the RP for the (S, G). The RP will then send a Prune message toward the source. The SPT switchover becomes a scaling issue for large multicast topologies that have many receivers and many sources for many groups because (S, G) entries require more memory than (*, G). Hence, it is imperative to minimize the amount of (S, G) state to be maintained by increasing the threshold that determines when the SPT switchover occurs.

Fix Text

Configure the DR to increase the SPT threshold or set it to infinity to minimalize (S, G) state within the multicast topology where ASM is deployed. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router pim RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim)#address-family ipv4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#spt-threshold infinity RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#end

Check Content

Review the DR configuration to verify that the SPT switchover threshold is increased (default is "0") or set to infinity (never switch over). router pim address-family ipv4 … … … spt-threshold infinity If the DR is not configured to increase the SPT threshold or set to infinity to minimalize (S, G) state, this is a finding.

Added

V-96843

The Cisco Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP) router must be configured to only accept MSDP packets from known MSDP peers.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000900
Rule ID
SV-105981r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000116
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

MSDP peering with customer network routers presents additional risks to the DISN Core, whether from a rogue or misconfigured MSDP-enabled router. To guard against an attack from malicious MSDP traffic, the receive path or interface filter for all MSDP-enabled RP routers must be configured to only accept MSDP packets from known MSDP peers.

Fix Text

Configure the interface ACLs to only accept MSDP packets from known MSDP peers. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.1.28.2 host x.1.28.8 eq 639 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny tcp any host x.1.28.8 eq 639 log RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.1.28.2 host x.1.28.8 eq bgp RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.1.28.2 eq bgp host x.1.28.8 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit pim host x.1.28.2 host x.1.28.8 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any any established … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log

Check Content

Review the router configuration to determine if there is a receive path or interface filter to only accept MSDP packets from known MSDP peers. Step 1: Determine which interfaces would be peering MSDP with an external router by the configured peer addresses as shown in the example below. router msdp peer x.14.2.1 remote-as nn ! peer x.15.3.5 remote-as nn ! ! Step 2: Verify that interfaces used for MSDP peering have an inbound ACL as shown in the example. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.14.2.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND ingress Step 3: Verify that the ACL restricts MSDP peering to only known sources. ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 10 permit tcp host x.1.28.2 host x.1.28.8 eq 639 20 deny tcp any host x.1.28.8 eq 639 log 30 permit tcp host x.1.28.2 host x.1.28.8 eq bgp 40 permit tcp host x.1.28.2 eq bgp host x.1.28.8 50 permit pim host x.1.28.2 host x.1.28.8 60 permit tcp any any established … … … 140 deny ipv4 any any log Note: MSDP connections is via TCP port 639 If the router is not configured to only accept MSDP packets from known MSDP peers, this is a finding.

Added

V-96845

The Cisco Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP) router must be configured to authenticate all received MSDP packets.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000910
Rule ID
SV-105983r1_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000343-RTR-000002
CCI
CCI-001958
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

MSDP peering with customer network routers presents additional risks to the core, whether from a rogue or misconfigured MSDP-enabled router. MSDP password authentication is used to validate each segment sent on the TCP connection between MSDP peers, protecting the MSDP session against the threat of spoofed packets being injected into the TCP connection stream.

Fix Text

Configure the router to authenticate MSDP messages as shown in the following example: RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router msdp RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp)#peer x.14.2.1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp-peer)#password clear xxxxxxxxxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp-peer)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp)#peer x.15.3.5 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp-peer)#password clear xxxxxxxxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp-peer)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration to determine if received MSDP packets are authenticated. router msdp peer x.14.2.1 password encrypted 094E410B1B1C remote-as nn ! peer x.15.3.5 password encrypted 04500A140A2F remote-as nn ! ! If the router does not require MSDP authentication, this is a finding.

Added

V-96847

The Cisco Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP) router must be configured to filter received source-active multicast advertisements for any undesirable multicast groups and sources.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000920
Rule ID
SV-105985r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000018-RTR-000007
CCI
CCI-001368
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The interoperability of BGP extensions for interdomain multicast routing and MSDP enables seamless connectivity of multicast domains between autonomous systems. MP-BGP advertises the unicast prefixes of the multicast sources used by Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) routers to perform RPF checks and build multicast distribution trees. MSDP is a mechanism used to connect multiple PIM sparse-mode domains, allowing RPs from different domains to share information about active sources. When RPs in peering multicast domains hear about active sources, they can pass on that information to their local receivers, thereby allowing multicast data to be forwarded between the domains. Configuring an import policy to block multicast advertisements for reserved, Martian, single-source multicast, and any other undesirable multicast groups, as well as any source-group (S, G) states with Bogon source addresses, would assist in avoiding unwanted multicast traffic from traversing the core.

Fix Text

Configure the MSDP router to filter received source-active multicast advertisements for any undesirable multicast groups and sources as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list INBOUND_MSDP_SA_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any host 224.0.1.3 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.24 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.22 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.35 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.60 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.39 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.40 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any 232.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any 239.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 127.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 172.16.0.0 0.15.255.255 any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 192.168.0.0 0.0.255.255 any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ipv4 any any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router msdp RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp)#sa-filter in list INBOUND_MSDP_SA_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration to determine if there is import policy to block source-active multicast advertisements for any undesirable multicast groups, as well as any (S, G) states with undesirable source addresses. Step 1: Verify that an inbound source-active filter is bound to each MSDP peer. router msdp sa-filter in list INBOUND_MSDP_SA_FILTER Step 2: Review the access lists referenced by the source-active filter to verify that undesirable multicast groups, auto-RP, single source multicast (SSM) groups, and advertisements from undesirable sources are blocked. ipv4 access-list INBOUND_MSDP_SA_FILTER 10 deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.3 20 deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.24 30 deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.22 40 deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.2 50 deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.35 60 deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.60 70 deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.39 80 deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.40 90 deny ipv4 any 232.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 100 deny ipv4 any 239.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 110 deny ipv4 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any 120 deny ipv4 127.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any 130 deny ipv4 172.16.0.0 0.15.255.255 any 140 deny ipv4 192.168.0.0 0.0.255.255 any 150 permit ipv4 any any If the router is not configured with an import policy to filter undesirable SA multicast advertisements, this is a finding.

Added

V-96849

The Cisco Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP) router must be configured to filter source-active multicast advertisements to external MSDP peers to avoid global visibility of local-only multicast sources and groups.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000930
Rule ID
SV-105987r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000018-RTR-000008
CCI
CCI-001368
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

To avoid global visibility of local information, there are a number of source-group (S, G) states in a PIM-SM domain that must not be leaked to another domain, such as multicast sources with private address, administratively scoped multicast addresses, and the auto-RP groups (224.0.1.39 and 224.0.1.40). Allowing a multicast distribution tree, local to the core, to extend beyond its boundary could enable local multicast traffic to leak into other autonomous systems and customer networks.

Fix Text

Configure the router with an export policy to avoid global visibility of local multicast (S, G) states. The example below will prevent exporting multicast active sources belonging to the private network. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list OUTBOUND_MSDP_SA_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip any any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router msdp RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp)#sa-filter out list OUTBOUND_MSDP_SA_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration to determine if there is export policy to block local source-active multicast advertisements. Step 1: Verify that an outbound source-active filter is bound to each MSDP peer as shown in the example below. router msdp sa-filter in list INBOUND_MSDP_SA_FILTER sa-filter out list OUTBOUND_MSDP_SA_FILTER Step 2: Review the access lists referenced by the source-active filters and verify that MSDP source-active messages being sent to MSDP peers do not leak advertisements that are local. ipv4 access-list OUTBOUND_MSDP_SA_FILTER 10 deny ipv4 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any 20 permit ipv4 any any If the router is not configured with an export policy to filter local source-active multicast advertisements, this is a finding.

Added

V-96851

The Cisco Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP) router must be configured to limit the amount of source-active messages it accepts on a per-peer basis.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000940
Rule ID
SV-105989r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000018-RTR-000009
CCI
CCI-001368
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

To reduce any risk of a denial-of-service (DoS) attack from a rogue or misconfigured MSDP router, the router must be configured to limit the number of source-active messages it accepts from each peer.

Fix Text

Configure the router to limit the amount of source-active messages it accepts from each peer. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router msdp RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp)#peer x.14.2.1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp-peer)#maximum external-sa nnn RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp-peer)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp)#peer x.15.3.5 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp-peer)#maximum external-sa nnn RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp-peer)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration to determine if it is configured to limit the amount of source-active messages it accepts on a per-peer basis. router msdp … … … peer 4.4.4.4 remote-as 33 maximum external-sa 555 ! peer 5.5.5.5 remote-as 44 maximum external-sa 555 ! ! If the router is not configured to limit the source-active messages it accepts, this is a finding.

Added

V-96853

The Cisco Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP) router must be configured to use a loopback address as the source address when originating MSDP traffic.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000950
Rule ID
SV-105991r1_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000011
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Using a loopback address as the source address offers a multitude of uses for security, access, management, and scalability of MSDP routers. It is easier to construct appropriate ingress filters for router management plane traffic destined to the network management subnet since the source addresses will be from the range used for loopback interfaces instead of a larger range of addresses used for physical interfaces. Log information recorded by authentication and syslog servers will record the router’s loopback address instead of the numerous physical interface addresses.

Fix Text

Configure the router to use its loopback address is used as the source address when sending MSDP packets. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router msdp RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp)#connect-source lo0 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp)#end

Check Content

Verify that the loopback interface is used as the source address for all MSDP packets generated by the router. router msdp connect-source Loopback0 If the router does not use its loopback address as the source address when originating MSDP traffic, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216735

The Cisco router must be configured to enforce approved authorizations for controlling the flow of information within the network based on organization-defined information flow control policies.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000010
Rule ID
SV-216735r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000018-RTR-000001
CCI
CCI-001368
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Information flow control regulates where information is allowed to travel within a network and between interconnected networks. The flow of all network traffic must be monitored and controlled so it does not introduce any unacceptable risk to the network infrastructure or data. Information flow control policies and enforcement mechanisms are commonly employed by organizations to control the flow of information between designated sources and destinations (e.g., networks, individuals, and devices) within information systems. Enforcement occurs, for example, in boundary protection devices (e.g., gateways, routers, guards, encrypted tunnels, and firewalls) that employ rule sets or establish configuration settings that restrict information system services, provide a packet filtering capability based on header information, or provide a message filtering capability based on message content (e.g., implementing key word searches or using document characteristics).

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure ACLs to allow or deny traffic for specific source and destination addresses as well as ports and protocols between various subnets as required. The commands used below were used to create the configuration as shown in the check content. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list FILTER_SERVER_TRAFFIC RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any 10.1.23.0 0.0.0.255 eq lpd RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any 10.1.23.0 0.0.0.255 eq 631 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any 10.1.23.0 0.0.0.255 eq 9100 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any 10.1.24.0 0.0.0.255 eq 1433 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any 10.1.24.0 0.0.0.255 eq 1434 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any 10.1.24.0 0.0.0.255 eq 4022 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp any any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ospf any any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)# RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#int g0/0/0/0 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#ipv4 access-group FILTER_SERVER_TRAFFIC

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to verify that ACLs are configured to allow or deny traffic for specific source and destination addresses as well as ports and protocols. For example, the configuration below will allow only printer traffic into subnet 10.1.23.0/24 and SQL traffic into subnet 10.1.24.0/24. ICMP is allowed for troubleshooting and OSPF is the routing protocol used within the network. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/0 description link to core ipv4 address 10.1.12.2 255.255.255.0 ipv4 access-group FILTER_SERVER_TRAFFIC ingress … … … ipv4 access-list FILTER_SERVER_TRAFFIC 10 permit tcp any 10.1.23.0 0.0.0.255 eq lpd 20 permit tcp any 10.1.23.0 0.0.0.255 eq 631 30 permit tcp any 10.1.23.0 0.0.0.255 eq 9100 40 permit tcp any 10.1.24.0 0.0.0.255 eq 1433 50 permit tcp any 10.1.24.0 0.0.0.255 eq 1434 60 permit tcp any 10.1.24.0 0.0.0.255 eq 4022 70 permit icmp any any 80 permit ospf any any 90 deny ipv4 any any If the router is not configured to enforce approved authorizations for controlling the flow of information within the network based on organization-defined information flow control policies, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216738

The Cisco router must be configured to use encryption for routing protocol authentication.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000040
Rule ID
SV-216738r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000168-RTR-000077
CCI
CCI-000803
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

A rogue router could send a fictitious routing update to convince a site's perimeter router to send traffic to an incorrect or even a rogue destination. This diverted traffic could be analyzed to learn confidential information about the site's network or used to disrupt the network's ability to communicate with other networks. This is known as a "traffic attraction attack" and is prevented by configuring neighbor router authentication for routing updates. However, using clear-text authentication provides little benefit since an attacker can intercept traffic and view the authentication key. This would allow the attacker to use the authentication key in an attack. This requirement applies to all IPv4 and IPv6 protocols that are used to exchange routing or packet forwarding information; this includes all Interior Gateway Protocols (such as OSPF, EIGRP, and IS-IS) and Exterior Gateway Protocols (such as BGP), MPLS-related protocols (such as LDP), and multicast-related protocols.

Fix Text

Configure the key chains used by the routing protocols to have the keys encrypted as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#key chain OSPF_KEY_CHAIN RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN)#key 1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#accept-lifetime 01:00:00 jan 01 2019 01:00:00 april 01 2019 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#key-string password xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#send-lifetime 01:00:00 jan 01 2019 01:00:00 april 01 2019 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#cryptographic-algorithm hmac-md5 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#key 2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#accept-lifetime 01:00:00 april 01 2019 01:00:00 july 01 2019 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#key-string password xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#send-lifetime 01:00:00 april 01 2019 01:00:00 july 01 2019 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#cryptographic-algorithm hmac-md5 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration. For every routing protocol that affects the routing or forwarding tables, verify that neighbor router authentication is encrypting the authentication key as shown in the examples below. Step 1: Verify that the routing protocols are configured to use a key chain for authentication as shown in the examples below. BGP Example router bgp nn address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor x.1.23.2 remote-as nn keychain BGP_KEY_CHAIN address-family ipv4 unicaast EIGRP Example router eigrp 1 address-family ipv4 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 authentication keychain EIGRP_KEY_CHAIN IS-IS Example router isis 1 net 49.0001.0001.0001.0002.00 lsp-password keychain ISIS_KEY_CHAIN interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 hello-password keychain ISIS_KEY_CHAIN OSPF Example router ospf 1 area 0 authentication message-digest keychain OSPF_KEY_CHAIN RIP Example router rip interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 authentication keychain RIP_KEY_CHAIN mode md5 Step 2: Verify that the keys use an encryption algorithm as shown in the example below. key chain OSPF_KEY_CHAIN key 1 accept-lifetime 01:00:00 january 01 2019 01:00:00 april 01 2019 key-string password 104300150004 send-lifetime 01:00:00 january 01 2019 01:00:00 april 01 2019 cryptographic-algorithm HMAC-MD5 ! key 2 accept-lifetime 01:00:00 april 01 2019 01:00:00 july 01 2019 key-string password 030654090416 send-lifetime 01:00:00 april 01 2019 01:00:00 july 01 2019 cryptographic-algorithm HMAC-MD5 If the routing protocol is not encrypting the authentication key, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216739

The Cisco router must be configured to authenticate all routing protocol messages using NIST-validated FIPS 198-1 message authentication code algorithm.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000050
Rule ID
SV-216739r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000168-RTR-000078
CCI
CCI-000803
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

A rogue router could send a fictitious routing update to convince a site's perimeter router to send traffic to an incorrect or even a rogue destination. This diverted traffic could be analyzed to learn confidential information about the site's network or used to disrupt the network's ability to communicate with other networks. This is known as a "traffic attraction attack" and is prevented by configuring neighbor router authentication for routing updates. However, using clear-text authentication provides little benefit since an attacker can intercept traffic and view the authentication key. This would allow the attacker to use the authentication key in an attack. Since MD5 is vulnerable to "birthday" attacks and may be compromised, routing protocol authentication must use FIPS 140-2 validated algorithms and modules to encrypt the authentication key. This requirement applies to all IPv4 and IPv6 protocols that are used to exchange routing or packet forwarding information; this includes all Interior Gateway Protocols (such as OSPF, EIGRP, and IS-IS) and Exterior Gateway Protocols (such as BGP), MPLS-related protocols (such as LDP), and multicast-related protocols.

Fix Text

Configure routing protocol authentication to use a NIST-validated FIPS 198-1 message authentication code algorithm as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#key chain BGP_KEY_CHAIN RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN)#key 1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#accept-lifetime 01:00:00 jan 01 2019 01:00:00 april 01 2019 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#key-string password xxxxxxxxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#send-lifetime 01:00:00 jan 01 2019 01:00:00 april 01 2019 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#cryptographic-algorithm hmac-sha1-12 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#key 2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#accept-lifetime 01:00:00 april 01 2019 01:00:00 july 01 2019 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#key-string password xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#send-lifetime 01:00:00 april 01 2019 01:00:00 july 01 2019 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#cryptographic-algorithm hmac-sha1-12 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify it is using a NIST-validated FIPS 198-1 message authentication code algorithm to authenticate routing protocol messages. key chain BGP_KEY_CHAIN key 1 accept-lifetime 01:00:00 january 01 2019 01:00:00 april 01 2019 key-string password xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx send-lifetime 01:00:00 january 01 2019 01:00:00 april 01 2019 cryptographic-algorithm HMAC-SHA1-12 ! key 2 accept-lifetime 01:00:00 april 01 2019 01:00:00 july 01 2019 key-string password xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx send-lifetime 01:00:00 april 01 2019 01:00:00 july 01 2019 cryptographic-algorithm HMAC-SHA1-12 ! Note: OSPF, RIP, EIGRP, and IS-IS only support MD5. If a NIST-validated FIPS 198-1 message authentication code algorithm is not being used to authenticate routing protocol messages, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216740

The Cisco router must be configured to have all inactive interfaces disabled.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000060
Rule ID
SV-216740r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000019-RTR-000007
CCI
CCI-001414
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

An inactive interface is rarely monitored or controlled and may expose a network to an undetected attack on that interface. Unauthorized personnel with access to the communication facility could gain access to a router by connecting to a configured interface that is not in use. If an interface is no longer used, the configuration must be deleted and the interface disabled. For sub-interfaces, delete sub-interfaces that are on inactive interfaces and delete sub-interfaces that are themselves inactive. If the sub-interface is no longer necessary for authorized communications, it must be deleted.

Fix Text

Disable all inactive interfaces as shown below. R4(config)#interface GigabitEthernet3 R4(config-if)#shutdown R4(config)#interface GigabitEthernet4 R4(config-if)#shutdown

Check Content

Review the router configuration and verify that inactive interfaces have been disabled as shown below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1/0 shutdown ! interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1/1 shutdown If an interface is not being used but is configured or enabled, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216741

The Cisco router must be configured to have all non-essential capabilities disabled.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000070
Rule ID
SV-216741r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000131-RTR-000035
CCI
CCI-000381
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

A compromised router introduces risk to the entire network infrastructure, as well as data resources that are accessible via the network. The perimeter defense has no oversight or control of attacks by malicious users within the network. Preventing network breaches from within is dependent on implementing a comprehensive defense-in-depth strategy, including securing each device connected to the network. This is accomplished by following and implementing all security guidance applicable for each node type. A fundamental step in securing each router is to enable only the capabilities required for operation.

Fix Text

Disable the following services if enabled as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#no service ipv4 tcp-small-servers RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#no service ipv4 udp-small-servers RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#no http client vrf xxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#no telnet ipv4 server

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify that the router does not have any unnecessary or non-secure services enabled. For example, the following commands should not be in the configuration: service ipv4 tcp-small-servers max-servers 10 service ipv4 udp-small-servers max-servers 10 http client vrf xxxxx telnet vrf default ipv4 server max-servers 1 If any unnecessary services are enabled, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216743

The Cisco router must be configured to restrict traffic destined to itself.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000130
Rule ID
SV-216743r531087_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000001
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The route processor handles traffic destined to the router—the key component used to build forwarding paths and is instrumental with all network management functions. Hence, any disruption or DoS attack to the route processor can result in mission critical network outages.

Fix Text

Configure the ACL for any external interfaces as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.11.1.1 eq bgp host x.11.1.2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 eq bgp RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo-reply RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any host x.11.1.1 log RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any any established … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#exit Configure the ACL for any external interfaces as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list INTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp any any RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ospf host 10.1.12.1 host 10.1.12.2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp 10.2.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.12.2eq 22 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp 10.2.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.12.2eq tacacs RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit udp 10.2.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.12.2 eq snmp RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit udp 10.2.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.12.2 eq ntp RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any host 10.1.12.2 log RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip any any RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#exit Note: best practice is to configure the ACL statements relative to traffic destined to the router first followed by ACL statements for transit traffic. Step 2: Apply the ACLs to the appropriate interface as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND in RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 access-group INTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND in

Check Content

Review the external and internal ACLs to verify that the router is configured to only allow specific management and control plane traffic from specific sources destined to itself. Step 1: Verify ACLs has been configured as shown in the example below that matches expected control plane and management plane traffic. With the exception of ICMP, all other traffic destined to the router should be dropped. ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 10 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 eq bgp host x.11.1.2 20 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 eq bgp 30 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo 40 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo-reply 50 deny ipv4 any host x.11.1.1 log 60 permit tcp any any established … … … 140 deny ipv4 any any log ! ipv4 access-list INTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 10 permit icmp any any 20 permit ospf host 10.1.12.1 host 10.1.12.2 30 permit tcp 10.2.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.12.2 eq ssh 40 permit tcp 10.2.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.12.2 eq tacacs 50 permit udp 10.2.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.12.2 eq snmp 60 permit udp 10.2.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.12.2 eq ntp 70 deny ipv4 any host 10.1.12.2 log 80 permit ipv4 any any Note: For the internal ACL example, all routers within the hypothetical network (10.1.0.0/16) have been configured to use the loopback address to source all management traffic (not shown); hence, the loopbacks are the only allowable destination address for management traffic. In addition, all management traffic destined to the router must originate from the management network (10.2.1.0/24). With the exception of link-local control plane traffic and ICMP, all other traffic destined to any physical interface address will be dropped. Step 2: Verify that the ACL has been applied to the appropriate interface as shown in the example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.11.1.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND ingress ! interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 ipv4 address 10.1.12.2 255.255.255.0 ipv4 access-group INTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND ingress If the router is not configured to restrict traffic destined to itself, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216744

The Cisco router must be configured to drop all fragmented Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) packets destined to itself.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000140
Rule ID
SV-216744r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000002
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Fragmented ICMP packets can be generated by hackers for DoS attacks such as Ping O' Death and Teardrop. It is imperative that all fragmented ICMP packets are dropped.

Fix Text

Configure the external and internal ACLs to drop all fragmented ICMP packets destined to itself as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#25 deny icmp any host x.11.1.2 fragments log RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list INTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#5 deny icmp any host 10.1.12.2 fragments log Note: Ensure the above statement is before any permit statements for ICMP.

Check Content

Review the external and internal ACLs to verify that the router is configured to drop all fragmented ICMP packets destined to itself. ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 10 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 eq bgp host x.11.1.2 20 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 eq bgp 25 deny icmp any host x.11.1.2 fragments log 30 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo 40 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo-reply 50 deny ipv4 any host x.11.1.1 log 60 permit tcp any any established … … … 140 deny ipv4 any any log ! ipv4 access-list INTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 5 deny icmp any any fragments 10 permit icmp any host 10.1.12.2 fragments 20 permit ospf host 10.1.12.1 host 10.1.12.2 30 permit tcp 10.2.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.12.2 eq ssh 40 permit tcp 10.2.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.12.2 eq tacacs 50 permit udp 10.2.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.12.2 eq snmp 60 permit udp 10.2.1.0 0.0.0.255 host 10.1.12.2 eq ntp 70 deny ipv4 any host 10.1.12.2 log … … … 110 permit ip any any Note: Ensure the statement to deny ICMP fragments is before any permit statements for ICMP. If the router is not configured to drop all fragmented ICMP packets destined to itself, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216745

The Cisco router must be configured to have IP directed broadcast disabled on all interfaces.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000160
Rule ID
SV-216745r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000362-RTR-000112
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

An IP directed broadcast is a datagram sent to the broadcast address of a subnet that is not directly attached to the sending machine. The directed broadcast is routed through the network as a unicast packet until it arrives at the target subnet, where it is converted into a link-layer broadcast. Because of the nature of the IP addressing architecture, only the last router in the chain, which is connected directly to the target subnet, can conclusively identify a directed broadcast. IP directed broadcasts are used in the extremely common and popular smurf, or denial-of-service (DoS), attacks. In a smurf attack, the attacker sends Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) echo requests from a falsified source address to a directed broadcast address, causing all the hosts on the target subnet to send replies to the falsified source. By sending a continuous stream of such requests, the attacker can create a much larger stream of replies, which can completely inundate the host whose address is being falsified. This service should be disabled on all interfaces when not needed to prevent smurf and DoS attacks. Directed broadcast can be enabled on internal facing interfaces to support services such as Wake-On-LAN. Case scenario may also include support for legacy applications where the content server and the clients do not support multicast. The content servers send streaming data using UDP broadcast. Used in conjunction with the IP multicast helper-map feature, broadcast data can be sent across a multicast topology. The broadcast streams are converted to multicast and vice versa at the first-hop routers and last-hop routers before entering and leaving the multicast transit area respectively. The last-hop router must convert the multicast to broadcast. Hence, this interface must be configured to forward a broadcast packet (i.e., a directed broadcast address is converted to the all nodes broadcast address).

Fix Text

Disable IP directed broadcast on all interfaces as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#no ipv4 directed-broadcast

Check Content

Review the router configuration to determine if it is compliant with this requirement. IP directed broadcast command must not be found on any interface as shown in the example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.11.1.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 directed-broadcast If IP directed broadcast is not disabled on all interfaces, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216746

The Cisco router must be configured to have Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) unreachable messages disabled on all external interfaces.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000170
Rule ID
SV-216746r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000362-RTR-000113
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The ICMP supports IP traffic by relaying information about paths, routes, and network conditions. Routers automatically send ICMP messages under a wide variety of conditions. Host unreachable ICMP messages are commonly used by attackers for network mapping and diagnosis.

Fix Text

Disable ip unreachables on all external interfaces as shown below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 unreachables disable Alternative – DODIN Backbone Configure the PE router to rate limit ICMP unreachable messages as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#icmp ipv4 rate-limit unreachable df 1000 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#icmp ipv4 rate-limit unreachable 60000 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#end

Check Content

Review the configuration to verify the ipv4 unreachables disable command has been configured on all external interfaces as shown in the configuration example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.11.1.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 unreachables disable Note: ICMP unreachables must also be configured. On the Null0 interface if it is used to black hole traffic. If ICMP unreachable notifications are sent from any external or Null0 interface, this is a finding. Alternative – DODIN Backbone Verify that the PE router is configured to rate limit ICMP unreachable messages as shown in the example below. ip icmp ipv4 rate-limit unreachable 60000 ip icmp ipv4 rate-limit unreachable DF 1000 Note: In the example above, packet-too-big message (ICMP Type 3 Code 4) can be sent once every second, while all other destination unreachable messages can be sent once every minute. This will avoid disrupting Path MTU Discovery for traffic traversing the backbone while mitigating the risk of an ICMP unreachable denial of service attack. IF the PE router is not configured to rate limit ICMP unreachable messages, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216747

The Cisco router must be configured to have Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) mask reply messages disabled on all external interfaces.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000180
Rule ID
SV-216747r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000362-RTR-000114
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The ICMP supports IP traffic by relaying information about paths, routes, and network conditions. Routers automatically send ICMP messages under a wide variety of conditions. Mask Reply ICMP messages are commonly used by attackers for network mapping and diagnosis.

Fix Text

Disable ipv4 mask-reply on all external interfaces as shown below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#no ipv4 mask-reply

Check Content

Review the router configuration and verify that ipv4 mask-reply command is not enabled on any external interfaces as shown in the example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.11.1.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 mask-reply If the router configuration has the ipv4 mask-reply command is enabled on any external interfaces, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216748

The Cisco router must be configured to have Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) redirect messages disabled on all external interfaces.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000190
Rule ID
SV-216748r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000362-RTR-000115
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The ICMP supports IP traffic by relaying information about paths, routes, and network conditions. Routers automatically send ICMP messages under a wide variety of conditions. Redirect ICMP messages are commonly used by attackers for network mapping and diagnosis.

Fix Text

Disable ICMP redirects on all external interfaces as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#no ipv4 redirects

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify that ipv4 redirects command has not been configured on any external interface as shown in the example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.11.1.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 redirects If ICMP Redirect messages are enabled on any external interfaces, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216749

The Cisco router must be configured to log all packets that have been dropped at interfaces via ACL.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000200
Rule ID
SV-216749r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000078-RTR-000001
CCI
CCI-000134
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Auditing and logging are key components of any security architecture. It is essential for security personnel to know what is being done or attempted to be done, and by whom, to compile an accurate risk assessment. Auditing the actions on network devices provides a means to recreate an attack or identify a configuration mistake on the device.

Fix Text

Configure ACLs to log packets that are dropped as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log

Check Content

Review all ACLs used to filter traffic and verify that packets being dropped are logged as shown in the configuration below. ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 10 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 eq bgp host x.11.1.2 20 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 eq bgp 25 deny icmp any host x.11.1.2 fragments log 30 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo 40 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo-reply 50 deny ipv4 any host x.11.1.1 log 60 permit tcp any any established … … … 140 deny ipv4 any any log If packets being dropped at interfaces are not logged, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216750

The Cisco router must be configured to produce audit records containing information to establish where the events occurred.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000210
Rule ID
SV-216750r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000076-RTR-000001
CCI
CCI-000132
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Without establishing where events occurred, it is impossible to establish, correlate, and investigate the events leading up to an outage or attack. In order to compile an accurate risk assessment and provide forensic analysis, it is essential for security personnel to know where events occurred such as router components, modules, device identifiers, node names, and functionality. Associating information about where the event occurred within the network provides a means of investigating an attack, recognizing resource utilization or capacity thresholds, or identifying an improperly configured router.

Fix Text

Configure the router to log events containing information to establish where the events occurred as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify that events are logged containing information to establish where the events occurred as shown in the example below. ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 10 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 eq bgp host x.11.1.2 20 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 eq bgp 25 deny icmp any host x.11.1.2 fragments log-input 30 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo 40 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo-reply 50 deny ipv4 any host x.11.1.1 log-input 60 permit tcp any any established … … … 140 deny ipv4 any any log-input Note: When the log-input parameter is configured on deny statements, the log record will contain the interface where ingress packet has been dropped. If the router is not configured to produce audit records containing information to establish to establish where the events occurred, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216751

The Cisco router must be configured to produce audit records containing information to establish the source of the events.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000220
Rule ID
SV-216751r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000077-RTR-000001
CCI
CCI-000133
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Without establishing the source of the event, it is impossible to establish, correlate, and investigate the events leading up to an outage or attack. In order to compile an accurate risk assessment and provide forensic analysis, security personnel need to know the source of the event. In addition to logging where events occur within the network, the audit records must also identify sources of events such as IP addresses, processes, and node or device names.

Fix Text

Configure the router to log events containing information to establish where the events occurred as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify that events are logged containing information to establish the source of the events as shown in the example below. ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 10 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 eq bgp host x.11.1.2 20 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 eq bgp 25 deny icmp any host x.11.1.2 fragments log 30 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo 40 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo-reply 50 deny ipv4 any host x.11.1.1 log-input 60 permit tcp any any established … … … 140 deny ipv4 any any log-input Note: When the log-input parameter is configured on deny statements, the log record will contain the layer 2 address of the forwarding device for any packet being dropped. If the router is not configured to produce audit records containing information to establish the source of the events, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216752

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to deny network traffic by default and allow network traffic by exception.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000240
Rule ID
SV-216752r531087_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000202-RTR-000001
CCI
CCI-001109
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

A deny-all, permit-by-exception network communications traffic policy ensures that only connections that are essential and approved are allowed. This requirement applies to both inbound and outbound network communications traffic. All inbound and outbound traffic must be denied by default. Firewalls and perimeter routers should only allow traffic through that is explicitly permitted. The initial defense for the internal network is to block any traffic at the perimeter that is attempting to make a connection to a host residing on the internal network. In addition, allowing unknown or undesirable outbound traffic by the firewall or router will establish a state that will permit the return of this undesirable traffic inbound.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Step 1: Configure an inbound ACL to deny all other traffic by default as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.11.1.1 eq bgp host x.11.1.2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 eq bgp RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo-reply RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any host x.11.1.1 log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any any established … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#exit Step 2: Apply the ingress filter to all external interfaces RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND in RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to verify that the inbound ACL applied to all external interfaces is configured to allow specific ports and protocols and deny all other traffic. Step 1: Verify that an inbound ACL is applied to all external interfaces as shown in the example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.11.1.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND ingress Step 2: Review inbound ACL to verify that it is configured to deny all other traffic that is not explicitly allowed. ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 10 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 eq bgp host x.11.1.2 20 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 eq bgp 30 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo 40 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo-reply 50 deny ipv4 any host x.11.1.1 log-input 60 permit tcp any any established … … … 140 deny ipv4 any any log-input If the ACL is not configured to allow specific ports and protocols and deny all other traffic, this is a finding. If the ACL is not configured inbound on all external interfaces, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216753

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to enforce approved authorizations for controlling the flow of information between interconnected networks in accordance with applicable policy.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000250
Rule ID
SV-216753r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000019-RTR-000002
CCI
CCI-001414
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Information flow control regulates authorized information to travel within a network and between interconnected networks. Controlling the flow of network traffic is critical so it does not introduce any unacceptable risk to the network infrastructure or data. An example of a flow control restriction is blocking outside traffic claiming to be from within the organization. For most routers, internal information flow control is a product of system design.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Step 1: Configure an ACL to allow or deny traffic as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.11.1.1 eq bgp host x.11.1.2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 eq bgp RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo-reply RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any host x.11.1.1 log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any host x.12.1.22 eq www RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any any established RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#exit Step 2: Apply the ACL inbound on all external interfaces. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND in RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify that ACLs are configured to allow or deny traffic for specific source and destination addresses as well as ports and protocols. In the example below, the router is peering BGP with DISN. ICMP echo and echo-reply packets are allowed for troubleshooting connectivity. WWW traffic is permitted inbound to the NIPRNet host-facing web server (x.12.1.22). ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 10 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 eq bgp host x.11.1.2 20 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 eq bgp 30 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo 40 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo-reply 50 deny ipv4 any host x.11.1.1 log 60 permit tcp any host x.12.1.22 eq www 70 permit tcp any any established 80 deny ipv4 any any log-input … … … interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.11.1.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND ingress If the router is not configured to enforce approved authorizations for controlling the flow of information between interconnected networks, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216754

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to only allow incoming communications from authorized sources to be routed to authorized destinations.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000260
Rule ID
SV-216754r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000109
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Unrestricted traffic may contain malicious traffic that poses a threat to an enclave or to other connected networks. Additionally, unrestricted traffic may transit a network, which uses bandwidth and other resources. Traffic can be restricted directly by an access control list (ACL), which is a firewall function, or by Policy Routing. Policy Routing is a technique used to make routing decisions based on a number of different criteria other than just the destination network, including source or destination network, source or destination address, source or destination port, protocol, packet size, and packet classification. This overrides the router's normal routing procedures used to control the specific paths of network traffic. It is normally used for traffic engineering but can also be used to meet security requirements; for example, traffic that is not allowed can be routed to the Null0 or discard interface. Policy Routing can also be used to control which prefixes appear in the routing table. This requirement is intended to allow network administrators the flexibility to use whatever technique is most effective.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure the router to allow only incoming communications from authorized sources to be routed to authorized destinations. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit udp host x.12.1.9 host x.12.1.21 eq ntp RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any any established RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#exit

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to determine if the router allows only incoming communications from authorized sources to be routed to authorized destinations. The hypothetical example below allows inbound NTP from server x.1.12.9 only to host x.12.1.21. ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND … … … 60 permit udp host x.12.1.9 host x.12.1.21 eq ntp 70 permit tcp any any established 80 deny ipv4 any any log-input If the router does not restrict incoming communications to allow only authorized sources and destinations, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216755

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to block inbound packets with source Bogon IP address prefixes.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000270
Rule ID
SV-216755r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000110
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Packets with Bogon IP source addresses should never be allowed to traverse the IP core. Bogon IP networks are RFC1918 addresses or address blocks that have never been assigned by the IANA or have been reserved.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure the perimeter to block inbound packets with Bogon source addresses. Step 1: Configure an ACL containing the current Bogon prefixes as shown below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 0.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 100.64.0.0 0.63.255.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 127.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 169.254.0.0 0.0.255.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 172.16.0.0 0.15.255.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 192.0.0.0 0.0.0.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 192.0.2.0 0.0.0.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 192.168.0.0 0.0.255.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 198.18.0.0 0.1.255.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 198.51.100.0 0.0.0.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 203.0.113.0 0.0.0.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip 224.0.0.0 31.255.255.255 any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any any established RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.12.1.9 host x.12.1.10 eq bgp RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.12.1.9 eq bgp host x.12.1.10 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp host x.12.1.9 host x.12.1.10 echo RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp host x.12.1.9 host x.12.1.10 echo-reply … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#end Step 2: Apply the ACL inbound on all external interfaces. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND in RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to verify that an ingress ACL applied to all external interfaces is blocking packets with Bogon source addresses. Step 1: Verify an ACL has been configured containing the current Bogon prefixes as shown in the example below. ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 10 deny ipv4 0.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any log-input 20 deny ipv4 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any log-input 30 deny ipv4 100.64.0.0 0.63.255.255 any log-input 40 deny ipv4 127.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any log-input 50 deny ipv4 169.254.0.0 0.0.255.255 any log-input 60 deny ipv4 172.16.0.0 0.15.255.255 any log-input 70 deny ipv4 192.0.0.0 0.0.0.255 any log-input 80 deny ipv4 192.0.2.0 0.0.0.255 any log-input 90 deny ipv4 192.168.0.0 0.0.255.255 any log-input 100 deny ipv4 198.18.0.0 0.1.255.255 any log-input 110 deny ipv4 198.51.100.0 0.0.0.255 any log-input 120 deny ipv4 203.0.113.0 0.0.0.255 any log-input 130 deny ipv4 224.0.0.0 31.255.255.255 any log-input 140 permit tcp any any established 150 permit tcp host x.12.1.9 host x.12.1.10 eq bgp 160 permit tcp host x.12.1.9 eq bgp host x.12.1.10 170 permit icmp host x.12.1.9 host x.12.1.10 echo 180 permit icmp host x.12.1.9 host x.12.1.10 echo-reply … … … 260 deny ipv4 any any log-input External Interfaces connected to the NIPRNet or SIPRNet Review the inbound ACLs on external facing interfaces attached to the NIPRNet or SIPRNet to validate access control lists are configured to block inbound packets with IP sources addresses as documented in RFC5735 and RFC6598. External Interfaces connected to a commercial ISP or other non-DoD network Review the inbound ACLs on external facing interfaces validate access control lists are configured to block inbound packets with IP sources addresses as documented in RFC5735 and RFC6598 as well as address space that has been allocated to the RIRs but not assigned by the RIR to an ISP or other enterprise network. The full list of bogons can be found at the following link: www.team-cymru.org/Services/Bogons/fullbogons-ipv4.txt Step 2: Verify that the inbound ACL applied to all external interfaces will block all traffic from Bogon source addresses. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.12.1.10 255.255.255.2 ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND ingress If the router is not configured to block inbound packets with source Bogon IP addresses, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216756

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to protect an enclave connected to an alternate gateway by using an inbound filter that only permits packets with destination addresses within the sites address space.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000280
Rule ID
SV-216756r531087_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000019-RTR-000008
CCI
CCI-001414
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Enclaves with alternate gateway connections must take additional steps to ensure there is no compromise on the enclave network or NIPRNet. Without verifying the destination address of traffic coming from the site's alternate gateway, the perimeter router could be routing transit data from the Internet into the NIPRNet. This could also make the perimeter router vulnerable to a denial-of-service (DoS) attack as well as provide a back door into the NIPRNet. The DoD enclave must ensure the ingress filter applied to external interfaces on a perimeter router connecting to an Approved Gateway is secure through filters permitting packets with a destination address belonging to the DoD enclave's address block.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Step 1: Configure the ingress ACL of the perimeter router connected to an alternate gateway to only permit packets with destination addresses of the site's NIPRNet address space or a destination address belonging to the address block assigned by the alternate gateway network service provider as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ip access-list ISP_ACL_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any any established RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp host x.12.1.16 host x.12.1.17 echo RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp host x.12.1.16 host x.12.1.17 echo-reply RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any host x.12.1.22 eq www RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any host x.12.1.23 eq www RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit 50 any host x.12.1.24 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit 51 any host x.12.1.24 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#end Step 2: Apply the ACL inbound on the ISP-facing interface. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 access-group ISP_ACL_INBOUND in RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Step 1: Verify the interface connecting to ISP has an inbound ACL as shown in the example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 description Link to ISP ipv4 address x.22.1.15 255.255.255.252 ipv4 access-group ISP_ACL_INBOUND ingress Step 2: Verify that the ACL only allows traffic to specific destination addresses (i.e. enclave’s NIPRNet address space) as shown in the example below. ipv4 access-list ISP_ACL_INBOUND 10 permit tcp any any established 20 permit icmp host x.12.1.16 host x.12.1.17 echo 30 permit icmp host x.12.1.16 host x.12.1.17 echo-reply 40 permit tcp any host x.12.1.22 eq www 50 permit tcp any host x.12.1.23 eq www 60 permit esp any host x.12.1.24 70 permit ahp any host x.12.1.24 80 deny ipv4 any any log-input Note: An Approved Gateway (AG) is any external connection from a DoD NIPRNet enclave to an Internet Service Provider, or network owned by a contractor, or non-DoD federal agency that has been approved by either the DoD CIO or the DoD Component CIO. This AG requirement does not apply to commercial cloud connections when the Cloud Service Provider (CSP) network is connected via the NIPRNet Boundary Cloud Access Point (BCAP). If the ingress ACL bound to the interface connecting to an alternate gateway permits packets with addresses other than those specified, such as destination addresses of the site's NIPRNet address space or a destination address belonging to the address block assigned by the alternate gateway network service provider, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216757

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to not be a Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) peer to an alternate gateway service provider.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000290
Rule ID
SV-216757r531087_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000019-RTR-000009
CCI
CCI-001414
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

ISPs use BGP to share route information with other autonomous systems (i.e. other ISPs and corporate networks). If the perimeter router was configured to BGP peer with an ISP, NIPRnet routes could be advertised to the ISP, thereby creating a backdoor connection from the Internet to the NIPRnet.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Remove any BGP neighbors belonging to the alternate gateway service provider and configure a static route to forward Internet bound traffic to the alternate gateway as shown in the example below. R5(config)#ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 x.22.1.14

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Step 1: Configure the ingress ACL of the perimeter router connected to an alternate gateway to only permit packets with destination addresses of the site's NIPRNet address space or a destination address belonging to the address block assigned by the alternate gateway network service provider as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ip access-list ISP_ACL_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)# permit tcp any any established RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)# permit icmp host x.12.1.16 host x.12.1.17 echo RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)# permit icmp host x.12.1.16 host x.12.1.17 echo-reply RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)# permit tcp any host x.12.1.22 eq www RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)# permit tcp any host x.12.1.23 eq www RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)# permit 50 any host x.12.1.24 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)# permit 51 any host x.12.1.24 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)# deny ip any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#end Step 2: Apply the ACL inbound on the ISP-facing interface. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 access-group ISP_ACL_INBOUND in RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#end If any BGP neighbors belonging to the alternate gateway service provider exist, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216758

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to not redistribute static routes to an alternate gateway service provider into BGP or an IGP peering with the NIPRNet or to other autonomous systems.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000300
Rule ID
SV-216758r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000019-RTR-000010
CCI
CCI-001414
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

If the static routes to the alternate gateway are being redistributed into an Exterior Gateway Protocol or Interior Gateway Protocol to a NIPRNet gateway, this could make traffic on NIPRNet flow to that particular router and not to the Internet Access Point routers. This could not only wreak havoc with traffic flows on NIPRNet, but it could overwhelm the connection from the router to the NIPRNet gateway(s) and also cause traffic destined for outside of NIPRNet to bypass the defenses of the Internet Access Points.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure the router so that static routes are not redistributed to an alternate gateway into either a BGP or any IGP peering with the NIPRNet or to any other autonomous systems. This can be done by excluding that route in the route policy as shown in the example below. Step 1: Configure a prefix list for any static routes with the alternate gateway as the next-hop address RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#prefix-set ISP_PREFIX RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-pfx)#x.x.0.0/24 ge 8 le 32 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-pfx)#end-set Step 2: Configure a route policy RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#route-policy FILTER_ISP_ROUTES RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-rpl)#if destination in ISP_PREFIX then RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-rpl-if)#drop RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-rpl-if)#else RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-rpl-else)#pass RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-rpl-else)#endif RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-rpl)#end-pol Step 3: Apply the route policy to the IGP and BGP redistribute static commands as shown in the OSPF example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ospf)#redistribute static route-policy FILTER_ISP_ROUTES

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Step 1: Review the IGP and BGP configurations. If there are redistribute static statements configured as shown in examples below proceed to step 2. OSPF Example router ospf 1 redistribute static EIGRP example router eigrp 1 address-family ipv4 redistribute static RIP example router rip version 2 redistribute static BGP example router bgp n address-family ipv4 unicast redistribute static Step 2: Review the static routes that have been configured to determine if any contain the next hop address of the alternate gateway. If the static routes to the alternate gateway are being redistributed into BGP or any IGP peering to a NIPRNet gateway or any other autonomous system, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216760

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to filter traffic destined to the enclave in accordance with the guidelines contained in DoD Instruction 8551.1.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000320
Rule ID
SV-216760r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000003
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Vulnerability assessments must be reviewed by the System Administrator, and protocols must be approved by the Information Assurance (IA) staff before entering the enclave. Access control lists (ACLs) are the first line of defense in a layered security approach. They permit authorized packets and deny unauthorized packets based on port or service type. They enhance the posture of the network by not allowing packets to reach a potential target within the security domain. The lists provided are highly susceptible ports and services that should be blocked or limited as much as possible without adversely affecting customer requirements. Auditing packets attempting to penetrate the network but that are stopped by an ACL will allow network administrators to broaden their protective ring and more tightly define the scope of operation. If the perimeter is in a Deny-by-Default posture and what is allowed through the filter is in accordance with DoD Instruction 8551.1, and if the permit rule is explicitly defined with explicit ports and protocols allowed, then all requirements related to PPS being blocked would be satisfied.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure the router to use an inbound ACL on all external interfaces as shown in the example below to restrict traffic in accordance with the guidelines contained in DOD Instruction 8551.1. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.11.1.1 eq bgp host x.11.1.2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 eq bgp RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo-reply RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any host x.11.1.1 log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any host x.12.1.22 eq www RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any any established … … < must be in accordance with DoD Instruction 8551.1> … RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#exit Step 2: Apply the ACL inbound on all applicable interfaces. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND in RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to verify that the ingress ACL is in accordance with DoD 8551.1. Step 1: Verify that an inbound ACL is configured on all external interfaces. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.11.1.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND ingress Step 2. Review the inbound ACL to verify that it is filtering traffic in accordance with DoD 8551.1. ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 10 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 eq bgp host x.11.1.2 20 permit tcp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 eq bgp 30 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo 40 permit icmp host x.11.1.1 host x.11.1.2 echo-reply 50 deny ipv4 any host x.11.1.1 log 60 permit tcp any host x.12.1.22 eq www 70 permit tcp any any established … … < must be in accordance with DoD Instruction 8551.1> … 160 deny ipv4 any any log-input If the router does not filter traffic in accordance with the guidelines contained in DoD 8551.1, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216761

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to filter ingress traffic at the external interface on an inbound direction.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000330
Rule ID
SV-216761r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000004
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Access lists are used to separate data traffic into that which it will route (permitted packets) and that which it will not route (denied packets). Secure configuration of routers makes use of access lists for restricting access to services on the router itself as well as for filtering traffic passing through the router. Inbound versus outbound: It should be noted that some operating systems default access lists are applied to the outbound queue. The more secure solution is to apply the access list to the inbound queue for three reasons: - The router can protect itself before damage is inflicted. - The input port is still known and can be filtered upon. - It is more efficient to filter packets before routing them.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure the router to use an inbound ACL on all external interfaces as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND in RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to verify that an inbound ACL is configured on all external interfaces as shown in the example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.11.1.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND ingress If the router is not configured to filter traffic entering the network at all external interfaces in an inbound direction, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216762

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to filter egress traffic at the internal interface on an inbound direction.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000340
Rule ID
SV-216762r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000005
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Access lists are used to separate data traffic into that which it will route (permitted packets) and that which it will not route (denied packets). Secure configuration of routers makes use of access lists for restricting access to services on the router itself as well as for filtering traffic passing through the router. Inbound versus Outbound: It should be noted that some operating systems default access lists are applied to the outbound queue. The more secure solution is to apply the access list to the inbound queue for three reasons: - The router can protect itself before damage is inflicted. - The input port is still known and can be filtered upon. - It is more efficient to filter packets before routing them.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure the router to use an inbound ACL on all internal interfaces as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 access-group EGRESS_FILTER in RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to verify that the egress ACL is bound to the internal interface in an inbound direction. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 description downstream link to LAN ipv4 address 10.1.34.3 255.255.255.0 ipv4 access-group EGRESS_FILTER ingress If the router is not configured to filter traffic leaving the network at the internal interface in an inbound direction, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216764

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to have Link Layer Discovery Protocol (LLDP) disabled on all external interfaces.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000360
Rule ID
SV-216764r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000111
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

LLDP is a neighbor discovery protocol used to advertise device capabilities, configuration information, and device identity. LLDP is media- and protocol-independent as it runs over layer 2; therefore, two network nodes that support different layer 3 protocols can still learn about each other. Allowing LLDP messages to reach external network nodes provides an attacker a method to obtain information of the network infrastructure that can be useful to plan an attack.

Fix Text

Disable LLDP transmit on all external interfaces as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#interface g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#lldp transmit disable

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Step 1: Verify LLDP is not enabled globally via the command lldp By default LLDP is not enabled globally. If LLDP is enabled, proceed to step 2. Step 2: Verify LLDP transmit is disabled on any external interface as shown in the example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.1.34.3 255.255.255.252 lldp transmit disable Note: LLDP is enabled by default on all interfaces once it is enabled globally; hence the commands lldp transmit and lldp receive will not be visible on the interface configuration. If LLDP transmit is enabled on any external interface, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216765

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to have Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) disabled on all external interfaces.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000370
Rule ID
SV-216765r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000111
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

CDP is a Cisco proprietary neighbor discovery protocol used to advertise device capabilities, configuration information, and device identity. CDP is media- and protocol-independent as it runs over layer 2; therefore, two network nodes that support different layer 3 protocols can still learn about each other. Allowing CDP messages to reach external network nodes provides an attacker a method to obtain information of the network infrastructure that can be useful to plan an attack.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Disable CDP on all external interfaces via no cdp command or disable CDP globally via no cdp command.

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Step 1: Verify if CDP is enabled globally via the cdp command as shown below. hostname R3 cdp By default CDP is disabled globally; hence, the command cdp run will not be shown in the configuration. If CDP is enabled, proceed to step 2. Step 2: Verify CDP is not enabled on any external interface as shown in the example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 cdp ipv4 address x.1.34.3 255.255.255.252 If CDP is enabled on any external interface, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216766

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to have Proxy ARP disabled on all external interfaces.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000380
Rule ID
SV-216766r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000112
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

When Proxy ARP is enabled on a router, it allows that router to extend the network (at Layer 2) across multiple interfaces (LAN segments). Because proxy ARP allows hosts from different LAN segments to look like they are on the same segment, proxy ARP is only safe when used between trusted LAN segments. Attackers can leverage the trusting nature of proxy ARP by spoofing a trusted host and then intercepting packets. Proxy ARP should always be disabled on router interfaces that do not require it, unless the router is being used as a LAN bridge.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Disable Proxy ARP on all external interfaces as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#interface g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#no proxy-arp

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to determine if IP Proxy ARP is enabled on any external interfaces as shown in the example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 description link to DISN ipv4 address x.1.12.2 255.255.255.252 proxy-arp If IP Proxy ARP is enabled on any external interface, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216767

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to block all outbound management traffic.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000390
Rule ID
SV-216767r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000113
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

For in-band management, the management network must have its own subnet in order to enforce control and access boundaries provided by Layer 3 network nodes, such as routers and firewalls. Management traffic between the managed network elements and the management network is routed via the same links and nodes as that used for production or operational traffic. Safeguards must be implemented to ensure that the management traffic does not leak past the perimeter of the managed network.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure the perimeter router of the managed network with an outbound ACL on the egress interface to block all management traffic. Step 1: Configure an ACL to block egress management traffic. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#Ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_OUTBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny tcp any any eq tacacs log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny tcp any any eq 22 log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny udp any any eq snmp log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny udp any any eq snmptrap log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny udp any any eq syslog log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any any eq www log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#end Note: Permit commands would be configured to allow applicable outbound traffic. The example above is allowing web traffic. Step 2: Configure the external interfaces with the outbound ACL. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_OUTBOUND egress

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. The perimeter router of the managed network must be configured with an outbound ACL on the egress interface to block all management traffic as shown in the example below. Step 1: Verify that all external interfaces has been configured with an outbound ACL as shown in the example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 ipv4 address 10.1.35.3 255.255.255.0 ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_OUTBOUND egress Step 2: Verify that the outbound ACL discards management traffic as shown in the example below. ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_OUTBOUND 10 deny tcp any any eq tacacs log-input 20 deny tcp any any eq ssh log-input 30 deny udp any any eq snmp log-input 40 deny udp any any eq snmptrap log-input 50 deny udp any any eq syslog log-input 60 permit tcp any any eq www log-input 70 deny ipv4 any any log-input If management traffic is not blocked at the perimeter, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216768

The Cisco out-of-band management (OOBM) gateway router must be configured to transport management traffic to the Network Operations Center (NOC) via dedicated circuit, MPLS/VPN service, or IPsec tunnel.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000400
Rule ID
SV-216768r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000009
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Using dedicated paths, the OOBM backbone connects the OOBM gateway routers located at the edge of the managed network and at the NOC. Dedicated links can be deployed using provisioned circuits or MPLS Layer 2 and Layer 3 VPN services or implementing a secured path with gateway-to-gateway IPsec tunnels. The tunnel mode ensures that the management traffic will be logically separated from any other traffic traversing the same path.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Ensure that a dedicated circuit, MPLS/VPN service, or IPsec tunnel is deployed to transport management traffic between the managed network and the NOC. If an IPsec tunnel is to be used, the steps below can be used as a guideline. Step 1: Configure the ACL for the management network as the destination. This ACL will be defined in the crypto as the interesting traffic to be forwarded into the IPsec tunnel. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#Ipv4 access-list MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 Step 2: Create an ISAKMP policy for Phase 1 negotiations. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#crypto isakmp policy 10 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-isakmp-policy)#authentication pre-share RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-isakmp-policy)#hash sha256 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-isakmp-policy)#encryption aes 256 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-isakmp-policy)#exit Step 3: Configure the keyring to be used for ISAKMP to authenticate the remote side during IKE negotiation. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#crypto isakmp keyring ISAKMP_KEYRING RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-crypto-keyring)#pre-shared-key address 255.255.255.255 key xxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-crypto-keyring)#exit Step 4: Configure the IPsec transform set. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#crypto ipsec transform-set IPSEC_TRANS esp-aes 256 esp-sha256-hmac RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-transform-set IPSEC_TRANS)#mode tunnel Step 5: Configure the IPsec profile. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#crypto ipsec profile IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config- IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE)#set pfs group 16 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config- IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE)#match MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL transform-set IPSEC_TRANS RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config- IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE)#exit Step 6: Configure the IPsec virtual interface. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#interface tunnel-ipsec 22 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#profile IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#tunnel source GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#tunnel destination x.1.22.2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the network topology diagram to determine connectivity between the managed network and the NOC. Review the OOBM gateway router configuration to validate the path and interface that the management traffic traverses. If an IPsec tunnel is used to transport the management traffic between the NOC and the managed network, review the configuration following the steps below. Step 1: Note the profile referenced for the IPsec tunnel to the NOC interface tunnel-ipsec 30 profile IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE tunnel source GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 tunnel destination x.1.22.2 Step 2: Note the crypto ACL that was specified in the IPsec profile crypto isakmp keyring ISAKMP_KEYRING pre-shared-key address x.1.22.2 255.255.255.255 key encrypted 150A13141C32 ! crypto isakmp policy 10 hash sha256 encryption aes 256 authentication pre-share ! crypto ipsec transform-set IPSEC_TRANS esp-aes 256 esp-sha256-hmac mode tunnel ! crypto ipsec profile IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE set pfs group16 match address MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL Step 3: Review the ACL defined in the crypto map and verify that the destination is the management network. ! ipv4 access-list MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL 10 permit ipv4 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 ! Note: The management network is this example is 10.22.2.0/24 If management traffic is not transported between the managed network and the NOC via dedicated circuit, MPLS/VPN service, or IPsec tunnel, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216769

The Cisco out-of-band management (OOBM) gateway router must be configured to forward only authorized management traffic to the Network Operations Center (NOC).

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000410
Rule ID
SV-216769r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000010
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The OOBM network is an IP network used exclusively for the transport of OAM&P data from the network being managed to the OSS components located at the NOC. Its design provides connectivity to each managed network device, enabling network management traffic to flow between the managed network elements and the NOC. This allows the use of paths separate from those used by the managed network.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure ACLs to permit only authorized management traffic into IPsec tunnels or the OOBM interface used for forwarding management data as shown in the examples below. OOBM Link RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq tacacs RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq ssh RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit udp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq snmp RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit udp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq snmptrap RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit udp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq syslog RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.22.0 0.0.0.255 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#exit IPsec Tunnel RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#ipv4 access-list MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq tacacs RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq ssh RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit udp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq snmp RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit udp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq snmptrap RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit udp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq syslog RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.22.0 0.0.0.255 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#exit

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the network topology diagram to determine connectivity between the managed network and the NOC. Review the OOBM gateway router configuration to validate the path that the management traffic traverses. Verify that only management traffic is forwarded through the OOBM interface or IPsec tunnel. If an OOBM link is used, verify that the only authorized management traffic is transported to the NOC by reviewing the outbound ACL applied to the OOBM interface as shown in the example below. Step 1: Note the outbound ACL applied to the OOBM interface. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 description OOB link to NOC ipv4 address 10.11.1.8 255.255.255.0 ipv4 access-group MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL egress Step 2: Review the outbound ACL and verify only management traffic is forwarded to the NOC. ipv4 access-list MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL 10 permit tcp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq tacacs 20 permit tcp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq ssh 30 permit udp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq snmp 40 permit udp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq snmptrap 50 permit udp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq syslog 60 permit icmp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.22.0 0.0.0.255 echo 70 permit icmp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.22.0 0.0.0.255 echo-reply 80 deny ipv4 any any log-input If an IPSec tunnel is used, verify that the only authorized management traffic is transported to the NOC. Step 1: Note the profile referenced for the IPSec tunnel to the NOC. interface tunnel-ipsec 30 profile IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE tunnel source GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 tunnel destination x.1.22.2 Step 2: Note the crypto ACL that was specified in the IPSec profile. crypto isakmp keyring ISAKMP_KEYRING pre-shared-key address x.1.22.2 255.255.255.255 key encrypted 150A13141C32 ! crypto isakmp policy 10 hash sha256 encryption aes 256 authentication pre-share ! crypto ipsec transform-set IPSEC_TRANS esp-aes 256 esp-sha256-hmac mode tunnel ! crypto ipsec profile IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE set pfs group16 match address MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL Step 3: Review the crypto ACL defined in the IPSec profile and verify only management traffic is forwarded to the NOC. ipv4 access-list MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL 10 permit tcp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq tacacs 20 permit tcp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq ssh 30 permit udp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq snmp 40 permit udp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq snmptrap 50 permit udp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 eq syslog 60 permit icmp 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.22.0 0.0.0.255 Note: ICMP is permitted for troubleshooting purposes. The IPSec SA can only identify interesting traffic via address, protocol, and port; hence, the ICMP traffic cannot be qualified via type attribute. If traffic other than authorized management traffic is permitted through the OOBM interface or IPsec tunnel, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216770

The Cisco out-of-band management (OOBM) gateway router must be configured to have separate IGP instances for the managed network and management network.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000420
Rule ID
SV-216770r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000019-RTR-000011
CCI
CCI-001414
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

If the gateway router is not a dedicated device for the OOBM network, implementation of several safeguards for containment of management and production traffic boundaries must occur. Since the managed and management network are separate routing domains, configuration of separate Interior Gateway Protocol routing instances is critical on the router to segregate traffic from each network.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure the router to have a separate IGP instance for the management network as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router ospf 2 vrf MGMT RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ospf-vrf)#area 0 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ospf-vrf-ar)#interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/0.2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ospf-vrf-ar-if)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ospf-vrf-ar)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ospf-vrf)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ospf)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router ospf 3 vrf PROD RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ospf-vrf)#area 0 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ospf-vrf-ar)#interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/0.3 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ospf-vrf-ar-if)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Verify that the OOBM interface is an adjacency in the IGP domain for the management network via separate VRF as shown in the example below. router ospf 2 vrf MGMT area 0 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/0.2 ! ! ! ! router ospf 3 vrf PROD area 0 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/0.3 ! ! ! ! If the router is not configured to have separate IGP instances for the managed network and management network, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216771

The Cisco out-of-band management (OOBM) gateway router must be configured to not redistribute routes between the management network routing domain and the managed network routing domain.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000430
Rule ID
SV-216771r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000019-RTR-000012
CCI
CCI-001414
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

If the gateway router is not a dedicated device for the OOBM network, several safeguards must be implemented for containment of management and production traffic boundaries; otherwise, it is possible that management traffic will not be separated from production traffic. Since the managed network and the management network are separate routing domains, separate Interior Gateway Protocol routing instances must be configured on the router, one for the managed network and one for the OOBM network. In addition, the routes from the two domains must not be redistributed to each other.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Remove the configuration that imports routes from the managed network into the management network or vice versa as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#vrf MGMT RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-vrf)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-vrf-af)#no import route-target 8:8 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-vrf-af)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Verify the Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP) instance used for the managed network does not redistribute routes into the IGP instance used for the management network, and vice versa. The example below imports OSPF routes from the production route table (VRF PROD) into the management route table (VRF MGMT) using BGP. vrf MGMT address-family ipv4 unicast import route-target 4:4 8:8 ! export route-target 4:4 ! ! ! vrf PROD address-family ipv4 unicast import route-target 8:8 ! export route-target 8:8 ! ! ! … … … router ospf 2 vrf MGMT redistribute bgp 64512 area 0 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/0.2 ! ! ! ! router ospf 3 vrf PROD area 0 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/0.3 ! ! ! ! router bgp 64512 address-family ipv4 unicast ! address-family vpnv4 unicast ! vrf MGMT rd 4:4 address-family ipv4 unicast redistribute ospf 2 ! ! vrf PROD rd 8:8 address-family ipv4 unicast redistribute ospf 3 ! ! ! If the IGP instance used for the managed network redistributes routes into the IGP instance used for the management network, or vice versa, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216772

The Cisco out-of-band management (OOBM) gateway router must be configured to block any traffic destined to itself that is not sourced from the OOBM network or the Network Operations Center (NOC).

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000440
Rule ID
SV-216772r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000011
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

If the gateway router is not a dedicated device for the OOBM network, several safeguards must be implemented for containment of management and production traffic boundaries. It is imperative that hosts from the managed network are not able to access the OOBM gateway router.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. It is only applicable if the OOBM gateway router is not a dedicated device to the OOBM backbone. Step 1: Configure the ACL to only allow traffic to the route processor from the OOBM backbone and the NOC. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list TRAFFIC_FROM_NOC RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip 10.11.1.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.11.$ RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip 10.12.1.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.11.$ RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip 10.11.1.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.13.$ RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip 10.12.1.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.13.$ RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any host 10.11.1.8 log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any host 10.13.1.1 log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip 10.11.1.0 0.0.0.255 10.13.1.0 0.0.0$ RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip 10.12.1.0 0.0.0.255 10.13.1.0 0.0.0$ RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#exit Step 2: Configure the ACL to only allow traffic to the route processor from the OOBM LAN. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list TRAFFIC_TO_NOC RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip 10.13.1.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.13.$ RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip 10.13.1.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.11.$ RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any host 10.13.1.1 log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any host 10.11.1.8 log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip 10.13.1.0 0.255.255.255 10.11.1.0 0$ RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip 10.13.1.0 0.255.255.255 10.12.1.0 0$ RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#exit Step 3: Apply the ACLs configured above to the appropriate OOBM interfaces as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#int g0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#ipv4 access-group TRAFFIC_FROM_NOC in RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#int g0/0/0/3 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#access-group TRAFFIC_TO_NOC in RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. It is only applicable if the OOBM gateway router is not a dedicated device to the OOBM backbone. Verify that traffic destined to itself is only sourced by the OOBM or the NOC. In the example below, the OOBM backbone network is 10.11.1.0/24, the NOC address spaces is 10.12.1.0/24, and the OOBM LAN address space at remote site connecting to the managed network is 10.13.1.0/24. Step 1: Note the inbound ACL applied to the OOBM interfaces. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 description OOB link to NOC ip address 10.11.1.8 255.255.255.0 ipv4 access-group TRAFFIC_FROM_NOC ingress ! interface Giga GigabitEthernet0/0/0/3 description link to OOBM LAN access switch ip address 10.13.1.1 255.255.255.0 ipv4 access-group TRAFFIC_TO_NOC ingress Step 2: Review the inbound ACL bound to any OOB interface connecting to the OOBM backbone and verify traffic destined to itself is only from the OOBM or NOC address space. ipv4 access-list TRAFFIC_FROM_NOC 10 permit ipv4 10.11.1.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.11.1.8 20 permit ipv4 10.12.1.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.11.1.8 30 permit ipv4 10.11.1.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.13.1.1 40 permit ipv4 10.12.1.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.13.1.1 50 deny ipv4 any host 10.11.1.8 log-input 60 deny ipv4 any host 10.13.1.1 log-input 70 permit ipv4 10.11.1.0 0.0.0.255 10.13.1.0 0.0.0.255 80 permit ipv4 10.12.1.0 0.0.0.255 10.13.1.0 0.0.0.255 90 deny ipv4 any any log-input Step 3: Review the inbound ACL bound to any OOBM LAN interfaces and verify traffic destined to itself is from the OOBM LAN address space. ipv4 access-list TRAFFIC_TO_NOC 10 permit ipv4 10.13.1.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.13.1.1 20 permit ipv4 10.13.1.0 0.255.255.255 host 10.11.1.8 30 deny ipv4 any host 10.13.1.1 log-input 40 deny ipv4 any host 10.11.1.8 log-input 50 permit ipv4 10.13.1.0 0.255.255.255 10.11.1.0 0.0.0.255 60 permit ipv4 10.13.1.0 0.255.255.255 10.12.1.0 0.0.0.255 70 deny ipv4 any any log-input If the router does not block any traffic destined to itself that is not sourced from the OOBM network or the NOC, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216773

The Cisco router must be configured to only permit management traffic that ingresses and egresses the out-of-band management (OOBM) interface.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000450
Rule ID
SV-216773r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000012
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The OOBM access switch will connect to the management interface of the managed network elements. The management interface can be a true OOBM interface or a standard interface functioning as the management interface. In either case, the management interface of the managed network element will be directly connected to the OOBM network. An OOBM interface does not forward transit traffic, thereby providing complete separation of production and management traffic. Since all management traffic is immediately forwarded into the management network, it is not exposed to possible tampering. The separation also ensures that congestion or failures in the managed network do not affect the management of the device. If the device does not have an OOBM port, the interface functioning as the management interface must be configured so that management traffic does not leak into the managed network and that production traffic does not leak into the management network.

Fix Text

If the management interface is not a dedicated OOBM interface, it must be configured with both an ingress and egress ACL. Step 1: Configure an ingress ACL a shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#Ipv4 access-list INGRESS_MANAGEMENT_ACL RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any host 10.11.1.22 eq tacacs RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any host 10.11.1.22 eq 22 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit udp any host 10.11.1.22 eq snmp RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit udp any host 10.11.1.22 eq snmptrap RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit udp any host 10.11.1.22 eq ntp RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit icmp any host 10.11.1.22 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#exit Step 2: Configure an egress ACL a shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#Ipv4 access-list EGRESS_MANAGEMENT_ACL RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#exit Step 3: Apply the ACLs to the OOBM interfaces. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#int MgmtEth0/0/CPU0/0 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#ipv4 access-group INGRESS_MANAGEMENT_ACL ingress RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#ipv4 access-group EGRESS_MANAGEMENT_ACL egress

Check Content

This requirement is only applicable where management access to the router is via an OOBM interface which is not a true OOBM interface. Step 1: Verify that the managed interface has an inbound and outbound ACL configured. interface MgmtEth0/0/CPU0/0 ipv4 address 10.1.13.4 255.255.255.0 ipv4 access-group INGRESS_MANAGEMENT_ACL ingress ipv4 access-group EGRESS_MANAGEMENT_ACL egress Step 2: Verify that the ingress ACL only allows management and ICMP traffic. ipv4 access-list INGRESS_MANAGEMENT_ACL 10 permit tcp any host 10.11.1.22 eq tacacs 20 permit tcp any host 10.11.1.22 eq ssh 30 permit udp any host 10.11.1.22 eq snmp 40 permit udp any host 10.11.1.22 eq snmptrap 50 permit udp any host 10.11.1.22 eq ntp 60 permit icmp any host 10.11.1.22 70 deny ipv4 any any log-input Step 3: Verify that the egress ACL blocks any transit traffic. ipv4 access-list EGRESS_MANAGEMENT_ACL 10 deny ipv4 any any log-input Note: On Cisco routers, local generated packets are not inspected by outgoing interface access-lists. Hence, the above configuration would simply drop any packets not generated by the router; hence, blocking any transit traffic. If the router does not restrict traffic that ingresses and egresses the management interface, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216774

The Cisco router providing connectivity to the Network Operations Center (NOC) must be configured to forward all in-band management traffic via an IPsec tunnel.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000460
Rule ID
SV-216774r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000013
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

When the production network is managed in-band, the management network could be housed at a NOC that is located remotely at single or multiple interconnected sites. NOC interconnectivity, as well as connectivity between the NOC and the managed network, must be enabled using IPsec tunnels to provide the separation and integrity of the managed traffic.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Ensure that all traffic from the managed network to the management network is secured via IPsec tunnel as shown in the configuration examples below. Step 1: Configure the ACL for the management network as the destination. This ACL will be defined in the crypto as the interesting traffic to be forwarded into the IPsec tunnel. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#Ipv4 access-list MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 Step 2: Create an ISAKMP policy for Phase 1 negotiations. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#crypto isakmp policy 10 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-isakmp-policy)#authentication pre-share RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-isakmp-policy)#hash sha256 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-isakmp-policy)#encryption aes 256 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-isakmp-policy)#exit Step 3: Configure the keyring to be used for ISAKMP to authenticate the remote side during IKE negotiation. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#crypto isakmp keyring ISAKMP_KEYRING RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-crypto-keyring)#pre-shared-key address 255.255.255.255 key xxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-crypto-keyring)#exit Step 4: Configure the IPSec transform set. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#crypto ipsec transform-set IPSEC_TRANS esp-aes 256 esp-sha256-hmac RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-transform-set IPSEC_TRANS)#mode tunnel Step 5: Configure the IPSec profile. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#crypto ipsec profile IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config- IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE)#set pfs group 16 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config- IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE)#match MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL transform-set IPSEC_TRANS RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config- IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE)#exit Step 6: Configure the IPSec virtual interface. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#interface tunnel-ipsec 22 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#profile IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#tunnel source GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#tunnel destination x.1.22.2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Verify that all traffic from the managed network to the management network or NOC and vice-versa is secured via IPsec tunnel. Step 1: Note the profile referenced for the IPSec tunnel to the NOC. interface tunnel-ipsec 30 profile IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE tunnel source GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 tunnel destination x.1.22.2 Step 2: Note the crypto ACL that was specified in the IPSec profile. crypto isakmp keyring ISAKMP_KEYRING pre-shared-key address x.1.22.2 255.255.255.255 key encrypted 150A13141C32 ! crypto isakmp policy 10 hash sha256 encryption aes 256 authentication pre-share ! crypto ipsec transform-set IPSEC_TRANS esp-aes 256 esp-sha256-hmac mode tunnel ! crypto ipsec profile IPSEC_NOC_PROFILE set pfs group16 match address MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL Step 3: Review the ACL defined in the crypto map and verify that the destination is the management network. ! ipv4 access-list MGMT_TRAFFIC_ACL 10 permit ipv4 10.1.34.0 0.0.0.255 10.22.2.0 0.0.0.255 ! Note: The management network is this example is 10.22.2.0/24. If the management traffic is not secured via IPsec tunnel, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216777

The Cisco BGP router must be configured to reject inbound route advertisements for any Bogon prefixes.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000490
Rule ID
SV-216777r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000018-RTR-000002
CCI
CCI-001368
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Accepting route advertisements for Bogon prefixes can result in the local autonomous system (AS) becoming a transit for malicious traffic as it will in turn advertise these prefixes to neighbor autonomous systems.

Fix Text

Configure the router to reject inbound route advertisements for any Bogon prefixes. Step 1: Configure a prefix set containing the current Bogon prefixes as shown below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#prefix-set BOGON_PREFIXES RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#0.0.0.0/8 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#10.0.0.0/8 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#100.64.0.0/10 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#127.0.0.0/8 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#169.254.0.0/16 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#172.16.0.0/12 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#192.0.2.0/24 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#192.88.99.0/24 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#192.168.0.0/16 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#198.18.0.0/15 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#198.51.100.0/24 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#203.0.113.0/24 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#240.0.0.0/4 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#224.0.0.0/4 le 32 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#end-set Step 2: Configure the route policy to drop routes with BOGON prefixes as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#route-policy BGP_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#if destination in BOGON_PREFIXES then RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#drop RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#else pass endif RRP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#end-policy RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#exit Step 3: Apply the route policy to each external BGP neighbor as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp xx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.1.23.3 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy BGP_FILTER in RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.1.24.4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy BGP_FILTER in

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify that it will reject BGP routes for any Bogon prefixes. Step 1: verify that an inbound route policy has been configured for each external neighbor as shown in the example below. router bgp n address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor x.1.23.3 remote-as y keychain YYY_KEY_CHAIN ttl-security address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy BGP_FILTER in ! ! neighbor x.1.24.4 remote-as z keychain ZZZ_KEY_CHAIN ttl-security address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy BGP_FILTER in ! ! Step 2: Review the route policy to determine if it is filtering at a minimum BOGON prefixes as shown in the example below. route-policy BGP_FILTER if destination in BOGON_PREFIXES then drop else pass endif end-policy Step 3: Review the prefix set referenced in the route policy above has been configured containing the current Bogon prefixes as shown in the example below. prefix-set BOGON_PREFIXES 0.0.0.0/8 le 32, 10.0.0.0/8 le 32, 100.64.0.0/10 le 32, 127.0.0.0/8 le 32, 169.254.0.0/16 le 32, 172.16.0.0/12 le 32, 192.0.2.0/24 le 32, 192.88.99.0/24 le 32, 192.168.0.0/16 le 32, 198.18.0.0/15 le 32, 198.51.100.0/24 le 32, 203.0.113.0/24 le 32, 240.0.0.0/4 le 32, 224.0.0.0/4 le 32 end-set If the router is not configured to reject inbound route advertisements for any Bogon prefixes, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216778

The Cisco BGP router must be configured to reject inbound route advertisements for any prefixes belonging to the local autonomous system (AS).

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000500
Rule ID
SV-216778r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000018-RTR-000003
CCI
CCI-001368
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Accepting route advertisements belonging to the local AS can result in traffic looping or being black holed, or at a minimum using a non-optimized path.

Fix Text

Step 1: Configure a prefix set containing the current Bogon prefixes as shown below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#prefix-set Step 1: Configure a prefix set containing the current Bogon prefixes as shown below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#prefix-set LOCAL_PREFIX RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#x.13.1.0/24 le 32 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#end-set Step 2: Configure the route policy to drop routes with BOGON prefixes as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#route-policy BGP_FILTER_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#if destination in LOCAL_PREFIX then RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#drop RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#else pass endif RRP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#end-policy RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#exit Step 3: Apply the route policy to each external BGP neighbor as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp xx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.1.23.3 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy BGP_FILTER_INBOUND in RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.1.24.4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy BGP_FILTER_INBOUND in

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify that it will reject routes belonging to the local AS. Step 1: verify that an inbound route policy has been configured for each external neighbor as shown in the example below. router bgp xx address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor x.1.23.3 remote-as yy keychain YYY_KEY_CHAIN ttl-security address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy BGP_FILTER_INBOUND in ! ! neighbor x.1.24.4 remote-as zz keychain ZZZ_KEY_CHAIN ttl-security address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy BGP_FILTER_INBOUND in ! ! Step 2: Review the route policy to determine if it is filtering at a minimum local prefixes as shown in the example below. route-policy BGP_FILTER_INBOUND if destination in LOCAL_PREFIX then drop else pass endif end-policy Note: If bogons are also filtered per previous requirement, the route policy would look similar to the following example: route-policy BGP_FILTER_INBOUND if destination in BOGON_PREFIXES then drop elseif destination in LOCAL_PREFIX then drop else pass endif end-policy Step 3: Review the prefix set referenced in the route policy above to determine if it includes the local global prefix as shown in the example below. prefix-set LOCAL_PREFIX x.13.1.0/24 le 32 end-set If the router is not configured to reject inbound route advertisements belonging to the local AS, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216779

The Cisco BGP router must be configured to reject inbound route advertisements from a customer edge (CE) router for prefixes that are not allocated to that customer.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000510
Rule ID
SV-216779r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000018-RTR-000004
CCI
CCI-001368
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

As a best practice, a service provider should only accept customer prefixes that have been assigned to that customer and any peering autonomous systems. A multi-homed customer with BGP speaking routers connected to the Internet or other external networks could be breached and used to launch a prefix de-aggregation attack. Without ingress route filtering of customers, the effectiveness of such an attack could impact the entire IP core and its customers.

Fix Text

Configure the router to reject inbound route advertisements from each CE router for prefixes that are not allocated to that customer. Step 1: Configure a prefix set for each customer containing prefixes belonging to each as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#prefix-set CUST1_PREFIX RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#x.1.1.0/24 le 32 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#end-set RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#prefix-set CUST2_PREFIX RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#x.2.1.0/24 le 32 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#end-set Step 2: Configure a route policy filter for each customer as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#route-policy CUST1_PREFIX_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#if destination in CUST1_PREFIX then RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#pass RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#else RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#drop RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#endif RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#end-policy RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#route-policy CUST2_PREFIX_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#if destination in CUST2_PREFIX then RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#pass RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#else RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#drop RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#endif RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#end-policy Step 3: Apply the route policy to each customer neighbor as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp xx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.12.4.14 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy CUST1_PREFIX_FILTER in RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.12.4.16 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy CUST2_PREFIX_FILTER in

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify that there are ACLs defined to only accept routes for prefixes that belong to specific customers. Step 1: Verify that an inbound route policy has been configured for each customer neighbor as shown in the example below. router bgp xx address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor x.12.4.14 remote-as 64514 address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy CUST1_PREFIX_FILTER in ! ! neighbor x.12.4.16 remote-as 64516 address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy CUST2_PREFIX_FILTER in ! ! Step 2: Review the route policies to determine if it is accepting only prefixes belonging to each customer as shown in the example below. route-policy CUST1_PREFIX_FILTER if destination in CUST1_PREFIX then pass else drop endif end-policy ! route-policy CUST2_PREFIX_FILTER if destination in CUST2_PREFIX then pass else drop endif end-policy Step 3: Review the prefix sets referenced in the route policies above to determine if they include only prefixes belonging to each customer. prefix-set CUST1_PREFIX x.1.1.0/24 le 32 end-set ! prefix-set CUST2_PREFIX x.2.1.0/24 le 32 end-set Note: Routes to PE-CE links within a VPN are needed for troubleshooting end-to-end connectivity across the MPLS/IP backbone. Hence, these prefixes are an exception to this requirement. If the router is not configured to reject inbound route advertisements from each CE router for prefixes that are not allocated to that customer, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216780

The Cisco BGP router must be configured to reject outbound route advertisements for any prefixes that do not belong to any customers or the local autonomous system (AS).

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000520
Rule ID
SV-216780r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000018-RTR-000005
CCI
CCI-001368
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Advertisement of routes by an autonomous system for networks that do not belong to any of its customers pulls traffic away from the authorized network. This causes a denial of service (DoS) on the network that allocated the block of addresses and may cause a DoS on the network that is inadvertently advertising it as the originator. It is also possible that a misconfigured or compromised router within the GIG IP core could redistribute IGP routes into BGP, thereby leaking internal routes.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Step 1: Configure a prefix set for customer and local autonomous system prefixes as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#prefix-set CE_PREFIX_ADVERTISEMENTS RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#x.13.1.0/24 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#x.13.2.0/24 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#x.13.3.0/24 le 32, RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#x.13.4.0/24 le 32 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#end-set Step 2: Configure a route policy filter for allow customer and local autonomous system prefixes as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#route-policy CE_ADVERTISEMENTS RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#if destination in CE_PREFIX_ADVERTISEMENTS then RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#pass RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#else RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#drop RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#endif RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#end-policy Step 3: Apply the route policy to each customer neighbor as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp xx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.12.4.14 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy route-policy CE_ADVERTISEMENTS out RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.12.4.16 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy CE_ADVERTISEMENTS out RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Step 1: verify that an outbound route policy has been configured for each customer neighbor as shown in the example below. router bgp xx address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor x.12.4.14 remote-as 64514 address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy CE_ADVERTISEMENTS out ! ! neighbor x.12.4.16 remote-as 64516 address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy CE_ADVERTISEMENTS out ! ! Step 2: Review the route policy to determine if it is accepting only prefixes belonging to customers or the local autonomous system as shown in the example below. route-policy CE_ADVERTISEMENTS if destination in CE_PREFIX_ADVERTISEMENTS then pass else drop endif end-policy Step 3: Review the prefix sets referenced in the route policy above to determine if they include only prefixes belonging to customers or the local autonomous system as shown in the example below. prefix-set CE_PREFIX_ADVERTISEMENTS x.13.1.0/24 le 32, x.13.2.0/24 le 32, x.13.3.0/24 le 32, x.13.4.0/24 le 32 end-set If the router is not configured to reject outbound route advertisements that do not belong to any customers or the local AS, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216781

The Cisco BGP router must be configured to reject outbound route advertisements for any prefixes belonging to the IP core.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000530
Rule ID
SV-216781r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000006
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Outbound route advertisements belonging to the core can result in traffic either looping or being black holed, or at a minimum, using a non-optimized path.

Fix Text

Step 1: Configure a prefix set containing the IP core prefix as shown below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#prefix-set Step 2: Configure a prefix set containing the current Bogon prefixes as shown below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#prefix-set CORE_PREFIX RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#10.1.1.0/24 le 32 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#end-set Step 3: Configure the route policy to drop route advertisements for IP core prefixes as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#route-policy BGP_FILTER_OUTBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#if destination in CORE_PREFIX then RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#drop RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#else RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#pass RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#endif RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#end-policy Step 4: Apply the route policy to each external BGP neighbor as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp xx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.1.23.3 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy BGP_FILTER_OUTBOUND out RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.1.24.4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy BGP_FILTER_ OUTBOUND out

Check Content

Step 1: verify that an outbound route policy has been configured for each external neighbor as shown in the example below. router bgp xx address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor x.1.23.3 remote-as yy address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy BGP_FILTER_OUTBOUND out ! ! neighbor x.1.24.4 remote-as zz address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy BGP_FILTER_OUTBOUND out ! ! Step 2: Review the route policy to determine if it is filtering at a minimum IP core prefixes as shown in the example below. route-policy BGP_FILTER_OUTBOUND if destination in CORE_PREFIX then drop else pass endif end-policy Step 3: Review the prefix set referenced in the route policy above to determine if it includes the IP core prefix as shown in the example below. prefix-set CORE_PREFIX 10.1.1.0/24 le 32 end-set If the router is not configured to reject outbound route advertisements for prefixes belonging to the IP core, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216782

The Cisco BGP router must be configured to reject route advertisements from BGP peers that do not list their autonomous system (AS) number as the first AS in the AS_PATH attribute.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000540
Rule ID
SV-216782r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000018-RTR-000006
CCI
CCI-000032
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Verifying the path a route has traversed will ensure the IP core is not used as a transit network for unauthorized or possibly even Internet traffic. All autonomous system boundary routers (ASBRs) must ensure updates received from eBGP peers list their AS number as the first AS in the AS_PATH attribute.

Fix Text

Configure the router to deny updates received from eBGP peers that do not list their AS number as the first AS in the AS_PATH attribute. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp 2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#no bgp enforce-first-as disable

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify the router is configured to deny updates received from eBGP peers that do not list their AS number as the first AS in the AS_PATH attribute. By default Cisco IOS enforces the first AS in the AS_PATH attribute for all route advertisements. Review the router configuration to verify that the command bgp enforce-first-as disable is not configured as shown in the example below. router bgp nn bgp enforce-first-as disable If the router is not configured to reject updates from peers that do not list their AS number as the first AS in the AS_PATH attribute, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216783

The Cisco BGP router must be configured to reject route advertisements from CE routers with an originating AS in the AS_PATH attribute that does not belong to that customer.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000550
Rule ID
SV-216783r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000018-RTR-000010
CCI
CCI-000032
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Verifying the path a route has traversed will ensure that the local AS is not used as a transit network for unauthorized traffic. To ensure that the local AS does not carry any prefixes that do not belong to any customers, all PE routers must be configured to reject routes with an originating AS other than that belonging to the customer.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure the router to reject updates from CE routers with an originating AS in the AS_PATH attribute that does not belong to that customer. Step 1: Configure an inbound route policy for each customer to only accept routes with an originating AS that belongs to that customer as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#route-policy FILTER_64514_ROUTES RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#if as-path originates-from '64514' then RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#pass RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#else RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#drop RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#endif RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#end-policy RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#route-policy FILTER_64516_ROUTES RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#if as-path originates-from '64516' then RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#pass RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#else RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#drop RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#endif RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#end-policy Step 2: Apply the appropriate inbound route policy with each peering CE router as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp xx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.12.4.14 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy route-policy FILTER_64514_ROUTES in RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.12.4.16 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy FILTER_64516_ROUTES in RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to verify the router is configured to deny updates received from CE routers with an originating AS in the AS_PATH attribute that does not belong to that customer. Step 1: verify that an inbound route policy has been configured for each customer neighbor as shown in the example below. router bgp xx address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor x.12.4.14 remote-as 64514 address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy FILTER _64514_ROUTES in ! ! neighbor x.12.4.16 remote-as 64516 address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy FILTER_64516_ROUTES in ! Step 2: Verify that the route policy permits only routes from each CE router with an originating AS that does not belong to that customer. route-policy FILTER_64514_ROUTES if as-path originates-from 64514' then pass else drop endif end-policy ! route-policy FILTER_64516_ROUTES if as-path originates-from 64516' then pass else drop endif end-policy Note: The inbound route policy to filter customer prefixes can be nested with the above route policy as shown in the example below. route-policy CUST1_INBOUND_FILTER apply CUST1_FILTER apply FILTER_64514_ROUTES end-policy If the router is not configured to reject updates from CE routers with an originating AS in the AS_PATH attribute that does not belong to that customer, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216784

The Cisco BGP router must be configured to use the maximum prefixes feature to protect against route table flooding and prefix de-aggregation attacks.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000560
Rule ID
SV-216784r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000362-RTR-000117
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The effects of prefix de-aggregation can degrade router performance due to the size of routing tables and also result in black-holing legitimate traffic. Initiated by an attacker or a misconfigured router, prefix de-aggregation occurs when the announcement of a large prefix is fragmented into a collection of smaller prefix announcements. In 1997, misconfigured routers in the Florida Internet Exchange network (AS7007) de-aggregated every prefix in their routing table and started advertising the first /24 block of each of these prefixes as their own. Faced with this additional burden, the internal routers became overloaded and crashed repeatedly. This caused prefixes advertised by these routers to disappear from routing tables and reappear when the routers came back online. As the routers came back after crashing, they were flooded with the routing table information by their neighbors. The flood of information would again overwhelm the routers and cause them to crash. This process of route flapping served to destabilize not only the surrounding network but also the entire Internet. Routers trying to reach those addresses would choose the smaller, more specific /24 blocks first. This caused backbone networks throughout North America and Europe to crash. Maximum prefix limits on peer connections combined with aggressive prefix-size filtering of customers' reachability advertisements will effectively mitigate the de-aggregation risk. BGP maximum prefix must be used on all eBGP routers to limit the number of prefixes that it should receive from a particular neighbor, whether customer or peering AS. Consider each neighbor and how many routes they should be advertising and set a threshold slightly higher than the number expected.

Fix Text

Configure the router to use the maximum prefixes feature to protect against route table flooding and prefix de-aggregation attacks as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp xx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x1.24.4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#maximum-prefix 444 discard-extra-paths RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify that the number of received prefixes from each eBGP neighbor is controlled. router bgp xx address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor x.1.23.3 remote-as yy ttl-security address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy BGP_FILTER in maximum-prefix nnnn 75 discard-extra-paths ! ! neighbor x.1.24.4 remote-as zz address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy BGP_FILTER in maximum-prefix nnnn 75 discard-extra-paths ! ! ! If the router is not configured to control the number of prefixes received from each peer to protect against route table flooding and prefix de-aggregation attacks, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216785

The Cisco BGP router must be configured to limit the prefix size on any inbound route advertisement to /24 or the least significant prefixes issued to the customer.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000570
Rule ID
SV-216785r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000362-RTR-000118
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The effects of prefix de-aggregation can degrade router performance due to the size of routing tables and also result in black-holing legitimate traffic. Initiated by an attacker or a misconfigured router, prefix de-aggregation occurs when the announcement of a large prefix is fragmented into a collection of smaller prefix announcements.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure the router to limit the prefix size on any route advertisement to /24 or the least significant prefixes issued to the customer. Step 1: Configure a prefix set to not include prefixes are longer than /24. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#prefix-set PREFIX_LENGTH RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#0.0.0.0/0 ge 8 le 24 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pfx)#end-set Step 2: Configure a route policy to only accept prefixes that are /24 or shorter as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#route-policy FILTER_LONG_PREFIXES RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#if destination in PREFIX_LENGTH then RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#pass RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-if)#else RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#drop RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl-else)#endif RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rpl)#end-policy Step 3: Apply the route policy above inbound with each peering CE router as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp xx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.12.4.14 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy route-policy FILTER_LONG_PREFIXES in RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.12.4.16 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#route-policy FILTER_LONG_PREFIXES in RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr-af)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to determine if it is compliant with this requirement. Step 1: Verify that an inbound route policy has been configured for each CE router as shown in the example below. router bgp xx address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor x.12.4.14 remote-as 64514 address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy FILTER_LONG_PREFIXES in ! ! neighbor x.12.4.16 remote-as 64516 address-family ipv4 unicast route-policy FILTER_LONG_PREFIXES in ! Step 2: Verify that the route policy permits only routes from each CE router with a prefix length of 24 or shorter or the least significant prefixes issued to the customer as shown in the example below. route-policy FILTER_LONG_PREFIXES if destination in PREFIX_LENGTH then pass else drop endif end-policy Note: The inbound route policy to filter customer prefixes can be nested with the above route policy as shown in the example below. route-policy CUST1_INBOUND_FILTER apply CUST1_FILTER apply FILTER_64514_ROUTES apply FILTER_LONG_PREFIXES end-policy Step 3: Review the prefix set referenced in the route policy above to determine if it only allows a prefix length 24 or shorter. prefix-set PREFIX_LENGTH 0.0.0.0/0 ge 8 le 24 end-set If the router is not configured to limit the prefix size on any inbound route advertisement to /24 or the least significant prefixes issued to the customer, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216786

The Cisco BGP router must be configured to use its loopback address as the source address for iBGP peering sessions.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000580
Rule ID
SV-216786r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000001
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Using a loopback address as the source address offers a multitude of uses for security, access, management, and scalability of the BGP routers. It is easier to construct appropriate ingress filters for router management plane traffic destined to the network management subnet since the source addresses will be from the range used for loopback interfaces instead of a larger range of addresses used for physical interfaces. Log information recorded by authentication and syslog servers will record the router’s loopback address instead of the numerous physical interface addresses. When the loopback address is used as the source for eBGP peering, the BGP session will be harder to hijack since the source address to be used is not known globally—making it more difficult for a hacker to spoof an eBGP neighbor. By using traceroute, a hacker can easily determine the addresses for an eBGP speaker when the IP address of an external interface is used as the source address. The routers within the iBGP domain should also use loopback addresses as the source address when establishing BGP sessions.

Fix Text

Configure the router to use its loopback address as the source address for all iBGP peering. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp 2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor 10.1.24.4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#update-source lo0 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#end

Check Content

Step 1: Review the router configuration to verify that a loopback address has been configured. interface Loopback0 ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.255 Step 2: Verify that the loopback interface is used as the source address for all iBGP sessions. router bgp xx address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor 10.1.23.3 remote-as xx update-source Loopback0 If the router does not use its loopback address as the source address for all iBGP sessions, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216787

The Cisco MPLS router must be configured to use its loopback address as the source address for LDP peering sessions.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000590
Rule ID
SV-216787r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000002
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Using a loopback address as the source address offers a multitude of uses for security, access, management, and scalability of backbone routers. It is easier to construct appropriate ingress filters for router management plane traffic destined to the network management subnet since the source addresses will be from the range used for loopback interfaces instead of from a larger range of addresses used for physical interfaces. Log information recorded by authentication and syslog servers will record the router's loopback address instead of the numerous physical interface addresses.

Fix Text

Configure the router to use their loopback address as the source address for LDP peering sessions. As noted in the check content, the default behavior is to use its loopback address. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#mpls ldp router-id 10.1.1.1

Check Content

Review the router configuration to determine if it is compliant with this requirement. Verify that a loopback address has been configured as shown in the following example: interface Loopback0 ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.255 By default, routers will use its loopback address for LDP peering. If an address has not be configured on the loopback interface, it will use its physical interface connecting to the LDP peer. If the router-id command is specified that overrides this default behavior, verify that it is the IP address of the designated loopback interface as shown in the example below. mpls ldp router-id 10.1.1.1 If the router is not configured do use its loopback address for LDP peering, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216788

The Cisco MPLS router must be configured to synchronize IGP and LDP to minimize packet loss when an IGP adjacency is established prior to LDP peers completing label exchange.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000600
Rule ID
SV-216788r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000003
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Packet loss can occur when an IGP adjacency is established and the router begins forwarding packets using the new adjacency before the LDP label exchange completes between the peers on that link. Packet loss can also occur if an LDP session closes and the router continues to forward traffic using the link associated with the LDP peer rather than an alternate pathway with a fully synchronized LDP session. The MPLS LDP-IGP Synchronization feature provides a means to synchronize LDP with OSPF or IS-IS to minimize MPLS packet loss. When an IGP adjacency is established on a link but LDP-IGP synchronization is not yet achieved or is lost, the IGP will advertise the max-metric on that link.

Fix Text

Configure the MPLS router to synchronize IGP and LDP, minimizing packet loss when an IGP adjacency is established prior to LDP peers completing label exchange. OSPF Example RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#router ospf 1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ospf)#mpls ldp sync RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ospf)#end IS-IS Example RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#router isis 1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-isis)#interface g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-isis-if)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-isis-if-af)#mpls ldp sync RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-isis-if-af)#end

Check Content

OSPF Example router ospf 1 mpls ldp sync IS-IS Example router isis 1 net 49.0001.1234.1600.5531.00 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 address-family ipv4 unicast mpls ldp sync If the router is not configured to synchronize IGP and LDP, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216789

The MPLS router with RSVP-TE enabled must be configured with message pacing to adjust maximum burst and maximum number of RSVP messages to an output queue based on the link speed and input queue size of adjacent core routers.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000610
Rule ID
SV-216789r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000193-RTR-000001
CCI
CCI-001095
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

RSVP-TE can be used to perform constraint-based routing when building LSP tunnels within the network core that will support QoS and traffic engineering requirements. RSVP-TE is also used to enable MPLS Fast Reroute, a network restoration mechanism that will reroute traffic onto a backup LSP in case of a node or link failure along the primary path. When there is a disruption in the MPLS core, such as a link flap or router reboot, the result is a significant amount of RSVP signaling, such as "PathErr" and "ResvErr" messages that need to be sent for every LSP using that link. When RSVP messages are sent out, they are sent either hop by hop or with the router alert bit set in the IP header. This means that every router along the path must examine the packet to determine if additional processing is required for these RSVP messages. If there is enough signaling traffic in the network, it is possible for an interface to receive more packets for its input queue than it can hold, resulting in dropped RSVP messages and hence slower RSVP convergence. Increasing the size of the interface input queue can help prevent dropping packets; however, there is still the risk of having a burst of signaling traffic that can fill the queue. Solutions to mitigate this risk are RSVP message pacing or refresh reduction to control the rate at which RSVP messages are sent. RSVP refresh reduction includes the following features: RSVP message bundling, RSVP Message ID to reduce message processing overhead, reliable delivery of RSVP messages using Message ID, and summary refresh to reduce the amount of information transmitted every refresh interval.

Fix Text

Configure the router to rate limit RSVP messages as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#rsvp interface g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-rsvp-if)#signaling rate-limit rate 50 interval 500 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-rsvp-if)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration to determine RSVP messages are rate limited. Step 1: Determine if MPLS TE is enabled on any interface as shown in the example below. mpls traffic-eng interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 Step 2: If MPLS TE is enabled, verify that RSVP messages are rate limited on each interface. The example allows 50 messages per 500 milliseconds. rsvp interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 signaling rate-limit rate 50 interval 500 Note: The command rsvp msg-pacing has been deprecated by the command ip rsvp signaling rate-limit command. If the router with RSVP-TE enabled does not have message pacing configured based on the link speed and input queue size of adjacent core routers, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216790

The Cisco MPLS router must be configured to have TTL Propagation disabled.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000620
Rule ID
SV-216790r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000004
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The head end of the label-switched path (LSP), the label edge router (LER) will decrement the IP packet's time-to-live (TTL) value by one and then copy the value to the MPLS TTL field. At each label-switched router (LSR) hop, the MPLS TTL value is decremented by one. The MPLS router that pops the label (either the penultimate LSR or the egress LER) will copy the packet's MPLS TTL value to the IP TTL field and decrement it by one. This TTL propagation is the default behavior. Because the MPLS TTL is propagated from the IP TTL, a traceroute will list every hop in the path, be it routed or label switched, thereby exposing core nodes. With TTL propagation disabled, LER decrements the IP packet's TTL value by one and then places a value of 255 in the packet's MPLS TTL field, which is then decremented by one as the packet passes through each LSR in the MPLS core. Because the MPLS TTL never drops to zero, none of the LSP hops triggers an ICMP TTL exceeded message and consequently, these hops are not recorded in a traceroute. Hence, nodes within the MPLS core cannot be discovered by an attacker.

Fix Text

Configure the MPLS router to disable TTL propagation as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#mpls ip-ttl-propagate disable

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify that TTL propagation is disabled as shown in the example below. mpls ip-ttl-propagate disable If the MPLS router is not configured to disable TTL propagation, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216791

The Cisco PE router must be configured to have each Virtual Routing and Forwarding (VRF) instance bound to the appropriate physical or logical interfaces to maintain traffic separation between all MPLS L3VPNs.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000630
Rule ID
SV-216791r531087_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000005
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The primary security model for an MPLS L3VPN infrastructure is traffic separation. The service provider must guarantee the customer that traffic from one VPN does not leak into another VPN or into the core, and that core traffic must not leak into any VPN. Hence, it is imperative that each CE-facing interface can only be associated to one VRF—that alone is the fundamental framework for traffic separation.

Fix Text

Configure the PE router to have each VRF bound to the appropriate physical or logical interfaces to maintain traffic separation between all MPLS L3VPNs.

Check Content

Step 1: Review the design plan for deploying L3VPN and VRF-lite. Step 2: Review the design plan for deploying L3VPN and VRF-lite. Review all CE-facing interfaces and verify that the proper VRF is defined via the ip vrf forwarding command. In the example below, COI1 is bound to interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1, while COI2 is bound to GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 description link to COI1 vrf COI1 ipv4 address x.1.34.12 255.255.255.252 ! interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 description link to COI2 vrf COI2 ipv4 address x.1.22.12 255.255.255.252 If any VRFs are not bound to the appropriate physical or logical interface, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216792

The Cisco PE router must be configured to have each Virtual Routing and Forwarding (VRF) instance with the appropriate Route Target (RT).

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000640
Rule ID
SV-216792r531087_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000006
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The primary security model for an MPLS L3VPN as well as a VRF-lite infrastructure is traffic separation. Each interface can only be associated to one VRF, which is the fundamental framework for traffic separation. Forwarding decisions are made based on the routing table belonging to the VRF. Control of what routes are imported into or exported from a VRF is based on the RT. It is critical that traffic does not leak from one COI tenant or L3VPN to another; hence, it is imperative that the correct RT is configured for each VRF.

Fix Text

Configure the router to have each VRF instance defined with the correct RT. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#vrf COI1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-vrf)#address-family ipv4 unicast RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-vrf-af)#import route-target 13:13 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-vrf-af)#export route-target 13:13 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-vrf-af)#end

Check Content

Review the design plan for MPLS/L3VPN and VRF-lite to determine what RTs have been assigned for each VRF. Review the router configuration and verify that the correct RT is configured for each VRF. In the example below, route target 13:13 has been configured for COI1. vrf COI1 address-family ipv4 unicast import route-target 13:13 ! export route-target 13:13 ! ! ! If there are VRFs configured with the wrong RT, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216793

The Cisco PE router must be configured to have each VRF with the appropriate Route Distinguisher (RD).

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000650
Rule ID
SV-216793r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000007
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

An RD provides uniqueness to the customer address spaces within the MPLS L3VPN infrastructure. The concept of the VPN-IPv4 and VPN-IPv6 address families consists of the RD prepended before the IP address. Hence, if the same IP prefix is used in several different L3VPNs, it is possible for BGP to carry several completely different routes for that prefix, one for each VPN. Since VPN-IPv4 addresses and IPv4 addresses are different address families, BGP never treats them as comparable addresses. The purpose of the RD is to create distinct routes for common IPv4 address prefixes. On any given PE router, a single RD can define a VRF in which the entire address space may be used independently, regardless of the makeup of other VPN address spaces. Hence, it is imperative that a unique RD is assigned to each L3VPN and that the proper RD is configured for each VRF.

Fix Text

Configure the correct RD for each VRF. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#router bgp nn RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-bgp)#vrf COI1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-bgp-vrf)#rd 13:13

Check Content

Review the design plan for MPLS/L3VPN to determine what RD have been assigned for each VRF. Review the router configuration and verify that the correct RD is configured for each VRF. In the example below, route distinguisher 13:13 has been configured for COI1. router bgp nn address-family ipv4 unicast ! address-family vpnv4 unicast ! … … … ! vrf COI1 rd 13:13 address-family ipv4 unicast redistribute ospf 1 ! ! ! Note: This requirement is only applicable for MPLS VPN implementations. If the wrong RD has been configured for any VRF, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216794

The Cisco PE router providing MPLS Layer 2 Virtual Private Network (L2VPN) services must be configured to authenticate targeted Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) sessions used to exchange virtual circuit (VC) information using a FIPS-approved message authentication code algorithm.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000660
Rule ID
SV-216794r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000343-RTR-000001
CCI
CCI-001958
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

LDP provides the signaling required for setting up and tearing down pseudowires (virtual circuits used to transport Layer 2 frames) across an MPLS IP core network. Using a targeted LDP session, each PE router advertises a virtual circuit label mapping that is used as part of the label stack imposed on the frames by the ingress PE router during packet forwarding. Authentication provides protection against spoofed TCP segments that can be introduced into the LDP sessions.

Fix Text

The severity level can be downgraded to a category 3 if the router is configured to authenticate targeted LDP sessions using MD5 as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#mpls ldp RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ldp)#neighbor 10.1.1.1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ldp)#neighbor password clear xxxxxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ldp)#neighbor 10.1.2.1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ldp)#neighbor password clear xxxxxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ldp)#commit

Check Content

The Cisco router is not compliant with this requirement; hence, it is a finding. However, the severity level can be downgraded to a category 3 if the router is configured to authenticate targeted LDP sessions using MD5 as shown in the configuration example below. mpls ldp router-id 10.1.1.2 neighbor 10.1.1.1 password encrypted xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx neighbor 10.1.2.1 password encrypted xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx If the router is not configured to authenticate targeted LDP sessions using MD5, the finding will remain as a CAT II.

Removed

V-216795

The Cisco PE router providing MPLS Virtual Private Wire Service (VPWS) must be configured to have the appropriate pseudowire ID for each attachment circuit.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000670
Rule ID
SV-216795r531087_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000008
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

VPWS is an L2VPN technology that provides a virtual circuit (aka pseudowire) between two PE routers to forward Layer 2 frames between two customer-edge routers or switches through an MPLS-enabled IP core. The ingress PE router (virtual circuit head-end) encapsulates Ethernet frames inside MPLS packets using label stacking and forwards them across the MPLS network to the egress PE router (virtual circuit tail-end). During a virtual circuit setup, the PE routers exchange label bindings for the specified pseudowire ID. The pseudowire ID specifies a pseudowire associated with an ingress and egress PE router and the customer-facing attachment circuits. To guarantee that all frames are forwarded onto the correct pseudowire and to the correct customer and attachment circuits, it is imperative that the correct pseudowire ID is configured for each attachment circuit.

Fix Text

Assign globally unique pseudowire IDs for each virtual circuit and configure the attachment circuits with the appropriate pseudowire ID. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#l2vpn RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn)#xconnect group COI1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-xc)#p2p COI1-S1-S2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-xc-p2p)#interface g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-xc-p2p)#neighbor 10.1.12.4 pw-id 55

Check Content

Verify that the correct pseudowire ID has been configured for the appropriate attachment circuit. In the example below GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 is the CE-facing interface that is configured for VPWS. l2vpn pw-class ETHOM encapsulation mpls ! ! xconnect group COI1 p2p COI1-S1-S2 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 neighbor ipv4 10.1.12.4 pw-id 55 pw-class ETHOM ! ! ! ! If the correct pseudowire ID has not been configured on both routers, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216796

The Cisco PE router providing Virtual Private LAN Services (VPLS) must be configured to have all attachment circuits defined to the virtual forwarding instance (VFI) with the globally unique VPN ID assigned for each customer VLAN.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000680
Rule ID
SV-216796r531087_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000009
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

VPLS defines an architecture that delivers Ethernet multipoint services over an MPLS network. Customer Layer 2 frames are forwarded across the MPLS core via pseudowires using IEEE 802.1q Ethernet bridging principles. A pseudowire is a virtual bidirectional connection between two attachment circuits (virtual connections between PE and CE routers). A pseudowire contains two unidirectional label-switched paths (LSP) between two PE routers. Each MAC virtual forwarding table instance (VFI) is interconnected using pseudowires provisioned for the bridge domain, thereby maintaining privacy and logical separation between each VPLS bridge domain. The VFI specifies the pseudowires associated with connecting PE routers and the customer-facing attachment circuits belonging to a given VLAN. Resembling a Layer 2 switch, the VFI is responsible for learning MAC addresses and providing loop-free forwarding of customer traffic to the appropriate end nodes. Each VPLS domain is identified by a globally unique VPN ID; hence, VFIs of the same VPLS domain must be configured with the same VPN ID on all participating PE routers. To guarantee traffic separation for all customer VLANs and that all packets are forwarded to the correct destination, it is imperative that the correct attachment circuits are associated with the appropriate VFI and that each VFI is associated to the unique VPN ID assigned to the customer VLAN.

Fix Text

Assign globally unique VPN IDs for each customer using VPLS for carrier Ethernet services between multiple sites, and configure the attachment circuits to the appropriate VFI. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#l2vpn RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn)#bridge group L2GROUP RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg)#bridge-domain L2_BRIDGE_COI1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd)#interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd-ac)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd)#vfi VFI_COI1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd-vfi)#vpn-id 101

Check Content

Review the implementation plan and the VPN IDs assigned to customer VLANs for the VPLS deployment. Review the PE router configuration to verify that customer attachment circuits are associated to the appropriate VFI. In the example below, the attached circuit at interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 is associated to VPN ID 110. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 l2transport … … … l2vpn pw-class ETH_O_MPLS encapsulation mpls transport-mode ethernet ! ! bridge group L2GROUP bridge-domain L2_BRIDGE_COI1 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 ! vfi VFI_COI1 vpn-id 101 neighbor 10.1.1.1 pw-id 55 pw-class ETH_O_MPLS ! neighbor 10.2.2.2 pw-id 55 pw-class ETH_O_MPLS ! ! ! ! If the attachment circuits have not been bound to VFI configured with the assigned VPN ID for each VLAN, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216797

The Cisco PE router must be configured to enforce the split-horizon rule for all pseudowires within a Virtual Private LAN Services (VPLS) bridge domain.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000690
Rule ID
SV-216797r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000010
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

A virtual forwarding instance (VFI) must be created on each participating PE router for each customer VLAN using VPLS for carrier Ethernet services. The VFI specifies the VPN ID of a VPLS domain, the addresses of other PE routers in the domain, and the type of tunnel signaling and encapsulation mechanism for each peer PE router. The set of VFIs formed by the interconnection of the emulated VCs is called a VPLS instance, which forms the logic bridge over the MPLS core network. The PE routers use the VFI with a unique VPN ID to establish a full mesh of emulated virtual circuits or pseudowires to all the other PE routers in the VPLS instance. The full-mesh configuration allows the PE router to maintain a single broadcast domain. With a full-mesh configuration, signaling and packet replication requirements for each provisioned virtual circuit on a PE can be high. To avoid the problem of a packet looping in the provider core, thereby adding more overhead, the PE devices must enforce a split-horizon principle for the emulated virtual circuits; that is, if a packet is received on an emulated virtual circuit, it is not forwarded on any other virtual circuit.

Fix Text

Enable split horizon on all PE routers deploying VPLS in a full-mesh configuration. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#l2vpn RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn)#bridge group L2GROUP RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg)#bridge-domain L2_BRIDGE_COI1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd)#interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd-ac)#split-horizon group RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd-ac)#end

Check Content

Review the PE router configuration to verify that split horizon is enabled at each attachment circuit within each bridge domain as shown in the example below. bridge group L2GROUP bridge-domain L2_BRIDGE_COI1 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 split-horizon group ! If split horizon is not enabled, this is a finding. Note: This requirement is only applicable to a mesh VPLS topology. VPLS solves the loop problem by using a split-horizon rule which states that member PE routers of a VPLS must forward VPLS traffic only to the local attachment circuits when they receive the traffic from the other PE routers. In a ring VPLS, split horizon must be disabled so that a PE router can forward a packet received from one pseudowire to another pseudowire. To prevent the consequential loop, at least one span in the ring would not have a pseudowire for any given VPLS instance.

Removed

V-216798

The Cisco PE router providing Virtual Private LAN Services (VPLS) must be configured to have traffic storm control thresholds on CE-facing interfaces.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000700
Rule ID
SV-216798r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000193-RTR-000002
CCI
CCI-001095
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

A traffic storm occurs when packets flood a VPLS bridge, creating excessive traffic and degrading network performance. Traffic storm control prevents VPLS bridge disruption by suppressing traffic when the number of packets reaches configured threshold levels. Traffic storm control monitors incoming traffic levels on a port and drops traffic when the number of packets reaches the configured threshold level during any one-second interval.

Fix Text

Configure storm control for each CE-facing interface as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#l2vpn RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn)#bridge group L2GROUP RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg)# bridge-domain L2_BRIDGE_COI1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd)#interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd-ac)#storm-control broadcast kbps 1200 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd-ac)#storm-control multicast kbps 1200 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd-ac)#storm-control unknown-unicast kbps 1200 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd-ac)#end Note: The acceptable range is 10000000 -1000000000 for a gigabit ethernet interface, and 100000000-10000000000 for a ten gigabit interface. Storm control is not supported on most FastEthernet interfaces.

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify that storm control is enabled on CE-facing interfaces deploying VPLS as shown in the example below. bridge group L2GROUP bridge-domain L2_BRIDGE_COI1 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 storm-control unknown-unicast kbps 1200 storm-control multicast kbps 1200 storm-control broadcast kbps 1200 split-horizon group ! If storm control is not enabled at a minimum for broadcast traffic, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216799

The Cisco PE router must be configured to implement Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) or Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) snooping for each Virtual Private LAN Services (VPLS) bridge domain.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000710
Rule ID
SV-216799r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000362-RTR-000119
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

IGMP snooping provides a way to constrain multicast traffic at Layer 2. By monitoring the IGMP membership reports sent by hosts within the bridge domain, the snooping application can set up Layer 2 multicast forwarding tables to deliver traffic only to ports with at least one interested member within the VPLS bridge, thereby significantly reducing the volume of multicast traffic that would otherwise flood an entire VPLS bridge domain. The IGMP snooping operation applies to both access circuits and pseudowires within a VPLS bridge domain.

Fix Text

Configure IGMP or MLD snooping for IPv4 and IPv6 multicast traffic respectively for each VPLS bridge domain. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#l2vpn RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn)#bridge group L2GROUP RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg)# bridge-domain L2_BRIDGE_COI1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd)#interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd-ac)#igmp snooping profile default RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd-ac)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration to verify that IGMP or MLD snooping has been configured for IPv4 and IPv6 multicast traffic respectively for each VPLS bridge domain. l2vpn bridge group L2GROUP bridge-domain L2_BRIDGE_COI1 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 igmp snooping profile default If the router is not configured to implement IGMP or MLD snooping for each VPLS bridge domain, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216800

The Cisco PE router must be configured to limit the number of MAC addresses it can learn for each Virtual Private LAN Services (VPLS) bridge domain.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000720
Rule ID
SV-216800r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000192-RTR-000002
CCI
CCI-001094
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

VPLS defines an architecture that delivers Ethernet multipoint services over an MPLS network. Customer Layer 2 frames are forwarded across the MPLS core via pseudowires using IEEE 802.1q Ethernet bridging principles. A pseudowire is a virtual bidirectional connection between two attachment circuits (virtual connections between PE and CE routers). A pseudowire contains two unidirectional label-switched paths (LSP). Each MAC forwarding table instance is interconnected using domain-specific LSPs, thereby maintaining privacy and logical separation between each VPLS domain. When a frame arrives on a bridge port (pseudowire or attachment circuit) and the source MAC address is unknown to the receiving PE router, the source MAC address is associated with the pseudowire or attachment circuit and the forwarding table is updated accordingly. Frames are forwarded to the appropriate pseudowire or attachment circuit according to the forwarding table entry for the destination MAC address. Ethernet frames sent to broadcast and unknown destination addresses must be flooded out to all interfaces for the bridge domain; hence, a PE router must replicate packets across both attachment circuits and pseudowires. A malicious attacker residing in a customer network could launch a source MAC address spoofing attack by flooding packets to a valid unicast destination, each with a different MAC source address. The PE router receiving this traffic would try to learn every new MAC address and would quickly run out of space for the VFI forwarding table. Older, valid MAC addresses would be removed from the table, and traffic sent to them would have to be flooded until the storm threshold limit is reached. Hence, it is essential that a limit is established to control the number of MAC addresses that will be learned and recorded into the forwarding table for each bridge domain.

Fix Text

Configure a MAC address learning limit for each VPLS bridge domain. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#l2vpn RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn)#bridge group L2GROUP RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg)#bridge-domain L2_BRIDGE_COI1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd)#interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd-ac)#mac limit maximum nnn RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-l2vpn-bg-bd-ac)#end

Check Content

Review the PE router configuration to determine if a MAC address limit has been set for each VPLS bridge domain. bridge group L2GROUP bridge-domain L2_BRIDGE_COI1 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 mac limit maximum nnnn ! ! If a limit has not been configured, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216801

The Cisco PE router must be configured to block any traffic that is destined to IP core infrastructure.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000730
Rule ID
SV-216801r531087_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000007
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

IP/MPLS networks providing VPN and transit services must provide, at the least, the same level of protection against denial-of-service (DoS) attacks and intrusions as Layer 2 networks. Although the IP core network elements are hidden, security should never rely entirely on obscurity. IP addresses can be guessed. Core network elements must not be accessible from any external host. Protecting the core from any attack is vital for the integrity and privacy of customer traffic as well as the availability of transit services. A compromise of the IP core can result in an outage or, at a minimum, non-optimized forwarding of customer traffic. Protecting the core from an outside attack also prevents attackers from using the core to attack any customer. Hence, it is imperative that all routers at the edge deny traffic destined to any address belonging to the IP core infrastructure.

Fix Text

Configure protection for the IP core to be implemented at the edges by blocking any traffic with a destination address assigned to the IP core infrastructure. Step 1: Configure an ingress ACL to discard and log packets destined to the IP core address space. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#Ipv4 access-list BLOCK_TO_CORE RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny tcp any any eq tacacs log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any 10.1.x.0 0.0.255.255 log-input RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv4-acl)#end Step 2: Apply the ACL inbound to all external or CE-facing interfaces. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g1/1/0/0 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 access-group BLOCK_TO_CORE in RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#end

Check Content

Step 1: Review the router configuration to verify that an ingress ACL is applied to all external or CE-facing interfaces. interface GigabitEthernet1/1/0/0 ipv4 address x.1.12.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 access-group BLOCK_TO_CORE ingress Step 2: Verify that the ingress ACL discards and logs packets destined to the IP core address space. Ipv4 access-list BLOCK_TO_CORE 10 deny ipv4 any 10.1.x.0 0.0.255.255 log-input 20 permit ipv4 any any ! If the PE router is not configured to block any traffic with a destination address assigned to the IP core infrastructure, this is a finding. Note: Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) echo requests and traceroutes will be allowed to the edge from external adjacent neighbors.

Removed

V-216802

The Cisco PE router must be configured with Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding (uRPF) loose mode enabled on all CE-facing interfaces.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000740
Rule ID
SV-216802r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000008
CCI
CCI-001097
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The uRPF feature is a defense against spoofing and denial-of-service (DoS) attacks by verifying if the source address of any ingress packet is reachable. To mitigate attacks that rely on forged source addresses, all provider edge routers must enable uRPF loose mode to guarantee that all packets received from a CE router contain source addresses that are in the route table.

Fix Text

Configure uRPF loose mode on all CE-facing interfaces as shown in the example RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g1/1/0/0 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 verify unicast source reachable-via any

Check Content

Review the router configuration to determine if uRPF loose mode is enabled on all CE-facing interfaces. interface GigabitEthernet1/1/0/0 ip address x.1.12.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 verify unicast source reachable-via any If uRPF loose mode is not enabled on all CE-facing interfaces, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216804

The Cisco PE router must be configured to enforce a Quality-of-Service (QoS) policy in accordance with the QoS DODIN Technical Profile.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000760
Rule ID
SV-216804r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000193-RTR-000113
CCI
CCI-001095
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Different applications have unique requirements and toleration levels for delay, jitter, bandwidth, packet loss, and availability. To manage the multitude of applications and services, a network requires a QoS framework to differentiate traffic and provide a method to manage network congestion. The Differentiated Services Model (DiffServ) is based on per-hop behavior by categorizing traffic into different classes and enabling each node to enforce a forwarding treatment to each packet as dictated by a policy. Packet markings such as IP Precedence and its successor, Differentiated Services Code Points (DSCP), were defined along with specific per-hop behaviors for key traffic types to enable a scalable QoS solution. DiffServ QoS categorizes network traffic, prioritizes it according to its relative importance, and provides priority treatment based on the classification. It is imperative that end-to-end QoS is implemented within the IP core network to provide preferred treatment for mission-critical applications.

Fix Text

Configure a QoS policy in accordance with the QoS DODIN Technical Profile. Step 1: Configure class-maps to match on DSCP values as shown in the configuration example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#class-map match-all C2_VOICE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#match dscp 47 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#class-map match-all VOICE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#match dscp ef RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#class-map match-all VIDEO RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#match dscp af41 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#class-map match-all CONTROL_PLANE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#match dscp cs6 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#class-map match-all PREFERRED_DATA RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#match dscp af33 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#exit Step 2: Configure a policy map to be applied to the core-layer-facing interface that reserves the bandwidth for each traffic type as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap)#policy-map QOS_POLICY RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap)#class C2_VOICE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 10 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#class VOICE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 15 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#class VIDEO RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 25 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#class CONTROL_PLANE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 10 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#class PREFERRED_DATA RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 25 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#class class-default RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 15 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#exit Step 3: Apply the output service policy to the core-layer-facing interface as shown in the configuration example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#service-policy output QOS_POLICY RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#int g0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#service-policy output QOS_POLICY RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration and verify that a QoS policy has been configured to provide preferred treatment for mission-critical applications in accordance with the QoS DODIN Technical Profile. Step 1: Verify that the class-maps are configured to match on DSCP values as shown in the configuration example below. class-map match-all VIDEO match dscp af41 end-class-map ! class-map match-all VOICE match dscp ef end-class-map ! class-map match-all C2_VOICE match dscp 47 end-class-map ! class-map match-all CONTROL_PLANE match dscp cs6 end-class-map ! class-map match-all PREFERRED_DATA match dscp af33 end-class-map ! Step 2: Verify that the policy map reserves the bandwidth for each traffic type as shown in the following example: policy-map QOS_POLICY class C2_VOICE bandwidth percent 10 ! class VOICE bandwidth percent 15 ! class VIDEO bandwidth percent 25 ! class CONTROL_PLANE bandwidth percent 10 ! class PREFERRED_DATA bandwidth percent 25 ! class class-default bandwidth percent 15 ! end-policy-map ! Step 3: Verify that an output service policy is bound to all interface as shown in the configuration example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 service-policy output QOS_POLICY ipv4 address x.1.24.2 255.255.255.252 ! interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 service-policy output QOS_POLICY ipv4 address x.1.24.5 255.255.255.252 Note: Enclaves must mark or re-mark their traffic to be consistent with the DODIN backbone admission criteria to gain the appropriate level of service. A general DiffServ principle is to mark or trust traffic as close to the source as administratively and technically possible. However, certain traffic types might need to be re-marked before handoff to the DODIN backbone to gain admission to the correct class. If such re-marking is required, it is recommended that the re-marking be performed at the CE egress edge. If the router is not configured to enforce a QoS policy in accordance with the QoS DODIN Technical Profile, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216805

The Cisco P router must be configured to implement a Quality-of-Service (QoS) policy in accordance with the QoS DODIN Technical Profile.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000770
Rule ID
SV-216805r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000193-RTR-000114
CCI
CCI-001095
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Different applications have unique requirements and toleration levels for delay, jitter, bandwidth, packet loss, and availability. To manage the multitude of applications and services, a network requires a QoS framework to differentiate traffic and provide a method to manage network congestion. The Differentiated Services Model (DiffServ) is based on per-hop behavior by categorizing traffic into different classes and enabling each node to enforce a forwarding treatment to each packet as dictated by a policy. Packet markings such as IP Precedence and its successor, Differentiated Services Code Points (DSCP), were defined along with specific per-hop behaviors for key traffic types to enable a scalable QoS solution. DiffServ QoS categorizes network traffic, prioritizes it according to its relative importance, and provides priority treatment based on the classification. It is imperative that end-to-end QoS is implemented within the IP core network to provide preferred treatment for mission-critical applications.

Fix Text

Configure a QoS policy in accordance with the QoS DODIN Technical Profile. Step 1: Configure class-maps to match on DSCP values as shown in the configuration example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#class-map match-all C2_VOICE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#match dscp 47 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#class-map match-all VOICE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#match dscp ef RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#class-map match-all VIDEO RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#match dscp af41 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#class-map match-all CONTROL_PLANE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#match dscp cs6 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#class-map match-all PREFERRED_DATA RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#match dscp af33 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#exit Step 2: Configure a policy map to be applied to the core-layer-facing interface that reserves the bandwidth for each traffic type as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap)#policy-map QOS_POLICY RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap)#class C2_VOICE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 10 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#class VOICE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 15 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#class VIDEO RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 25 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#class CONTROL_PLANE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 10 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#class PREFERRED_DATA RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 25 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#class class-default RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 15 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#exit Step 3: Apply the output service policy to the core-layer-facing interface as shown in the configuration example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#service-policy output QOS_POLICY RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#int g0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#service-policy output QOS_POLICY RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-if)#end

Check Content

Step 1: Verify that the class-maps are configured to match on DSCP values as shown in the configuration example below. class-map match-all VIDEO match dscp af41 end-class-map ! class-map match-all VOICE match dscp ef end-class-map ! class-map match-all C2_VOICE match dscp 47 end-class-map ! class-map match-all CONTROL_PLANE match dscp cs6 end-class-map ! class-map match-all PREFERRED_DATA match dscp af33 end-class-map ! Step 2: Verify that the policy map reserves the bandwidth for each traffic type as shown in the following example: policy-map QOS_POLICY class C2_VOICE bandwidth percent 10 ! class VOICE bandwidth percent 15 ! class VIDEO bandwidth percent 25 ! class CONTROL_PLANE bandwidth percent 10 ! class PREFERRED_DATA bandwidth percent 25 ! class class-default bandwidth percent 15 ! end-policy-map ! Step 3: Verify that an output service policy is bound to all interfaces as shown in the configuration example below. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 service-policy output QOS_POLICY ipv4 address x.1.24.2 255.255.255.252 ! interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 service-policy output QOS_POLICY ipv4 address x.1.24.5 255.255.255.252 Note: Enclaves must mark or re-mark their traffic to be consistent with the DODIN backbone admission criteria to gain the appropriate level of service. A general DiffServ principle is to mark or trust traffic as close to the source as administratively and technically possible. However, certain traffic types might need to be re-marked before handoff to the DODIN backbone to gain admission to the correct class. If such re-marking is required, it is recommended that the re-marking be performed at the CE egress edge. If the router is not configured to enforce a QoS policy in accordance with the QoS DODIN Technical Profile, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216806

The Cisco PE router must be configured to enforce a Quality-of-Service (QoS) policy to limit the effects of packet flooding denial-of-service (DoS) attacks.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000780
Rule ID
SV-216806r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000193-RTR-000112
CCI
CCI-001095
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

DoS is a condition when a resource is not available for legitimate users. Packet flooding distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks are referred to as volumetric attacks and have the objective of overloading a network or circuit to deny or seriously degrade performance, which denies access to the services that normally traverse the network or circuit. Volumetric attacks have become relatively easy to launch using readily available tools such as Low Orbit Ion Cannon or botnets. Measures to mitigate the effects of a successful volumetric attack must be taken to ensure that sufficient capacity is available for mission-critical traffic. Managing capacity may include, for example, establishing selected network usage priorities or quotas and enforcing them using rate limiting, Quality of Service (QoS), or other resource reservation control methods. These measures may also mitigate the effects of sudden decreases in network capacity that are the result of accidental or intentional physical damage to telecommunications facilities (such as cable cuts or weather-related outages).

Fix Text

Step 1: Configure a class map for the SCAVENGER class. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#class-map match-all SCAVENGER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#match dscp cs1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-cmap)#exit Step 2: Add the SCAVENGER class to the policy map as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#policy-map QOS_POLICY RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap)#no class class-default RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap)#class SCAVENGER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 5 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#class class-default RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#bandwidth percent 10 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pmap-c)#end

Check Content

Step 1: Verify that a class map has been configured for the Scavenger class as shown in the example below. class-map match-all SCAVENGER match dscp cs1 end-class-map Step 2: Verify that the policy map includes the SCAVENGER class with low priority as shown in the following example below. policy-map QOS_POLICY class C2_VOICE bandwidth percent 10 ! class VOICE bandwidth percent 15 ! class VIDEO bandwidth percent 25 ! class CONTROL_PLANE bandwidth percent 10 ! class PREFERRED_DATA bandwidth percent 25 ! class SCAVENGER bandwidth percent 5 ! class class-default bandwidth percent 10 ! end-policy-map Note: Traffic out of profile must be marked at the customer access layer or CE egress edge. If the policy map does not include the SCAVENGER class with low priority, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216807

The Cisco multicast router must be configured to disable Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) on all interfaces that are not required to support multicast routing.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000790
Rule ID
SV-216807r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000019-RTR-000003
CCI
CCI-001414
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

If multicast traffic is forwarded beyond the intended boundary, it is possible that it can be intercepted by unauthorized or unintended personnel. Limiting where, within the network, a given multicast group's data is permitted to flow is an important first step in improving multicast security. A scope zone is an instance of a connected region of a given scope. Zones of the same scope cannot overlap while zones of a smaller scope will fit completely within a zone of a larger scope. For example, Admin-local scope is smaller than Site-local scope, so the administratively configured boundary fits within the bounds of a site. According to RFC 4007 IPv6 Scoped Address Architecture (section 5), scope zones are also required to be "convex from a routing perspective"; that is, packets routed within a zone must not pass through any links that are outside of the zone. This requirement forces each zone to be one contiguous island rather than a series of separate islands. As stated in the DoD IPv6 IA Guidance for MO3, "One should be able to identify all interfaces of a zone by drawing a closed loop on their network diagram, engulfing some routers and passing through some routers to include only some of their interfaces". Therefore, it is imperative that the network engineers have documented their multicast topology and thereby knows which interfaces are enabled for multicast. Once this is done, the zones can be scoped as required.

Fix Text

Document all enabled interfaces for PIM in the network's multicast topology diagram. Disable support for PIM on interfaces that are not required to support it. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router pim RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim)#address-family ipv4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-ipv4-if)#disable RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-ipv4-if)#end

Check Content

Step 1: Review the network's multicast topology diagram. Step 2: Review the router configuration to verify that only the interfaces as shown in the multicast topology diagram are enabled as shown in the example below. ! router pim address-family ipv4 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/0 enable ! interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 enable ! ! If an interface is not required to support multicast routing and it is enabled, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216808

The Cisco multicast router must be configured to bind a Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) neighbor filter to interfaces that have PIM enabled.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000800
Rule ID
SV-216808r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000019-RTR-000004
CCI
CCI-001414
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

PIM is a routing protocol used to build multicast distribution trees for forwarding multicast traffic across the network infrastructure. PIM traffic must be limited to only known PIM neighbors by configuring and binding a PIM neighbor filter to those interfaces that have PIM enabled. If a PIM neighbor filter is not applied to those interfaces that have PIM enabled, unauthorized routers can join the PIM domain, discover and use the rendezvous points, and also advertise their rendezvous points into the domain. This can result in a denial of service by traffic flooding or result in the unauthorized transfer of data.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure neighbor ACLs to only accept PIM control plane traffic from documented PIM neighbors. Bind neighbor ACLs to all PIM enabled interfaces. Step 1: Configure ACL for PIM neighbors. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list PIM_NEIGHBOR_1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ipv4 host 10.1.1.2 any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#exit Step 2: Apply the ACL to all interfaces enabled for PIM. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router pim RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim)#address-family ipv4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-ipv4-if)#neighbor-filter PIM_NEIGHBOR_1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-ipv4-if)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#int g0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-ipv4-if)#neighbor-filter PIM_NEIGHBOR_2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-ipv4-if)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Step 1: Verify all interfaces enabled for PIM have a neighbor ACL bound to the interface as shown in the example below. router pim address-family ipv4 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 enable neighbor-filter PIM_NEIGHBOR_1 ! interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 enable neighbor-filter PIM_NEIGHBOR_2 ! ! ! Step 2: Review the configured ACL for filtering PIM neighbors as shown in the example below. ipv4 access-list PIM_NEIGHBOR_1 10 permit ipv4 host 10.1.1.2 any ! ipv4 access-list PIM_NEIGHBOR_2 10 permit ipv4 host 10.1.2.8 any ! If PIM neighbor ACLs are not bound to all interfaces that have PIM enabled, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216809

The Cisco multicast edge router must be configured to establish boundaries for administratively scoped multicast traffic.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000810
Rule ID
SV-216809r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000019-RTR-000005
CCI
CCI-001414
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

If multicast traffic is forwarded beyond the intended boundary, it is possible that it can be intercepted by unauthorized or unintended personnel. Administrative scoped multicast addresses are locally assigned and are to be used exclusively by the enterprise network or enclave. Administrative scoped multicast traffic must not cross the enclave perimeter in either direction. Restricting multicast traffic makes it more difficult for a malicious user to access sensitive traffic. Admin-Local scope is encouraged for any multicast traffic within a network intended for network management, as well as for control plane traffic that must reach beyond link-local destinations.

Fix Text

Step 1: Configure the ACL to deny packets with multicast administratively scoped destination addresses as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#Ipv4 access-list MULTICAST_SCOPE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny 239.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit any Step 2: Apply the multicast boundary at the appropriate interfaces as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#multicast-routing RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-mcast)#address-family ipv4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-mcast-default-ipv4)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-mcast-default-ipv4-if)#boundary MULTICAST_SCOPE RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-mcast-default-ipv4-if)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration and verify that admin-scope multicast traffic is blocked at the external edge as shown in the example below. ipv4 access-list MULTICAST_SCOPE 10 deny ipv4 239.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any 20 permit ipv4 any any … … … multicast-routing address-family ipv4 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 enable boundary MULTICAST_SCOPE ! interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 enable ! ! ! If the router is not configured to establish boundaries for administratively scoped multicast traffic, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216810

The Cisco multicast Rendezvous Point (RP) router must be configured to filter Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) Join messages received from the Designated Router (DR) for any undesirable multicast groups.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000820
Rule ID
SV-216810r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000362-RTR-000120
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

MSDP peering between networks enables sharing of multicast source information. Enclaves with an existing multicast topology using PIM-SM can configure their RP routers to peer with MSDP routers. As a first step of defense against a denial-of-service (DoS) attack, all RP routers must limit the multicast forwarding cache to ensure that router resources are not saturated managing an overwhelming number of PIM and MSDP source-active entries.

Fix Text

The risk associated with this requirement can be fully mitigated by configuring the router to filter PIM register messages, rate limiting the number of PIM register messages, and accept MSDP packets only from known MSDP peers. Step 1: Configure the router to filter PIM register messages received from a multicast DR for any undesirable multicast groups and sources. The example below will deny any multicast streams for groups 239.5.0.0/16 and allow from only sources 10.1.2.6 and 10.1.2.7. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list PIM_REGISTER_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any 239.5.0.0 0.0.255.255 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ipv4 host 10.1.2.6 any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ipv4 host 10.1.2.7 any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router pim RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim)#address-family ipv4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#accept-register PIM_REGISTER_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#end Step 2: Configure the RP to rate limit the number of multicast register messages. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router pim RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim)#address-family ipv4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#maximum register-states 250 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#end Step 3: Configure the receive path or interface ACLs to only accepts MSDP packets from known MSDP peers. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.1.28.2 host x.1.28.8 eq 639 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny tcp any host x.1.28.8 eq 639 log RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.1.28.2 host x.1.28.8 eq bgp RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.1.28.2 eq bgp host x.1.28.8 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit pim host x.1.28.2 host x.1.28.8 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any any established … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log

Check Content

The Cisco router does not have a mechanism to limit the multicast forwarding cache. However, the risk associated with this requirement can be fully mitigated by configuring the router to: 1. Filter PIM register messages. 2. Rate limiting the number of PIM register messages. 3. Accept MSDP packets only from known MSDP peers. Step 1: Verify that the RP router is configured to filter PIM register messages for any undesirable multicast groups and sources. The example below will deny any multicast streams for groups 239.5.0.0/16 and allow from only sources 10.1.2.6 and 10.1.2.7. ipv4 access-list PIM_REGISTER_FILTER 10 deny ipv4 any 239.5.0.0 0.0.255.255 20 permit ipv4 host 10.1.2.6 any 30 permit ipv4 host 10.1.2.7 any 40 deny ipv4 any any … … … router pim address-family ipv4 rp-address 2.2.2.2 accept-register PIM_REGISTER_FILTER Step 2: Verify that the router is configured to rate limiting the number of PIM register messages as shown in the example below. router pim address-family ipv4 allow-rp group-list FILTER_PIM_JOINS rp-address 10.2.2.2 accept-register PIM_REGISTER_FILTER maximum register-states 250 Note: The maximum register-states command is used to set an upper limit for PIM register states. When the limit is reached, PIM discontinues route creation from PIM register messages. If not configured, the default is 2000 which would be an overage for a small to average size multicast deployment. Step 3: Review the router configuration to determine if there is a receive path or interface filter to only accept MSDP packets from known MSDP peers as shown in the example below. Step 3a: Determine which interfaces would be peering MSDP with an external router by the configured peer addresses as shown in the example below. router msdp peer x.14.2.1 remote-as nn ! peer x.15.3.5 remote-as nn ! ! Step 3b: Verify that interfaces used for MSDP peering have an inbound ACL as shown in the example. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.14.2.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND ingress Step 3c: Verify that the ACL restricts MSDP peering to only known sources. ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 10 permit tcp host x.1.28.2 host x.1.28.8 eq 639 20 deny tcp any host x.1.28.8 eq 639 log 30 permit tcp host x.1.28.2 host x.1.28.8 eq bgp 40 permit tcp host x.1.28.2 eq bgp host x.1.28.8 50 permit pim host x.1.28.2 host x.1.28.8 60 permit tcp any any established … … … 140 deny ipv4 any any log Note: MSDP connections is via TCP port 639 If the RP router is not configured to filter PIM register messages, rate limiting the number of PIM register messages, and accept MSDP packets only from known MSDP peers, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216811

The Cisco multicast Rendezvous Point (RP) router must be configured to filter Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) Register messages received from the Designated Router (DR) for any undesirable multicast groups and sources.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000830
Rule ID
SV-216811r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000019-RTR-000013
CCI
CCI-001414
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Real-time multicast traffic can entail multiple large flows of data. An attacker can flood a network segment with multicast packets, over-using the available bandwidth and thereby creating a denial-of-service (DoS) condition. Hence, it is imperative that register messages are accepted only for authorized multicast groups and sources.

Fix Text

Configure the router to filter PIM register messages received from a multicast DR for any undesirable multicast groups and sources. The example below will deny any multicast streams for groups 239.5.0.0/16 and allow from only sources 10.1.2.6 and 10.1.2.7. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list PIM_REGISTER_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any 239.5.0.0 0.0.255.255 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ipv4 host 10.1.2.6 any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ipv4 host 10.1.2.7 any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router pim RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim)#address-family ipv4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#accept-register PIM_REGISTER_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#end

Check Content

Verify that the RP router is configured to filter PIM register messages. The example below will deny any multicast streams for groups 239.5.0.0/16 and allow from only sources 10.1.2.6 and 10.1.2.7. ipv4 access-list PIM_REGISTER_FILTER 10 deny ipv4 any 239.5.0.0 0.0.255.255 20 permit ipv4 host 10.1.2.6 any 30 permit ipv4 host 10.1.2.7 any 40 deny ipv4 any any … … … router pim address-family ipv4 rp-address 2.2.2.2 accept-register PIM_REGISTER_FILTER If the RP router peering with PIM-SM routers is not configured with a policy to block registration messages for any undesirable multicast groups and sources, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216812

The Cisco multicast Rendezvous Point (RP) router must be configured to filter Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) Join messages received from the Designated Router (DR) for any undesirable multicast groups.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000840
Rule ID
SV-216812r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000019-RTR-000014
CCI
CCI-001414
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Real-time multicast traffic can entail multiple large flows of data. An attacker can flood a network segment with multicast packets, over-using the available bandwidth and thereby creating a denial-of-service (DoS) condition. Hence, it is imperative that join messages are only accepted for authorized multicast groups.

Fix Text

Configure the RP to filter PIM join messages for any undesirable multicast groups as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list FILTER_PIM_JOINS RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny 239.8.0.0 0.0.255.255 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router pim RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim)#address-family ipv4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#allow-rp group-list FILTER_PIM_JOINS RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#end

Check Content

Verify that the RP router is configured to filter PIM join messages for any undesirable multicast groups. In the example below, groups from 239.8.0.0/16 are no allowed. ipv4 access-list FILTER_PIM_JOINS 10 deny ipv4 239.8.0.0 0.0.255.255 any 20 permit ipv4 any any … … … router pim address-family ipv4 allow-rp group-list FILTER_PIM_JOINS If the RP is not configured to filter join messages received from the DR for any undesirable multicast groups, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216813

The Cisco multicast Rendezvous Point (RP) must be configured to rate limit the number of Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) Register messages.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000850
Rule ID
SV-216813r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000362-RTR-000121
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

When a new source starts transmitting in a PIM Sparse Mode network, the Designated Router (DR) will encapsulate the multicast packets into register messages and forward them to the RP using unicast. This process can be taxing on the CPU for both the DR and the RP if the source is running at a high data rate and there are many new sources starting at the same time. This scenario can potentially occur immediately after a network failover. The rate limit for the number of register messages should be set to a relatively low value based on the known number of multicast sources within the multicast domain.

Fix Text

Configure the RP to rate limit the number of multicast register states. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router pim RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim)#address-family ipv4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#maximum register-states 250 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#end

Check Content

Review the configuration of the RP to verify that it is limiting the number of PIM register states as shown in the example. router pim address-family ipv4 allow-rp group-list FILTER_PIM_JOINS rp-address 10.2.2.2 accept-register PIM_REGISTER_FILTER maximum register-states 250 Note: The maximum register-states command is used to set an upper limit for PIM register states. When the limit is reached, PIM discontinues route creation from PIM register messages. If not configured, the default is 2000 which would be an overage for a small to average size multicast deployment. If the RP is not limiting PIM register states, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216814

The Cisco multicast Designated Router (DR) must be configured to filter the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) and Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) Report messages to allow hosts to join only multicast groups that have been approved by the organization.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000860
Rule ID
SV-216814r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000114
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Real-time multicast traffic can entail multiple large flows of data. Large unicast flows tend to be fairly isolated (i.e., someone doing a file download here or there), whereas multicast can have broader impact on bandwidth consumption, resulting in extreme network congestion. Hence, it is imperative that there is multicast admission control to restrict which multicast groups hosts are allowed to join via IGMP or MLD.

Fix Text

Configure the DR to filter the IGMP or MLD Membership Report messages to allow hosts to join only those multicast groups that have been approved. Step 1: Configure the ACL to filter IGMP Membership Report messages as shown in the example. RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config)#ipv4 access-list IGMP_JOIN_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-ipv4-acl)#deny 239.8.0.0 0.0.255.255 RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-ipv4-acl)#exit Step 2: Apply the filter to all host facing interfaces. RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config)#router igmp RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-igmp)#interface g0/0/1/0 RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-igmp-default-if)#access-group IGMP_JOIN_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-igmp-default-if)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-igmp)#interface g0/0/1/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-igmp-default-if)#end

Check Content

Review the configuration of the DR to verify that it is filtering IGMP or MLD Membership Report messages, allowing hosts to join only those groups that have been approved. Step 1: Verify that all host facing interfaces are configured to filter IGMP Membership Report messages (IGMP joins) as shown in the example below. router igmp interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1/0 access-group IGMP_JOIN_FILTER ! interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1/1 access-group IGMP_JOIN_FILTER ! Step 2: Verify that the ACL denies unauthorized groups or permits only authorized groups. The example below denies all groups from 239.8.0.0/16 range. ipv4 access-list IGMP_JOIN_FILTER 10 deny ipv4 239.8.0.0 0.0.255.255 any 20 permit ipv4 any any ! Note: This requirement is only applicable to Source Specific Multicast (SSM) implementation. This requirement is not applicable to Any Source Multicast (ASM) since the filtering is being performed by the Rendezvous Point router. If the DR is not filtering IGMP or MLD Membership Report messages, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216815

The Cisco multicast Designated Router (DR) must be configured to filter the Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) and Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) Report messages to allow hosts to join a multicast group only from sources that have been approved by the organization.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000870
Rule ID
SV-216815r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000115
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Real-time multicast traffic can entail multiple large flows of data. Large unicast flows tend to be fairly isolated (i.e., someone doing a file download here or there), whereas multicast can have broader impact on bandwidth consumption, resulting in extreme network congestion. Hence, it is imperative that there is multicast admission control to restrict which multicast groups hosts are allowed to join via IGMP or MLD.

Fix Text

Configure the DR to filter the IGMP and MLD report messages to allow hosts to join only those multicast groups from sources that have been approved as shown in the example. Step 1: Configure the access list to filter multicast joins as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list IGMP_JOIN_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any 232.8.0.0 0.0.255.255 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip x.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any Step 2: Apply the filter to all host facing interfaces. RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config)#router igmp RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-igmp)#interface g0/0/1/0 RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-igmp-default-if)#access-group IGMP_JOIN_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-igmp-default-if)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-igmp)#interface g0/0/1/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-igmp-default-if)#end

Check Content

Review the configuration of the DR to verify that it is filtering IGMP or MLD report messages, allowing hosts to only join multicast groups from sources that have been approved. Step 1: Verify that all host facing interfaces are configured to filter IGMP Membership Report messages (IGMP joins) as shown in the example below. router igmp interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1/0 access-group IGMP_JOIN_FILTER ! interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1/1 access-group IGMP_JOIN_FILTER ! Step 2: Verify that the ACL denies unauthorized sources or allows only authorized sources. The example below denies all groups from 232.8.0.0/16 range and permits sources only from the x.0.0.0/8 network. ipv4 access-list IGMP_JOIN_FILTER 10 deny ipv4 any 232.8.0.0 0.0.255.255 20 permit ipv4 x.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any 30 deny ipv4 any any ! Note: This requirement is only applicable to Source Specific Multicast (SSM) implementation. If the DR is not filtering IGMP or MLD report messages, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216816

The Cisco multicast Designated Router (DR) must be configured to limit the number of mroute states resulting from Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) and Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) Host Membership Reports.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000880
Rule ID
SV-216816r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000362-RTR-000122
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The current multicast paradigm can let any host join any multicast group at any time by sending an IGMP or MLD membership report to the DR. In a Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) Sparse Mode network, the DR will send a PIM Join message for the group to the RP. Without any form of admission control, this can pose a security risk to the entire multicast domain - specifically the multicast routers along the shared tree from the DR to the RP that must maintain the mroute state information for each group join request. Hence, it is imperative that the DR is configured to limit the number of mroute state information that must be maintained to mitigate the risk of IGMP or MLD flooding.

Fix Text

Configure the DR on a global or interface basis to limit the number of mroute states resulting from IGMP or MLD membership reports. RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config)#router igmp RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-igmp)#maximum groups 200 RP/0/0/CPU0:R5(config-igmp)#end

Check Content

Review the DR configuration to verify that it is limiting the number of mroute states via IGMP or MLD. Verify IGMP limits have been configured globally or on each host-facing interface via the ip igmp limit command as shown in the example. router igmp interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/0 access-group IGMP_JOIN_FILTER ! interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 access-group IGMP_JOIN_FILTER ! maximum groups 200 !Note: After the maximum groups value is met, all additional memberships learned are ignored. If not configured, the default is 5000 which would be an overage for a small to average size multicast deployment. If the DR is not limiting multicast join requests via IGMP or MLD on a global or interfaces basis, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216817

The Cisco multicast Designated Router (DR) must be configured to set the shortest-path tree (SPT) threshold to infinity to minimalize source-group (S, G) state within the multicast topology where Any Source Multicast (ASM) is deployed.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000890
Rule ID
SV-216817r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000362-RTR-000123
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

ASM can have many sources for the same groups (many-to-many). For many receivers, the path via the RP may not be ideal compared with the shortest path from the source to the receiver. By default, the last-hop router will initiate a switch from the shared tree to a source-specific SPT to obtain lower latencies. This is accomplished by the last-hop router sending an (S, G) Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) Join toward S (the source). When the last-hop router begins to receive traffic for the group from the source via the SPT, it will send a PIM Prune message to the RP for the (S, G). The RP will then send a Prune message toward the source. The SPT switchover becomes a scaling issue for large multicast topologies that have many receivers and many sources for many groups because (S, G) entries require more memory than (*, G). Hence, it is imperative to minimize the amount of (S, G) state to be maintained by increasing the threshold that determines when the SPT switchover occurs.

Fix Text

Configure the DR to increase the SPT threshold or set it to infinity to minimalize (S, G) state within the multicast topology where ASM is deployed. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router pim RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim)#address-family ipv4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#spt-threshold infinity RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-pim-default-ipv4)#end

Check Content

Review the DR configuration to verify that the SPT switchover threshold is increased (default is "0") or set to infinity (never switch over). router pim address-family ipv4 … … … spt-threshold infinity If the DR is not configured to increase the SPT threshold or set to infinity to minimalize (S, G) state, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216818

The Cisco Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP) router must be configured to only accept MSDP packets from known MSDP peers.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000900
Rule ID
SV-216818r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000116
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

MSDP peering with customer network routers presents additional risks to the DISN Core, whether from a rogue or misconfigured MSDP-enabled router. To guard against an attack from malicious MSDP traffic, the receive path or interface filter for all MSDP-enabled RP routers must be configured to only accept MSDP packets from known MSDP peers.

Fix Text

Configure the interface ACLs to only accept MSDP packets from known MSDP peers. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.1.28.2 host x.1.28.8 eq 639 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny tcp any host x.1.28.8 eq 639 log RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.1.28.2 host x.1.28.8 eq bgp RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp host x.1.28.2 eq bgp host x.1.28.8 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit pim host x.1.28.2 host x.1.28.8 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit tcp any any established … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any any log

Check Content

Review the router configuration to determine if there is a receive path or interface filter to only accept MSDP packets from known MSDP peers. Step 1: Determine which interfaces would be peering MSDP with an external router by the configured peer addresses as shown in the example below. router msdp peer x.14.2.1 remote-as nn ! peer x.15.3.5 remote-as nn ! ! Step 2: Verify that interfaces used for MSDP peering have an inbound ACL as shown in the example. interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 ipv4 address x.14.2.2 255.255.255.252 ipv4 access-group EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND ingress Step 3: Verify that the ACL restricts MSDP peering to only known sources. ipv4 access-list EXTERNAL_ACL_INBOUND 10 permit tcp host x.1.28.2 host x.1.28.8 eq 639 20 deny tcp any host x.1.28.8 eq 639 log 30 permit tcp host x.1.28.2 host x.1.28.8 eq bgp 40 permit tcp host x.1.28.2 eq bgp host x.1.28.8 50 permit pim host x.1.28.2 host x.1.28.8 60 permit tcp any any established … … … 140 deny ipv4 any any log Note: MSDP connections is via TCP port 639 If the router is not configured to only accept MSDP packets from known MSDP peers, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216819

The Cisco Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP) router must be configured to authenticate all received MSDP packets.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000910
Rule ID
SV-216819r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000343-RTR-000002
CCI
CCI-001958
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

MSDP peering with customer network routers presents additional risks to the core, whether from a rogue or misconfigured MSDP-enabled router. MSDP password authentication is used to validate each segment sent on the TCP connection between MSDP peers, protecting the MSDP session against the threat of spoofed packets being injected into the TCP connection stream.

Fix Text

Configure the router to authenticate MSDP messages as shown in the following example: RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router msdp RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp)#peer x.14.2.1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp-peer)#password clear xxxxxxxxxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp-peer)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp)#peer x.15.3.5 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp-peer)#password clear xxxxxxxxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp-peer)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration to determine if received MSDP packets are authenticated. router msdp peer x.14.2.1 password encrypted 094E410B1B1C remote-as nn ! peer x.15.3.5 password encrypted 04500A140A2F remote-as nn ! ! If the router does not require MSDP authentication, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216820

The Cisco Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP) router must be configured to filter received source-active multicast advertisements for any undesirable multicast groups and sources.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000920
Rule ID
SV-216820r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000018-RTR-000007
CCI
CCI-001368
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The interoperability of BGP extensions for interdomain multicast routing and MSDP enables seamless connectivity of multicast domains between autonomous systems. MP-BGP advertises the unicast prefixes of the multicast sources used by Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM) routers to perform RPF checks and build multicast distribution trees. MSDP is a mechanism used to connect multiple PIM sparse-mode domains, allowing RPs from different domains to share information about active sources. When RPs in peering multicast domains hear about active sources, they can pass on that information to their local receivers, thereby allowing multicast data to be forwarded between the domains. Configuring an import policy to block multicast advertisements for reserved, Martian, single-source multicast, and any other undesirable multicast groups, as well as any source-group (S, G) states with Bogon source addresses, would assist in avoiding unwanted multicast traffic from traversing the core.

Fix Text

Configure the MSDP router to filter received source-active multicast advertisements for any undesirable multicast groups and sources as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list INBOUND_MSDP_SA_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ip any host 224.0.1.3 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.24 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.22 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.35 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.60 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.39 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.40 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any 232.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 any 239.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 127.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 172.16.0.0 0.15.255.255 any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 192.168.0.0 0.0.255.255 any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ipv4 any any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router msdp RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp)#sa-filter in list INBOUND_MSDP_SA_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration to determine if there is import policy to block source-active multicast advertisements for any undesirable multicast groups, as well as any (S, G) states with undesirable source addresses. Step 1: Verify that an inbound source-active filter is bound to each MSDP peer. router msdp sa-filter in list INBOUND_MSDP_SA_FILTER Step 2: Review the access lists referenced by the source-active filter to verify that undesirable multicast groups, auto-RP, single source multicast (SSM) groups, and advertisements from undesirable sources are blocked. ipv4 access-list INBOUND_MSDP_SA_FILTER 10 deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.3 20 deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.24 30 deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.22 40 deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.2 50 deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.35 60 deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.60 70 deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.39 80 deny ipv4 any host 224.0.1.40 90 deny ipv4 any 232.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 100 deny ipv4 any 239.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 110 deny ipv4 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any 120 deny ipv4 127.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any 130 deny ipv4 172.16.0.0 0.15.255.255 any 140 deny ipv4 192.168.0.0 0.0.255.255 any 150 permit ipv4 any any If the router is not configured with an import policy to filter undesirable SA multicast advertisements, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216821

The Cisco Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP) router must be configured to filter source-active multicast advertisements to external MSDP peers to avoid global visibility of local-only multicast sources and groups.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000930
Rule ID
SV-216821r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000018-RTR-000008
CCI
CCI-001368
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

To avoid global visibility of local information, there are a number of source-group (S, G) states in a PIM-SM domain that must not be leaked to another domain, such as multicast sources with private address, administratively scoped multicast addresses, and the auto-RP groups (224.0.1.39 and 224.0.1.40). Allowing a multicast distribution tree, local to the core, to extend beyond its boundary could enable local multicast traffic to leak into other autonomous systems and customer networks.

Fix Text

Configure the router with an export policy to avoid global visibility of local multicast (S, G) states. The example below will prevent exporting multicast active sources belonging to the private network. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#ipv4 access-list OUTBOUND_MSDP_SA_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#deny ipv4 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#permit ip any any RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-ipv4-acl)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router msdp RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp)#sa-filter out list OUTBOUND_MSDP_SA_FILTER RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration to determine if there is export policy to block local source-active multicast advertisements. Step 1: Verify that an outbound source-active filter is bound to each MSDP peer as shown in the example below. router msdp sa-filter in list INBOUND_MSDP_SA_FILTER sa-filter out list OUTBOUND_MSDP_SA_FILTER Step 2: Review the access lists referenced by the source-active filters and verify that MSDP source-active messages being sent to MSDP peers do not leak advertisements that are local. ipv4 access-list OUTBOUND_MSDP_SA_FILTER 10 deny ipv4 10.0.0.0 0.255.255.255 any 20 permit ipv4 any any If the router is not configured with an export policy to filter local source-active multicast advertisements, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216822

The Cisco Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP) router must be configured to limit the amount of source-active messages it accepts on a per-peer basis.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000940
Rule ID
SV-216822r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000018-RTR-000009
CCI
CCI-001368
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

To reduce any risk of a denial-of-service (DoS) attack from a rogue or misconfigured MSDP router, the router must be configured to limit the number of source-active messages it accepts from each peer.

Fix Text

Configure the router to limit the amount of source-active messages it accepts from each peer. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router msdp RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp)#peer x.14.2.1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp-peer)#maximum external-sa nnn RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp-peer)#exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp)#peer x.15.3.5 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp-peer)#maximum external-sa nnn RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp-peer)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration to determine if it is configured to limit the amount of source-active messages it accepts on a per-peer basis. router msdp … … … peer 4.4.4.4 remote-as 33 maximum external-sa 555 ! peer 5.5.5.5 remote-as 44 maximum external-sa 555 ! ! If the router is not configured to limit the source-active messages it accepts, this is a finding.

Removed

V-216823

The Cisco Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP) router must be configured to use a loopback address as the source address when originating MSDP traffic.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000950
Rule ID
SV-216823r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000011
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Using a loopback address as the source address offers a multitude of uses for security, access, management, and scalability of MSDP routers. It is easier to construct appropriate ingress filters for router management plane traffic destined to the network management subnet since the source addresses will be from the range used for loopback interfaces instead of a larger range of addresses used for physical interfaces. Log information recorded by authentication and syslog servers will record the router’s loopback address instead of the numerous physical interface addresses.

Fix Text

Configure the router to use its loopback address is used as the source address when sending MSDP packets. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router msdp RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp)#connect-source lo0 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-msdp)#end

Check Content

Verify that the loopback interface is used as the source address for all MSDP packets generated by the router. router msdp connect-source Loopback0 If the router does not use its loopback address as the source address when originating MSDP traffic, this is a finding.

Removed

V-217002

The Cisco router must be configured to implement message authentication for all control plane protocols.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000020
Rule ID
SV-217002r538972_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000230-RTR-000001
CCI
CCI-002205
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

A rogue router could send a fictitious routing update to convince a site's perimeter router to send traffic to an incorrect or even a rogue destination. This diverted traffic could be analyzed to learn confidential information about the site's network or used to disrupt the network's ability to communicate with other networks. This is known as a "traffic attraction attack", and is prevented by configuring neighbor router authentication for routing updates. This requirement applies to all IPv4 and IPv6 protocols that are used to exchange routing or packet forwarding information. This includes BGP, RIP, OSPF, EIGRP, IS-IS and LDP.

Fix Text

Configure authentication to be enabled for every protocol that affects the routing or forwarding tables. The example configuration commands below enables OSPF, EIGRP, IS-IS, and BGP authentication. BGP Example RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp nn RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.1.23.3 keychain BGP_KEY_CHAIN EIGRP Example RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#router eigrp 1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-eigrp)#address-family ipv4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-eigrp-af)#int g0/0/0/0 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-eigrp-af-if)#authentication keychain EIGRP_KEY_CHAIN RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-eigrp-af-if)#end IS-IS Example RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router isis 1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-isis)#lsp-password keychain ISIS_KEY_CHAIN RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-isis)#int GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-isis-if)#hello-password keychain ISIS_KEY_CHAIN RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-isis-if)#end OSPF Example RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#router ospf 1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ospf)#area 0 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ospf-ar)#authentication message-digest keychain OSPF_KEY_CHAIN RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ospf-ar)#end RIP Example RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router rip RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rip)#int g0/0/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rip-if)#authentication keychain XXX_KEY_CHAIN mode md5 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-rip-if)#end

Check Content

Review the router configuration. Verify that the neighbor router authentication is enabled for all routing protocols. The configuration examples below depicts OSPF, EIGRP, IS-IS and BGP authentication. BGP Example router bgp nn address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor x.1.23.2 remote-as nn keychain BGP_KEY_CHAIN address-family ipv4 unicaast EIGRP Example router eigrp 1 address-family ipv4 interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 authentication keychain EIGRP_KEY_CHAIN IS-IS Example router isis 1 net 49.0001.0001.0001.0002.00 lsp-password keychain ISIS_KEY_CHAIN interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 hello-password keychain ISIS_KEY_CHAIN OSPF Example router ospf 1 area 0 authentication message-digest keychain OSPF_KEY_CHAIN RIP Example router rip interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/2 authentication keychain RIP_KEY_CHAIN mode md5 If authentication is not enabled on all routing protocols, this is a finding.

Removed

V-217003

The Cisco router must be configured to use keys with a duration not exceeding 180 days for authenticating routing protocol messages.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000030
Rule ID
SV-217003r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000230-RTR-000003
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

If the keys used for routing protocol authentication are guessed, the malicious user could create havoc within the network by advertising incorrect routes and redirecting traffic. Some routing protocols allow the use of key chains for authentication. A key chain is a set of keys that is used in succession, with each having a lifetime of no more than 180 days. Changing the keys frequently reduces the risk of them eventually being guessed. Keys cannot be used during time periods for which they are not activated. If a time period occurs during which no key is activated, neighbor authentication cannot occur, and therefore routing updates will fail. Therefore, ensure that for a given key chain, key activation times overlap to avoid any period of time during which no key is activated.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure each key used for routing protocol authentication to have a lifetime of no more than 180 days as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#key chain OSPF_KEY_CHAIN RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN)#key 1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#accept-lifetime 01:00:00 jan 01 2019 01:00:00 april 01 2019 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#key-string password xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#send-lifetime 01:00:00 jan 01 2019 01:00:00 april 01 2019 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#cryptographic-algorithm hmac-md5 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-1)#key 2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#accept-lifetime 01:00:00 april 01 2019 01:00:00 july 01 2019 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#key-string password xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#send-lifetime 01:00:00 april 01 2019 01:00:00 july 01 2019 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#cryptographic-algorithm hmac-md5 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-OSPF_KEY_CHAIN-2)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the start times for each key within the configured key chains used for routing protocol authentication as shown in the example below. key chain BGP_KEY_CHAIN key 1 accept-lifetime 01:00:00 january 01 2019 01:00:00 april 01 2019 key-string password 104300150004 send-lifetime 01:00:00 january 01 2019 01:00:00 april 01 2019 cryptographic-algorithm HMAC-SHA1-12 ! key 2 accept-lifetime 01:00:00 april 01 2019 01:00:00 july 01 2019 key-string password 030654090416 send-lifetime 01:00:00 april 01 2019 01:00:00 july 01 2019 cryptographic-algorithm HMAC-SHA1-12 Note: Key chains must be configured to authenticate routing protocol messages as it is the only way to set an expiration. If any key has a lifetime of more than 180 days, this is a finding.

Removed

V-217004

The Cisco router must not be configured to have any feature enabled that calls home to the vendor.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000080
Rule ID
SV-217004r538985_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000131-RTR-000083
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Call home services will routinely send data such as configuration and diagnostic information to the vendor for routine or emergency analysis and troubleshooting. There is a risk that transmission of sensitive data sent to unauthorized persons could result in data loss or downtime due to an attack.

Fix Text

Disable the call home feature as shown below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#no call-home

Check Content

Review the router configuration to determine if the call home feature is enabled as shown in the example below. call-home contract-id Company1234 customer-id Customer1234 phone-number +1-800-555-4567 contact-email-addr username@example.com If the call home feature is configured to call home to the vendor, this is a finding.

Removed

V-217005

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to restrict it from accepting outbound IP packets that contain an illegitimate address in the source address field via egress filter or by enabling Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding (uRPF).

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000310
Rule ID
SV-217005r531087_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000014
CCI
CCI-001094
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

A compromised host in an enclave can be used by a malicious platform to launch cyberattacks on third parties. This is a common practice in "botnets", which are a collection of compromised computers using malware to attack other computers or networks. DDoS attacks frequently leverage IP source address spoofing to send packets to multiple hosts that in turn will then send return traffic to the hosts with the IP addresses that were forged. This can generate significant amounts of traffic. Therefore, protection measures to counteract IP source address spoofing must be taken. When uRPF is enabled in strict mode, the packet must be received on the interface that the device would use to forward the return packet; thereby mitigating IP source address spoofing.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure the router to ensure that an egress ACL or uRPF is configured on internal interfaces to restrict the router from accepting any outbound IP packet that contains an illegitimate address in the source field. The example below enables uRPF. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#int g0/0/0/1 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)#ipv4 verify unicast source reachable-via rx

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to verify uRPF or an egress ACL has been configured on all internal interfaces to restrict the router from accepting outbound IP packets that contain an illegitimate address in the source address field. uRPF example interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 description downstream link to LAN ipv4 address 10.1.34.3 255.255.255.0 ipv4 verify unicast source reachable-via rx Egress ACL example ipv4 access-list EGRESS_FILTER 10 permit udp 10.1.15.0 0.0.0.255 any eq domain 20 permit tcp 10.1.15.0 0.0.0.255 any eq ftp 30 permit tcp 10.1.15.0 0.0.0.255 any eq ftp-data 40 permit tcp 10.1.15.0 0.0.0.255 any eq www 50 permit icmp 10.1.15.0 0.0.0.255 any 60 permit icmp 10.1.15.0 0.0.0.255 any echo 70 deny ipv4 any any … … … interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0/1 description downstream link to LAN ipv4 address 10.1.34.3 255.255.255.0 ipv4 access-group EGRESS_FILTER ingress If uRPF or an egress ACL to restrict the router from accepting outbound IP packets that contain an illegitimate address in the source address field has not been configured on all internal interfaces in an enclave, this is a finding.

Removed

V-217006

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to block all packets with any IP options.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000350
Rule ID
SV-217006r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000015
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Packets with IP options are not fast switched and henceforth must be punted to the router processor. Hackers who initiate denial-of-service (DoS) attacks on routers commonly send large streams of packets with IP options. Dropping the packets with IP options reduces the load of IP options packets on the router. The end result is a reduction in the effects of the DoS attack on the router and on downstream routers.

Fix Text

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Configure the router to drop all packets with IP option source routing. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#no ipv4 source-route

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. In Cisco IOS XR, all IPv4 packets with any header option other than the "source-route" header options are dropped. By default, ipv4 source routing is disabled. Verify that the following command is not configured: ipv4 source-route If the router is not configured to drop all packets with IP option source routing, this is a finding.

Removed

V-217007

The Cisco BGP router must be configured to enable the Generalized TTL Security Mechanism (GTSM).

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000470
Rule ID
SV-217007r531087_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000362-RTR-000124
CCI
CCI-002385
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

As described in RFC 3682, GTSM is designed to protect a router's IP-based control plane from DoS attacks. Many attacks focused on CPU load and line-card overload can be prevented by implementing GTSM on all Exterior Border Gateway Protocol speaking routers. GTSM is based on the fact that the vast majority of control plane peering is established between adjacent routers; that is, the Exterior Border Gateway Protocol peers are either between connecting interfaces or between loopback interfaces. Since TTL spoofing is considered nearly impossible, a mechanism based on an expected TTL value provides a simple and reasonably robust defense from infrastructure attacks based on forged control plane traffic.

Fix Text

Configure TTL security on all external BGP neighbors as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp n RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.1.23.3 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#ttl-security

Check Content

Review the BGP configuration to verify that TTL security has been configured for each external neighbor as shown in the example below. router bgp n address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor x.1.23.3 remote-as n ttl-security address-family ipv4 unicast ! ! ! If the router is not configured to use GTSM for all Exterior Border Gateway Protocol peering sessions, this is a finding.

Removed

V-217008

The Cisco BGP router must be configured to use a unique key for each autonomous system (AS) that it peers with.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000480
Rule ID
SV-217008r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000230-RTR-000002
CCI
CCI-002205
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

If the same keys are used between eBGP neighbors, the chance of a hacker compromising any of the BGP sessions increases. It is possible that a malicious user exists in one autonomous system who would know the key used for the eBGP session. This user would then be able to hijack BGP sessions with other trusted neighbors.

Fix Text

Configure the router to use unique keys for each AS that it peers with as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config)#router bgp n RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp)#neighbor x.1.23.3 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#keychain YYY_KEY_CHAIN RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#neighbor x.1.24.4 RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#keychain ZZZ_KEY_CHAIN RP/0/0/CPU0:R2(config-bgp-nbr)#end

Check Content

Review the BGP configuration to determine if it is peering with multiple autonomous systems. Interview the ISSM and router administrator to determine if unique keys are being used. router bgp n address-family ipv4 unicast ! neighbor x.1.23.3 remote-as y keychain YYY_KEY_CHAIN ttl-security address-family ipv4 unicast ! ! neighbor x.1.24.4 remote-as z keychain ZZZ_KEY_CHAIN ttl-security address-family ipv4 unicast ! ! If unique keys are not being used, this is a finding.

Removed

V-217009

The Cisco PE router must be configured to ignore or block all packets with any IP options.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000750
Rule ID
SV-217009r531087_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000205-RTR-000016
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Packets with IP options are not fast switched and therefore must be punted to the router processor. Hackers who initiate denial-of-service (DoS) attacks on routers commonly send large streams of packets with IP options. Dropping the packets with IP options reduces the load of IP options packets on the router. The end result is a reduction in the effects of the DoS attack on the router and on downstream routers.

Fix Text

Configure the router to drop all packets with ipv4 source-route as shown below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)#no ipv4 source-route

Check Content

In Cisco IOS XR, all IPv4 packets with any header option other than the "source-route" header options are dropped. By default, ipv4 source routing is disabled. Verify that the following command is not configured: ipv4 source-route If the router is not configured to drop all packets with IP options, this is a finding.

Removed

V-230037

The Cisco router must be configured to have Cisco Express Forwarding enabled.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000235
Rule ID
SV-230037r531381_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000100
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The Cisco Express Forwarding (CEF) switching mode replaces the traditional Cisco routing cache with a data structure that mirrors the entire system routing table. Because there is no need to build cache entries when traffic starts arriving for new destinations, CEF behaves more predictably when presented with large volumes of traffic addressed to many destinations—such as a SYN flood attacks that. Because many SYN flood attacks use randomized source addresses to which the hosts under attack will reply to, there can be a substantial amount of traffic for a large number of destinations that the router will have to handle. Consequently, routers configured for CEF will perform better under SYN floods directed at hosts inside the network than routers using the traditional cache.

Fix Text

Enable CEF IPv4 Example: ip cef IPv6 Example: ipv6 cef

Check Content

Review the router to verify that CEF is enabled. IPv4 Example: ip cef IPv6 Example: ipv6 cef

Removed

V-230040

The Cisco router must be configured to advertise a hop limit of at least 32 in Router Advertisement messages for IPv6 stateless auto-configuration deployments.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000236
Rule ID
SV-230040r532994_rule
Severity
Cat III
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000012
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The Neighbor Discovery protocol allows a hop limit value to be advertised by routers in a Router Advertisement message being used by hosts instead of the standardized default value. If a very small value was configured and advertised to hosts on the LAN segment, communications would fail due to the hop limit reaching zero before the packets sent by a host reached its destination.

Fix Text

Configure the router to advertise a hop limit of at least 32 in Router Advertisement messages. R1(config)#ipv6 hop-limit 128

Check Content

Review the router configuration to determine if the hop limit has been configured for Router Advertisement messages as shown in the example. ipv6 hop-limit 128 If it has been configured and has not been set to at least 32, it is a finding.

Removed

V-230043

The Cisco router must not be configured to use IPv6 Site Local Unicast addresses.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000237
Rule ID
SV-230043r533001_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000013
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

As currently defined, site local addresses are ambiguous and can be present in multiple sites. The address itself does not contain any indication of the site to which it belongs. The use of site-local addresses has the potential to adversely affect network security through leaks, ambiguity, and potential misrouting as documented in section 2 of RFC3879. RFC3879 formally deprecates the IPv6 site-local unicast prefix FEC0::/10 as defined in RFC3513.

Fix Text

Configure the router using only authorized IPv6 addresses.

Check Content

Review the router configuration to ensure FEC0::/10 IPv6 addresses are not defined. If IPv6 Site Local Unicast addresses are defined, this is a finding.

Removed

V-230046

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to suppress Router Advertisements on all external IPv6-enabled interfaces.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000391
Rule ID
SV-230046r533007_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000512-RTR-000014
CCI
CCI-000366
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

Many of the known attacks in stateless autoconfiguration are defined in RFC 3756 were present in IPv4 ARP attacks. To mitigate these vulnerabilities, links that have no hosts connected such as the interface connecting to external gateways must be configured to suppress router advertisements.

Fix Text

Configure the router to suppress Router Advertisements on all external IPv6-enabled interfaces as shown in the example below. R1(config)#int g1/0 R1(config-if)#ipv6 nd ra suppress R1(config-if)#end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to verify that Router Advertisements are suppressed on all external IPv6-enabled interfaces as shown in the example below. interface gigabitethernet1/0 ipv6 address 2001::1:0:22/64 ipv6 nd ra suppress If the router is not configured to suppress Router Advertisements on all external IPv6-enabled interfaces, this is a finding.

Removed

V-230049

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to drop IPv6 undetermined transport packets.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000392
Rule ID
SV-230049r533189_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000200
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

One of the fragmentation weaknesses known in IPv6 is the undetermined transport packet. This packet contains an undetermined protocol due to fragmentation. Depending on the length of the IPv6 extension header chain, the initial fragment may not contain the layer four port information of the packet.

Fix Text

Configure the router to drop IPv6 undetermined transport packets as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)# ipv6 access-list FILTER_IPV6 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny ipv6 any any undetermined-transport log RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# permit ipv6 … … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny ipv6 any any log RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/2/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)# ipv6 access-group FILTER_IPV6 ingress

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to determine if it is configured to drop IPv6 undetermined transport packets. Step 1: Verify that an inbound IPv6 ACL has been configured on the external interface. interface interface gigabitethernet 0/2/0/2 ipv6 address 2001::1:0:22/64 ipv6 access-group FILTER_IPV6 ingress Step 2: Verify that the ACL drops undetermined transport packets as shown in the example below. ipv6 access-list FILTER_IPV6 10 deny ipv6 any any log undetermined-transport 20 permit ipv6 … … … … 90 deny ipv6 any any log If the router is not configured to drop IPv6 undetermined transport packets, this is a finding.

Removed

V-230052

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured drop IPv6 packets with a Routing Header type 0, 1, or 3–255.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000393
Rule ID
SV-230052r533196_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000201
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The routing header can be used maliciously to send a packet through a path where less robust security is in place, rather than through the presumably preferred path of routing protocols. Use of the routing extension header has few legitimate uses other than as implemented by Mobile IPv6. The Type 0 Routing Header (RFC 5095) is dangerous because it allows attackers to spoof source addresses and obtain traffic in response, rather than the real owner of the address. Secondly, a packet with an allowed destination address could be sent through a Firewall using the Routing Header functionality, only to bounce to a different node once inside. The Type 1 Routing Header is defined by a specification called "Nimrod Routing", a discontinued project funded by DARPA. Assuming that most implementations will not recognize the Type 1 Routing Header, it must be dropped. The Type 3–255 Routing Header values in the routing type field are currently undefined and should be dropped inbound and outbound.

Fix Text

Configure the router to drop IPv6 packets with Routing Header of type 0, 1, or 3-255 as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)# ipv6 access-list FILTER_IPV6 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# permit ipv6 any host 2001:DB8::0:1:1:1234 routing-type 2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny ipv6 any any routing log RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# permit … … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny ipv6 any any log RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/2/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)# ipv6 access-group FILTER_IPV6 ingress

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to determine if it is configured to drop IPv6 packets containing a Routing Header of type 0, 1, or 3-255. Step 1: Verify that an inbound IPv6 ACL has been configured on the external interface. interface interface gigabitethernet 0/2/0/2 ipv6 address 2001::1:0:22/64 ipv6 access-group FILTER_IPV6 ingress Step 2: Verify that the ACL drops IPv6 packets with a Routing Header type 0, 1, or 3-255 as shown in the example below. ipv6 access-list FILTER_IPV6 10 permit ipv6 any host 2001:DB8::1:1:1234 routing-type 2 20 deny ipv6 any any log routing 30 permit ipv6 … … … … 90 deny ipv6 any any log Note: The example above allows routing-type 2 in the event Mobility IPv6 is deployed. If the router is not configured to drop IPv6 packets containing a Routing Header of type 0, 1, or 3-255, this is a finding.

Removed

V-230147

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to drop IPv6 packets containing a Hop-by-Hop header with invalid option type values.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000394
Rule ID
SV-230147r538509_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000202
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

These options are intended to be for the Destination Options header only. The optional and extensible natures of the IPv6 extension headers require higher scrutiny since many implementations do not always drop packets with headers that it cannot recognize and hence could cause a Denial-of-Service on the target device. In addition, the type, length, value (TLV) formatting provides the ability for headers to be very large.

Fix Text

Drop IPv6 packets containing a Hop-by-Hop header as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)# ipv6 access-list FILTER_IPV6 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny hbh any any dest-option-type 4 log RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny hbh any any dest-option-type 195 log RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny hbh any any dest-option-type home-address log RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# permit ipv6 … … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny ipv6 any any log RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/2/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)# ipv6 access-group FILTER_IPV6 ingress RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)# end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to determine if it is compliant with this requirement. Step 1: Verify that an inbound IPv6 ACL has been configured on the external interface. interface interface gigabitethernet 0/2/0/2 ipv6 address 2001::1:0:22/64 ipv6 access-group FILTER_IPV6 ingress Step 2: Verify that the ACL drops IPv6 packets containing a Hop-by-Hop header with option type values of 0x04 (Tunnel Encapsulation Limit), 0xC9 (Home Address Destination), or 0xC3 (NSAP Address) as shown in the example below. ipv6 access-list FILTER_IPV6 10 deny hbh any any dest-option-type 4 log 20 deny hbh any any dest-option-type 195 log 30 deny hbh any any dest-option-type home-address log 40 permit ipv6 … … … … 90 deny ipv6 any any log If the router is not configured to drop IPv6 packets containing a Hop-by-Hop header with invalid option type values, this is a finding.

Removed

V-230151

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to drop IPv6 packets containing a Destination Option header with invalid option type values.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000395
Rule ID
SV-230151r538596_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000203
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

These options are intended to be for the Hop-by-Hop header only. The optional and extensible natures of the IPv6 extension headers require higher scrutiny since many implementations do not always drop packets with headers that it cannot recognize. Hence, this could cause a Denial-of-Service on the target device. In addition, the type, length, value (TLV) formatting provides the ability for headers to be very large.

Fix Text

Configure the router to drop IPv6 packets containing a Destination Option header with option type values of 0x05 (Router Alert) or 0xC2 (Jumbo Payload) as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)# ipv6 access-list FILTER_IPV6 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny 60 any any dest-option-type 5 log RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny 60 any any dest-option-type 194 log RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# permit ipv6 … … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny ipv6 any any log RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/2/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)# ipv6 access-group FILTER_IPV6 ingress RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)# end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to determine if it is compliant with this requirement. Step 1: Verify that an inbound IPv6 ACL has been configured on the external interface. interface interface gigabitethernet 0/2/0/2 ipv6 address 2001::1:0:22/64 ipv6 access-group FILTER_IPV6 ingress Step 2: Verify that the ACL drops IPv6 packets containing a Destination Option header with option type values of 0x05 (Router Alert) or 0xC2 (Jumbo Payload) as shown in the example below. ipv6 access-list FILTER_IPV6 10 deny 60 any any dest-option-type 5 log 20 deny 60 any any dest-option-type 194 log 30 permit ipv6 … … … … 90 deny ipv6 any any log If the router is not configured to drop IPv6 packets containing a Destination Option header with option type values of 0x05 (Router Alert) or 0xC2 (Jumbo Payload), this is a finding.

Removed

V-230154

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to drop IPv6 packets containing an extension header with the Endpoint Identification option.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000396
Rule ID
SV-230154r538603_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000204
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The optional and extensible natures of the IPv6 extension headers require higher scrutiny since many implementations do not always drop packets with headers that it cannot recognize, and hence could cause a Denial-of-Service on the target device. In addition, the type, length, value (TLV) formatting provides the ability for headers to be very large. This option type is associated with the Nimrod Routing system and has no defining RFC document.

Fix Text

Configure the router to drop IPv6 packets containing an option type values of 0x8A (Endpoint Identification) regardless of whether it appears in a Hop-by-Hop or Destination Option header as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)# ipv6 access-list FILTER_IPV6 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny any any dest-option-type 138 log RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# permit ipv6 … … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny ipv6 any any log RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/2/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)# ipv6 access-group FILTER_IPV6 ingress RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)# end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration to determine if it is compliant with this requirement. Step 1: Verify that an inbound IPv6 ACL has been configured on the external interface. interface interface gigabitethernet 0/2/0/2 ipv6 address 2001::1:0:22/64 ipv6 access-group FILTER_IPV6 ingress Step 2: Verify that the ACL drops IPv6 packets containing an extension header with the Endpoint Identification option as shown in the example below. ipv6 access-list FILTER_IPV6 10 deny any any dest-option-type 138 log 20 permit ipv6 … … … … 90 deny ipv6 any any log If the router is not configured to drop IPv6 packets containing an extension header with the Endpoint Identification option, this is a finding.

Removed

V-230157

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to drop IPv6 packets containing the NSAP address option within Destination Option header.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000397
Rule ID
SV-230157r538611_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000205
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The optional and extensible natures of the IPv6 extension headers require higher scrutiny since many implementations do not always drop packets with headers that it cannot recognize, and hence could cause a Denial-of-Service on the target device. In addition, the type, length, value (TLV) formatting provides the ability for headers to be very large. This option type from RFC 1888 (OSI NSAPs and IPv6) has been deprecated by RFC 4048.

Fix Text

Configure the router to drop IPv6 packets containing a Destination Option header with option type value of 0xC3 (NSAP address) as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)# ipv6 access-list FILTER_IPV6 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny 60 any any dest-option-type 195 log RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# permit ipv6 … … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny ipv6 any any log RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/2/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)# ipv6 access-group FILTER_IPV6 ingress RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)# end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration and determine if filters are bound to the applicable interfaces to drop IPv6 packets containing the NSAP address option within Destination Option header. Step 1: Verify that an inbound IPv6 ACL has been configured on the external interface. interface interface gigabitethernet 0/2/0/2 ipv6 address 2001::1:0:22/64 ipv6 access-group FILTER_IPV6 ingress Step 2: Verify that the ACL drops IPv6 packets containing the NSAP address option within Destination Option header as shown in the example below. ipv6 access-list FILTER_IPV6 10 deny 60 any any dest-option-type 195 log 20 permit ipv6 … … … … 90 deny ipv6 any any log If the router is not configured to drop IPv6 packets containing the NSAP address option within Destination Option header, this is a finding.

Removed

V-230160

The Cisco perimeter router must be configured to drop IPv6 packets containing a Hop-by-Hop or Destination Option extension header with an undefined option type.

Finding ID
CISC-RT-000398
Rule ID
SV-230160r538618_rule
Severity
Cat II
CCE
(None)
Group Title
SRG-NET-000364-RTR-000206
CCI
CCI-002403
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

The optional and extensible natures of the IPv6 extension headers require higher scrutiny since many implementations do not always drop packets with headers that it cannot recognize, and hence could cause a Denial-of-Service on the target device. In addition, the type, length, value (TLV) formatting provides the ability for headers to be very large.

Fix Text

Configure the router to drop all inbound IPv6 packets containing an undefined option type value regardless of whether they appear in a Hop-by-Hop or Destination Option header as shown in the example below. RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)# ipv6 access-list FILTER_IPV6 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny any any dest-option-type 2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny any any dest-option-type 3 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny any any dest-option-type 6 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny any any dest-option-type 9 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny any any dest-option-type 10 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny any any dest-option-type 11 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny any any dest-option-type 12 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny any any dest-option-type 13 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny any any dest-option-type 14 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny any any dest-option-type 16 … RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny any any dest-option-type 34 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny any any dest-option-type 36 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny any any dest-option-type 37 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny any any dest-option-type 39 … RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny any any dest-option-type 47 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny any any dest-option-type 49 … RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny any any dest-option-type 255 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# permit ipv6 … … … … RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# deny ipv6 any any log RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-ipv6-acl)# exit RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/2/0/2 RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)# ipv6 access-group FILTER_IPV6 ingress RP/0/0/CPU0:R3(config-if)# end

Check Content

This requirement is not applicable for the DODIN Backbone. Review the router configuration and determine if filters are bound to the applicable interfaces to drop all inbound IPv6 packets containing an undefined option type value regardless of whether they appear in a Hop-by-Hop or Destination Option header. Undefined values are 0x02, 0x03, 0x06, 0x9 – 0xE, 0x10 – 0x22, 0x24, 0x25, 0x27 – 0x2F, and 0x31 – 0xFF. Step 1: Verify that an inbound IPv6 ACL has been configured on the external interface. interface interface gigabitethernet 0/2/0/2 ipv6 address 2001::1:0:22/64 ipv6 access-group FILTER_IPV6 ingress Step 2: Verify that the ACL drops IPv6 packets containing a Hop-by-Hop or Destination Option extension header with an undefined option type as shown in the example below. ipv6 access-list FILTER_IPV6 10 deny any any dest-option-type 2 20 deny any any dest-option-type 3 30 deny any any dest-option-type 6 40 deny any any dest-option-type 9 50 deny any any dest-option-type 10 60 deny any any dest-option-type 11 70 deny any any dest-option-type 12 80 deny any any dest-option-type 13 90 deny any any dest-option-type 14 100 deny any any dest-option-type 16 … 280 deny any any dest-option-type 34 290 deny any any dest-option-type 36 300 deny any any dest-option-type 37 310 deny any any dest-option-type 39 … 390 deny any any dest-option-type 47 400 deny any any dest-option-type 49 … nnn deny any any dest-option-type 255 nnn permit … … … … nnn deny ipv6 any any log Note: Because hop-by-hop and destination options have the same exact header format, they can be combined under the dest-option-type keyword. Since Hop-by-Hop and Destination Option headers have non-overlapping types, you can use dest-option-type to match either. If the router is not configured to drop IPv6 packets containing a Hop-by-Hop or Destination Option extension header with an undefined option type, this is a finding.