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V-15372

Update access to the directory schema must be restricted to appropriate accounts.

Finding ID
DS00.3140_AD
Rule ID
SV-30999r4_rule
Severity
Cat I
CCE
(None)
Group Title
Directory Schema Update Access
CCI
CCI-002235
Target Key
(None)
Documentable
No
Discussion

A failure to control update access to the AD Schema object could result in the creation of invalid directory objects and attributes. Applications that rely on AD could fail as a result of invalid formats and values. The presence of invalid directory objects and attributes could cause failures in Windows AD client functions and improper resource access decisions.

Fix Text

Ensure the access control permissions for the AD Schema object conform to the required permissions as shown below. Authenticated Users: Read Special Permissions The Special permissions for Authenticated Users are List and Read type. If detailed permissions include any additional Permissions or Properties this is a finding. System: Full Control Enterprise Read-only Domain Controllers: Replicating Directory Changes Replicating Directory Changes All Replicating Directory Changes In Filtered Set Schema Admins: Read Write Create all child objects Change schema master Manage replication topology Monitor active directory replication Read only replication secret synchronization Reanimate tombstones Replicating Directory Changes Replicating Directory Changes All Replicating Directory Changes In Filtered Set Replication synchronization Update schema cache Special permissions (Special permissions = all except Full, Delete, and Delete subtree when detailed permissions viewed.) Administrators: Manage replication topology Replicating Directory Changes Replicating Directory Changes All Replicating Directory Changes In Filtered Set Replication Synchronization Enterprise Domain Controllers: Manage replication topology Replicating Directory Changes Replicating Directory Changes All Replicating Directory Changes In Filtered Set Replication Synchronization

Check Content

Start a Schema management console. (See supplemental notes.) Select, then right-click on the Active Directory Schema entry in the left pane. Select Permissions. If any of the permissions for the Schema object are not at least as restrictive as those below, this is a finding. The permissions shown are at the summary level. More detailed permissions can be viewed by selecting the Advanced button, selecting the desired entry, and the Edit button. Authenticated Users: Read Special Permissions The Special permissions for Authenticated Users are List and Read type. If detailed permissions include any additional Permissions or Properties this is a finding. System: Full Control Enterprise Read-only Domain Controllers: Replicating Directory Changes Replicating Directory Changes All Replicating Directory Changes In Filtered Set Schema Admins: Read Write Create all child objects Change schema master Manage replication topology Monitor active directory replication Read only replication secret synchronization Reanimate tombstones Replicating Directory Changes Replicating Directory Changes All Replicating Directory Changes In Filtered Set Replication synchronization Update schema cache Special permissions (Special permissions = all except Full, Delete, and Delete subtree when detailed permissions viewed.) Administrators: Manage replication topology Replicating Directory Changes Replicating Directory Changes All Replicating Directory Changes In Filtered Set Replication Synchronization Enterprise Domain Controllers: Manage replication topology Replicating Directory Changes Replicating Directory Changes All Replicating Directory Changes In Filtered Set Replication Synchronization Supplemental Notes: If the Schema management console has not already been configured on the computer, create a console by using the following: The steps for adding the snap-in may vary depending on the Windows version. Register the required DLL module by typing the following at a command line "regsvr32 schmmgmt.dll". Run "mmc.exe" to start a Microsoft Management Console. Select Add/Remove Snap-in from the File menu. From the Available Standalone Snap-ins list, select Active Directory Schema Select the Add button. Select the OK button. When done using the console, select Exit from the File (or Console) menu. Select the No button to the Save console settings… prompt (unless the SA wishes to retain this console). If the console is retained, the recommended name is schmmgmt.msc and the recommended location is the [systemroot]\system32 directory.

Responsibility

Information Assurance Officer