The Cisco switch must have BPDU Guard enabled on all user-facing or untrusted access switch ports.
If a rogue switch is introduced into the topology and transmits a Bridge Protocol Data Unit (BPDU) with a lower bridge priority than the existing root bridge, it will become the new root bridge and cause a topology change, rendering the network in a suboptimal state. The STP PortFast BPDU guard enhancement allows network designers to enforce the STP domain borders and keep the active topology predictable. The devices behind the ports that have STP PortFast enabled are not able to influence the STP topology. At the reception of BPDUs, the BPDU guard operation disables the port that has PortFast configured. The BPDU guard transitions the port into errdisable state and sends a log message.
Ensure that BPDU Guard is enabled on all user-facing or untrusted access switch ports as shown in the configuration example below: SW1(config)#int range g0/0 - 9 SW1(config-if-range)#spanning-tree bpduguard enable Note: BPDU guard can also be enabled globally on all Port Fast-enabled ports by using the spanning-tree portfast bpduguard default command.
Review the switch configuration to verify that BPDU Guard is enabled on all user-facing or untrusted access switch ports as shown in the configuration example below: interface GigabitEthernet0/0 spanning-tree bpduguard enable ! interface GigabitEthernet0/1 spanning-tree bpduguard enable … … … interface GigabitEthernet0/9 spanning-tree bpduguard enable If the switch has not enabled BPDU Guard, this is a finding.